It's been quite a journey the past four years as I've learned about stocks, technical analysis, swing trading, dividend growth investing, and now options. For 17 years, I home educated our children and tutored, while my husband supported the family. Once I worked myself out of that job, I had to decide what I should be when I grow up. Without a useful degree, my income is minimal, but I really enjoy my part-time jobs. I have used my jobs as a learning tool more than an income tool and they have been very profitable. I focus the rest of my time making my husband's income the most useful it can be, and managing our home. I enjoy playing with bookkeeping, finance, investments, taxes, and strive to be the best steward of all the resources (time, energy, health, family, money, stuff) we have. The only purpose of my investing was to be able to afford to retire at a normal, reasonable age and hopefully to live off the dividends from those investments without needing to spend down the principal. As health concerns are forcing us to consider earlier retirement, the portfolio income may be needed at anytime. This does not worry me, it just changes the trajectory of the portfolio. I am very thankful for the gentle start into investing and am excited by what might happen in the future. I’m so glad this website was recommended to me and I genuinely appreciate the contributors and their comments here and the growth that has happened through participation on the forum. In case you're wondering about 'inzkeeper', I formerly managed an inn and the email moniker has stuck with me over the years.
Age 67, high school and self educated. Retired after 38 years with one of the largest financial services companies in the world. Handle my own portfolio on-line since 2002 before retirement in 2008. I am a momentum investor 100% equities, stocks only, now only mid to high dividend payers with 10% mad money which is in cash. When first took over portfolio lucked into precious metals and energy for major gains for years until I learned serious lessons in 2008-9. As a Canadian have been big in REITS, metals and minerals and energy. Often played Canadian Banks as short or day trades with great success. Blackberry was my first substantial tech investment so as "Sgt. Shultz" used to say "I know nothing" about it (technical aspects). I would consider my expertise if one would call it that, having a knowledge of the momentum of a stock based on every word (and the numbers although not a strength of mine) written about it, including the company itself. Also, always understand completely what the company does and what it needs to do to increase in value. I track almost daily over 200 companies entering their movement and any forecasts and opinions of recognized rating entities and any individuals who make sense.
I am a value conscious investor looking for bargains.
1) Price is what you pay, value is what you get
2) Success in investing is limiting losses when you're wrong, and maximizing gains when you're right
3) Start with business model. Margins reflect value add a company's products bring to the market place. Does the Gross Margin and the Product match? High GMs accompany differentiated products with limited competition that do not compete on price. Low GMs accompany undifferentiated products that compete on price, CAPEX spend, cyclicality.
4) How is the business financed? Be wary of companies with a lot of debt. Great businesses do not require huge debt to generate high returns on equity. There is no achievement in generating high ROEs by levering up like banks, leasing businesses (car rental, equipment rental, aircraft rental). ROA should be telling here.
4) A company's value changes because the NPV of future profits changes. NPV of future profits is a function of changes in revenues, gross margins, OPEX, leverage, taxation. A company's value appreciates when the NPV of profits goes up due to revenue growth, GM expansion, OPEX reduction, leverage (refinancing) / tax (change of domicile) reduction.
5) Markets look forward. Bottoms coincide with maximum pessimism while tops coincide with maximum euphoria.
6) A stock is not undervalued because it is cheap and it is not overvalued because it is expensive (based on traditional valuation metrics). Similarly, a stock is not undervalued because it has gone down a lot or overvalued because it has gone up a lot.
7) Look at market cap when valuing companies. Don't be overly influenced by management projections, analyst reports, share buybacks, cash on B/S, price movements, other people in the stock.
8) Companies with significant debt can go bankrupt. Cash burn typically determines if they go bankrupt before the cycle (for their industry or the economy) turns.
9) Undervalued stocks can get cheaper, overvalued stocks can get more expensive.
10) Keep emotion out of investing. You will be wrong. Unpredictable things will happen. Stay vigilant to anger, anxiety, exuberance. Stay vigilant to thesis creep.
11) Leverage will kill you sooner or later. Companies have large operating and financial leverage.
12) Have a thesis. If the thesis plays out, stay with it. If it doesn't exit. Always have a thesis.
13) Understand the business you are invested in. It's valuation and what can go wrong. Know the business inside out.
13) Don't trade.
14) Diversify. There are many good ideas in the market. Don't put your eggs in one basket.
15) Failing businesses rarely turnaround.
Value investor and small time (low percentage of portfolio) speculator. Learning as I go. Attempting to build a nest egg. Current holdings $ESRT, $AEYIF, $BRK.B, $POT, $PBF, $CPST, $GLW, $TNXP, $AA, $ARP, $KMI, $ELTP, $HYGS, $ARCP, $PSEC, $LNREF, $FSC, $HTGC, $NYRT, $CRIS, $AMZG, $VNR, $PBF, $MAIN, $LXP, $RAD, $CY.