Advanced Emissions Solutions' (ADES) CEO, Heath Sampson on Q2 2016 Results - Earnings Call Transcript

| About: Advanced Emissions (ADES)

Advanced Emissions Solutions Inc. (NASDAQ:ADES)

Q2 2016 Earnings Conference Call

August 10, 2016 9:00 am ET

Executives

Heath Sampson - President, Chief Executive Officer

Greg Marken - Chief Accounting Officer

Nick Hughes - Investor Relations

Analysts

Kevin McKenna - Stifel

Steve Santos - RBC

Sean Hannan - Needham & Co.

Operator

Good morning, my name is Lindsay and I will be your operator today. At this time, I would like to welcome everyone to the Advanced Emissions Solutions’ Q2 2016 Earnings call. All lines have been placed on mute to prevent any background noise. After the speakers’ remarks, there will be a question and answer session. If you would like to ask a question during this time, please press star then the number one on your telephone keypad. If you would like to withdraw your question, press the pound key.

Thank you. Mr. Nick Hughes, Investor Relations, you may begin your conference.

Nick Hughes

Thank you, Lindsay. Good morning everyone and thank you for joining us today for our second quarter 2016 earnings results call. With me on the call today is Heath Sampson, President and Chief Executive Officer, and Greg Marken, Chief Accounting Officer. This conference call is being webcast live within the Investor Relations section of our website. A webcast replay will also be available on our site and you can contact the Alpha IR group for investor relations support at 312-445-2870.

Let me remind you that the presentation and remarks made today include forward-looking statements as defined in Section 21(e) of the Securities Exchange Act. These statements are based on information currently available to us and involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual future results, performance and business prospects and opportunities to differ materially from those expressed and/or implied by these statements. These risks and uncertainties include but are not limited to those factors identified on Slide 2 of today’s slide presentation and our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015, and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Except as expressly required by the securities laws, the company undertakes no obligation to update those factors or any forward-looking statements to reflect future events, developments or changed circumstances, or for any other reason.

In addition, it is important to review the presentation and today’s remarks in conjunction with the Form 10-Q and the GAAP references in the financial statements.

With that, I’d like to turn the call over to Heath Sampson. Heath?

Heath Sampson

Thanks Nick, and thanks to all of you for joining us today. Let’s start on Slide 3 and I’ll walk you through the second quarter and recent highlights. The big picture takeaway for you as stockholders, and as we talked about on last quarter’s call, is that we are starting to see more stability in our financial and operating performance in 2016. We are pleased to report today that the second quarter results were in line with our expectations. Further, we’ve made substantial progress against the goals that we laid out for you early this year, and will spend some time talking you through that progress today as well as the areas we need to continue to execute as we enter the second half of 2016.

Looking at our distributions from refined coal, or RC business, we witnessed a substantial increase year-over-year. We also completed the transition of an existing tax equity investor of a low non-royalty producing facility to a new royalty-producing RC facility with significantly higher tonnage during the quarter. In addition, in August or early September we expect to add a new tax equity investor to close on a facility that was returned to us, which will leave us at 13 invested facilities. It’s worth noting that this new investor does own other facilities with us but is not our largest investor.

On the emissions control side, or EC side of the business, we continue to build momentum with the ongoing commercialization of our chemicals offering, a significant component of which uses our patented M-Prove technology. We also remain on target with our strategic alternatives review of the EC business. As a reminder, we really just went to market with our M-Prove product this year.

On the expense front, we started to see the impact of our past cost containment efforts with lower expenses and significant decreases in our consolidated operating losses, and we remain committed to lowering our costs further as we move forward. The transfer of the RC facility I mentioned earlier brought in $7 million prepayment, which contributed to our ability to pay off our credit agreement prior to maturity and in its entirety. Most importantly, we achieved our debt elimination goal and now have a debt-free balance sheet. As most of you know, the interest associated with the short-term agreement was relatively high, and our strategic actions put us in a great position to eliminate these go-forward interest costs.

