Phillip Goldstein co-founded Bulldog Investors, LLC, an SEC-registered investment adviser, in 1992. Mr. Goldstein has served as a director of a number of closed-end funds and is currently a director of the Mexico Equity and Income Fund Inc., Special Opportunities Fund, Inc., Imperial Holdings, and MVC Capital, Inc. He is a Principal of Brooklyn Capital Management, LLC, an SEC registered Investment Adviser. He graduated from the University of Southern California in 1966 with a Bachelor of Engineering degree and from City College, New York in 1968 with a Master of Engineering degree. Mr. Goldstein has appeared on CNBC and is a widely quoted expert on closed-end funds and shareholder activism.