Mr. Lipson is the founding partner of Western Investment LLC. He managed Fixed Income Research departments at Kuhn, Loeb; Lehman Brothers and Paine Webber. In 1973, he created the Kuhn, Loeb Bond Indices which survived serial corporate lives and became the Lehman Brothers Bond Indices and which are now the Barclays Capital Bond Indices; the world's first and most widely used measure of total return in the bond market. He also developed the first fixed income index fund as well and many other pioneering tools in fixed income portfolio management. Prior to that he worked at Goldman, Sachs where he saw opportunity in the neglected bond market and initiated their fixed income research efforts in 1969. He noticed significant inefficiencies in closed-end funds and began investing in CEFs in 1984. After moving to Salt Lake City, he opened his first partnership in 1995 after the internet came up and made it possible to easily execute quantitatively driven transactions on a real-time basis. Western Investment began activism in 2004 and has been involved in 39 situations. More information is available at www.FixMyFund.com.