I’d also like to take some time to review a few other developments that aren’t apparent in the quarter’s financial results but were very important nonetheless. First, we settled all the legacy securities class action and derivative lawsuits following successful mediation between the parties. These settlements are subject to final approval by the applicable courts, but we expect them to close in due course and expect any payments that result to be covered by our insurance policies. Second, we reached an agreement in principal with the SEC to settle its inquiry for $500,000. Third, we concluded the relisting process for our shares and have been trading on the NASDAQ Global Markets since July 7. Putting these three matters behind us was extremely important for us all, and as investors we’re excited to have those issues tied off.

Lastly, if you haven’t already, I’d encourage you to check our new and improved corporate and investor website. The IR website in particular has been redesigned to make it easier for our current and prospective investors to find what they need.

With that, I’d like to turn the call over to Greg Marken who will talk us through the high level financial results for the period. Greg?

Greg Marken

Thanks Heath. I’ll start on Slide 4, which provides a closer look at the major components of our financial results for the period ended June 30, 2016.

Revenue was down year-over-year, driven primarily by completed EC equipment contracts. Offsetting some of that decline was the impact of our chemical sales, which increased nearly 80% compared to the second quarter of 2015, although that was off an admittedly low base. Our commercialization of the improved technology and chemicals business is beginning to show results, and despite slower than anticipated market penetration, we are confident that the target market is larger than we had previously thought. Heath will talk about this a little more later in the presentation.

Next, you’ll notice that our expenses were significantly down year-over-year. Costs of revenue have decreased consistent with the decrease in revenues, most significantly related to the equipment contracts. Additionally, other operating expenses relate more directly to our other G&A expenses and are more in our control. What you’ll see here is that our strategic cost containment decisions have delivered a three- and six-month reduction of 58% and 49% respectively. Additionally, in July we completed a few more planned steps to adjust our cost structure and remain on target to complete our goal and enter 2017 with an operating cost base of $12 million to $14 million.

As Heath noted earlier, our earnings from equity method investments, which represent our RC distributions, were up substantially during the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2016 compared to those same periods in 2015. As a reminder, 2015 levels were depressed due to CCS’ operation of several retained RC facilities for tax credit accumulation for its members, as well as the installation costs associated with installing several facilities during 2015. The $13.8 million figure for the second quarter is in line with our expectations as a result of CCS no longer operating those retained facilities and having no material installation costs. Further, it’s worth noting that these results don’t reflect the full quarter impact of the tax equity investor shift to a higher tonnage facility, as that didn’t occur until the middle of the second quarter, nor does it include the other closure expected in August or early September. We expect that both will be reflected in our third quarter results in materials.

Moving to the royalty line, you’ll see that royalties were down year-over-year generally due to two issues. First, royalty-bearing tonnage was down during the period due to the fact that the 2015 royalty line included several retained facilities which were no longer operating in 2016. It was also impacted by the overall market effect of decreased coal usage. Lastly, there was an impact on the royalty line from the CCS payment made to a utility to secure the site prior to the invested facility transaction being completed. Looking forward and factoring in the new tax equity investor facilities we’ve discussed, we expect the per-ton royalty rate to normalize back to $0.40 to $0.45 going forward.

Overall, stronger RC distributions and related earnings and lower costs allowed us to achieve $7.9 million in net income this quarter compared to a net loss of $12.4 million in the second quarter of 2015. Our cash and cash equivalents at the end of the quarter were $2.2 million compared to $9.3 million as of December 31, 2015. This was primarily the result of principal and interest payments on debt in the quarter, which eliminated debt from our balance sheet. As Heath mentioned, we had a $7 million prepayment from the transition of a tax equity investor that, coupled with this period’s earnings and cash on hand, allowed us to pay off our credit agreement.

