Robert Tucker – Managing Director, IR and Corporate Communications
Dominic Frederico – President and CEO
Rob Bailenson – CFO
Mark Palmer - BTIG
Brian Meredith – UBS
Assured Guaranty Ltd. (AGO) Q2 2012 Earnings Call August 10, 2012 9:00 AM ET
Good day, and welcome to the Assured Guaranty Limited Second Quarter 2012 Earnings Conference Call and Webcast. (Operator Instructions).
I would now like to turn the conference over to Robert Tucker, Managing Director, Investor Relations and Corporate Communications. Please go ahead.
Thank you, operator. Good morning and thank you for joining Assured Guaranty for our second quarter 2012 financial results conference call. Today’s presentation is made pursuant to the Safe Harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. It may contain forward-looking statements about our new business and credit outlooks, market conditions, credit spreads, financial ratings, loss reserves, financial results, future rep and warranty settlement agreements and other items that may affect our future results.
These statements are subject to change due to new information or future events, therefore, you should not place undue reliance on them as we do not undertake any obligation to publicly update or revise them, except as required by law.
If you’re listening to the replay of this call or if you’re reading the transcript of the call, please note that our statements made today may have been updated since this call. Please refer to the Investor Information section of our website for our recent presentations, SEC filings, most current financial filings, and for the risk factors.
Turning to the presentation, our speakers today are, Dominic Frederico, President and Chief Executive Officer of Assured Guaranty Limited; and Rob Bailenson, our Chief Financial Officer. After their remarks, we will open the call to your questions. As the webcast is not enabled for Q&A, please dial into the call if you’d like to ask a question.
I will now turn the call over to Dominic.
Thank you, Robert and thank you all for joining Assured Guaranty for our second-quarter 2012 earnings call. Our positive operating results in the second quarter reflect our strategic versatility and the strength of Assured Guaranty’s business model. While the reliable stream of revenue from our $5.6 billion of unearned premium reserve led a solid base of income, we wrote new business generating $50 million of PVP and created additional shareholder value through our alternative strategic programs.
Our business production in the second quarter concentrated on U.S. public finance where our gross par written totaled $4.7 billion, up 28% from the second-quarter of 2011 and PVP reached $47 million, up 5% from last year’s second quarter. Our premium rates have held for over the last year but compared with last year’s second-quarter PVP, PVP grew less than the par insured. This is because our premium rates are applied to total insured debt service. That is principal and interest to calculate PVP.
As average 30-year yields have decreased about 125 basis points from where they were in last year’s second quarter, total debt services reduced, and this is the basis of premium we recorded in the quarter. The fact that we insured over 350 new issues in the quarter despite adverse market conditions is testimony to the fundamental demand for our guaranty.
Our market penetration remained consistent with prior quarters. In our target market bonds with single A underlying credit quality, our market penetration in the second quarter remained reasonably strong as we insured 29% of the transactions and 10% of the par sold despite the low interest rate environment.
Turning briefly to the structured finance and international markets, our near term structured finance opportunities are primarily in non-cash bilateral trade with large financial institutions looking to manage their capital more efficiently. In international business, we've seen a steady increase of European public finance transaction increase as banks continue to reduce their long-term infrastructure lending. We continue to look forward to increased opportunities in both of these areas over the next 12 months.
As most of you know, Moody’s placed our ratings on review for possible downgrade at the end of March. I want to emphasize in U.S. municipals we still insured 445 primary and secondary market transactions totaling $4.7 billion of par even with the uncertainty caused by Moody’s action, proving once again the value and resiliency of our products. We believe that by far the most important reason for any downward pressure on insured market penetration is the unprecedented low interest rate environment.
As we pointed out before, we believe Moody's negative view of the future of bond insurance is not supported by the facts. Countered the Moody’s statement, there is a number of indications of the prospects for increased demand are strengthening. In our view the recent entrance of a new player in the bond insurance business underscores the importance of the product and the expected growth in demand for it, as well as the opportunity that fresh capital sees in participating in this market.
