Semiconductor chip industry is the basis of modern high technology. Global leading countries and regions invest a large amount of money in the industry in recent years, leading to intensified monopoly of leading enterprises. As a pursuer, China is faced with severe challenges in the industry.
According to statistics, in 1995, amount of investment from 25 global leading enterprises of semiconductor chips accounted for 64% of global investment in production of semiconductor chips, while the proportion increased to 89% in 2011. Proportion of amount of investment from top 7 enterprises of semiconductor chips, such as Samsung, Intel and Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd., to global annual investment in production increased rapidly from 24% in 1995 to 84% in 2012. In 2013, global market size of semiconductors reached USD 320 billion with 54% of chips imported by China while market share of domestic chips was merely 10%. About 77% of cell phones are manufactured in China with less than 3% of the chips produced domestically.
After 30 years of competition, enterprises of semiconductor chips are narrowed down from 30 to 3, including Applied Materials, Lam Research and Tokyo Electron Limited. Annual sales values of all the 3 enterprises exceed USD 5 billion.