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Larry Cyna
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Mr. Cyna is an accomplished investor in the Canadian public markets for over 20 years, and has managed significant portfolios. He is a financing specialist for private and public companies, and has expertise in real estate and debt obligations. He has assisted private companies accessing the... More
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  • Companies In Risky Jurisdictions Have To Be Compelling,  0 comments
    Aug 1, 2012 6:09 AM

    Investing in Risky Jurisdictions? Take Note

    A successful investor is one that is always taking risk factors into account. Reducing the number of losers is more important than choosing winners.

    There is enough risk in investing without the added risk of political instability, which is also known as Jurisdiction Risk, so why does the investment community often use the same metrics to value the shares of exploration and production of resources companies regardless of their location in the world? This is so very wrong, yet it continues.

    Frankly, when investing in the stock market one should always discount the value of the stock that one is considering buying if the jurisdiction of the company's operations is not historically safe, stable, and economically strong.

    Why Safety from Political Risk Warrants Little Attention

    1. Analysts and investment houses give little emphasis to investing risk in unsafe jurisdictions because they are in the business of selling product. Investment houses need product to sell. They make their money not from successful investing. No, that would be too logical. They make their money when they sell something to you. It doesn't matter if it is a good investment or a bad investment. When you buy, they earn a commission. It is as simple as that.

    2. Countries want investment dollars and downplay the risk of investing in their country. Two countries - Argentina & Colombia - who have had problems in the past, and until recently were considered "safe", have now hit the press.

    a) Stephen Ferry of The New York Times wrote recently, regarding Colombia, that "Involvement of armed men has been a part of the history of mining in the country. Guerrillas and their paramilitary adversaries use mining to launder money and to extract extortion payments." As the "War on Drugs" makes drug trafficking more dangerous for the drug cartels, they are turning to other activities including kidnapping for ransom and extortion. More and more miners in the country are paying extortion money in order to stay in business. There are now stories of heavily armed men guarding the areas being mined to ensure that they are paid properly by the companies for any activities.

    b) Hernán Scandizzo of Latinamerica Press wrote: "In early May, Argentina's Congress passed the Executive-driven Hydrocarbons Sovereignty law by an overwhelming majority. The entirety of the ruling party and a large part of opposition parties approved the legislation, which expropriated 51 percent of YPF's shares that were held by Spanish oil firm Repsol. It also declared self-sufficiency in hydrocarbons as well as in exploitation, industrialization, transportation and marketing to be "of national public interest and a primary objective of the country," and created the Federal Hydrocarbon Council.

    Portfolio Composition

    Given the above examples of Jurisdiction Risk and Political Risk it is very important to consider such in the composition of one's portfolio. When one considers creating a portfolio, diversification is very important. This is an accepted Investment Truism. If nothing else, the dramatic swings in stock values over the last 4 years should convince doubters. Jurisdiction events that negatively affect a stock's value, have exaggerated the losses of some portfolios.

    Don't Gamble in the Stock Market

    It is realistic that a small portion of a portfolio may be used for stock trading, or other forms of gambling but one should never gamble with an entire portfolio by heavily concentrating in a single sector, or in a single geographical location. Getting wiped out economically in not fun.

    A corollary of the above Investing Truism is that a certain portion of a portfolio should be in juniors. The question is, "Which Juniors?" There are many companies in the exploration and development of natural resources to consider in many parts of the world and some of their stocks may be prone to getting beaten down because of Political and Jurisdictional Risk.

    When things are calm and everyone is optimistic, stocks tend to rise or fall based on the prospective value of the investment.

    When troubles or unrest crop up, or news of government interference crop up, stocks in these jurisdictions face a greater fall than stocks not in those jurisdictions.

    Investing Alternatives

    South American Silver Corporation (TSX:SAC) is a company that is attempting to grow and advance one of the world's larger silver, indium and gallium resources in Bolivia. It is a good company, but it is an example of the above mentioned issues as noted in a recent press release from the company stating that "a small group of people carrying out illegal artisanal mining on exploration concessions owned by South American Silver have been encouraging confrontations between communities and attempting to interfere with work on the project. Groups associated with this illegal artisanal mining activity have joined with activists from outside the local community and have recently held protests in La Paz and are now protesting near the project site."

    As a comparison to the issues of South American Silver, one may look at Quebec in Canada, which is one of the friendliest and most proactive mining jurisdictions in the world. Other Canadian provinces may not match the unique advantages than Quebec offers, but everywhere in Canada is safe, secure, and business friendly (with some grimaces when thinking about British Columbia). Below are some Canadian companies that have great value:

    Mines Virginia Inc (TSX:VGQ): This is a gold producing company located in Quebec with excellent management, a good track record, some good resources and an active exploration and acquisition program.

    Golden Valley Mines (TSX-V: GZZ): This is a beaten up junior with experienced and involved management. They have a wide and diversified portfolio of projects and a management style that lets others spend the money in Joint Ventures. An issue with GZZ is that the market does not seem to recognize the value.

    Altius Minerals Corporation (TSX-V: ALS): This is a company with amazingly good assets. Its portfolio of projects, ownership of interests in other good companies, with real cash in hand now with more in the future, makes this stock a very compelling story.

    Conclusion

    When investing in the stock market ALWAYS discount the value of the stock that you are considering buying if the jurisdiction where the company's operations are taking place is not historically safe, stable, and economically strong.

    Larry Cyna, CA, is CEO and Portfolio Advisor to Cymorfund, a boutique hedge fund. He expresses his insights several times a week on his blog www.cymorfund.com and offers a free newsletter which can be subscribed to.

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