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  • The Path To Better Batteries - Mystery Of Lithium Ion Batteries Solved ILC.v TNR.v LIT

    (click to enlarge)

    Mass market for Electric Cars is waiting for the improvement in the Lithium Technology for the batteries. Scientists are making regularly now new breakthroughs in understanding of nanotechnology and its applications for the different lithium battery chemistry. Tesla Gigafactory and LG Chem factory will provide the new testing grounds for the mass volume production of the lithium batteries. We have the convergence of new technology and its mass market application in the making, hopefully, we all as consumers will get the much better products to power our lives.

    On the links below you can see the video explaining the Lithium Battery Technology and how it powers not only our mobile devices, power tools and Electric Cars, but Robots as well.

    Lithium-Ion Batteries Carnegie Melon The Robotics Institute.

    "Robotics is getting more and more attention these days and it is important to study the very crucial element which make Robots autonomous - The Power Energy Systems. Lithium Technology has become the industry choice here as well as in Electric Car industry. Robots are advancing very fast now and they have the very distinctive military application among many others.

    The security of supply of all strategic materials for mass production of Robots will be the very important element not only in a pure economical sense, but also in its core military meaning. Now we can put all the ongoing Financial Wars and Chinese state-level plans for the Lithium Industry into another perspective."

     

    A $26 Billion Lithium Battery Market For Electric Cars Is Coming Soon TSLA ILC.v TNR.v LIT RM.v


    "26 Billion Lithium Battery market sounds quite impressive, but stakes are much higher in this game. On the chart below you can see the estimated Trillion dollar industries which are being disrupted by the Lithium Technology. China is moving very fast now to built its own Vertically Integrated Lithium Batteries Supply Chain."

     

    Strategic Partner, Ganfeng Lithium, Receives Approval to Purchase Interest in International Lithium's Mariana Brine Project, Argentina ILC.v TNR.v

     

    International Lithium: Ganfeng Lithium Is Halted Pending Major Acquisition ILC.v TNR.v LIT TSLA KNDI


    "We are following International Lithium here with its strategic partner from China Ganfeng Lithium. Elon Musk with his Tesla Gigafactory has brought a lot of attention to the Lithium strategic commodity story and Asian companies are coming into the spotlight as well now. LG Chem is talking about building major Lithium battery plant in China and Lithium Materials Industry is getting the green light from the Chinese government in its efforts to curb the horrible pollution.

    Scientific American:

     

    Mystery of Lithium Ion Batteries Solved

    In the push for batteries that store more energy and cost less, many researchers are chasing diminishing performance returns with exotic materials and chemistries, including lithium air, liquid metal and molten salt.

    One of the problems is that scientists are still grappling with the fundamental physics behind batteries and are finding out that in some instances, they've been going about it all wrong.

    Last week, in the journal Nature Communications, researchers outlined a new understanding of how energy moves within certain types of electrodes in cells, overturning the conventional wisdom that has reigned for more than 80 years.

    Until recently, researchers modeled how electrons moved in cathodes and anodes using the Butler-Volmer equation, which describes how electrical currents respond to electrical potentials. Chemist Max Volmer described this relationship in 1930, building on work from chemist John Alfred Valentine Butler based on empirical measurements.

    Experiments around the time confirmed these results, but as researchers devised new types of batteries and developed better testing instruments, the model started breaking down.

    A glitch 2,000 papers missed?
    Peng Bai, a postdoctoral associate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a co-author, said this idea piqued his interest when he came across a Japanese experiment on lithium iron phosphate cells. "The traditional Butler-Volmer equation did not fit [those] data," he said.

    It was surprising that scientists didn't fully understand lithium iron phosphate's behavior, given its prevalence. "It's widely used in commercial batteries," Bai said. "This material has been investigated by more than 2,000 papers."

    Many past studies assumed that a lithium iron phosphate battery's performance depends on how fast lithium ions can move between the liquid electrolyte and the solid electrode. Bai and his adviser, MIT chemical engineering professor Martin Bazant, tested this with a cell that used a porous electrode with a carbon coating.

