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Cliff Wachtel, CPA, is currently the Director of Market Research, New Media and Training for, a fast growing forex and CFD broker. He covers a variety of topics including global market drivers, forex, currency hedged and diversified income investing, and is currently working on a... More
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    Part 1: Top Market Movers: Daily Diary

    Here's the first of a two part article.

    • Part 1: Top Market Movers: Daily Diary
    • Part 2
      • Conclusions, Lessons From Last Week For This Week And Beyond
      • Weekly Currency Dilution Alerts
      • A New Way To Help Save Your Local Currency
    Top Market Movers: Daily DiaryMONDAY

    The big market mover was political uncertainty in Spain and Italy, which sent markets down hard on renewed twitches of EU angst.


    Leading stock indexes, our best overall risk appetite barometer, were mixed with modest up and down moves but overall higher on:

    • Signs of recovery from Japan's battered consumer electronics makers
    • Expectations of continued JPY weakness and thus better growth for Japan
    • China's strong non-manufacturing PMI, a bullish sign that the world's chief growth engine is finishing its slowdown of sub-8% GDP growth


    Virtually all major indexes were down hard, 1-2.5%, and Spain's indexes plunged nearly 4% on as a high market, vulnerable to any kind of negative news, got just the excuse it needed for the inevitable profit taking session. The big news of the day was that political uncertainty in the EU's major debtor nations:

    • Spain: A growing corruption scandal involving Spain's Prime Minister Rajoy, including allegations that he and other party members took bribes. As we discuss below, the PM already has a record of outright lying that's exceptional even by the standards of Spanish politics. However any political uncertainty, especially in Spain, is particularly upsetting for risk asset markets.

    The EU won't survive without a solvent Spain, and much of the reason for major global stock indexes being near all time highs is that the EU crisis is believed to have been stabilized. Anything that undermines that dubious assumption will be poison for risk assets world-wide, as the EU remains very much a solvency risk that could crash markets. See below in our conclusions section for more on that.

    • Italy: Former Italian PM Berlusconi's rise in recent polls threatens to return him to office. He was forced out when demand for Italian bonds and stocks plunged due to his perceived mismanagement of the economy. Markets don't want him back. His campaign platform includes populist but irresponsible promises to revoke "German imposed" austerity policies, and revoke an unpopular property tax, whereas Brussels and markets want to see policies that will reduce Italy's debt. Not surprisingly, yields on Italian benchmark 10 year notes moved higher to reflect the increased risk.

    These developments sent the leading indexes, and EUR, down sharply. For all the recent bluster from EU leaders about the EU crisis being solved, the day's events revealed the true fragility of market confidence.


    US markets followed Europe sharply lower for their worst day of the year, for the exact same reasons. Analysts also followed their European counterparts, and saw the move as part of an inevitable temporary correction that should be viewed as (surprise!-not) a buying opportunity.


    Tuesday essentially saw a technical bounce on little news


    Asian indexes were up, and Japan soared 3.77%, on further hopes for a weaker yen and thus stronger exporter growth. This time the reason was news of the current BOJ head's early exit. His replacement will be PM Abe's man, which suggests that more stimulus could be coming sooner. That was the biggest headline of the day.

    Helping the optimism was a report from Societe Generale, which said that Japan would win any "race to debase," (aka currency war) because it's the only Asian nation where a weaker currency boosts stocks because Japan's stocks move with the fortunes of exporters. Other Asian nations' stock markets move with capital flows, and so weakened currencies could spark stock selloffs in those nations.

    European indexes finished mixed due to pressure from a combination of factors, including:

    • Continued political uncertainty about Spain and Italy: That instability could complicate keeping confidence in their creditworthiness up (and thus yields low).
    • A series of weak corporate earnings reports
    • An open disagreement between France and Germany on whether to join the currency wars and weaken the EUR. France wants a weaker, Euro, Germany doesn't, saying that the EZ's path to recovery is via "strengthening competitiveness rather than weakening currency."

    US markets closed flat, and lacked any clear market mover.


    Asia closed mixed, with Japan down almost 1%, surrendering much of Wednesday's gains on profit taking due to a combination of relative JPY strength and caution ahead of the ECB meeting later that day.

