Treasuries Update: 5-, 7-, 10-, 20- And 30-Year Yields At Historic Lows

by: Doug Short

Note from dshort: Today we saw Treasury history in the making. Government bonds in the safe-haven countries around the world plunged -- in some cases to historic lows. Of the various U.S. instruments that I track, today the 5-, 7-, 10-, 20- and 30-year Treasuries set historic closing lows. The flight to safety is leading us into previously "uncharted" territory.

The Fed's latest strategy for managing the economy, Operation Twist, has a month to go. The program was announced on September 21st of last year with the stated purpose of selling $400 billion in shorter-term Treasury securities by the end of June 2012 and using the proceeds to buy longer-term Treasury securities. The Fed assumed this would put downward pressure on longer-term rates, which would stimulate the economy through "a broad easing in financial market conditions." In other words, more loans at lower rates.

How effective has this strategy been? Here is a snapshot of selected yields and the 30-year fixed mortgage since the inception of Operation Twist.

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At face value, it would appear that the Fed has been successful in driving rates lower. However, the extreme plunge in Treasury yields at 5-years and longer was presumably not part of the Fed's goal. We can attribute this trend to financial fears around the world as the eurozone teeters on disaster and emerging markets appear increasingly wobbly as well.

The 30-year fixed mortgage, according to the latest Freddie Mac weekly survey, is at its all-time low at 3.75. That probably suits the Fed just fine. But as for loans to small businesses, the Fed strategy is a solution to a non-problem. Here's a snippet from the latest NFIB Small Business Economic Trends report:

Financing remained low on the list of concerns for business owners. Only 3 percent cited financing as their top business problem. Ninety-two (92) percent reported that all their credit needs were met or that they were not interested in borrowing.

It will be interesting to watch yields during the final month of Operation Twist. How much further can they drop? And, given the growing signs of weakness in the US jobs market, is there anything useful that the Fed can do as a post-Twist cure for an ailing economy?

Background Perspective on Yields

The first chart shows the daily performance of several Treasuries and the Fed Funds Rate (FFR) since 2007. The source for the yields is the Daily Treasury Yield Curve Rates from the US Department of the Treasury and the New York Fed's website for the FFR.

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The next chart shows the 2- and 10-year yields with the 2-10 spread highlighted in the background.

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The final chart is an overlay of the CBOE Interest Rate 10-Year Treasury Note (TNX) and the S&P 500.

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For a long-term view of weekly Treasury yields, also focusing on the 10-year, see my Treasury Yields in Perspective.