A gauge of future economic activity inched up in July, a research group said Monday, indicating economic growth may pick up slightly in coming months despite turmoil in the housing market. The Conference Board's index of leading economic indicators rose 0.4 percent in July, as analysts were expecting.
The report is designed for forecast economic activity over the next three to six months.
Over the past few months, the rise and fall of the index "reflects the yo-yo situation in terms of the overall economy," said Brian Bethune, an economist with Global Insight. July's uptick was driven by the employment market and high consumer expectations, he said.
Monday's upbeat report follows the Federal Reserve's decision Friday to cut its key discount rate by a half-percentage point, a dramatic move meant to stabilize financial markets pummeled by a rapidly spreading credit crisis.
In a statement explaining the action, the central bank said that while incoming data suggest the economy is continuing to expand at a moderate pace, "the downside risks to growth have increased appreciably."
The Fed said it was "monitoring the situation and is prepared to act as needed to mitigate the adverse effects on the economy arising from the disruptions in financial markets."
The credit crunch started with rising defaults in subprime mortgages -- home loans made to people with weak credit histories. Analysts believe these problems, along with declining consumer confidence, could lead to a recession.
consumer expectations vendor performance unemployment claims real money supply stock prices manufacturers' orders for consumer goods and materials
housing permits manufacturers' new orders for non-defense capital goods interest rate spread
That data is for July but it is just being presented now. In the past month stock prices have fallen like a lead balloon as have yields on the short end of the yield curve. Of course one could subscribe and get these reports quicker but that would not have changed the prediction of economic expansion any.
Besides, the stock market is no more of a leading indicator now than it was back in 2000 or for that matter anytime in between. See Leading Economic Indicators for more discussion of leading indicators that simply do not lead.
Consumer Sentiment is an interesting indicator. There are several measures of "consumer sentiment": The consumer confidence index, the University of Michigan index, and recent national polls.
In Consumer Sentiment vs. Gasoline Prices I showed a stunning inverse correlation between gasoline prices and the University of Michigan index. Gasoline prices have been dropping and that has a tendency to make some consumers feel better.
But a recent Wall Street Journal/NBC News poll shows America's Economic Mood: Gloomy. "More than two-thirds of Americans believe the U.S. economy is either in recession now or will be in the next year."
If that number is even in the ballpark (and I'm sure it is), the Conference Board has consumer sentiment in the wrong column. A second problem is that consumer confidence is not a leading indicator either (it is closer to being a coincident indicator if indeed it indicates anything at all), and a third problem is obviously the reporting delay.
The Yield Curve
The yield curve is indeed signaling something and that something begins with "R".
The above curve is thanks to Bloomberg and is as of 2007-08-20. Things have settled down a bit and as of 2007-08-22 the 3 month T-Bill yield is sitting at 3.78 and the 6 month T-Bill is sitting at 4.09 That's lot of rate cuts priced in.
Speaking of rate cuts check out the September Meeting Implied Probability.
The above chart suggests an impending recession not an economic expansion.
One thing that is a leading indicator and is not even on the Conference Board's list of leading indicators is corporate bond credit spreads. They have been blowing out so fast that it caused a complete collapse and bankruptcy of Sentinel. See Duration Mismatch to Bankruptcy (in one week flat) for more details.
I also see that one of the reasons given for the rosy outlook was based on jobs. This too is amazing for multiple reasons. For starters unemployment claims are ticking up as the August 20 report of weekly claims shows.
In the week ending Aug. 11, the advance figure for seasonally adjusted initial claims was 322,000, an increase of 6,000 from the previous week's unrevised figure of 316,000. The 4-week moving average was 312,500, an increase of 4,750 from the previous week's unrevised average of 307,750.
But more to the point housing is still anemic, corporate capital spending is not robust, there is overcapacity literally everywhere and certainly businesses are not going to be expanding in the face of a credit crunch. The unemployment rate has only one way to go from here and that is up.
For more on jobs please see Employment on Pluto Rises.
I also touched on jobs as well as commercial real estate in Foolish Concerns, Foolish Optimism, Foolish Logic. My outlook for commercial real estate is particularly grim.
Financial Services Job Cuts
Accredited Home Lenders (LEND) 1600 Bear Stearns (BSC) 240 Capital One (COF) 3,900 Citigroup (C) 17,000 with another 9,500 moved to low cost locations Countrywide (CFC) 500 with 7,000 workers added in 2007. Those jobs are at risk. First Magnus (private) 6000 H&R Block (HRB) 615 but expected to grow HSBC (HSBA) 600 National City (NCC) unspecified eliminations coming SunTrust (STI) 2,400 Wachovia (WB) 4,000 Washington Mutual (WM) 10,688 Wells Fargo (WFC) 237
Supposedly there was a positive outlook for jobs in the leading indicators. As it stands that is sure going to be revised away as is the stock market. When it comes to consumer sentiment the report must be a survey of Martians and/or a simple measure of falling gasoline prices.
But all things considered it's a fool's mission to try and predict economic activity 3 months into the future based on data that is already one month old. It's even more foolish when many of the leading indicators chosen have no past history of actually leading anything while other indicators that do lead are left out. I hope no one takes the economic headline seriously.