The financial sector sure seems to be ignoring the memo about the need to rebuild the public's trust. Just look at the following headlines, all of which have been written since summer started on June 20, 2012:
- "LIBOR Manipulation? Done for You, Big Boy," Financial Times Alphaville Blog, June 27
- "MF Global Redux as Regulator Says PFGBest Client Funds Missing," Reuters, July 10
- "Error by Knight Capital Rips Through Stock Market," Reuters, August 1
- "UK bank Accused of Iran Money Laundering Scheme," The Wall Street Journal, August 6
Each of these events was a separate, unrelated incident. Three are the actions of a small number of rogue professionals, though the scope of the LIBOR scandal is not fully known. The impact on the financial sector's reputation, however, is far larger. The headlines imply the financial sector has yet to embrace its fiduciary duty to shareholders or show a commitment to rebuilding the public's trust. I'm angry, as likely are many of the other honest professionals who work in finance.
But, it's one thing to be angry and another thing to disengage. Despite the actions of the bad players, investing in stocks and bonds-either directly or through funds-remains the best way to build wealth and provide a stream of income in retirement. Those who are waiting for signs that the shenanigans have ended will unfortunately be waiting a long time.
The history of the financial markets is soiled by the actions of bad players. In the 19th century, investors were sold shares of railroads that didn't exist, nor were ever intended to exist. In 1934, Franklin Roosevelt appointed Joseph Kennedy to head the then new Securities and Exchange Commission in part because he wanted someone who knew how speculators worked to defraud investors. In the late 1990s, some brokerage analysts were telling investors to buy technology and Internet stocks that they knew were lousy investments.
Yet-and this is important-honest investors who took a long-term view toward investing still made money. Did some people lose money because of malfeasance? Absolutely, but the headlines don't talk about all the people who saved, managed their portfolios well and quietly built wealth for themselves.
Articles about money managers and advisers who help their clients achieve their long-term goals don't sell newspapers. Scandals, on the other hand, make for great headlines, even though they usually impact a relatively small number of people. Add up all the people who lost wealth due to Bernie Madoff, Allen Stanford, allegedly Russell Wasendorf, the flash crash and Knight Capital, and the group will be dwarfed in size by the total number of investors participating in the financial markets.
There is no doubt that more needs to be done to stop ongoing financial foul play as much as reasonably possible. But, even with all the bad characters that have participated over the history of the financial industry, large-cap stocks have still returned 9.8% on an annualized basis. It is still very possible to win on Wall Street if you take a long-term focus and are proactive in managing your portfolio.
A Note About Knight Capital
Knight Capital Group (KCG) is one of the many firms that provide buy-and-sell quotes to help facilitate trades in stocks. Based on the details released so far, a new software program used by the firm sent a flurry of buy and sell orders on approximately 150 stocks to the New York Stock Exchange last week. This in turn caused a large amount of volatility in those stocks.
Electronic trading has helped to lower transaction prices for individual investors and accelerate the rate at which orders are filled, both of which are positives. The downside is that as trading systems become more complex, the potential for problems increases.
Discount brokerage firms check a variety of exchanges, seeking the best price for their clients trades. When Knight Capital's glitch happened last week, many orders were quickly rerouted elsewhere. In addition, procedures to halt trading if prices show too much volatility in a short period of time have been implemented since the flash crash occurred in 2010.
The best way to protect yourself is to use limit orders when placing an order to buy or sell a stock or an exchange-traded fund, How Your Buy and Sell Orders Get Filled as this article explains. Look at the bid-ask spread and set your price limit at the bid for selling a stock and at the ask for buying a stock. You can go a little outside of this range if the stock is moving, has low volume or you anticipate volatility and want to ensure your order is filled. If the spread is wider than a few cents, you can also set the price limit somewhere in the middle, though at the risk of not getting the order filled.
Charles Rotblut, CFA is a Vice President with the American Association of Individual Investors and editor of the AAII Journal.