Alex Jordon Reducing investment costs can have a major impact on expected returns in your retirement and/or investment portfolio, more so than many people realise. Investing in a fund where the manager is paid big bucks to speculate on individual stocks and market timing (a technique known as "active" management) is not only hit-and-miss in terms of the final results, it is also expensive. Studies show that 7 out of 10 Active managers fail to achieve their remit of beating their index benchmark. My hobbies are reading, social networking. Finance and math are my favorite subjects.