Precious metals should be in all investors' portfolios either in physical form, through an ETF that tracks the price of the metal or through a company that mines the metals. One potentially overlooked reason to own copper by the average investor is a rebound in housing. If housing were to pick up again it could serve as a catalyst for the price of copper because the home and office building construction sector uses approximately 40% of the copper in the United States, with direct residential construction constituting approximately two-thirds of the market. There are approximately 195 pounds of copper electrical wire in the average new home constructed in 2010. This does not include the amount of copper wiring that goes into home appliances, plumbing and air-conditioning systems.
For months and months we have been hearing about the so-called bottom in housing. If this is the case copper should continue to rise as the housing sector improves. There is some evidence that things are improving. United States homebuilder confidence was up sharply in July, and hit a five-year high in August. Coupled with increasing property sales in China, a rapidly growing country for housing, I think we could see increased copper demand in the next few quarters. I recommend the following methods right now to play copper; futures contracts, copper ETFs/ETNs, and the mining stocks.
Futures contracts: Experienced investors who are bullish directly on the trading price of copper could consider getting long on copper futures contract. A potential way to get exposure to these futures is via the CME Group's Commodity Exchange (COMEX) under the symbol HG. This is a direct method of being exposed to copper prices, but it comes with substantial risk. A futures contract is an agreement to take physical delivery of 25,000 pounds of copper, which is priced per pound. The September 2012 copper contract closed today at a $3.68 a pound.
Copper ETN: iPath Dow Jones-UBS Total Return ETN (JJC): The JJC is an ETN that gives investors exposure to copper futures without the complexity of directly buying futures contracts that were presented above. Without delving too far into the differences take note that an ETN is different than an ETF. An ETF contains actual securities or commodities whereas an ETN gives exposure to contracts. More information about the differences between an ETF and ETN can be found here. JJC gives investors a cash payment at maturity based on the performance of the Dow Jones-UBS Copper Total Return Sub-Index. With $118 million in assets, JJC is trading around $46.62 and has an expense ratio of 0.75. JJC has a 52-week trading range of $38.99 to $53.94
Mining stocks: A good way to gain exposure to precious metals is through the miners. I have previously recommended gold miners as the best alternative to playing the gold ETF (GLD) , and the top picks in that sector have been outperforming the GLD. Further, I believe that copper miners represent better investments than playing the metal directly, as they often have cross exposure to other metals, as well as generally pay a nice dividend. If you believe in a rebound in housing and ultimately copper prices, then it's hard not to like my three favorite plays in the mining space, Freeport-McMoran Copper & Gold (FCX), Southern Copper (SCCO) and BHP Billiton (BHP), right now.
FCX engages in the "exploration, mining, and production of mineral resources. The company primarily explores for copper, gold, molybdenum, cobalt hydroxide, silver, and other metals, such as rhenium and magnetite. It holds interests in various mines located in the Grasberg minerals district in Indonesia; Morenci minerals district in North America; South America; and Tenke Fungurume minerals district in the Democratic Republic of Congo. As of December 31, 2011, the company's consolidated recoverable proven and probable reserves included 119.7 billion pounds of copper, 33.9 million ounces of gold, 3.42 billion pounds of molybdenum, 330.3 million ounces of silver, and 0.86 billion pounds of cobalt." The stock currently trades at $39.71 with a 11.96 multiple. It has a 52-week trading range of $28.85-$48.96 and on average 14.8 million shares exchange hands daily. FCX pays a dividend of 3.15% annually.
SCCO engages in "mining, exploring, producing, smelting, and refining copper and other minerals in Peru, Mexico, and Chile. It is involved in the mining, milling, and flotation of copper ore to produce copper and molybdenum concentrates; smelting of copper concentrates to produce anode copper; and refining of anode copper to produce copper cathodes, as well as refined silver. The company operates Toquepala and Cuajone mines in the Andes Mountains located to the southeast of the city of Lima, Peru, as well as a smelter and refinery in the coastal city of Ilo, Peru. It also operates La Caridad and Buenavista copper mines, and smelting and refining plants in Mexico. In addition, the company operates five underground mines that produce zinc, copper, lead, silver, and gold; a coal mine which produces coal and coke; and a zinc refinery. It has 145,064 hectares of mineral rights in Peru; 176,250 hectares of exploration concessions in Mexico; 1,068 hectares of exploration concessions in Argentina; 35,958 hectares exploration concessions in Chile; and 2,544 hectares of exploration concessions in Ecuador." The stock currently trades at $34.25 with a 12.2 multiple. It has a 52-week trading range of $22.34-$36.88 and on average 1.6 million shares exchange hands daily. SCCO pays a dividend of 4.84% annually.
BHP engages in the "exploration, development, and production of oil and gas; mining and refining of bauxite into alumina, and smelting of alumina into aluminum metal; and mining of copper, silver, lead, zinc, molybdenum, uranium, gold, diamonds, and titanium minerals, as well as development of potash deposits. It also involves in the mining and production of nickel products, manganese ore, and manganese metal and alloys, as well as in the mining of iron ore, metallurgical coal, and thermal coal. BHP Billiton Limited sells its copper, lead, and zinc concentrates, and alumina to smelters; copper cathodes to wire rod mills, brass mills, and casting plants; uranium oxide to electricity generating utilities; rough diamonds to diamond buyers and diamond manufacturers; nickel products to stainless steel, specialty alloy, foundry, chemicals, and refractory material industries; metallurgical coal to steel producers; and energy coal to power stations, power generators, and industrial users." The stock currently trades at $67.14 with an 11.6 multiple. It has a 52-week trading range of $59.87-$84.37 and on average 2.1 million shares exchange hands daily. BHP pays a dividend of 3.34% annually.
Global X Copper Miners ETF (COPX): For those who do not want to invest in a single copper miner the COPX offers exposure to the entire sector. This is an ETF that tracks the Solactive Global Copper Miners Index, and its holdings include global firms from across the international spectrum, like SCCO, KGHM Polska Miedz (OTC:KGHPF), South America mining and railroad company Antofagasta (OTCPK:ANFGY) and Grupo Mexico (OTCPK:GMBXF). This international fund has roughly $26 million in assets, currently is trading at $12.46 and it has an expense ratio of 0.65.The fund has a 52-week trading range of $10.34 to $16.59
Bottom line: The precious metals performed well in August and are performing well thus far in September. There is evidence housing is improving and we have potentially come off the bottom. Homebuilder confidence is at a five-year high. One precious metals approach for a housing recovery is to consider investing in copper. This can be done through futures, an ETN such as JJC, through the mining stocks or the mining stocks ETF COPX.