Even Moody’s has said the presence of a new guarantor could help revitalize the financial guarantee insurance sector through greater insurance penetration. And S&P recently wrote that the industry could end up insuring 20% to 30% of new issue par in U.S. public finance markets. We agree with this view over the longer-term, although we believe the current interest rate environment will still depress the insured market in the short term.
We’ve also seen more headlines about municipal defaults especially in California even as the actual level of municipal defaults nationwide remains well. Municipal governments have generally recognized and are taking steps to address the mismatch of revenues and expenditures caused by the fiscal aftershocks of the recession and the financial burdens that some are experiencing due to unaffordable compensation, pension and other liabilities.
We’ve also seen that voters do not want their city to default. This is clear from the referenda in San Jose and San Diego where voters approved pension reform measures and voter approved tax increase in Hercules, California. On the other hand, high profile defaults and Chapter 9 bankruptcy filings should heighten investors’ perceptions of risk and cause investors to once again consider the benefits of bond insurance.
Most individual investors are generally in no position to analyze and monitor individual municipal credits. This makes our credit selection, underwriting surveillance and the ability to assure uninterrupted payments when something does go wrong especially value. The benefits Assured Guaranty brings to the table are compelling reasons to buy the bonds we insure and we think investors’ recognition of this will also drive increasing demand for our product.
Claims we paid in Harrisburg and Jefferson County provide good examples of the value of our insurance. We are bringing the same protection to holders of bonds we’ve insured for Stockton, California whose city council filed a Chapter 9 bankruptcy petition. We posted two statements on our website about Stockton and I encourage you to read them.
There have been just 43 municipal bankruptcy filings since 1981 and none in which the principal owed to bondholders was cut. Stockton’s attempt to transfer the cost of fundamental mismanagement principally to the capital market creditors is a contortion of the bankruptcy process. Further discriminating against bondholders will not solve the city's problems because debt service is only 8% percent of general fund expenditures while personnel costs comprise 68% of the city’s projected expenses.
In short, we are not the problem and therefore we cannot be the solution. The cost of bankruptcy and its long-term negative effects on Stockton as well as for California at both the state and local level we believe have not been fully considered. California has made the point of asserting in the past that it is a very strong credit. However the state is made up of cities, towns and other government units. It’s time for the state to act from its position of leadership to ensure the fiscal responsibility of California at all levels so they can continue to represent itself as a strong credit that investors can rely on.
The actions of Stockton and other municipalities that have filed or are considering filing for bankruptcy could disrupt access and increase the cost of funding throughout the municipal market. On behalf of our shareholders, policyholders and frankly everyone who wants municipalities who have efficient access to the critically needed capital markets, we intend to enforce our rights and oppose any discriminatory plan of adjustment that is not fair.
Now I want to discuss what we accomplished in the second quarter through our alternative strategic programs. We terminated transactions with a total net par outstanding of $1.4 billion, while collecting 97% of the ultimate future premium and further increasing rating agency capital. Also we purchased at a 40% discount $137 million of par of bonds we have insured, which produced an additional $32 million of economic value.
On the liability side, our overall insured portfolio quality is strong. In the U.S. public finance we paid claims in the second quarter only three obligors in our direct U.S. municipal portfolio of approximately 11,000 exposures. Keep in mind that our obligation is only to make up shortfalls in debt service payments when payments are due. We are not subject to forced acceleration.
We continue to observe the run-off of our structured finance portfolio, which is capital accretive. Additionally in the second quarter, early-stage RMBS delinquencies decreased in all categories except subprime and continued to remain well below the January levels in all categories.
