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The Inflation Trader
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The Inflation Trader has been a recognized leader in developing the U.S. inflation derivatives market. He traded the first interbank U.S. CPI swaps in 2003 and, as a dealer, was a primary liquidity-provider in that market for two large banks. He represented about one-third of interbank swaps... More
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  • Were The FOMC Minutes Really That Hawkish? 0 comments
    Jan 4, 2013 7:51 AM

    I suppose I need to say something quickly about the FOMC minutes which were released yesterday, because the markets are seemingly gyrating on a "surprisingly hawkish" reading of them. The dollar is rising strongly, and part of the reason that equities slid in the afternoon yesterday was that it was perceived the Fed wouldn't be endlessly doing QE.

    The "surprisingly hawkish" part allegedly comes from this quote:

    In considering the outlook for the labor market and the broader economy, a few members expressed the view that ongoing asset purchases would likely be warranted until about the end of 2013, while a few others emphasized the need for considerable policy accommodation but did not state a specific time frame or total for purchases. Several others thought that it would probably be appropriate to slow or to stop purchases well before the end of 2013, citing concerns about financial stability or the size of the balance sheet. One member viewed any additional purchases as unwarranted.

    Various reports today focused entirely on this phrase. Bloomberg, for example, said "Fed board members said they will probably end their $85 billion monthly bond purchases, known as quantitative easing, in 2013, according to minutes of their Dec. 11-12 meeting released yesterday." Of course, they said nothing of the kind. This paragraph followed an extensive discussion about "several persistent headwinds" including the likelihood of tighter fiscal policy, and "[t]he staff viewed...the risks as skewed to the downside." There is far more negative in these minutes than there is positive. This illustrates the danger of taking a single quote out of context.

    But what is even more important is this: the Evans Rule is now parameterized. The statement about when officials think that QE will end is simply a statement about when they think the parameters will be realized. But who cares? Private forecasters are no worse than Fed forecasters! Personally, I thought that we'd breach those parameters fairly quickly, and my note on the subject was called "Objects In Mirror May Be Closer Than They Appear." The error here seems to be that people expected QE-infinity really meant that the Fed would be easing forever, and that was incorrect a couple of weeks ago...not yesterday.

    In any event, it doesn't matter because the real question isn't how much more water they add to the vat (that is, sterile reserves) but how (and if) they are able to remove the water that is already in the vat - which is trying very hard to get through the valve into M2. Again, I urge readers who took the end of the year off to look at my piece on this topic, "What Will the Fed Do When It's Finally Time To Tighten?" Money supply is accelerating again, +8.25% over the last year. And European M2 in November (numbers just out recently) accelerated to the fastest y/y pace since 2009.

    If this makes investors concerned about the sketchy valuations of fixed income and stocks, then good - those markets are frothy and I will welcome prices where long equity investing holds more long-term promise than it currently does. But the reaction to the minutes, in my view, is mostly a case of people failing to understand Fedspeak.

    (Note that this article also appears on my Wordpress site.)

    Disclosure: I have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours.

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