From a liquidity perspective, it’s worth nothing that while we ended the quarter with just $2.2 million in cash on the balance sheet, we have since released $2.4 million of additional restricted cash in July that was tied to obligations from equipment contracts. Given our cash position, RC distribution projections, a lower cost base plus the fact that we will no longer have the drag of debt interest payments, we feel confident that we have sufficient liquidity to grow the business and move forward with our strategic plan.

Also as a reminder, we expect to receive our normally quarterly distributions from CCS and CCSS for the 13 invested and operating facilities, totaling approximately $10 million per quarter. There are four key factors that could impact that projection: one, CCS continues to not operate retained facilities; two, CCS does not have material capex or unusual operating expenses; three, tax equity renewals are not repriced; and four, coal fire generation remains consistent. For modeling and valuation purposes, investors should also include a $0.40 to $0.45 per ton cash inflow for facilities that are under royalty.

On Slide 5, we provide an outline of select components of net income in the quarter to offer a little more context related to income and expense by segment and to point out how certain items have impacted our financial performance over their respective periods. The piece I want to highlight is at the bottom of the second table, where you can see that we are making progress on putting some of these legacy issues and costs behind us. Restructuring costs and restatement expenses declined significantly year-over-year. Additionally, corporate interest expense and material restatement costs in particular should be behind us moving forward.

Now that I have discussed those financial details, I’ll shift the call back to Heath to talk us through our segment performance and our go-forward strategy. Heath?

Heath Sampson

Thanks Greg. I’ll spend a few minutes talking through a little more detail on our RC efforts now. On Slide 7, you’ll see that we had 13 facilities with tax equity investors and 15 non-operating facilities during the second quarter. Nine of those non-operating facilities are already installed and ready for a new tax equity investor, while the remainder have yet to be installed. Over the trailing 12 months, our operating facilities have processed 39.9 million tons of refined coal. As you can see by the bar on the right, we have potential for significantly more.

Although we have a big opportunity in front of us, our pipeline of potential RC tax equity investors has significantly improved with our approach and expanded broker network. We were unable to close on a few prospects that were far along in our pipeline.

I’d like to spend a few minutes talking about the refined coal tax equity market and some developments that have occurred during the first half of 2016. Please turn to Slide 8.

The refined coal market has seen solid for us and our competitors for the last five-plus years. That being said, it’s a narrower market than we expected, for a number of macro reasons. This means it’s taken us longer than we hoped to secure tax equity investors for all the remaining facilities. Although we’re encouraged about our sales process and confident in the CCS management team, as evidenced by a growing pipeline, we have only been able to close on a few new facilities over the last number of months.

This slide articulates the benefits that a tax equity investor receives from investing in refined coal, which remain substantial. From a business point of view, it would appear that many companies should be investing in refined coal; however as I mentioned on prior calls, there are a few hurdles that companies are struggling to overcome. For example, we were very close to closing two different tax equity investors for multiple facilities each over the last couple months; however, one or more of these hurdles in the beige boxes, different for each, has delayed or even killed the closures. The reputation risk involved around coal, the negative EBITDA impact, and the fear of the IRS are probably the top three hurdles. The former two are what they are. The latter is resolvable when our prospects understand the rules and expectations of being a tax equity investor. Those tax equity rules are not specific to refined coal. They also relate to wind and solar tax equity. We believe all these hurdles can be cleared, especially when we are working with prospects who take the time to understand the markets and features.

We continue to build our pipeline and have high quality conversations ongoing with potential partners. I remain confident that our efforts will allow us to continue to close deals.

Moving to Slide 9, you can see the components of our RC earnings. Greg already discussed the causes of our improved RC segment operating income earlier. Overall, expenses declined significantly in the RC segment from $1.7 million during last year’s quarter to $354,000 in Q2 2016. This was the result of eliminating the drag of the RC M6 facility and lower 453 interest expense.