We are also optimistic about further rapid warranty recoveries. In this regard, two trial courts have ruled that a breach of loan eligibility justifies the put back whether or not the breach can be showed to a court the loan default or delinquency. We believe that Syncora’s recent rapid warranty settlement shows that such rulings in favor of bond insurers should further step up the pressure on rapid warranty providers to settle bond insurer claims for breaches rather than risk having to pay much larger amounts based on court judgments.
We stand ready to negotiate with Credit Suisse, UBS and other rapid warranty providers and believe it is in every one's best interest to reach fair agreement. With these adverse decisions to our counterparties we are somewhat surprised that most have not yet recorded increased liabilities. And once again, we call on their regulators, auditors and their boards to monitor this critical area of potential liability.
Also during the quarter, we repurchased 2.1 million shares out of our 5 million share repurchase authorization at an average price of $11.76 which had a $0.17 accretive effect on operating book value. We will continue to prudently and strategically repurchase our shares as part of our overall capital management strategy.
In looking at our financial strength, there is certainly no question about our capital adequacy. S&P in its June 13, 2012 credit report on Assured guaranteed that the capital of our operating subsidiaries exceeds S&P’s AAA capital adequacy model threshold by $350 million to $450 million dollars. Since the financial crisis began in 2008, we have earned more than $1.8 billion from operations, added $1.8 billion to our claims paying resources which now total $13 billion, reduced insured leverage by 29%, increase our unearned premium reserve by 47% to $5.6 billion and obtained $2.8 billion in recoveries from RMBS rapid warranty providers.
Before I conclude, I would like to take a moment offer a warm welcome to our newest board member Bonnie Howard. Bonnie brings over 30 years of experience in auditing and risk management. And we are fortunate to have her with us and look forward to the contributions she will make serving on the board's audit committee and risk oversight committee.
Now I will turn the call over to Rob.
Thank you, Dominic and good morning to everyone on the call. Operating income for the second quarter was $114 million or $0.61 per share compared with the $143 million or $0.76 per share in the second quarter of 2011. These results reflect the scheduled amortization of the insured portfolio and in particular structured finance in-force book of business.
In the second quarter of 2012, net earned premiums included refundings of $46 million and accelerations of $22 million compared with refundings of $21 million in the second quarter of 2011. The record low interest rate environment was one of the main drivers of the increase in refundings as issuers refinanced their debt obligations.
Accelerations in the second quarter of 2012 were due to the termination of certain international infrastructure transactions. It’s part of our capital enhancement strategy to terminate contracts that have disproportionately high capital charges and reduced leverage.
Total economic loss development was $89 million net of a benefit of $16 million due to foreign exchange rate movement. Changes in discount rates have a significant impact on loss – during the second quarter of 2012 risk free interest rates declined up to 90 basis points pending on tariff – the declining risk free rates resulted in an increase of approximately $63 million in economic losses in the quarter. However this is non-indicative of additional credit impairment nor is it reflective of our own investment yield. Aside from this, there was no significant loss development in RMBS transactions.
The effective tax rate on operating income varies from quarter to quarter due to the amount of income in different tax jurisdictions and was 30% for the second quarter of 2012. A higher percentage of the company’s loss development occurred in non-taxable jurisdictions, which resulted in higher effective tax rate in the second quarter of 2011.
The other major drivers of our operating income are generally in line with our expectations. Despite the low interest rate environment and Moody’s ongoing ratings review, our direct U.S. public finance par rate increased 28% compared to second quarter 2011 and the related PVP increased 5%.
On June 1, 2012 the company retired $172.5 million of debt that was a component of the equity that we issued in 2009 to fund the portion of the FSA acquisition. Under the terms of the equity units, the debt holders purchased 13.4 million common shares at an average price of $12.85 per share. The retirement of this debt will result in savings of $14.7 million in annual interest expense.
The repurchase of 2.1 million shares of common stock at an average price of $11.76 per share for a total of $24.3 million partially offset the issuance of the new shares. The company is authorized to repurchase up to 2.9 million additional shares. Even in this challenging economic environment our adjusted book value increased $104 million in the second quarter of 2012 to $9.1 billion due primarily to the $172.5 million of additional pending capital and new business production.
