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David Moenning is a the Chief Investment Officer at Heritage Capital, which focuses on active risk management of the U.S. stock market. Dave is also the proprietor of StateoftheMarkets.com, which provides free and subscription-based portfolio services. Dave began his investment career in 1980... More
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Daily State of the Markets
  • The Times, They Are A Changin' 0 comments
    Feb 7, 2014 8:06 AM

    Daily State of the Markets
    Friday, February 7, 2014

    Given the title of today's market missive, we could really go a couple of directions.

    We could certainly talk about the fact that the tone of the stock market appears to have turned on a dime with the change in the calendar. The end of 2013 has meant the disappearance of the ho-hum days when stock indices simply advanced four out of five sessions and rarely pulled back for more than a couple consecutive days.

    Out With The Old and In With the New

    Out with the old and in with the new appears to be the case now. Gone are the low volatility advances. Gone is the idea of Mom and Pop getting back in the game. And gone too is the idea that a better-than expected economy would simply drive prices higher indefinitely.

    2014's market is all about worry. Worry that the emerging markets will do what they tend to do every decade or so - implode and take the rest of the world down with them for a while. Worry that the economy is hitting yet another speed bump thanks to a lackluster holiday shopping season and the miserable winter that is ravaging much of the country. And finally, worry that the Fed is either dropping the ball or behind the curve. Both arguments seem to work, so feel free to take your pick!

    Frankly though, the jury is still out on whether or not the 5.75 percent decline we've been treated to so far in 2014 will wind up being something meaningful or just another garden-variety pullback. And today's Nonfarm Payrolls report may actually go a long way toward settling this score.

    Let's Talk Big Picture Changes

    So, instead of trying to figure out what the next 3 to 5 percent move in the venerable DJIA might look like, let's turn our attention to the big-picture changes in the market environment that is occurring.

    Perhaps though, the word environment may not be best. No, what we're really talking about here is the idea that the character of the market has changed over the last year or two.

    All Algos, All The Time

    Don't fret, this is not going to be another rant against HFT or the idea that the big banks/funds manage to make money in the stock market every single day of the year. Been there, done that. No, the primary purpose of this missive is to deal with what IS happening in the market these days and to plot a course of action.

    The first point to be made is that the algos are here to stay. Let's face it; computers are better at executing stock trades than humans. There are no "fat finger" errors with computer algorithms and computers don't click the buy button when they meant to sell. So, the bottom line is that the idea of computers executing trades faster than you can blink isn't going anywhere.

    Heck, we actually use algorithms all the time to implement our trades for clients. Why try to buy the SPY at one specific point in the day when you can let a computer break up the trade into itty-bitty chunks and execute it every few seconds for the rest of the day?

    Actually, this is not the type of "algo" that we referring to today. We're talking about what used to be called "program trading," where computers jump in and out of the market at the speed of light trying to catch the latest trend in the market.

    How Many Milliseconds Are There In a Day?

    Today there are "ignition algos" that attempt to ignite a trend out of nowhere. There are also "trend following" algos that simply try to hop onboard an intraday trend and enjoy the ride until it ends. Remember, there are an awful lot of milliseconds in a single trading day (do the math, it is mind boggling!).

    Think about this for a moment. If you have the ability to trade on a millisecond basis, each and every trading day represents the equivalent of years of trading opportunities compared to the old-school time frames of days and weeks. Therefore, more and more sophisticated, high speed traders are entering the game every year.

    It is this concept of computer-driven, trend-following algos that appears to be changing the character of the market.

    The Result Is...

    When a bunch of trend-following algos start chasing each other's tail, the end result is an increase in the size of daily moves. For example, was a weaker-than expected ISM report really worth 300 Dow points? Maybe, maybe not. But if you were watching the intraday action on a 1-minute basis, it was obvious that the computers just kept doing their thing all day long on Monday.

    The key is that these trend-following algos feed on one another. Thus, intraday moves become exaggerated. Moves that a few years back may have taken 2-3 days, now occur in one (or less, often a lot less).

    When an important piece of news comes out, the algos are on it - instantly. A lot of times the computers get it wrong though, because they can't actually interpret headlines. Fed Days are a perfect example of this concept. Within seconds of the FOMC statement, the S&P 500 will spike big - oftentimes in both directions as the computers adjust. However, once a trend is established, the trend-following algos tend to pile on.

    These days, a news item isn't even required for the algos to get things moving. Algos know where the big moving averages are. Algos know where key support and resistance zones are. So, if an important technical level is breached in either direction, BAM! it's game on.