In terms of operating tons, as you can see on Slide 10, our 13 operating facilities processed almost 9,400,000 of coal during the second quarter. This is a decrease of over 2 million tons compared to second quarter 2015 due to some seasonality issues, planned downtime, as well as the fact that we did not have any retained facilities this period, like we did in 2015. Of note, you’ll see a few tons were processed under the retained category in Q2 2016, but that again relates to temporarily holding the new facility for the investor transition that Greg discussed earlier. Recently with natural gas prices increasing, coal fired power generation is being dispatched more, so we’re hopeful that we’ve turned the corner on the coal-to-gas switching issue.

On Slide 11, you’ll see our royalty stream relating to the use of our patented M-45 technology. Out of the 13 operating facilities in the second quarter, seven had royalty streams associated with them. As we discussed earlier, royalties were down primarily as a result of reduced tonnage, but it’s again worth noting that the next quarter will see the quarter impact of the transition investor who shifted from a small non-royalty facility to a larger royalty-producing facility. Again, as Greg mentioned earlier, we expect the per-ton royalty rate to normalize back to $0.40 to $0.45 going forward.

While we have more work to do on closing tax equity investors, I’m excited to talk you through the changes we have for you on Slide 12. As a reminder, this table shows you our future forecasted rent payments that are expected to be collected, based on all of the contracted and invested facilities. Last quarter, you might recall that this was $626 million, and remember that ADS receives 42.5% of those future streams after deducting CCS SG&A.

Despite the collection of the Q2 2016 distributions, you can see that we’re projecting future rent payments to CCS of $639 million through 2021. What this now reflects is the impact of our transition investor who shifted off a low producing facility to a higher producing facility, so as we hinted at last quarter, the upgrade of this investor effectively served as a closure of an RC facility. Further, the new investor that we expect to close in August or early September is not included in these contracted amounts. When this contract is fully executed, we’ll update this table again for you next period.

Before I leave this page, I want to point out the implications of these cash flows compared to our current valuation. As Greg mentioned, there are four assumptions that could impact these projections: one, CCS continues to not operate retained facilities; two, CCS does not have material capex or unusual operating expenses; three, the tax equity renewals are not cancelled or repriced; and four, coal fired generation remains consistent. Assuming those hold true and taking a 25% to 30% discount rate against those future contracted dollars, our current market cap approximates this base RC business cash flow. Said another way, these assumptions do not price in any value for the EC business nor additional RC investors.

Slide 13 is designed to show you our opportunity as it breaks out the 15 non-operating facilities and demonstrates potential for significant improvement related to the financial performance of CCS. This slide shows very compelling reasons for our team to focus every effort we have on closing new RC tax equity investors.

That closes up our discussion on the RC segment, so let’s spend some time discussing the EC segment now. As a reminder, we’re running a parallel process strategically with the EC business. We are continuing to refine the business so that it can be a standalone, profitable and growing business over the long term, and we are doing this in a very cost-efficient manner. At the same time, we believe that it’s prudent to assess the business’ potential value to a larger entity. We believe this is the right thing to do for our stockholders and other stakeholders.

In terms of the business itself, we’re growing more and more excited about some of the embedded intellectual property and potential revenue streams within the chemicals side of the business. On Slide 15, you’ll see some highlight around the M-Prove IP portfolio, or more broadly our coal additive IP within the U.S. and the developing international markets. I’m cautious to predict the value of our IP portfolio, but I’m confident that it has value and we can monetize that value. We have hired IP experts and are diligently analyzing the market. Additionally, we are selling our products in the market and evaluating potential buyers of our IP, which include IP-centric buyers. Again, these are recent efforts started this year. We look forward to updating our shareholders as we deliberately move this process.

Slide 16 gives you a little more perspective on the components of earnings in the EC business this quarter compared to last year’s second quarter. Again, revenue was driven by our equipment contracts and as we continue to execute those commitments on time. We again doubled our small but growing chemicals revenue, but most significantly we have many commitments to test our M-Prove solution at various power plants across the country in the coming months. The M-Prove technology has worked well at each test we have performed this year, so we are encouraged about the future.