    European indexes and risk asset markets were all down solidly 0.5 - 1% or more after ECB President Draghi's downbeat comments on economic weakness in the EU.

    A Spanish bond auction showed Spain's borrowing costs rising, however it was not mentioned as a market moving event in the mainstream financial press. See below for more on that.

    That was the only really significant market moving news of the day. Disappointing earnings results from drug Giant Sanofi didn't help either.

    Traders remain complacent about EU risks, and see the recent pullback as just a normal technical correction, with weak earnings, a major corruption scandal that could unseat Spain's PM, and the threat of anti-market boogieman Berlusconi returning to power as just excuses for a selloff that was bound to happen.

    US markets closed modestly lower on minor profit taking due to a combination of follow through from European weakness and weak data.


    Asia closed mostly higher, aided by positive China data, but Japan was down almost 1% on some profit taking spurred by EU events noted above, and aided by disappointing current account data, which showed it has the smallest current account surplus since 1985. While it got little play in the press, this is a very disturbing sign for reasons we discuss in the conclusions section below.

    European indexes soared on a combination of upbeat Chinese and US data, and an agreement that removed some uncertainty regarding the EU's long term spending plans. It introduced the first spending cuts ever to the 2014-20 budget.

    Please proceed to part 2 for conclusions and lessons for this week and beyond.

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    Disclosure: I have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours.

    Feb 10 4:47 AM | Link | Comment!

    It's a 3 way tug of war this week

    Political turmoil in the EU remains the big potential market mover and the most unpredictable wildcard in the deck this week. We've continued to insist each week that EU risk has been vastly underestimated, for example, in last month's 2012's Biggest Lie, 2013's Biggest Risk.

    1. EU Political Turmoil: Bearish A. Watch Spain/Italy Bond Yields: Best Barometer of Confidence In Spain, Italy

    Political turmoil in Spain and Italy clearly shook confidence Spain and Italy, the two largest debtor nations in the EU and thus the biggest solvency risks.

    That reduced confidence showed up in the particular metric that matters most - bond yields. These spiked higher for both Spain and Italy this week. Markets (other than the EURUSD and other EUR pairs) shrugged off the news, but the EURUSD took its biggest weekly hit in since the summer.

    As we discussed in our recent article on last week's lessons for this week, political turmoil in both nations is especially significant because the only thing keeping their bond yields down has been a questionable confidence that these nations were somehow on the mend, despite the lack of any supporting evidence. On the contrary, actual data on both shows continued contraction, even before this week's disturbing developments:

    • Spain's PM Rajoy was caught telling his second whopper of a lie since his claim last May that Spain's banking sector didn't need a bailout. See here for details.
    • Italy's former PM Berlusconi is making a serious bid to regain power, mostly by playing to populist anti-austerity sentiment, the same attitude that had bond markets virtually boycotting Italian bonds. See here for more on that.

    Ever since ECB President Draghi announced the OMT program in September, bond yields for Spain and Italy had been heading lower. As we've pointed out in past articles, ever since US elections and austerity debates stole the spotlight, numerous EU heads have declared the EU crisis over, despite the obvious fact that nothing had changed except for the dubious assurance provided by the OMT program.

    Ignore the politicians' claims about the EU crisis being over. Their talk is cheap. Bond markets are betting real money, and bond yield trends remain by far the best true indicator of confidence in a given nation's solvency risk.

    B. Watch Spain/Italy Political Headlines.
    • For Spain: Corruption Scandal Headlines. For all his faults, markets don't want to see PM Rajoy lose power at this time.
    • For Italy: Watch how Berlusconi fares in polls as Italian elections approach on the 24th/25th of February. Markets correctly view him as a poor manager of Italy's economy. If he gains in the polls, expect Italian (and possibly EU and global) asset prices to move lower and vice versa. While not expected to win, there is a real risk that he garners enough support to become a necessary part of a coalition. That could complicate efforts to make painful reforms needed to maintain market confidence and prices for Italian stocks and bonds, given Berlusconi's populist platform.
    2. US Politics Bearish A and B: US Sequestration Fight And US Retail Sales: Sequestration Fears, Payroll Tax Hike To Hurt Spending?

    One of the sharpest observations I read last week came from BofA/ML's top currency strategist David Woo. He noted the unusual divergence between the rising S&P 500 (implies optimism) and falling US consumer sentiment (implies pessimism from those who provide 70% of US GDP).