    The Key Point

    The key here is to understand that daily price action is becoming more and more exaggerated - again, in both directions. Once the algos get on a roll, they often just keep going until the closing bell rings. Then traders come in the next day and start all over again.

    If you pay attention to the market's intraday actions on a 1-minute or less basis, you have to agree that these moves can come out of nowhere and before you can refill your coffee cup, the S&P has moved 0.5 percent. And what's important is that there generally isn't a visible catalyst (well, not visible to mere humans anyway).

    Remember, we're not complaining about the computers here. Algo-driven trading is fine, fair, and completely legal. No, the key point being made today is that investors need to recognize that the game is game is changing.

    Next time, we'll talk about what to do about it...

    Looking for a disciplined approach to managing stock market risk on a daily basis? Check Out My "Daily Decision" System. Forget the fast money and the latest, greatest option trade. What investors need is a strategy to keep them "in" the stock market during bull markets and on the sidelines (or short) during bear markets.

    Turning to This Morning...

    Although the overnight markets are sporting a bright shade of green this morning and the German high court made a ruling that could affect Europe's debt mess, the key to the day remains the January U.S. Nonfarm Payrolls report scheduled for release at 8:30am eastern. The median estimate of 92 economists surveyed by Bloomberg is for 180,000 new jobs to have been created in January and for the unemployment rate to hold steady at 6.7%. However, the report has been unpredictable of late and the weather may play an important factor. Given that the market appears to be positioned for a positive report, this one ought to be interesting.

    Pre-Game Indicators

    Here are the Pre-Market indicators we review each morning before the opening bell...

    Major Foreign Markets:
    - Japan: +1.14%
    - Hong Kong: +2.17%
    - Shanghai: +1.00%
    - London: +0.12%
    - Germany: +0.25%
    - France: +0.21%
    - Italy: +0.08%
    - Spain: +0.23%

    Crude Oil Futures: -$0.21 to $97.63

    Gold: +$4.100 at $1261.30

    Dollar: lower against the yen and pound, higher vs. euro

    10-Year Bond Yield: Currently trading at 2.721%

    Stock Futures Ahead of Open in U.S. (relative to fair value):
    - S&P 500: +4.12
    - Dow Jones Industrial Average: +23
    - NASDAQ Composite: +12.80

    Thought For The Day...

    You're never a loser until you quit trying. -Mike Ditka

    Positions in stocks mentioned: none

    Follow Me on Twitter: @StateDave


    The opinions and forecasts expressed herein are those of Mr. David Moenning and may not actually come to pass. Mr. Moenning's opinions and viewpoints regarding the future of the markets should not be construed as recommendations. The analysis and information in this report and on our website is for informational purposes only. No part of the material presented in this report or on our websites is intended as an investment recommendation or investment advice. Neither the information nor any opinion expressed nor any Portfolio constitutes a solicitation to purchase or sell securities or any investment program. The opinions and forecasts expressed are those of the editors of StateoftheMarkets.com and may not actually come to pass. The opinions and viewpoints regarding the future of the markets should not be construed as recommendations of any specific security nor specific investment advice. One should always consult an investment professional before making any investment.

    Any investment decisions must in all cases be made by the reader or by his or her investment adviser. Do NOT ever purchase any security without doing sufficient research. There is no guarantee that the investment objectives outlined will actually come to pass. All opinions expressed herein are subject to change without notice. Neither the editor, employees, nor any of their affiliates shall have any liability for any loss sustained by anyone who has relied on the information provided.

    The analysis provided is based on both technical and fundamental research and is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Although the information contained is derived from sources which are believed to be reliable, they cannot be guaranteed.

    The information contained in this report is provided by Ridge Publishing Co. Inc. (Ridge). One of the principals of Ridge, Mr. David Moenning, is also President and majority shareholder of Heritage Capital Management, Inc. (HCM) a Chicago-based money management firm. HCM is registered as an investment adviser. HCM also serves as a sub-advisor to other investment advisory firms. Ridge is a publisher and has not registered as an investment adviser. Neither HCM nor Ridge is registered as a broker-dealer.

    Employees and affiliates of HCM and Ridge may at times have positions in the securities referred to and may make purchases or sales of these securities while publications are in circulation. Editors will indicate whether they or HCM has a position in stocks or other securities mentioned in any publication. The disclosures will be accurate as of the time of publication and may change thereafter without notice.

    Investments in equities carry an inherent element of risk including the potential for significant loss of principal. Past performance is not an indication of future results.

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