Obviously refined coal adds the most cash flow to our business at this time, but our IP and specifically our M-Prove technology has value as well. We do have revenue and margin estimates; however, we want to further prove out the market before we share this with you all as we are very early in executing on these strategies.

Slide 17 gives you a little more detail on our true corporate expenses. This table really gives you a strong sense of our cost containment strategies, as you can see a nearly 50% decrease year-over-year in the two largest categories, corporate payroll and benefits, and corporate legal and professional fees. Additionally, we have already discussed we paid off our short-term credit agreement on June 30, 2016, which contributed $2.1 million of interest expense during 2016 that would no longer impact our corporate costs going forward. As expected and planned, we still have more work to do here.

Slide 18 provides a summary of our cash flows. Starting with the CCS cash block, CCS has an increase in their operating cash flows most significantly due to prepayments received during 2016, whereas no prepayments were received in the comparable period during 2015. CCS’ investing activities generally show the installation costs of facilities, and this line decreased fairly substantially year-over-year as CCS has not incurred nor are they expected to have material spend during the remainder of the year relating to installation of RC facilities. The financing activities line is significantly impacted by distributions to members and thus you can see the impact of higher payouts this year in that line.

Moving to the ADS cash flows, you’ll first see that we used $5.8 million less in 2016 compared to 2015 in terms of operating cash flows, which again is primarily related to our equipment contract fulfillment with CCS and CCS distributions in the first quarter of 2016. Investing activities increased significantly to $16.1 million as a result of CCS distributions during the second quarter and proceeds from the sale of RC M6. Lastly on the financing side, we repaid our credit facility in full, which accounted for most of the $15.2 million in cash usage on that line. Taken altogether, we ended the period with $2.2 million in cash and cash equivalents, and again we feel confident in our liquidity position moving forward.

I’d like to wrap up with a summary and progress made against the goals we gave you during our 2015 year-end financials call. On Slide 19, you can see that we indicated progress against these goals, but have again removed a number of potentially negative impacts to our stock. First in terms of the items that are nearly behind us or completed, we have agreed in principal to settle our shareholder and derivative litigation as well as the SEC inquiry, and barring a few last cursory and administrative steps, have put those behind us completely. We have eliminated debt and expect to improve our liquidity profile as the second half progresses. We have relisted on the NASDAQ Exchange.

We have also made significant progress on the following. We are on schedule for the cost reductions we need to lower our operating cost base to $12 million to $14 million annually by the start of 2017, all of which will continue to increase our cash generating power in the future. Also I said in Q1, we expect the EC business to break even and cover our corporate expenses in the next four to six quarters, now three to five quarters.

Our progress along those lines are clearly visible in today’s results. While the commercialization of our EC profile is still in the nascent stages, as we discussed today, we believe that market size is bigger than we initially forecasted and we are gaining more confidence in the long-term viability of our IP and products, in particular in the chemicals business. We are on target with the strategic alternatives review of our EC business as well. We clearly need to do more on the closing of RC tax equity investors, and we plan to dedicate significantly more time and energy into closing these transactions throughout the second half of 2016.

To conclude, we’ve accomplished a great deal as a management team over the last few months. I’m extremely proud of the hard work that all of our employees across the company and CCS have put into getting us to where we are today. We still have a number of steps to accomplish in the second half of this year, but our momentum is clear and our execution strategy is sound.

With that, we’ll open the line for questions. Operator?

Question-and-Answer Session

Operator

[Operator instructions]

Our first question comes from the line of Kevin McKenna with Stifel. Your line is now open.

Kevin McKenna

Thank you. Can you tell me the changes that have been made to drive execution going forward, and also on Slide 15, you talk about plant corrosion and wastewater challenges. How does that play into things?

Heath Sampson

So your first question around execution, what have we done, execution going forward, that’s a—there’s been a lot within the corporate business for the last 12 to 18 months that has changed really—here in Denver, kind of been changed all around in all components of the business, from what we’re doing in financial reporting and SEC all the way through every department, to how we are selling our products on the M-Prove side and the business side. Additionally as you know, we really completed a lot of our contract commitments to do with our equipment business over these last number of months, so really a lot has happened, and really how you do that is with having the right people in the right place with the focus and commitment that we have each day. So it really is strong focus, strong strategy, and clear execution.

