Reading International's (RDI) recent encounter with a few weak movie offerings and short-lived foreign currency headwinds provides an inexpensive entry point for investment into this under-followed movie theater operator/owner and real estate developer. Temporary factors modestly weakened the June Q2 2012 operating results of Reading, a small-cap company with $250MM of LTM revenue, and contributed to price weakness from mid-June to mid-August in RDI shares. An August 13, 2012, Barron's article, entitled "Popcorn and Property" [found here if free access is still operable] reversed this price weakness but only to the levels where the stock traded in mid-June before RDI shares were added into the Russell 2000 Index.
Despite the company's fairly consistent delivery of operating performance and its large cinema market shares in Australia (#4), New Zealand (#3) and the United States (#11), Reading International lacks research coverage from any sell-side entertainment, consumer non-durable, or real estate industry analyst. Now, with RDI trading in and out of index funds daily, and having captured its first real media attention, a more liquid window to trade into these under-valued shares has been created. In a virtuous cycle, the improved trading liquidity may also attract incremental investment following and a higher valuation.
Reading trades at a substantial discount to the company's intrinsic value and at a discount to book value/share, unlike any of the three larger US publicly-traded theater exhibitors, Regal Entertainment Group (RGC), Cinemark Holdings (CNK) and Carmike Cinemas (CKEC). As Reading continues to grow its sustainable cash flows and builds and unlocks appreciated value in its geographically diversified real estate holdings, investors will eventually narrow the "value gap" that presently exists in RDI shares.
The first place to begin analyzing and seeing the enormous hard asset value embedded in Reading International's balance sheet is the company's elaborate 2012 Annual Meeting slide presentation, filed as a May 23, 2012, 8-K exhibit here. The presentation illustrates, with charts, tables, and a ton of pictures, that Reading is loaded with hard assets, not just in the United States (see also p.42 for additional detail of major US assets) but also in Australia (see also p.29 for additional detail of major Aus assets) and New Zealand (see also p.17 for additional detail of major NZ assets.) In addition, this past Just One Stock interview and my other Seeking Alpha articles on Reading will provide readers historical background on the company and a road map on the progress of its many cinema and real estate projects.
Movie Industry Prospects Improve After A Weak And Tragic Period
According to Box Office Mojo, Domestic Q2 2012 total movie grosses were down 1.2% from prior year, despite "The Avengers" breaking several summer and opening box office records here and abroad. Q3-to-date has also been weak, first, from theater security concerns after the Aurora, Colorado cinema shootings, followed by weaker offerings put out by studios during the Summer Olympics.
After this weekend's closing of the Summer Olympics, the movie release schedule for the remainder of 2012 contains several well known 'franchise' blockbusters and a number of 3D movies, including the just opened "The Bourne Legacy," "Argo," "Les Miserables," "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey," "The Great Gatsby," "Django Unchained," "Lincoln," and the next installments in the James Bond series, "Skyfall," and the finale in the Twilight series, "Breaking Dawn Part 2."
Operating Performance Remains Up YTD Despite Weak Q2
Reading's most recent June Q2 2012 10-Q can be found here and certain salient findings of this quarter's filing are discussed, below.
While six-months ended June 2012 operating results remain up y/y, Reading's Q2 revenues, operating income and adjusted operating EBITDA (Op Income + Dptn/Amort) were all down y/y vs. a strong 2011.
Modest declines in both attendance and average ticket prices at many of Reading's cinema chains and a stronger US dollar in Reading's Australian and New Zealand markets were the primary factors impacting Q2 operating results and shifts in net book value. Cinema segment margin declines vs. prior year were impacted from negative operating leverage from lower attendance yields in theaters and accompanying decreased high margin concessions. These figures were modestly offset by improvements in New Zealand cinema revenues helped by the reopening of a major New Zealand multiplex closed from earthquake damage.
Continued growth in Q2 of the Real Estate segment partially offset the Cinema segment weakness. Y/y increases resulted from improved live theater revenue in the US and higher rents and occupancy in Australia and New Zealand, offset by currency weakness in those same foreign markets.
Q2's Net Income of $0.2MM was substantially lower than prior year as 2011's Q2 pre-tax income included a large one-time $13.8MM tax benefit from reducing some of Reading's huge tax NOL valuation reserves and a non-recurring $1.7MM gain from the sale of an Australian cinema.
Reading finished the June quarter with lower debt and substantial liquidity. As of June 30, 2012, Reading had cash and marketable securities of $33.1MM. Debt, net of this cash, was $170.5MM, $15.2MM lower than prior year. Reading also has a combined $24.8MM of undrawn availability on its several lines of credit.
Q2 2012 Disclosures Of Note
Extended debt maturities and lower rates on debt - During Q2, the interest rate on Reading's $27.9MM of Trust Preferred Securities (classified as Subordinated Debt due 2027) dropped a sizable 4.75%, from a fixed rate of 9.22%, which was in effect for the past five years, to a variable rate of three-month LIBOR plus 4.00%. The new rate is 4.47% and resets each quarter.
