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Jon Springer
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I write about emerging and frontier markets in Asia. I now primarily contribute work to Forbes Asia. My most recent work and my complete bio can be found on Forbes Asia's site: If it is easier, you can find my recent work sorted by country on this... More
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  • We are still waiting for official word that Haiti is joining the African Union. What might that mean?
    12 Feb 2013, 01:32 PM Reply Like
  • Haiti is in the process of recovering from various natural disasters.
    12 Feb 2013, 01:48 PM Reply Like
  • Haiti looks past the natural disasters and economic troubles to participate in better times ahead.
    Haiti, when viewed as a shipping stop in the Caribbean region, has certain geographic advantages. The country is situated on the main shipping routes coming northeastward from the Panama Canal to the U.S. Atlantic Seaboard and Western Europe. Haiti is not far from the main shipping lines from the African coasts to the Panama Canal. Haiti might be able to enhance its economic potential by channeling some of Africa's trade with the Americas.
    Shipping and trading may prove to be the key economic mainstays for the country if Haiti's future becomes prosperous.
    12 Feb 2013, 03:07 PM Reply Like
  • Olam branching out: fertilizer, consumer goods in Gabon, Nigeria
    12 Feb 2013, 02:14 PM Reply Like
  • I have been reading that China is investing hugely in Africa.


    A friend of mine, who owns a hedge fund, told me last year that Africa is the hottest spot to invest. Why? The world's cheapest labor.
    12 Feb 2013, 02:15 PM Reply Like
  • EM Private Equity
    (Although the link is more at home at the East & Sub-Saharan Africa Investing Blog)
    12 Feb 2013, 02:22 PM Reply Like
  • That is a fascinating subject, Maya. It looks like China is heavily invested in Central and West Africa along with the rest of the continent. Maybe they are showing everyone how it's done?
    13 Feb 2013, 08:36 PM Reply Like
  • VB: What's fascinating is your research. Well done. Your sites you've linked I took a quick glance at, which backs up the investing premise that China is going large into Africa.


    Hits home with me, as my mother, when she was fading, had a fabulous young, strong and extremely courteous woman as an in-home nurse, and when I would talk to her around the dinner table about her previous life in Guinea, I became amazed at her perspective of what her country was just ten years ago as compared to today.


    Electricity has arrived to more remote towns and villages and things we've long taken for granted, like refrigerators, TVs, cell phones and roads paved, have all occurred since the year 2000. The growth is explosive.


    Frankly, and I love what Jon is doing, I'm more interested in this African Insta than any others he's so brilliantly created.


