Last week I presented a picture of Joe Sixpack's portion of the economy being in a recession. Richjoy403 wondered:
….. do you suppose there could be relevant factors affecting Joe's 'world' that are not reflected in your charts?
My answer is, absolutely there are both good and bad factors which are not considered. All forms of measures of economic metrics (GDP, disposable income, industrial production, employment, wealth) suffer from:
- generalization - statistically ya gotta average the data to put forth an understandable and simple argument - and nobody is average, and arguments are usually never simple.
- perspective - Each of us lives in a different neighborhood, and each relates to his/her economy in different ways.
- definition - humans make up rules on what metrics are important, and the way these metrics should be read. Being real here, somebody please convince me this is not the worst "economic expansion" they have ever seen. Something is wrong but there is no word that defines what is wrong in this economy except for "sucks" or "muddle".
- adjustment - One cannot compare data realistically between periods without some form of adjustment factor - and this adjustment always creates an interpretation error. This post recession period has data not acting in historically predictable patterns - and is this new pattern magnifying the error in seasonal and real dollar adjustments?
- data errors or omissions - most of the economic data is modeled, extrapolated or done by survey. Few are by actual count. Most are plagued with backward revision, both large and small. Most of this data is dead wrong at economic turning points. Errors start to be built in. Portions are missing (such as underground economy). New patterns are invisible because of old data gathering methodology does not track new avenues.
The bottom line is that the above factors begin to compound - and the built-in error of economic metrics is problematic. When one claims there is economic growth of less than 2% - it is too close to zero percent to be confident there is any real economic growth.
Note that this pundit believes there is overall real economic growth at this time between 2% to 3% in many sectors of the economy using non-monetary pulse points - with growth trend lines stable for now. It is just Joe's world (not the 0.1%) which is rife with unemployment, loss of average earning power, and home value collapse.
There are several positive trends in Joe's world not put forth in last week's post.
I know many Joes have made changes to the way they spend money. One example is that some Joes have cut back on their debt either by defaulting in some manner on mortgages or credit, or simply rearranging things. This little chart from FRED - Household Debt Service Payments as a Percent of Disposable Personal Income (TDSP), Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted - includes consumer credit and mortgage payments (caveats apply):
My take on the above chart is that Joe has found another 3%+ of spending money. Further, transfer receipts (e.g. social security, Medicare, Medicaid, unemployment, veteran's benefits, etc) grew by $1,000 per capita since the beginning of the recession, and only $145 per capita of the growth was attributable to unemployment. Joe is getting more money from the government and this trend will grow as boomers retire and medical costs grow.
There are social reasons for a government to spend money. All I can say for sure is that the government is unlikely to pay off their debt accumulation - and as I have a more modern view of monetary operations, I see no reason the government who issues the major world's currency should even borrow money. Still, I find the following graphic interesting where the Federal debt growth is being offset somewhat by a decline in household debt.
So Richjoy403, there are many positive trends in Joe's world - and from my view many more metrics are improving than declining in Joe's world. But Joe literally is clawing his way out of a cesspool - and it is the position of Joe in relation to his past position that is causing Joe to be a minor player in the USA's "economic expansion" (the economy sucks).
Click here for my normal weekly roundup of economic releases. There is a growing indication of economic slowing - but as a counterargument, this slowing cycle has occurred twice since the end of the Great Recession without a recession occurring.