On the CCS side with new changes that we’ve made in leadership and really the focus on the sales process, coupled with hiring new brokers to help us get in at the right levels, that has been really what has helped us increase our pipeline on the CCS side. They’ve always executed very well on the CCS side in producing refined coal, so that still remains strong.

So a lot there. Hopefully that was a summary of how we’ve changed and are better executing.

The second half of your question, repeat that again?

Kevin McKenna

On Slide 15, you talk about plant corrosion and wastewater challenges.

Heath Sampson

Yes, so with our M-Prove technology, and really it’s the same technology that’s used in refined coal, that’s unique to us, and the benefits that we have in that relative to our competitors is that it does not corrode a lot of the equipment that is in these power plants, so that’s a big benefit of our technology.

Coupled with that, because of our technology, it also—we don’t have some of the wastewater challenges that many of our competing technologies do as well, and as you know, if you really understand the power industry, that’s a really important issue that many power plants are facing to make sure that their wastewater is not contaminated. So those two benefits are competitive advantages we have over our competitors, so that’s why we’re excited about the market, and also in the refined coal, that’s why our refined coal product is also viewed very strongly in the market.

Kevin McKenna

All right, thanks. I’ll jump back in the queue then.

Heath Sampson

All right, thanks Kevin.

Operator

Our next question comes from the line of Steve Santos with RBC. Your line is now open.

Heath Sampson

Hi Steve.

Steve Santos

Good morning, Heath. Can you hear me okay?

Heath Sampson

Yes, I can hear you well, thank you.

Steve Santos

Okay, good. Just two questions. Number one, on Slide 8 you address the hurdles that refined coal, closing on refined coal contracts has to overcome. The coal reputation, as you said, we can’t do anything about that until something else happens out there, but the rumored IRS ruling on the structure, I don’t quite understand what those rumors might be.

Heath Sampson

So I’ll answer that and maybe you can ask your next question after that, Steve. So all those hurdles have been out there for some time, and even the IRS challenges have been out there. As we’ve said before, the IRS have audited many of the investors that are in this, and that’s just a general fear. Couple that with in March-April time frame there was an advice that came out from the IRS that talked about a partnership, so with that, there is just this uncertainty that remains in the market because of that filing and just overall where the IRS has been. So nothing specific, it’s just part of the general IRS fears that are out there.

But again like I said, you can overcome these because really what has been coming out of that, the structures that we have in place and other competitors have in place are strong structures, so they get past audit. So once you educate the potential buyer and they structure the proper way, there is not a risk. But it’s a headwind we have to get through, a hurdle that we have to overcome, and it really is just an education process that we have to go through.

Steve Santos

Sure, and that’s what your new sales structure is trying to address at the target level, I would guess.

Heath Sampson

Yes, that’s correct. That new sales structure just requires to make sure that we’re talking to all levels of that company, from C-level down, so it’s a good, broad approach that the CCS team is executing on.

Steve Santos

Okay, great. Just second question, it’s more of a long-term issue. Beyond the 2021 expiration of the Section 45 tax credits, the future of the company appears to be, assuming there is no extension of that 2021 tax credit, would be in the M45 sector. Is that going to be enough to really sustain what we’ve got, number one; and number two, do you have any way to read what any likelihood of an extension of the Section 45 tax credits might be?

Secondly, as we go into 2021, what are the overall strategic plans to provide results to the shareholders? Will it be in the form of cash distributions, or what are your thoughts on this? I know you’ve touched on this in the past.

Heath Sampson

Okay, yes. Well, first around the refined coal business as it relates to 2021, the absolute priority of us and the management team and the other partners is to secure tax equity investors, so that is top, top priority. As we move through that, potentially there is something else we should do beyond that, but we’re going to hold on that until we really have executed on Plan A, which is get more tax equity investors, so that’s the refined coal side and just to continue on that.

