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  • Determining Gilead's Fair Value [View article]
    Thank you for your comment, somedata1.

    Warren Buffett himself says he is 85% Benjamin Graham and 15% Phil Fisher.

    Buffett even named his son after Graham, and describes Graham's book The Intelligent Investor as "by far the best book about investing ever written".

    Given below is part of the conclusion from the study "The Evolution of the Idea of Value Investing: From Benjamin Graham to Warren Buffett" by Robert F. Bierig, Duke University:

    "A [casual] observer of Buffett today would find it difficult to see the Ben Graham influence in many of his activities. However, that influence remains at the core of Buffett’s investment model. Buffett continues to think about stocks as fractional ownership interests in underlying businesses, he continues to operate under the assumption that there is a distinction between price and value, and he continues to search for the largest discrepancy between those two items. In other words, he continues to be a value investor."

    NCAV stocks, or Net-Net stocks, are simply the most well-known of Graham's strategies, and the source of the general misconception that Graham only recommended cheap stocks. But Graham actually recommended Index, Defensive and Enterprising stocks before NCAV stocks and all were allowed higher Quantitative valuations and required greater Qualitative checks.

    Graham did advocate paying more for Quality. His only prerequisite was that there be the Margin of Safety between price and value, whether the value be Qualitative or Quantitative.
    Aug 21 01:38 PM | 2 Likes Like |Link to Comment
  • 5 Undervalued Companies For Enterprising Investors With High Dividend Yields [View article]
    Intrinsic Value = Earnings x (8.5 + 2 x growth)

    If these valuations are based on the above formula as the ModernGraham website says, Graham actually warned against this formula and only used it to show why such oversimplified growth formulas are unreliable. This formula is popular only due to a printing omission in recent editions of The Intelligent Investor.

    Article 1: http://seekingalpha.co... discusses the issue in detail.

    Benjamin Graham actually recommended three different categories of stocks - Defensive, Enterprising and NCAV - with 17 different qualitative and quantitative criteria for finding them.

    For example, given below are the actual Graham ratings for KLA-Tencor Corp (NASDAQ:KLAC)

    Defensive Graham investment requires all the ratings to be at least 100%.
    Enterprising Graham investment requires the ratings to be at least - CA/CL : 75%, CA/LTD : 90%, EPS Stability: 50%, Div Record: 5% and GN/Price: 137%.

    KLA-Tencor Corp - Defensive Graham Ratings
    Sales | Size: 568.00%
    Current Assets / Current Liabilities: 252.55%
    Current Assets / Long Term Debt: 466.95%
    Earnings Stability: 40.00%
    Dividend Record: 45.00%
    Earnings Growth: 170.82%
    Graham Number / Current Price: 53.62%

    The Final Graham Assessment for KLA-Tencor Corp is also given below.
    The Quantitative Result for a stock has to be 100% for true Graham investment (Quantitative Result = Graham Price ÷ Previous Close).

    KLA-Tencor Corp - Final Graham Assessment
    Defensive Price (Graham Number): $38.55
    Enterprising Price (Serenity Number): $28.15
    NCAV Price: $15.39
    Qualitative Result: OK / NCAV
    Graham Price: $15.39
    Previous Close: $71.89
    Quantitative Result: 21.41%

    Article 2: http://seekingalpha.co... discusses Graham's actual 17 stock selection criteria and shows how to apply them to 5000 NYSE & NASDAQ stocks today, with adjustments for inflation.
    Jul 31 07:52 AM | 2 Likes Like |Link to Comment
  • How To Invest In A Deep Value Investment Opportunity In 3 Easy Steps: Load Caza Oil & Gas, Sit, And Wait [View article]
    Not to contradict anyone, but here are the Defensive Graham ratings for CAZFF again.

    Sales | Size: 1.66%
    Current Assets / Current Liabilities: 72.35%
    Current Assets / Long Term Debt: 21.19%
    Earnings Stability: 0.00%
    Dividend Record: 0.00%
    Earnings Growth: 0.00%
    Graham Number / Current Price: 0.00%

    Defensive Graham investment requires all the ratings to be at least 100%.
    Enterprising Graham investment requires the ratings to be at least - CA/CL : 75%, CA/LTD : 90%, EPS Stability: 50%, Div Record: 5% and GN/Price: 137%.