    Analyzing its performance, the researchers found that the Butler-Volmer equation didn't fit the results well, but another model, the Marcus-Hush-Chidsey theory, matched the energy output. The theory governs how electrons move at the atomic level. In this case, it means that how fast electrons move between the porous electrode and its carbon coating is the main limiting factor in the cell's performance. Lithium ion movement, by contrast, is too fast to play a major role in the battery's performance.

    The two models stood apart especially at the edges of the cell's performance. "The difference is really at the high-voltage regime," Bai said. "In my paper, the difference kicks in at voltages larger than 100 millivolts."

    The path to better batteries
    Researchers will therefore have to include electron transfer rates in their models for batteries or else real-world performance won't line up with simulations. The findings also open up new paths for optimizing battery performance such as using nanoparticle structures.

    Rudolph Marcus, a chemistry professor at the California Institute of Technology who was not involved in this research, described the report as "a big step forward, especially for nanotechnology."

    Marcus' work on electron transfer reactions, which earned him the 1992 Nobel Prize in chemistry, formed the basis for the mechanisms outlined in Bai's study. Understanding the fundamentals better could one day unlock major performance gains in batteries, according to Marcus. This would enable a suite of clean technologies from grid batteries to smooth out power variations from wind turbines and solar panels to zero-emissions vehicles.

    The approach now is to examine every step in a cell's operation. "When it comes down to details for individual steps, individual processes, there is always room for improvement," Marcus said."

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    Apr 10 9:04 AM | Link | Comment!
  • Peter Schiff: Weak Jobs Report, Weather, US Dollar And Gold MUX TNR.v GLD GDX

    Watch the video:

     

    Peter Schiff: Weak Jobs Report, Weather, US Dollar And Gold MUX TNR.v GLD GDX

    US Dollar has dived again below 80.00 level and closed today at 79.76. A lot of hot plays in NASDAQ in 2013 are in the official bear market now sliding more than 20% from the top. Gold has regained the $1,300 level and closed today at $1,308 with the intraday high of $1,315. Levitation in the markets will be very difficult to create now as the housing market is in a very real slowdown already vs a lot of estimated growth rates totally disconnected from economic reality.

    "Sale In May And Go Away" has already started in April, while heads on Bubble TV are screaming that it is the buying opportunity and read the Flash Boys by Michael Lewis to understand how you have been "front run" in every markets for years by The Wall Street Insiders.

    WEB Bubble 2.0 Bursting, NASDAQ Meltdown And Gold TNR.v ILC.v MUX GDX GLD QQQ DIA SPY

    "WEB Bubble 2.0 is bursting and SOCL - Social Media ETF on the chart above is the very good representation of what is happening with the hot plays of 2013. SOCL ETF is just a notch away from the official bear market with 19.4% decline from its top so far. As we have noted before, the hot IPO market is another sign of the important top in the equity markets, when insiders are selling out at the valuations totally disconnected from the real underlining economic situation."

    Russia should switch to ruble payments with all trading partners - head of VTB Bank

     

    Gold Surges As US Dollar Exit Begins: Russia Largest Bank Halts Foreign Currency Loans MUX TNR.v GLD GDX

    "CS. It did not take long for Putin to start its retaliation against the sanctions and excuse was presented by JP Morgan's block of some payments on the grounds that Bank Rossii was involved in transaction. Bank Rossii was on the list of sanctions and even its issued international credit cards were declined after that. Mr Putin said that he will open his personal account in that bank and now it became really personal. We are not judging who is right in all this mess created by CIA vs KGB 2014 War Games, but ultimately aimed to push China from its path of Dangerously Fast Rising Into Power by all means possible including the last asset of the Falling Empire - Military Industrial Complex. We are just observing the outcome. More."