The likelihood of an extension in this current form beyond 2021 for RC, and this is my opinion, is probably pretty low, so again not a priority for us to think about that but—and as the months and years go by, we’ll update you if there’s any changes beyond our number one priority in finding tax equity investors. Again, the likelihood of an extension of that is probably low.

On the non-refined coal side, the strategy is just what we said. We have a—the EC business that is really in the beginning stages of trying to monetize the value we have in our current products and IP portfolio, and in parallel path we are—is there a better owner for this business that could get us cash now? So those parallel paths, we’re evaluating, and TBD what that means. Obviously if we sell, then we’d have cash and that business would be sold. If not, we’re going to operate and we’re going to make sure that that’s getting shareholder value. That, relative to refined coal, is low from a side perspective, but we’ll update you as the time goes by. So that’s the strategic priorities and kind of update where we are through 2021. Our number one goal is to deliver shareholder value.

The good thing is, we’re out of a lot of the challenges we had and we’ve really restructured a lot, and we do expect cash to be coming in. So what do we do with that cash? We’re going to be evaluating what we do, what’s the best thing you do for shareholder value, and that’s many things from getting money back to you in some form of a dividend, stock buyback, other investments. Whatever it’s going to be, it’s going to be a very thoughtful process that us and the board look at to ensure that we return value back to the shareholders.

Operator

Our next question comes from the line of Sean Hannan with Needham & Company. Your line is now open.

Heath Sampson

Hi Sean.

Sean Hannan

Good morning, thank you. Just want to see if I can clarify a few things, because I may have them wrong on my end. Of the 15 facilities that are not in operation today, they are currently placed physically at utilities as we speak and ready to go until we secure that tax equity investor?

Heath Sampson

Yes, so let me break it down a little bit more, and that’s on Slide 7 here. But out of those 15, nine of those 15, those facilities are installed and ready to go, so when we get a tax equity investor, it’s weeks or so to get that up and running when they come in. Then the remaining six, three of those we have identified, locations for those to go, and then three of those we’re still—are unidentified. But we do have a lot of good relationships, so in the event that we need to get these installed, I don’t see that as being an issue.

So nine ready to go, the other six we still have to install.

Sean Hannan

Okay, I’m sorry. I worded that poorly. Nine—okay, fine, ready to go, we know what that means. Three, we know where they’re going to go. So the equipment is where? Is it at the utility and it’s a matter of just getting it set up, but the utility hands down has explicitly agreed, okay, when CCS gets the tax equity investor, we can go and put that up. We’ll go through the process to make sure that we don’t have any issues and incremental disruptions to our belt and our process as well, and then we get going. What is truly that identification and the security of remaining utilities?

Heath Sampson

Yes, maybe implied in that, what’s the risk on these remaining six facilities getting installed?

Sean Hannan

Yes. Where I’m getting to is my next question, really, is—so you’ve got Chem-Mod out there, and then you have alternative approaches around the use of bromine. My understanding is that there has certainly been some alternative approaches that are supplementing the use of bromine which makes that less caustic and consequently a more viable alternative to your solution. So I just want to make sure that I understand exactly how solved the utility side of the equation is at this point.

Heath Sampson

Yes, it’s a good question because I think even two years ago, that was probably one of the larger issues that was talked about – we need to get these installed at the plants. That has changed over these last couple years, one, because refined coal has been around for a while, both us and our competitors that have used the Chem-Mod technology, so that issue is not as much of an issue as it used to be. But specifically around those six, three we have identified and they want to use our technology and look forward to us getting a tax equity investor in place. The other three, why are they unidentified? We’re going to wait to see how that plays out and make sure it’s going to the right utility that has the largest tonnage.