    His take: just as the positive effects of the 2011 payroll tax cut took a few months to hit consumer consciousness, so too the coming months will bring declining spending as wage earnings realize the expiration of that payroll tax cut is over and they're making less money.

    Meanwhile, he warns, the additional spending cuts from the approaching sequestration, due to start March 1st, will exacerbate the pressure on consumer spending. See here for details.

    Consumer sentiment surveys can be market moving, however, the real test is what consumers actually spend. Watch US retail sales Wednesday for the latest update on how consumers really feel.

    3. CALENDAR EVENTS: Neutral

    It's a typical mid- month medium weight calendar.

    Big themes and highlights not already discussed above include:

    Monday- Tuesday

    Bank holidays in Japan and China should limit Asian liquidity and volatility Monday and Tuesday. China's bank holiday extends through the week, and there isn't much in the way of Japanese data other than a BOJ rate statement that is not expected to show any changes. The calendar thus provides little event risk from the big Asian economies (Aussie and NZ data rarely move markets beyond their own currency pairs).


    • ECB President Draghi speaking, and the question is whether he continues to jawbone down the EUR or backtracks on his prior week remarks
    • US retail sales

    Either of these, or both, could be market moving. Draghi's remarks could easily move the EUR or markets as a whole if he continues to be downbeat about the EZ and attempt to talk down the EUR.

    US retail sales could be influential if they surprise either way. As noted above, the payroll tax hike and lingering threat of job loss from sequestration should pressure retail sales. An upside surprise, however, would feed the prevailing risk asset uptrend, and news that conforms to ongoing trends tends to get more attention and reaction than new that contradicts the ongoing trend, which remains firmly higher despite looming decade highs on so many major stock indexes like the S&P 500.


    There's a wave of preliminary GDP reports from the EU. By themselves they tend to be second tier, however if they all point in the same direction they should be influential, as a rule. What makes me hesitate is that in recent months, with the risk asset rally in place, markets have tended to focus on German results when positive, and shrug off the usual signs of deterioration elsewhere.


    G-20 meetings might provide some comments on the risks of competitive devaluations.

    US UoM consumer sentiment: Likely to be influential only if it is in-line with retail sales data from Wednesday. Sentiment is interesting, but only insofar as it predicts real consumer spending. We'll see real data for that Wednesday.

    4. Technical Picture, Observations: Strong Technical Resistance Vs. Strong Momentum: Slightly Bearish

    Most risk assets remain in firmly entrenched up trends. Note however:

    A. Divergence Between S&P 500 and EURUSD: Aberration or Red Flag?

    Most of the time, the EURUSD and major stock indexes, perhaps best represented by the S&P 500, move in the same direction, because both are bellwether risk assets.

    For a full discussion of that correlation and the definition of risk versus safe haven assets, go to my book' page, and use the "Look Inside" feature to skim through the exceptionally detailed table of contents and index. I had to fight my publisher a bit for that extra detail, and she was kind enough to make the extra investment. So take advantage of it. You can read huge chunks of the book, my treat.

    They diverged this week, with the S&P 500 index heading higher while the EURUSD made its first serious 1 week drop since this past summer, due to a combination of:

    • Political instability in the EU nations that can least afford it
    • ECB President's Draghi's successful attempt to talk down the EUR at last week.

    See here for details on these.

    The S&P is still moving higher

    (click to enlarge)


    Source: MetaQuotes Software Corp,

    05 feb 10 0853

    Meanwhile the EURUSD, has not only fallen back (no big deal by itself), more significantly, it is now sitting right back on the major 200 week EMA (violet) that it had breached just 2 weeks ago.

    (click to enlarge)


    Source: MetaQuotes Software Corp,

    06 feb 10 09 00

    The fact that it has returned to its 200 week EMA (violet) raises some doubts about whether it can hold above what had been very significant resistance and so raises doubts about its continued upward move. If it breaks back below it, that would be raise greater doubts about the EURUSD rally, because it would reaffirm the 200 week EMA (violet) line as resistance, and negate the prior break above as merely temporary.

    We're not going to get too excited about a potential reversal for risk assets yet, however, because both this EURUSD pair and the S&P 500 index still have lots of upward momentum.