    Benjamin Graham was the founder of Value Investing, as mentioned in the original article. So it is important to note that - qualitatively or quantitatively - CAZFF is far from a recommended value investment as seen by Graham's methods.
    Jul 2 09:55 AM | 2 Likes Like |Link to Comment
  • Investing For Beginners With Benjamin Graham [View article]
    Your appreciation truly means a lot, tealone.

    Finance is unique in its overwhelming information overload. The real challenge becomes knowing what to ignore - separating the wheat from the chaff.

    The timeless greatness of Graham's teachings lie as much in what he recommended, as in what he warned watching out for. Here are some general Do's and Don'ts based on them.

    Focus on:
    1. Safety
    2. Quality and Value
    3. Long term positions
    4. Research
    5. Pricing right (and not Timing right)
    6. Discount brokers (less commissions, no pressure to trade)
    7. Index funds (if you're too busy for stock research)

    Avoid:
    1. Risk/Speculation
    2. Tips/Trends/Forecasts
    3. Impulsive buying and Panic selling
    4. Popular stocks
    5. Excessive diversification
    6. Moral Hazard

    Hope this helps.
    Jun 13 02:20 PM | 2 Likes Like |Link to Comment
  • Waste Management, Inc. Dividend Stock Analysis [View article]
    Benjamin Graham actually recommended 3 different types of stocks for investment - Defensive, Enterprising and NCAV - and 16 criteria for finding them.

    Given below are each of the individual ratings for Graham's Defensive criteria for Waste Management Inc (WM):
    (a rating above 100% indicates that the stock clears that criteria).

    Sales: 2,730.00%
    Assets / Liabilities: 39.89%
    Assets / Debt: 0.00%
    Earnings Stability: 100.00%
    Dividend Record: 80.00%
    Earnings Growth: 82.76%
    Graham Number / Price: 0.00%

    Thus, Waste Management Inc only clears the Defensive criteria for Sales and Earnings Stability, and the final Graham result for Waste Management Inc is:

    Defensive Price (Graham Number): $0.00
    Enterprising Price: -$0.86
    NCAV Price: -$30.85
    Graham Grade: Ungraded
    Graham Price: $0.00
    Current Price: $44.34
    Graham Result: Overvalued

    To See How To Build A Complete Benjamin Graham Portfolio: http://seekingalpha.co...
    Dec 6 06:37 AM | 2 Likes Like |Link to Comment
  • Invest In Stocks With A Margin Of Safety To Reduce Risk And Enhance Returns [View article]
    LTCM had to close doors because the data they used for their mathematical models went back only 5 years. They had not accounted for the kind of extreme market fluctuations that occur over longer periods. Their derivative pricing models did not provide the necessary buffer for such extreme fluctuations and when that occurred, they incurred unsustainable losses almost overnight (they kept their Nobel prizes though).

    The Margin of Safety principle is closer to the Factor of Safety principle used in Engineering than anything used in Physics. This is where you calculate the maximum load you expect a structure to bear, and then design it to be able to withstand some higher multiplier of that maximum load.

    Ben Graham gave Margin of Safety calculations for both Stocks and Bonds and he backtested his formulas over a period of decades, some for even up to 50 years.

    It's all out there for those who have the time and patience. There's really nothing new under the sun.
    Sep 17 02:35 AM | 2 Likes Like |Link to Comment
  • Invest In Stocks With A Margin Of Safety To Reduce Risk And Enhance Returns [View article]
    In the "Legacy of Benjamin Graham" video released by the Heilbrunn Center, Warren Buffett explains that Graham was focussed on refining a method that ordinary investors, without specialized knowledge or access, could apply to achieve the same results as he did.

    His book "The Intelligent Investor" is the embodiment of this philosophy - defining an investment approach anyone can apply with publicly available information.
    Sep 14 03:18 AM | 2 Likes Like |Link to Comment
  • Invest In Stocks With A Margin Of Safety To Reduce Risk And Enhance Returns [View article]
    One of Graham's core principles is to never use estimates of any sort. Past numbers are objective and the same no matter who analyzes them. Future estimates are subjective and can vary from source to source.
    Sep 14 02:42 AM | 2 Likes Like |Link to Comment
  • Invest In Stocks With A Margin Of Safety To Reduce Risk And Enhance Returns [View article]
    Ben Graham actually gave 3 different intrinsic values for a stock - Defensive, Enterprising and NCAV - and 16 criteria for arriving at them them.

    For details, see "How To Build A Complete Benjamin Graham Portfolio":
    http://seekingalpha.co...
    Sep 14 02:33 AM | 2 Likes Like |Link to Comment
  • Is This Miner Worth Its Weight In Gold? [View article]
    In later chapters, Graham gives more specific numbers for each of these criteria.

