In reading about the Delta (DAL) - Northwest (NWA) proposed merger, I ran across one particular paragraph in USA Today, and it struck me how values differ so much from one industry to the next. Here's the paragraph:
The proposed merger would be the largest U.S. airline deal ever, creating a global giant with more than 800 jets, 6,400 daily flights and nearly $32 billion in annual revenue. The carriers estimate the value of the new company at $17.7 billion dollars, far above their current market value.
OK, so -- 800 jets, $32 billion in revenue, and, by the way, 79,000 total employees, and you wind up with a company valued at just under $18 billion.
That made me think of Navteq (NVT). I was aware of its value because Nokia (NOK) is trying to buy it -- for about $8 billion. It makes Web-based maps, including the ones you see when you call up a Google Map. It has 3,349 employees and had $853 million in revenue the past fiscal year. As an enterprise, Navteq is a sliver the size of Delta-Northwest, yet has a market value of nearly half as much as the merged airline.
How about Yahoo (YHOO)? Microsoft (MSFT) is trying to buy it for about $42 billion. It has 14,300 employees and annual revenue of $7 billion -- again, as an enterprise, a fraction of the footprint of Delta-Northwest, but triple the market value.
Of course, there's a perfectly logical explanation: the airline business kind of sucks. Still, it's almost hard to believe that all those planes, all those people, all that activity, would be worth one-third what Yahoo is worth.