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It's happened again: McDonald's (NYSE:MCD) weak same store sales results for October announced Friday threatened to take down the entire restaurant space stock platform.

To be sure, McDonald's was weak (-1.8% worldwide). Weaker than most expected. Wendy's (NASDAQ:WEN) same day reported +2.7% system same store sales and Burger King (NYSE:BKW) and its franchisee Carrols (NASDAQ:TAST) reported a strong plus 6.2%, and an 'OK trend' thus far in October. What was of greater concern were the MCD sales components: With some analysts projecting an embedded 3% price increase in the U.S., either customer traffic was almost 5% lower or product mix shifted lower.

McDonald's sales momentum deterioration in the U.S. and Europe was the most pronounced. APMEA (Asia Pacific/Middle East/Africa) was -2.4% vs. the rest of world, had poor Japanese trends and bouncing Australian results, and has been weak or negative for some time. McDonald's does not disclose results by nation, but we can tell by the process of elimination that the MCD powerhouse markets of France and Germany had to be down big time as MCD reported the U.K. was up.

One of the problems is MCD reports by calendar month. But not every month has the same number of weekdays and weekends each year, and MCD missed a Saturday and a Sunday this year.

This could be fixed. Fiscal year formats of 13 periods of 28 days have been standard for 30 years plus in this space and could so be adopted. Every back office system in the world has such flexibility.

I suspect the problem is getting franchisee reporting lined up. It's a change and will cost something. But we expect such systems from the QSR industry pioneer. And less stress on the publicly traded company is good for all.

Finally, while the same store sales metric is commonly understood in the business press, comparing to one prior year is not really the best measurement. It misses cumulative history. McDonald's was down versus 2011, but still up versus 2010, 2009, 2008, and all years back to 2003. In fact, versus 2002, U.S. MCD same store sales is up cumulatively 55.4% coming into FY-12. Wendy's and Burger King do not have the same advantage. Additionally, reporting same store sales on a five year compound average growth basis could be more meaningful.

Source: Memo To McDonald's: Fix The Reporting