As always, I will refer to our press release and financial supplement for explanations the reconciliations of the non-GAAP financial measures that I referenced in my commentary.
I will now turn the call over to our operator to give you the instructions for the Q&A period. Thank you.
(Operator Instructions) Our first question comes from Mark Palmer at BTIG.
Mark Palmer – BTIG
Could you please walk us through the process of challenging stock in this bankruptcy, what that entails and what the timetable is?
Sure. As you know Chapter 9 has various criteria eligibility, principle among them are things like you have to prove your insolvency. Another principle is that there has to have been a good faith attempt to negotiate settlement with creditors and I think are you are going to read through other people that are going to contest the filing, that's probably going to be the two most quoted criteria failures that people believe were not affected in this recent filing.
Mark Palmer – BTIG
And can you also provide an update on where things stand in negotiations with Jefferson county?
Well, as you know Jefferson county is already in bankruptcy. There has been a number of decisions made by the judge. Regretfully most of them are being appealed. One such is removing the state appointed receiver, another was challenged to what were “net revenues” that were available to pay debt service. As you might know we received a very favorable ruling a couple weeks ago that the judge ruled that you could not put things like depreciation, legal fees etc. into the calculation but once again that’s being appealed.
So all I can tell you is that Jefferson County we had a deal on the table that the creditors and we thought what authority could agree to that was not approved by the commissioners. Hopefully someday we'll get back to something along those lines, but the bankruptcy process and these challenges and the decisions will appear to take a very, very long time.
The next question comes from Brian Meredith at UBS.
Brian Meredith – UBS
A couple of questions here for you. The first one, I am just curious on Build America Mutual, I know it clearly kind of validates the market of your sum (ph) – but I am wondering do you think given the mutual structure may have a somewhat depressing impact on pricing our there?
Well, I don’t think they should. I mean obviously they have got return hurdles like everyone else. S&P in their review of the company put a threshold out there for the premium index that they have to achieve. In our market those create a floor and ceiling over pricing and therefore that establishes a level of discipline. So I think we’re quite confident that pricing will be maintained and remember the biggest pressure on our pricing is really interest rate.
Brian Meredith – UBS
Right. And then the second question I have noticed dividend activity out of AGM and AGC is what was on AG Re year to date has been up fairly significantly over last year. I am wondering what the dividend activity is forced specifically out of AGM and AGC?
Well dividends coming out of the subsidiaries into the parent company just create capital flexible for us. It allows us to obviously do things like manage capital through buybacks, allows us to potentially fund new operations. So it’s really creating as we keep talking about our capital flexibility that we strive to achieve as we look to further address the challenges that we see in the marketplace and take advantage of the opportunities that we see in the marketplace.
In addition, Brian, as you know we've participated in the equity units and the remarketing of debt and we used that cash to actually pay off the debt and actually remarket those notes ourselves and net cash went up to the holding company too in exchange for stock.
Brian Meredith – UBS
And then any on that topic too, with respect to Mayak (ph), any kind of changes or thoughts there as far as usage?
Well, we considered too and we need to rename this thing, because I am thinking that’s already here in Mayak. I put a contest out to our employees to come up with a better name. So let’s call it Newco but obviously we believe Newco is an incredibly strong competitive of tool for us, as well as a potential mechanism to generate further market participation. And as such we will continue to make the necessary plans and finalize our planning on that to see if that opportunity continues to present itself that we will execute and take advantage of it.
This concludes our question and answer session. I would like to turn the conference back over to Mr. Tucker for any closing remarks.
Thank you, operator. I’d like to thank everyone for joining us on today’s call. If you have additional questions, please feel free to give us a call. My number is listed on the press release. And we hope everyone has a nice weekend. Thank you very much.
The conference has now concluded and thank you for attending today’s presentation. You may now disconnect.