    Does It Really Matter?

    We're not going to get too excited about a potential reversal for risk assets yet, however, because both this EURUSD pair and the S&P 500 index still have lots of upward momentum.

    Long term momentum on both the weekly S&P 500 chart, as well as the weekly EURUSD chart, is still strong, as shown by such compelling indicators as:

    Both remain within their double Bollinger band buy zones. See 4 RULES FOR USING THE MOST USEFUL TECHNICAL INDICATOR, DOUBLE BOLLINGER BANDS for details on using and interpreting this indicator.

    The various exponential moving averages (blue, yellow, red, violet) are all trending higher too, another sign of entrenched upward momentum.

    For those who don't already keep an eye on the EURUSD trend, consider doing so, even if you never trade currencies. A few reasons to do so include:

    • It's an excellent overall barometer of risk appetite (as is the EURJPY) that is more sensitive to global events than the major US indexes
    • The stronger its uptrend, the stronger the EUR and the weaker the USD, because these two currencies push each other in opposite directions. USD strength or weakness has wide ramifications in currency and commodity markets (as well as in stocks but to a lesser degree). I discuss these inter-market relationships between the USD and other assets in my book. At least some of that you can read for free on the book's page, using the "Look Inside" feature.
    B. Gold Weekly Chart: Decision Time Approaches

    (click to enlarge)


    04 FEB 10 0713

    Gold Looks Ready To Break Out

    The question is, in the short term, which way?


    The short term fundamentals are contradictory. Gold is primarily a fiat currency hedge. Long term the effects of debasement of the most widely held currencies make this a long term buy. Much of the hot money has already been flushed out, so further drips might not bring much new selling.

    Meanwhile, the ECB and BoJ have talked about new stimulus but done nothing. If they actually start printing soon, that could give new upward impetus to gold.

    Technical Picture

    The overall trend remains bullish, and pennant patterns like the one we see above tend to suggest continuation - for which long term trend?

    The problem here is that we've a long term downtrend dating back to July 2011 on the weekly chart shown above, sitting with a decade long uptrend, shown in the monthly chart below.

    Currently gold sits at its 50 week EMA (red), which has been strong support for over a decade, rarely breached for more than a few weeks. A decisive break below that would open the way for a test into the 1580-1550 level. However I've heard a lot of anecdotal evidence suggesting that there will be plenty of buying on breaks below 1600.

    (click to enlarge)


    03 feb 10 0711

    5. Central Bank Stimulus: Bullish

    As we warned in our summary of 2013 forecasts - beware of fighting the Fed, especially when joined by the ECB, BoJ, and potentially the BoE and PBOC.

    Conclusion: Bearish Political Turmoil, Bullish Stimulus Prospects, Bearish Technical Resistance

    In sum, the likely big market movers are not coming from the calendar, but from less predictable EU and US political developments, and the weight of decade old technical resistance bumps against the upward thrust of asset price inflation from the central banks of the world's largest economies.

    Recent history suggests you don't bed against the Fed However it's going to be tough convincing most investors to open new longs given what has happened the last time major indexes were this high.

    (click to enlarge)


    Source: MetaQuotes Software Corp,

    01 feb 10 0052

    Look at that chart above. We are now at the far right side. Want to bet where that trend is headed?

    It's tough to bet against any of those. In the short term, however, politics tends to trump fundamentals. Therefore we've got:

    1. Stimulus: bullish
    2. Technical Picture: decade-old resistance (bearish) but long term upward momentum (bullish): overall we see the technical picture as more bearish, only because momentum is typically strong when indexes hit all time highs.
    3. Politics-Both EU turmoil and US sequestration: bearish but unpredictable.

    I wish I could provide a more definitive overall bullish or bearish outlook, but the evidence, as typical, is equivocal.

    Special Chance To Fight The Fed (ECB, BoJ Too): This Week Only

    Whether or not you approve of central bank stimulus for the common good, there's little doubt it's bad news for the value of anything denominated in the currencies under threat of debasement, which happen to be the ones that are most widely held, the USD, EUR, JPY and GBP.

    They say you can't fight the central banks, but here's a chance to strike a small blow that would help get investors dumping their cheapened currencies in favor of those backed my more conservative central banks.