    Apr 10 9:02 AM | Link | Comment!
  • Greg Hunter: Dr Jim Willie - Dollar Mortally Wounded, Treasury Bond Toxic Paper And Gold

    Watch the video:

    Greg Hunter: Dr Jim Willie - Dollar Mortally Wounded, Treasury Bond Toxic Paper And Gold

    Greg Hunter: Dr Jim Willie - Dollar Mortally Wounded, Treasury Bond Toxic Paper And Gold

    Filter this interview with your own understanding of what is too far stretched and what has already happen. Jim Willie provides his Big Picture View, which definitely stimulates imagination. A lot of former conspiracy theories have happen to be true:Private FED, Rigged LIBOR, Manipulated FOREX, HFT, Manipulations in Gold and Silver. Some others will be coming into the spotlight from the heat of the Financial Wars played around Ukraine now.

    WEB Bubble 2.0 Bursting, NASDAQ Meltdown And Gold TNR.v ILC.v MUX GDX GLD QQQ DIA SPY

    "WEB Bubble 2.0 is bursting and SOCL - Social Media ETF on the chart above is the very good representation of what is happening with the hot plays of 2013. SOCL ETF is just a notch away from the official bear market with 19.4% decline from its top so far. As we have noted before, the hot IPO market is another sign of the important top in the equity markets, when insiders are selling out at the valuations totally disconnected from the real underlining economic situation."

    Russia should switch to ruble payments with all trading partners - head of VTB Bank

    Gold Surges As US Dollar Exit Begins: Russia Largest Bank Halts Foreign Currency Loans MUX TNR.v GLD GDX

    "CS. It did not take long for Putin to start its retaliation against the sanctions and excuse was presented by JP Morgan's block of some payments on the grounds that Bank Rossii was involved in transaction. Bank Rossii was on the list of sanctions and even its issued international credit cards were declined after that. Mr Putin said that he will open his personal account in that bank and now it became really personal. We are not judging who is right in all this mess created by CIA vs KGB 2014 War Games, but ultimately aimed to push China from its path of Dangerously Fast Rising Into Power by all means possible including the last asset of the Falling Empire - Military Industrial Complex. We are just observing the outcome.

    For us this action from Russian Largest Bank is the sign of US Dollar Exit flashing Red to everybody who is watching. Any Exit will not be even contemplated without China supporting it - we guess some arrangements are in place already. Putin is looking to reallocated Russian Oil and Gas, Metals and Agricultural Commodities towards Asia: China and India particularly.
    So far China was benefiting from all these Ukraine games by playing "The Smart Monkey Watching Two Tigers' Fight": by abstaining in UN's vote, but treating Michelle Obama during her "family visit" at the highest level at the same time. China is more than happy to buy Copper and Copper projects at the lower price, Chinese are buying the record amount of Gold and now will have the upper hand on pricing in the ongoing long negotiations on Oil and Gas supply to China, which are reported to be concluded in May.

    Next moves will be very interesting to say at least. Western Equity markets are levitating without any reflection of reality of the underlining economy and all it takes now to bring these Currency Wars to the next level is for Putin to announce that All Russian Commodities will be traded Not In US Dollars and any pricing and transactions in US Dollar will be prohibited by Russian Central Bank. Next move could be the pricing and transactions in Gold based currency which is so well explained by James Rickards.

    Russia has already announced the creation of its own payment system not depending on the western financial institutions. White House Hawks are better take notice now as their push to isolate Russia can succeed and Russia can take into "isolation" China, India and other BRICS Club countries with a good half of the world population. Wall Street can survive for a while rigging what is left from the financial markets, but once all Cloud and Mobile Games IPO will be sold to Muppets people will be asking for Food on the streets. As for the "Isolated" - just check your iPhone. Was it Made in China - we guess? The Isolated Club will have all commodities and technology available to prosper. Who will be left behind in the end?"

    How China Fooled The World ... And Will Do It Again.

    "This documentary brings the very important perspective to the China's economic miracle. We do agree that Collapse of China will be nothing less spectacular than its Rise, but will it ever happen? Nobody questions that the growth above 10% is unsustainable, but will anything "less amazing" like 7.0% -7.5% will Crash China? Western media would like us all to believe so. We are not convinced. Timing is very suspicious. West is desperate for another War, for anything to fight for ... with its last Empire attribute left - The Military Industrial Complex. Whether it is Syria, Ukraine or even China does not really matter. Whatever it takes to keep the party going."

    Apr 08 6:11 AM | Link | Comment!
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