With a market capitalization of more than $400 billion and daily production of around 4.5 million barrels of oil equivalent per day Exxon Mobil Corp (NYSE: XOM) is the world's largest energy company. Trading at 7.5 times cash flow and 11.4 times this year's earnings estimates, the stock also boasts the highest valuation of any international oil company.
Exxon Mobil's premium valuation reflects the firm's steady profitability and reputation for returning wealth to shareholders regardless of prevailing commodity prices.
The company pays a quarterly dividend of $0.57 per unit, equivalent to a yield of 2.5 percent at the current stock price. Over the past five years, the firm has grown its dividend at an average annual rate of more than 9 percent and repurchased more than 1.1 billion shares, or about 18 percent of its current float. If we add up all the share repurchases and dividends paid from the end of 2006 to the end of 2011, Exxon Mobil has returned more than a third of its market capitalization to shareholders.
In the most recent quarter, Exxon Mobil paid a dividend of $0.57 per unit, a 21 percent increase from a year ago. Meanwhile, the company maintained its program of share buybacks, repurchasing $5 billion worth of its common stock in the second quarter. In total, the firm returned $7.7 billion to shareholders. Management has also indicated the firm plans to repurchase a further $5 billion in shares in the third quarter as well. On an annualized basis, shares of Exxon Mobil yield roughly 7.7 percent when you factor in the dividend and share repurchases.
Although some investors undoubtedly would prefer dividends rather than buying back stock, shareholder to share repurchases, it's hard to scoff at a 21 percent year-over-year dividend increase.
Moreover, share buybacks also boost Exxon Mobil's total hydrocarbon production per share, a common valuation metric for international oil companies. In the five-year period that ended in 2011, the company grew its total output by 6 percent, to 4.506 million barrels of oil equivalent per day. With stock repurchases, Exxon Mobil's per share production has surged by almost 30 percent.
In the second quarter, Exxon Mobil generated $15.910 billion in profit, a $5.2 billion increase from a year ago, much of which stemmed from asset sales. Many companies classify asset sales as one-time events that are excluded from headline earnings. But Exxon Mobil divests assets almost every quarter in an effort to optimize its portfolio; management considers the gains from these sales as part of the firm's regular business.
Exxon Mobil generates about 80 percent of its annual net income from upstream operations, or the production of oil and natural gas. In the second quarter, this segment's earnings decline by $183 million from year-ago levels, largely because of an $870 million hit related to lower oil and natural-gas prices. During this three-month period, the firm's average oil price realizations declined by $8 per barrel, while natural gas fell by $2 per thousand cubic feet. The dip in Exxon Mobil's price realizations on natural gas largely reflects the firm's exposure to the US market following its acquisition of XTO Energy.
The upstream segment also suffered decreased volumes during the quarter, primarily because of production sharing contracts with national oil companies that attribute less oil and gas to Exxon Mobil after the firm has recovered development costs.
In the second quarter, sales of upstream assets offset lower price realizations and volumes.
Investors shouldn't fret about Exxon Mobil's somewhat disappointing results; oil price realizations likely improved in the third, and the firm's major growth projects continue to progress according to plan.
The Kizomba Satellites offshore Angola achieved first oil production in May, exceeding management's expectations. This 18-well development is expected to flow about 100,000 gross barrels per day at its peak.
Meanwhile, Exxon Mobil's project for liquefying natural gas and exporting the fuel is on schedule to meet its 2014 start date. The company has completed more than 60 percent of the offshore pipeline system that will feed the liquefaction complex, and the first of two new drilling rigs that will complete the associated wells will begin work soon.
Exxon Mobil has also completed about 94 percent of its Kearl project in Canada's oil sands and expects the development to come onstream before year-end. Management estimates the play's initial production rate at about 160,000 barrels of bitumen per day and expects production to ramp up to 500,000 barrels per day, once all phases of the project have been completed. Bitumen is an extremely heavy form of oil that must be diluted with natural gas liquids or processed into a synthetic crude oil to ship via pipeline. Many North American refineries can process this heavy oil, which often trades at a discount to light, sweet varietals.
Through a joint venture with Rosneft (OTC:RNFTF), Exxon Mobil also has exposure to the Arctic, one of the final frontiers to explore for oil and gas. The two giants will jointly develop tight oil prospects in Western Siberia. Exxon Mobil has extensive experience with horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing, two technologies that are essential to unlocking the hydrocarbons in low-permeability reservoir rocks.
Rosneft and Exxon Mobil are also setting up an Artic research center for evaluating offshore oil and gas fields in Russia and developing technologies to handle extreme conditions in these regions.
On the exploration front, Exxon Mobil, along with partner Statoil (NYSE: STO) has made major finds offshore Tanzania. (See East Africa's Energy Boom.) The company also announced another gas find in Papua New Guinea that will likely feed the firm's liquefied natural gas trains in the region and promising well results in Romania and Vietnam.
In the Americas, Exxon Mobil continues to ramp up production in unconventional fields. The firm's US gas production appears to have peaked for the time being, as the company shifts drilling activity to oil- and natural gas liquids-rich plays. For example, Exxon Mobil's production in the Bakken Shale surged 60 percent from year-ago levels to 32,000 barrels per day.
Management continues to reiterate that natural gas will become an increasingly important part of the world's energy mix over the long term and that prices will recover from depressed levels. By virtue of its size and the strength of its balance sheet, Exxon Mobil can afford to take the long view on natural-gas prices and demand.
Exxon Mobil is also moving ahead with drilling its acreage in Argentina's Neuquen Basin, a shale oil play that's often likened to the Eagle Ford Shale in Texas. The firm has drilled and is evaluating three test wells; investors should expect an on the play's potential over the next two to three quarters.
Outside the upstream business, Exxon Mobil generates about 10 percent of its annual net income from chemicals and another 10 percent from refining and marketing.
The chemicals operating segment is in the midst of expanding one of its Gulf Coast steam crackers to produce additional volumes of ethylene and propylene, the building blocks of innumerable plastics. Exxon Mobil following in the footsteps of Dow Chemical (NYSE: DOW) and other operators that have expanded their domestic petrochemical operations to take advantage of the overabundance of natural gas and natural gas liquids.
Exxon Mobil's downstream earnings were on par with results from the second quarter of 2011, when you factor out gains related to restructuring its Japanese operations. Refining profit margins can be quite volatile from quarter to quarter. However, Exxon Mobil's massive base of refining capacity in different parts of the world and regions of the US enables the firm ramp up activity in areas that offer the best profit margins.
Investors shouldn't expect production growth to drive appreciation in Exxon Mobil's stock; management expects the firm's net output to increase at an average annual rate of only 1 percent to 2 percent over the next five years.
If we factor in roughly $20 billion per year in stock repurchases and a 2 percent to 3 percent dividend yield, the company has returned about 7 percent to 8 percent to shareholders per year.
Exxon Mobil is a great company that deserves its premium valuation and is a foundational holding for a long-term portfolio. But at the stock's current price, other names offer superior upside in the near term. You can uncover 5 of my top energy picks by checking out this report.
Disclosure: I have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it. I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.