    Summarized from Chapter 14 of The Intelligent Investor - Stock Selection for the Defensive Investor:
    1. Not less than $100 million of annual sales.
    [Note: This works out to $500 million today based on the difference in CPI/Inflation from 1973]
    2-A. Current assets should be at least twice current liabilities.
    2-B. Long-term debt should not exceed the net current assets.
    3. Some earnings for the common stock in each of the past 10 years.
    4. Uninterrupted [dividend] payments for at least the past 20 years.
    5. A minimum increase of at least one-third in per-share earnings in the past 10 years.
    6. Current price should not be more than 15 times average earnings.
    7. Current price should not be more than 1-1⁄2 times the book value.
    As a rule of thumb, we suggest that the product of the multiplier times the ratio of price to book value should not exceed 22.5.
    May 25 10:58 PM | 2 Likes Like |Link to Comment
  • 6 S&P 500 Dividend Stocks Undervalued By Free Cash Flow And The Graham Number [View article]
    To be checked against the Graham Number, Benjamin Graham required that a stock first have uninterrupted earnings for the previous 10 years, uninterrupted dividends for the previous 20 years, and meet 4 other Defensive criteria.

    Aflac Inc fails the criteria for liabilities and debt.
    Humana Inc fails the criteria for liabilities and dividends.
    L-3 Communications Holdings Inc fails the criteria for liabilities, debt and dividends.
    Northrop Grumman Corp fails the criteria for liabilities and debt.
    Principal Financial Group Inc fails all the criteria other than Sales and Earnings stability.
    Torchmark Corp fails the criteria for liabilities and debt.
    Apr 16 09:04 AM | 2 Likes Like |Link to Comment
  • 10 Stocks Meeting Benjamin Graham's Defensive Criteria In 2013 [View article]
    Hello tyouth,

    Serenity excludes Goodwill and Intangibles while calculating Book value and for INTC, that comes to $7.13.
    Hence the lower Graham Number:
    GN = sqrt(22.5 x 2.13 EPS x 7.13 BVPS) = $18.49

    Book value, also known as Net Tangible Assets, is the theoretical liquidation value of a share and is not traditionally supposed to include Goodwill and Intangibles.

    But in practice, this is not always followed.
    So Serenity does not use reported Book Values.
    Mar 29 12:36 AM | 2 Likes Like |Link to Comment
  • This Benjamin Graham Rule Encourages More Disciplined Investing [View article]
    Hi,

    Could you please give the source for this rule?

    In the Intelligent Investor, Graham recommends 3 different grades of stocks for investment, and 16 different criteria for finding them; including different PE criteria for different grades.

    Given below is the link to detailed article on seekingalpha

    "How To Build A Complete Benjamin Graham Portfolio"
    http://seekingalpha.co...

    --
    Serenity
    Dec 31 10:12 AM | 2 Likes Like |Link to Comment
  • 10 Non Financial Stocks Trading Below Their Graham Number [View article]
    Serenity's Graham Number screener lists nearly a 1000 NYSE and NASDAQ stocks selling under their Graham Number.
    Link: http://bit.ly/RryASs

    But to use the Graham Number, a stock must first have uninterrupted earnings for the last 10 years, uninterrupted dividends for the last 20 years, and meet 4 other Defensive criteria.

    Cliffs Natural Resources Inc fails all Defensive criteria other than Sales and Earnings growth.
    Xerox Corp fails the liabilities, debt and dividend criteria.
    Hess Corp fails the liabilities, debt and earnings stability.
    And so on...

    Serenity gives a detailed Defensive breakup, as well as a complete Graham analysis, for all 4000 NYSE and NASDAQ stocks.

    --
    Serenity Stocks
    Dec 31 09:54 AM | 2 Likes Like |Link to Comment
  • How To Build A Complete Benjamin Graham Portfolio [View article]
    A lot of people are probably already doing so, freeman8201.
    Maybe that's exactly why it meets Graham's criteria.

    Again, the reason Graham - and his followers like Buffett - do better than others is that they follow strategies that others don't.
    They would buy stocks like DMND when others would be afraid to.

    As Buffett said:
    "Be fearful when others are greedy, and be greedy when others are fearful"

    --
    Serenity Stocks
    Nov 30 02:36 AM | 2 Likes Like |Link to Comment
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