So the risk is not like it used to be because of our good relationships and because of our proven technology. I don’t see that as an issue. Our top priority is just getting monetizers. We have a high-class problem to get these remaining six installed, but again I don’t think that is a significant issue that we need to worry about. And Chem-Mod technology works and they’ve done a good job, but again for the amount of remaining refined coal that’s out there, I don’t think there is an issue for finding utilities to use it, and specifically use our technology.

Sean Hannan

Okay, but then of the very last remaining three that are quote-unquote unidentified, my prior impression was that it may not be an explicit contract, but you have—I thought there was an identifiable pool of X-number of utilities, and it’s a matter of really just finalizing that once final details are really a little bit more clear. But it’s not that you’d have to go out and necessarily search for a utility, go through the education process. Is that correct, or—

Heath Sampson

No, you are absolutely correct again. Even though they’re unidentified, those last three, there are numerous utilities that would like to have these installed, so I look forward to the day when we can get through these other utilities that we have installed and get those ones installed at whatever utility it is.

So again, just to reiterate, that’s not the challenge for us, finding utilities to use our products.

Sean Hannan

Okay, that’s helpful. I just wanted to make sure. So we solved the utility side of the equation, the other side of the equation obviously being the tax equity investor [indiscernible] topic really come up a lot around, hey look, there is some fear around the IRS, which can be—there’s a lot of factors behind that, of course. You brought up that those folks who have taken this on, there has been an audit, and of course nobody wants to take on an audit, so it’s very clear, at least in my mind, why a tax equity investor would be hesitant – nobody wants to be audited.

Heath Sampson

Right.

Sean Hannan

So when I think about that in context, and I also think about—you know, just being able to get through the convincing with that tax equity investor, saying hey look, taking on the incremental work for this type of an investment for them and the structure, because [indiscernible] has to be sectionally different versus the accounting skills and know-how that they may have in-house at times, how within your sale or the CCS sales execution and approach, how are those really addressed, because that’s—and how does that feed into what you’ve got in your pipeline today? I don’t know what is vetted or the criteria that puts these guys—you know, could either one of these issues really ultimately be the reason why they move back out of the pipeline, or would they never get in the pipeline to begin with if they’re fearful of the IRS and if they don’t have the capabilities in-house to deal with this type of accounting?

Heath Sampson

Yes, you’re articulating the sales process that we have to go through, and any one of these hurdles is different and more important for different companies. Some companies aren’t concerned about the IRS risk at all, and why is that the case? Because this has been around for a while, we have the right facilities, we have the right structure, these are good tax credits. So if you’re a sophisticated tax group, you understand that, especially if you’ve been doing wind or solar, so it’s not an issue and they get past that hurdle really quickly.

Some that aren’t as sophisticated or this isn’t really their core in tax equity, that’s where it requires us to have a more deliberate education sales process, and we have a very deliberate process on how we go through that. A lot of it is just proving what has been out there for a while and then really here’s the structure that works. So it really is just an education process that we need to hand-hold these prospects through, and in some it’s a big deal and some it’s not. Some it’s the coal reputation, some it’s the accounting nuisances.

The whole point of this slide that I put out here is, one, to show the challenges and why where we are, but really it was to highlight that these are just hurdles. The benefits far outweigh these hurdles, and with a strong process of educating and managing and hand-holding and really building trust and credibility, we’re going to overcome these, and have overcome these, and we’re going to continue to overcome these in this next number of months through 2016.

So hopefully that answers your question, because it really is just an education process because we’re confident in our business model and these facilities we have on the RC side.

Operator

There are no further questions at this time. I’ll turn the call back over to the presenters for closing comments.

Heath Sampson

All right, thank you again for your time today and your continued support. Given the progress that we’ve made so far this year in putting many of the potential negative impacts to our stock behind us, it’s worth noting that we plan to get on the road in the second half of the year to increase our investor visibility and meet with current and prospective investors. We hope to see some of you in person at some of those events. We also look forward to executing further against our strategic objectives and updating you again after the third quarter.

Have a great day.

Operator

This concludes today’s conference call. You may now disconnect.

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