Bob Evans Farms: Dividend, Earnings And Valuation Analysis

Mar.19.12 | About: Bob Evans (BOBE)

A Dividend Challenger is defined as a company that has increased its dividend every year for 5-9 straight years. Bob Evans Farms (NASDAQ:BOBE) is a Dividend Challenger that has raised its dividend every year for 6 consecutive years. The complete Dividend Challengers list is compiled courtesy of David Fish. (Open as an excel spreadsheet and look at the tabs on the bottom to find the Dividend Challengers list).

About Bob Evans Farms

"Bob Evans Farms, Inc. is a publicly traded restaurant and retail food products company listed on the NASDAQ exchange under the ticker symbol BOBE. The Company owns and operates full-service restaurants under the Bob Evans and Mimi's Café brand names. Bob Evans family restaurants serve customers primarily in the Midwest, mid-Atlantic and Southeast regions of the United States, while Mimi's Café casual restaurants operate primarily in California and other western states. The Company's food products segment also produces and distributes pork sausage and a variety of convenience food items under the Bob Evans and Owens brand names."

Bob Evans Farms : A Dividend Challenger with 6 Consecutive Years of Dividend Increases

Since dividends are paid out of earnings, a clear perspective of a company's historical earnings growth record is a vital component of a dividend investor's prudent due diligence process. The following graph plots Bob Evans Farms' earnings per share since 1998. A quick glance to the right of the graph shows that Bob Evans Farms has increased earnings at a compounded rate of 5.9% (see purple circle on graph) per annum.

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Here is a link to a LIVE and fully functioning graph on Bob Evans Farms. We suggest running graphs over numerous time frames as part of a more comprehensive fundamental analysis.

Dividend Challengers: 5-9 Years Straight of Dividend Increases

With interest rates hovering near all-time lows, investors seeking income are faced with very limited choices. The traditional high yield available from bonds and other fixed income vehicles are no longer available to meet the goals of retirees needing income to live off of. Moreover, it is almost a certainty that today's low yields are not adequate enough to fight inflation. Consequently, there is a growing investor interest in dividend paying common stocks, especially those that have a long record of increasing their dividends every year.

Earnings Determine Market Price and Dividend Income: The following earnings and price correlated F.A.S.T. Graphs™ clearly illustrates the importance of earnings to both price movement and dividend income. The earnings growth rate line or True Worth ™ line (orange line with white triangles) is correlated with the historical stock price line. On graph after graph the lines will move in tandem. If the stock price strays away from the earnings line (over or under), inevitably it will come back to earnings.

Since dividends are paid out of earnings, and therefore represent additional return on top of what the market capitalizes earnings at, they are depicted by the light blue shaded area and stacked on top of the earnings line. Therefore, a quick visual of these two important components is simultaneously revealed: The additional return that dividend paying stocks provide, plus the percentage of earnings paid to shareholders as dividends (payout ratio).

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Performance Table: Capital Appreciation and Dividend Income Bob Evans Farms

The associated performance results with the earnings and price correlated graph, validates the above discussion regarding the two components of total return: Capital appreciation and dividend income. Dividends are included in the total return calculation and are assumed paid, but not reinvested.

When presented separately like this, the additional rate of return a dividend paying stock produces for shareholders becomes undeniably evident. In addition to the 3.9% capital appreciation (Closing Annualized ROR), long-term shareholders of Bob Evans Farms would have received an additional $29,199.20 in dividends that increased their total return from 3.9% to 5% per annum.

(Note: Since this is a Dividend Challenger it has raised its dividend every year for at least 5-9 years, therefore, negative dividend growth rates shown, if any, will be attributed to special additional dividends paid in excess of the company's regularly reported dividend rate)

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The following graph plots the historically normal PE ratio (the dark blue line) correlated with 10-year Treasury note interest. Notice that the current price earnings ratio on this quality company is as normal as it has been since 1998.

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A further indication of valuation can be seen by examining a company's current price to sales ratio relative to its historical price to sales ratio. The current price to sales ratio for Bob Evans Farms is .67, which is historically normal.

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Looking to the Future

Extensive research has provided a preponderance of conclusive evidence that future long-term returns, and the dividend and its growth rate are a function of two critical determinants:

1. The rate of change (growth rate) of the company's earnings

2. The price or valuation you pay to buy those earnings

Therefore, forecasting future earnings growth, bought at sound valuations, is the key to safe, sound, and profitable performance.

Therefore, it logically follows that measuring performance without simultaneously measuring valuation is a job half done. At its current price, which is attractively aligned with its True Worth™ valuation, Bob Evans Farms represents a potential opportunity to invest in a Dividend Challenger at a reasonable price. The important factor is that Bob Evans Farms has real assets and cash flow underpinning its stock price. This solid economic foundation offers shareholders the potential for both a strong margin of safety and an opportunity for an increasing dividend income stream and potentially attractive future returns.

The Estimated Earnings and Return Calculator Tool is a simple yet powerful resource that empowers the user to calculate and run various investing scenarios that generate precise rate of return potentialities. Thinking the investment through to its logical conclusion is an important component towards making sound and prudent commonsense investing decisions.

The consensus of 5 leading analysts reporting to Capital IQ forecast Bob Evans Farms' long-term earnings growth at 9%. Bob Evans Farms has low long-term debt at 17% of capital. Bob Evans Farms is currently trading at a P/E of 16, which is inside the value corridor (defined by the five orange lines) of a maximum P/E of 18. If the earnings materialize as forecast, Bob Evans Farms' True Worth valuation would be $55.69 at the end of 2017, which would be a 10.5% annual rate of return from the current price, including assumed dividends.

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Earnings Yield Estimates

Discounted Future Cash Flows: All companies derive their value from the future cash flows (earnings) they are capable of generating for their stakeholders over time. Therefore, because Earnings Determine Market Price and dividend income in the long run, we expect the future earnings of a company to justify the price we pay.

Since all investments potentially compete with all other investments, it is useful to compare investing in any prospective company to that of a comparable investment in low risk Treasury bonds. Comparing an investment in Bob Evans Farms to an equal investment in 10-year Treasury bonds illustrates that Bob Evans Farms's expected earnings would be 4.3 times that of the 10-Year T-Bond Interest. (See EYE chart below). This is the essence of the importance of proper valuation as a critical investing component.

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Disclaimer: The opinions in this document are for informational and educational purposes only and should not be construed as a recommendation to buy or sell the stocks mentioned or to solicit transactions or clients. Past performance of the companies discussed may not continue and the companies may not achieve the earnings growth as predicted. The information in this document is believed to be accurate, but under no circumstances should a person act upon the information contained within. We do not recommend that anyone act upon any investment information without first consulting an investment advisor as to the suitability of such investments for his specific situation.

Disclosure: I have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours.