If you’re not an analyst or asset manager who specializes in the financial sector, and you don’t count on AIG (AIG), Lehman Brothers (LEH) , or their many near competitors for a paycheck, right now might be a good time to take a step back, breathe a little, and thank whatever deity or lucky totem you might carry, touch, or kiss for your good fortune.
It’s now September, the kids are back in school, Wall Street is in a shambles, and the last few folks who didn’t realize it are now quite aware that the responsibility for their financial futures lies only with themselves, and that risk is a real four-letter word, not just something that increases your returns.
So I thought it might be a good time to look back at the little article about financial media predictions that I wrote back in January, and see if any of them turned out to be right. After all, it’s not just the newsletters who tell us that they can pick stocks for you — pretty much every money-related magazine puts out prediction issues, especially in December and January, and tries to win your subscription dollars with some prescient or entertaining picks. So I took the “stocks for the year ahead” portfolios from Barron’s, SmartMoney, and Fortune, and went back to see what their performance was like. (No particular reason for choosing those specific magazines, I just happened to have them all at hand at the end of January.)
So what happened? Well, obviously it would have been a mistake to buy and hold any portfolio in January without reacting to the news that followed — it’s been perhaps an unusually “newsy” year, after all. But there are some surprising things to note.
First, let’s take another look at the three lists — all of them were chock full of stocks and themes that certainly looked interesting back in January, either because they were in the press a lot, or they were in hot markets or potentially hot markets, or because they had come down significantly from their highs.
- Annaly Capital Management (NLY)
- Berkshire Hathaway (BRKB)
- Dick’s Sporting Goods (DKS)
- Electronic Arts (ERTS)
- Genentech (DNA)
- General Electric (GE)
- Jacobs Engineering (JEC)
- Merrill Lynch (MER)
- Petrobras Energia (PZE)
- St. Joe (JOE)
Barron’s “ready to bounce” stocks for the year ahead:
- American International Group (AIG)
- Bear Stearns (BSC)
- Comcast (CMCSA)
- Comerica (CMA)
- SunTrust (STI)
- Gannett (GCI)
- Kohl’s (KSS)
- Legg Mason (LM)
- Micron Technlogy (MU)
- Southwest Airlines (LUV)
- Starbucks (SBUX)
- Time Warner (TWX)
SmartMoney’s “Where to Invest 2008″
- Bunge (BG)
- Deere (DE)
- Diamond Offshore (DO)
- Ion Geophysical (IO)
- Central European Media ENt. (CETV)
- Erste Bank (EBKDY.PK)
- Phililppine Long Distance (PHI) (this was a Robert Hsu pick about six months ago)
- Telefonica (TEF)
- General Electric (GE)
- United Technologies (UTX)
- Genworth Financial (GNW)
- Wells Fargo (WFC)
So … can anyone guess how many of those 34 stocks are actually in positive territory (not counting dividends) for investors who bought them in January?
No, for you pessimists, it’s not Zero. Not that anyone would brag about this, but there were six stocks on that list that would have given you a positive return.
If we assume these are really buys for the beginning of the year, with a purchase on January 2 at the closing price for that day, Wells Fargo is the only one Smart Money picked that’s in positive territory. Barron’s got Kohl’s, Comcast, and Southwest Airlines. And Fortune picked winners St. Joe and Genentech. Genentech is by far the best performer with a 38% gain, thanks to the bid by part-owner Roche (RHHBY.PK) to buy the balance of the company. Barron’s picked the most winners, with three, but also had the worst average return thanks to the two near-90% losers they also picked.
On average, they all returned significantly less than the S&P 500 (as represented by the SPY ETF). The S&P since January 2 has lost about 16% (though that number is moving a lot even as I type) — the Fortune list came the closest to matching that, with a 17.8% loss. Both Smart Money and Barron’s came in with losses — of 25% and 28%, respectively. Even just looking for common themes wouldn’t have necessarily helped you much — the only stock on more than one list, GE, is down by about 30% (and that was a “bounce” pick, already down 25% or so since its highs of the previous Fall).
If you give them credit for a later date, since some of those magazines weren’t necessarily available to the public on January 2, the returns don’t improve all that much — January was a rough month for the S&P 500, so if we start from a January 28 date a few stock swings jiggle the percentages, but the lists still all significantly underperform the S&P’s 9.4% loss to date. The biggest difference among the lists if you jog those prices by four weeks is that Smart Money looks much better — this is almost entirely due to the huge dips in the two Eastern European picks during January (Erste Bank and CETV) that gave them better returns on those two stocks if you pick a late January price. If you want to check my assumptions and numbers, the Google Spreadsheet is available here.
If you’re like me, your eyes naturally gravitate to that list of Barron’s picks — what kind of luck did it take to select Bear Stearns, AIG, and Legg Mason as your best buys in January? It’s a miracle that they didn’t also get Fannie Mae (FNM), Freddie Mac (FRE), or Lehman Brothers (LEH) in there. And I don’t point this out to have fun at Barron’s expense — I was thinking seriously about buying Legg Mason back then, too, and I was wondering a few months ago, when it got down to $30, whether AIG might be cheap enough to be interesting. Thankfully I didn’t end up buying either.
Who would have thought that Bill Miller at Legg Mason would get so many flat tires at the same time in Yahoo (YHOO), Crocs (CROX), Merrill (MER), Lehman, Freddie Mac and others, and in so doing play a big part in Legg Mason losing its sheen as an asset manager just when it needed that the most with the new funds it acquired from Citibank (C)?
And among the other huge losers, Bear Stearns and AIG were almost unassailable brand names in January — for BSC to disappear and AIG to be begging for help from Warren Buffett would have been almost unthinkable nine months ago.
And the really depressing thing? The returns would probably be just about the same if you just bought the picks that were actively teased and touted by expensive investment newsletters, since those stocks have, on average, performed truly awfully this year (though there have been a few winners). I have tracking spreadsheets for those stocks, though not from a single date and not compared to the S&P, and the average stock touted in January or February in one of the newsletter ads I write about lost about 20%.
The lesson is a simple one, even if it’s one that most of us, myself included, ignore on a regular basis: Most people aren’t smarter than the market, and no one can predict the future. Even those who have a huge audience can be very wrong, and it probably behooves most investors to take all tips with a grain of salt — whether they come from a cheap magazine, an expensive investment newsletter, or a drunk on a park bench.
We all need to take responsibility for our own investments, and we should never buy stock in a company that we don’t understand, or for which we lack an exit strategy (a point when the price will get high or low enough that you want to sell it). That doesn’t mean that any one strategy is right for everyone — some buy and hold forever and that can work out, if you choose wisely and have a strong stomach; others always cut their losses or take their gains at just a few percent and that also can work out, if you’re willing to trade a lot and your system works. Are you buying charts, stocks, or companies? What’s your time frame? How strong is your stomach? We shouldn’t buy anything until we know at least the answers to those questions.
And perhaps most importantly: diversification is the only real protection any of us have from surprises like AIG and Bear Stearns, and there’s no shame in being average. If you knew a stock picker that was able to beat the buy lists of Barron’s, Smart Money, Fortune, most mutual fund managers, and most investment newsletter editors, you’d jump on it. For most years, and for most longer time periods, that stock picker is Standard & Poors, and its buy list is the S&P 500 — sometimes the lazy and boring approach is the way to go. Even if it means an occasional loss of nearly 5% on crazy days like today.
Full disclosure: I do have money invested in an S&P 500 index fund, but I love stock research and I also take my chances at trying to beat that index (overall I have not done so this year — my portfolio, index funds and other mutual funds included, has almost exactly matched the S&P Index return since January, down around 16%). Currently, of the companies mentioned above I own shares of Berkshire Hathaway and Google (GOOG).