MLPs rallied 1.4% this week, outperforming the stock market and oil prices, which were both positive as well. In fact, basically everything was up slightly on the week, including the US dollar and U.S. Treasuries, everything was up (except natural gas prices).
MLP/midstream earnings season kicked off with Kinder Morgan (NYSE:KMI). While it is still too early to call given KMI earnings is the equivalent of the trickle of absentee ballots in an election, there were some positive read-throughs to be gleaned from the results that may portend a solid round of quarterly results.
Each week oil prices hold above $50/bbl adds incremental comfort that oil prices might hold there going forward, which when combined with hopefully solid 3Q results vs. still low expectations, MLPs can grind higher through year-end. The MLP Index is up 15% year to date, but remains negative on a price basis over the last 12 months, so plenty of recovery still possible. But for now, like a pipeline through tribal land, the broader market seems to be stuck in pre-election limbo.
Kinder on Repeat
KMI earnings commentary is nothing if not consistent. Each quarter, Rich Kinder spends the first few minutes evangelizing about natural gas. This quarter was no different. Kinder called out three areas of natural gas demand that are seeing high growth with high year-over-year growth in each bucket: natural gas demand for electricity generation at the expense of coal, natural gas exports to Mexico, and natural gas pipeline demand for LNG exports.
Natural gas is likely this year to surpass coal to become the single biggest source of fuel for producing electricity. According to the EIA, natural gas has gone from just 16.7% of generation in 2003 to 32.7% in 2015, a CAGR of 6.2%. 12 years of steady growth that has nothing to do with the price of oil.
Exports to Mexico via pipeline have grown 16x since 1999, and 2.5x in the last 10 years (13.2% CAGR). In terms of scale, exports to Mexico at 2.7 bcf/d in 2015 are equal to 10% of the demand for natural gas for electricity generation (27.5bcf/d), so exports to Mexico while fast-growing aren't as big a component of U.S. natural gas consumption. Finally, LNG exports are here finally in 2016, and they are additive to the natural gas demand story, but the cost advantage of the U.S. vs. the rest of the world has been dampened by lower oil prices.
Institutional investors in MLPs are always looking for the next theme for the sector. But the themes that end up garnering the attention can be short-lived. It's nice that every quarter Rich is there to remind us of the enduring natural gas demand theme that continues to drive infrastructure development (to the extent regulatory bodies allow it).
Wharton Energy Conference
This Friday, I will be moderating the midstream panel at the 2016 Wharton Energy Conference in Philadelphia. Click here to see the rest of the agenda, which includes speakers and panels on a wide range of energy topics. Hope to see you there.
Winners & Losers
Antero Midstream Partners (NYSE:AM) made it two straight weeks in the top 5 with a nearly 8% gain. Fellow Marcellus gathering MLP Rice Midstream Partners (NYSE:RMP) joined AM near the top. Western Gas Partners (NYSE:WES) continued its recent positive momentum, up another 5.7% this week. The bottom 5 was down much this week, with KNOT Offshore Partners (NYSE:KNOP) down the most at just -3.4%. The bottom 5 was dominated by smaller MLPs with outside the fairway assets…and Shell Midstream Partners (NYSE:SHLX).
Phillips 66 Partners (NYSE:PSXP) joined SHLX as MLPs that have grown distributions 5%+ each quarter this year and yet find themselves in the bottom 5 of the sector. On the upside, no changes, although each of the top 5 were positive this week, with a big move Friday for CONE Midstream Partners (NYSE:CNNX) (+6.8%) on no news.
G.P. Holding Companies and Midstream Corporations
GPs and midstream corporations outperformed the MLP Index by a wide margin this week. In fact, not a single one was negative. Western Gas Equity Partners (NYSE:WGP) led the way by a wide margin, as sentiment has clearly turned on the Western Gas complex. We saw some rebound week over week in names that underperformed last week, like Energy Transfer Equity (NYSE:ETE), Williams Companies (NYSE:WMB) and SemGroup Corporation (NYSE:SEMG).
News of the (MLP) World
More noise out of FERC this week. FERC is evaluating another area of the MLP sector that has been assumed to be set in stone (liquids pipeline inflation escalator). Nothing is set in stone any more, and it can cut both ways (lifting oil export ban: good), but mostly it seems like more and more negative challenges to MLP status quo from the IRS (drop-down treatment), FERC, or the Department of Justice.
Some capital markets activity this week, limited to high-yield bond issuance but in fairly large amounts that indicated strong demand. We got some MLP-to-MLP M&A action at the asset level, which the market didn't seem too impressed by. We still need more MLP-to-MLP M&A action at the corporate level to rationalize some of the weaker MLPs in the sector.
The offering was upsized from $400mm original size
Net proceeds will be used to partially fund the acquisition of wood pellet manufacturing facility in Sampson County, NC
Acquisition expected to close by the end of the year
NS expects the assets to generate $13.5mm on average over the next four years (~7x multiple)
NS is acquiring 1.15mm barrels of storage, including 900,000 bbls of crude oil storage and 250,000 bbls of refined products storage
No discussion of the financing plan for the acquisition, but I assume they'll clear that up by the time, the purchase closes in December
Final purchase price is being negotiated, but is expected to fall between $170-180mm
The facility is supported by a 10-year, 420,000 tons per year off-take contract with Dong Energy (OTC:DNNGY) and a 15-year 95,000 tons per year off-take contract with an affiliate of EVA's sponsor entity
The facility is expected to produce $22mm in EBITDA in 2017, then $27mm once full production is achieved
CEQP and WPZ are 50/50 JV partners in the Bucking Horse natural gas processing plant and Jackalope gathering system in the region
New 20-year fixed fee agreement will replace the existing cost of service agreements starting on 1/1/17
As a result of the new contract and incremental confidence in basin productivity, Chesapeake indicated at its analyst day this week an intention to run 1-2 rigs in the area in 2017 (vs. 0 today) and the potential to ramp up to six in the next few years
FERC announced formally a revised schedule for the environmental impact statement (EIS) for the Atlantic Sunrise pipeline project being developed by WMB/WPZ (FERC notice)
12/30/16: Issuance of Notice of Availability of the final EIS (revised from 10/21/16 originally)
3/30/17: 90-day Federal Authorization Decision Deadline
While WPZ has provided for some cushion in the timeline, this delay may effectively eat up all the cushion for an in-service in early 2018
FERC announced it is seeking comments on potential modifications to its policies for indexing methodology for rates on oil pipelines (press release)
FERC is evaluating whether to cap rates if they exceed costs by a certain percentage
This relates to pipelines that are allowed now to have ceiling rates that are annually (each July) adjusted by a PPI inflation escalator
28 distribution announcements as of 4:30 PM Friday: