ENY invests in Canadian Royalty Trusts (CanRoys) and oil sands producers. CanRoys balances the riskier, expensive oil sands producers by having a high dividend payout thanks to a special tax status, according to Zoe Van Schyndel of The Motley Fool.
The market is said to be in a bull phase when the quarter's closing price is above the four-quarters moving average price, so the oil sands receive 70% of the investment. The market is considered in a bear phase when the quarter's closing price is below the moving average price, so the heavy investment goes to the CanRoys.
One concern is the large amounts of energy and water used in the oil-making process that cause higher production costs in the oil sands. Look for their costs to rise further as the Canadian government announced recently that it has to phase out some oil sands tax incentives starting in 2011.
Because ENY just launched in June, the jury is still out on whether this different ETF strategy will provide the returns investors want. If the price of oil goes up and the tax incentives phase out, it will be interesting to see how ENY compares to other energy-related ETFs.