One of my favorite tools for monitoring the health of an economy is imports. Imports naturally increase when the economy expands, and contracts as the economy recesses. Most pundits watch trade balances as it is felt this is a measure of the competitiveness of the economy.
- when the trade balance change is negative and growing more negative, many feel the home team is losing its global edge;
- conversely a change positive and growing trade balance means the economy is lean and mean.
Although there is some truth in this way of thinking, the trade balance month-to-month movements may not say much about the competitiveness of one economy compared to other economies. A simple move in the price of crude materials moves the balances, and is no measure of competitiveness.
From my last post analyzing the trade balance:
As shown in the above graph:
- import growth with oil has been trending up since mid-2011
- import growth less oil (red line above) has dropped below its trend channel. (One month of bad data is not a trend.)
- Exports (blue line) fell significantly this month, likely indicative of a cooling global economy.
I would not consider the data excellent this month with the deterioration of exports. The seasonally adjusted numbers the BEA has reported makes the trade data look better than what it is for exports. Note: This is a rear view look at the economy.
I watch the "imports less oil" which has been deteriorating over the last two months. This tells me the USA economy is slowing, but this data is two months old, and its trend (which would be used to forecast) is arguable.
However, what is going on in Europe is clearer as the trends are obvious. What is an export to the USA is an import to Europe. The graph below clearly shows the degradation of European imports beginning in mid-2011.
Unless this trend reverses, it is likely Europe as a whole is already in a recession. One can use this data set and trends to suggest Europe's recession began in April or May - but it will be months until enough data is available to confirm this.
However, based on other data we are seeing from Europe, it is not a stretch to believe Europe is already in a recession.
Most of the economic data released this week had a dour feel - but it also was not intuitive of the future economic direction. Econintersect released its economic forecast - all of which is summarized on my weekly summary of economic events [click here to view].