At the end of the quarter, Reading's Sutton Hill Properties, LLC, subsidiary, which owns the Cinemas 1,2 & 3 land and building on Third Avenue in New York City, successfully refinanced its $15MM loan at an interest rate 1.48% lower than the matured loan. Consistent with Reading's goal of monetizing this asset, the loan has no prepayment penalty after 6 months and only a small cost if prepaid before then.
Additional real estate sales progress - In Q1, Reading sold its 1.1 acres of undeveloped land in the Taringa suburb of Brisbane, Australia. After the close of this recent Q2, Reading has now entered into an agreement to sell its Lake Taupo, NZ property for a gain.
New 8-plex opening at Mosiac - A new 8-plex, the Angelika Film Center at Mosiac, in the Virginia suburbs of Washington, DC, opens next month at the end of September.
Reading's Hard Asset Balance Sheet - More Compelling Than Peers
With a Book Value of $5.43/share, Reading's current Price/Book value of 1X remains cheaper than all of its public cinema peers. In addition, the table, updated below for Q2 results and Carmike's secondary stock issuance, illustrates that Reading's Net Debt to Total Assets % remains amongst the industry's most conservative. In fact, as of June 30, 2012, Regal has a negative book value from sizable past losses, restructurings and distributions in excess of income.
Q2- June 2012
Balance Sheet Comparison
Net Debt ($mm)
Total Assets ($mm)
Net Debt/Total Assets %
* Closing prices as of 08/16/12, all balance sheet items from 6/30/12 10-Q.
Reading's Balance Sheet - Contains Substantial Embedded Unrealized Gains
What makes the table, above, so compelling is that Reading's true asset and book values are higher than presented in Reading's financial statements as they greatly understate the current fair market value of Reading's Australian, New Zealand, New York and Chicago real estate. Much of this real estate has appreciated in value (over the course of more than 10 years of inflation on some parcels) from population growth, up-zoning to expanded/more valuable allowed uses, and in some instances, completed development into rent-generating parcels.
In addition to stated book value and the substantial amount of unrealized gain embedded in Reading's long-held real estate, the footnotes of Reading's 2011 10-K disclose that Reading had $95.1MM in tax NOL's at December 31, 2011 ($45.9MM and $15.8 MM of Australian and New Zealand tax NOL's, without any expiration date, respectively, and $33.4MM of US NOL's not expiring until at least 2025.. These tax carry-forwards should shield future unlocking of embedded real estate gains as well as pre-tax income growth from taxation for several years.
Almost $3/Share Of Embedded Gains in Two Valuable New York Parcels
A May 2012 Seeking Alpha article entitled $100MM Bid For Reading's NY City Crown Jewels Dominates 2012 Annual Meeting details calculations of around $67MM (almost $3/share) of embedded unrealized gain in just two of Reading's many New York City parcels, the Cinemas 1, 2 & 3 property on Third Avenue and Reading's live theater property on Union Square. These calculations are based on bid levels Reading disclosed at its 2012 Annual meeting. [See Reading's 2012 Annual Meeting press release]
(click to enlarge)
2012 Reading Annual Meeting slide show - Slide 46
Burwood Square - A $75+ Million Development Parcel With No Debt
There is also substantial embedded value in Reading's many long-held real estate properties in Australia and New Zealand. For example, this Seeking Alpha article, reporting on Reading's May 2011 Annual Meeting, discussed Reading's large 51-acre Burwood Square development parcel in Melbourne Australia and its plans to subdivide and monetize all or at least the residential portions of this property.
2012 Reading Annual Meeting slide show - Slide 32
The color-coded property map of Burwood Square in the linked photo shows the three planned sub-divisions: residential (green), residential/commercial (blue), and retail/entertainment (yellow).
During this year's May 2012 Annual Meeting Q&A session, Reading's CEO stated that he viewed the Burwood Square parcel to be worth "at least" $75MM, which, alone, is worth >$3.25/share. This estimate seems to be conservative based on CBRE appraised values for just portions of the overall parcel, disclosed in this post-meeting May 24, 2011, Reading press release. This Burwood Square development parcel remains completely unencumbered by any debt. Thus, all sales proceeds could provide incremental debt reduction and/or capital for Reading's current plans to lead development of this parcel's 11-acre retail/entertainment (yellow) zone.
Reading's Business Plan: Adding Value To Hard Assets
The business plan set forth on page 44 of Reading's 2011 10-K describes a unique strategy amongst public companies of blending the cash-generating capabilities of a cinema operation with the investment and development opportunities of a real estate developer. Several of Reading's parcels have already been or are planned to be developed into entertainment-themed retail centers (ETRCs) where a large Reading multiplex serves as anchor tenant and Reading remains a synergistic landlord. (Marcus Corp.'s (MCS) business plan may seem close to Reading's strategy. However, almost all of Marcus' real estate is already developed and as hotels, with very little synergy with Marcus' cinemas.)
Still trading at a substantial discount to a book value greatly understating the value of its sizable real estate holdings, Reading International's favorable internationally diversified movie exhibition growth profile and conservative balance sheet make for a compelling risk/reward investment and now with a more liquid trading window.
Disclosure: Funds I manage are long RDI, RDIB. These funds or its affiliates may buy or sell securities of these issuers at any time.