    For that to happen, more investors need to learn about ways to diversify into better currencies and assets linked them, simpler, safer ways than generally found in guides on currency or foreign investing.

    First, if you haven't done so already, see here (North America) or here (outside of North America) for information about the most up to date guide on a wide range of conservative strategies to diversify into the currencies most likely to hold their value, and the assets linked to them. You can find a topic summary, reviews, and even read huge chunks of the book.

    Second, please take a moment (about 120 seconds, actually) and cast your vote for "The Sensible Guide to Forex" in's Awards 2013 in BEST NEW BOOK category. The link to the survey is here.

    A win might help draw some additional attention, and help others hear about how they can be liberated from the ongoing financial repression.

    Thanks in advance for your help.

    Disclosure: I have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours.

    Feb 10 4:44 AM | Link | Comment!

    Here's a quick rundown of the EURUSD's prospects over the coming weeks as of the December 30, 2012.


    The ongoing deadlock hit Western stock indexes this week, including the bellwether S&P 500, as discussed here. This political paralysis also suggests another coming threat to risk currency pairs like the EURUSD. In the coming weeks Washington must once again either raise the debt ceiling or cut debt.

    The ongoing political dysfunction suggests that Washington's credibility, and credit rating, could suffer as much damage as it did during the prior debt ceiling battle in the summer of 2011. That one cost the US its AAA credit rating from the S&P and took the S&P 500 index down almost to almost 400 points below its current level.


    The coming week brings a batch of EU and US data, as discussed here. The overall tone of data has not been good, and so is more likely to favor risk aversion and the USD. Until the fiscal cliff, and coming US debt ceiling battle are resolved without major US austerity, the economic calendar is unlikely to produce anything positive enough to keep the pair moving past upcoming resistance discussed below.


    The weekly EURUSD chart below continues to show upward momentum in recent weeks.

    ScreenHunter_04 Dec. 30 04.28


    Source: MetaQuotes Software Corp,

    04 DEC 30 0428

    Signs of continued upward momentum include:

    • The 10 week EMA (blue) and 20 week EMA (yellow) are both close to crossing above the 50 week EMA (red)

    So why do I see the overall technical picture as mixed?

    Approaching strong resistance from the 200 week EMA between 1.33 and 1.34 (granted, there is still over 100 pips of headroom, enough room for short term longs, though).

    The S&P 500, our preferred risk appetite barometer, has turned lower, creating a negative divergence. The EURUSD's rally since the middle of November has been in sync with risk appetite as represented by the S&P 500. We don't think the pair can sustain a rally while the index is falling.


    Market calm on the fiscal cliff is starting to unravel. Until we have a deal, particularly one that defers most of the fiscal cliff's austerity, it's unlikely that the pair can overcome the approaching resistance. Given its recent strong run higher, the pair is due for a break until it gets some help from US fiscal cliff news.

    Given that major risk barometers like the S&P 500 still near long term highs, already pricing in a US fiscal cliff deal and quiet in the EU, any resolution of the fiscal cliff and debt ceiling may well yield little more than a brief relief rally, if not a sell-the-news pullback.

    With global economic growth expected to be weak for at least the first half of 2013 and no real repair of the EU debt situation, what's left to drive the pair much higher?

    Oh, right, yet more stimulus, debt, and money printing.

    As long term stores of value, neither the EUR or USD inspires great confidence given that both the Fed and ECB are committed to open ended money printing. That means these currencies will depreciate relative to better managed currencies and hard assets, especially as the global economy recovers.

    If most of your assets are denominated in the EUR, USD, JPY, or other currency subject to similar central bank policies, you need to diversify your currency exposure just as you would diversify by asset class and sector.

    There are currency diversification solutions to fit most needs. The problem for most people has been finding them. Specifically:

    • Most forex guides focus on trading styles that are too risky and demanding for most people.
    • Most foreign investing guides focus on the fundamentals of a given recommended asset without giving enough consideration to the currency to which they're linked.

    I've tried to provide a variety of solutions that avoid these problems in my book, The Sensible Guide To Forex (Wiley & Sons, 2012). See here or here for details.


    Disclosure: I have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours.

    Dec 31 11:04 AM | Link | Comment!
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