    Hey Jon, get better, brother!
    13 Feb 2013, 09:54 PM Reply Like
  • Well, Maya, the more I dig into the research, the more I think Jon and the authors he links to are really onto something about frontier markets. A something people are not very aware of which can get their investments back into shape. I hope you're taking it easy, Jon.
    14 Feb 2013, 12:08 AM Reply Like
  • It might be best to introduce Central and West Africa by the main regional organizations serving the countries.
    The Communaute Economique des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale serves ten countries in Central Africa. The organization provides a regional framework for economic and peacekeeping cooperation between the countries. Perhaps their economies will integrate in the future. The group of nations is known for its ample resources of forest, farmland, water supplies, oil reserves and mineral wealth.
    The Organisation Internationale de La Francophonie serves as a networking opportunity for the French speaking countries of Central and West Africa.
    The Economic Community of West African States provides a basis for economic partnerships and security cooperation between fifteen countries. The organization manages an annual trade fair highlighting the economic possibilities of West Africa. West Africa is rich in mineral production but for the most part still needs more work in improving agriculture and water distribution.
    13 Feb 2013, 03:40 AM Reply Like
  • The travel warnings from the State Department sometimes provide some useful insights about Central and West Africa.
    1 Mar 2013, 02:03 PM Reply Like
  • The economies of Central and West Africa for the most part are still dependent upon the health of their environments. The environment can be broadly described as being diverse across a number of zones.
    To the north is the great Sahara Desert, a vast zone of dry climatic high pressure influencing the environments to the south in a harsh kind of way.
    The southern edge of the desert is a transition zone known as the Sahel. The Sahel waxes and wanes in variable rainfall totals across time spans of decades and centuries. The people there suffer when drought occurs.
    Savanna lands of grasslands are the next zone to the south. These grasslands are reliable sources of agricultural income when rainfall is sufficient.
    Savanna lands of open woodlands occurring south of the grasslands indicate a greater amount of moisture available for farming. Some deforestation has been done in this zone for agricultural purposes.
    The rainforests of Central Africa are surrounded by the wooded savanna lands. The rainforests of West Africa are bounded by the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Guinea to the south and the wooded savanna zone to the north. The rainforests constitute a zone of an interesting variety of fauna and flora. The harvesting of tropical wood there has raised concerns about deforestation and its undermining of a lot of other livelihoods.
    The generally flat to hilly landscape of Central and West Africa is broken by several mountain ranges and plateaus centered on Guinea and Cameroon. These higher elevations enable more temperate climates with a wide variety of vegetation to occur. Rich mining districts can be found there. The Congo and West African cratons are considered to be rich in minerals as well.
    Most of the populated areas in Central and West Africa are found in fertile lowland basins along the Congo River and the Niger River and some coastal districts. The large country of Nigeria and the small countries of Gambia and Sao Tome and Principe have the highest population densities in that part of Africa.
    13 Feb 2013, 07:00 PM Reply Like
  • The Sahel is the zone which is most economically fragile. Its climate is whipsawed between the hot, dry influences of the adjacent Sahara Desert and the hot, humid influences raising up from the tropics. Few of its soils are fertile. Its geology hasn't been explored much for mineral wealth. Water delivery projects need to be built there. Much of the food supplies need to be imported into the zone. It is probably the area of Africa least affected by the commercial African Renaissance occurring elsewhere in the continent.
    The United States government is making efforts to assist and research possible remedies for the Sahel.
    One idea is to simply plant more trees there.
    Hollywood has brought the problems of the Sahel to the attention of the public by focusing on Darfur. "Darfur Now" and "Attack on Darfur" are a couple of films about the suffering going on in that part of the Sahel.
    14 Feb 2013, 01:52 PM Reply Like
  • The Sahel and the savanna zones are gradually being linked together by the Dakar to Port Sudan Railway currently under development. This transcontinental railway will link the large city of Dakar, facing the United States and the Panama Canal across the Atlantic Ocean, with Sudan's main Red Sea port at Port Sudan, facing the Middle East, Suez Canal and the rest of Asia. The main line will connect several countries with feeder routes connecting several more countries. When this railway is scheduled to be completed in several years, that whole northern half of Central and West Africa should be much more promising as an investment destination.
    The segment of the transcontinental rail line that is currently under construction will link Nyala in South Darfur, where the railway ends now, with the capital of Chad, N'Djamena. The railway is being built by the Chinese. The Chinese are interested in the arable lands of southern Chad and northern Central African Republic. Both China and the United States are interested in purchasing Chad's oil.
    It is important for their economic development that the West African countries complete their sections of this transcontinental project in addition to integrating and coordinating their existing rail lines and extending them.
    14 Feb 2013, 11:40 PM Reply Like
  • A footnote regarding the first article linked to in the previous blog entry:
    By Namibia, the article meant Nigeria.
    By Libya, the article must have meant Liberia. There was some talk of connecting Libya with Chad with a rail line about ten years ago. But the rail development situation within Libya is now many years behind schedule because the recent civil war fought there. And such a international rail link will have to somehow cross the sandy Libyan Desert, a problematical scenario.
    When the rail link gets completed from Nyala to N'Djamena, there will still be a missing link between N'Djamena to the large city of Maiduguri, in northeastern Nigeria about 150 miles away at another rail terminus. The missing rail link will need to cross a marshy area in the far northern part of Cameroon near Lake Chad.
    The missing rail link section is serviced by a segment of the Trans- Sahelian Highway connecting several countries.
    Existing railroads link Maiduguri with the large Nigerian port cities of Lagos and Port Harcourt on the Gulf of Guinea.
    16 Feb 2013, 05:26 PM Reply Like
  • Fresh water is probably the most necessary ingredient for an economic recovery for the Sahel and adjacent savanna regions. A lack of water is related to sanitation problems, disease, hunger, poverty and other problems. But there are endeavors underway to remedy the situation. Aquifers can be tapped for irrigation, water from rainier regions can be piped to dry areas, clouds can be seeded, desertification can be counteracted and so on.
    There are international efforts to work with the waters of the Niger River, the main watercourse flowing through the Sahel and savanna lands.
    16 Feb 2013, 09:32 PM Reply Like
  • Central Africa is undergoing efforts to improve its economy in several ways.
    Improving the health of its forests is a core economic function.
    Working on better agricultural methods in the tropical environment cannot be overemphasized.
    Constructing more efficient transport corridors will enable supplies to be brought to the less developed regions in Central Africa.
    More supplies will assist the poor refugees while supporting the economy in the interior of the continent.
    More energy from hydropower will go a long ways to improve the economy of the interior of Central Africa.
    There should be more hopeful news on Central Africa in the years to come as the economic statistics improve.
    21 Apr 2013, 08:35 PM Reply Like
  • Most of the interior of West Africa, in other words the Sahel and savanna zones, are grappling with periodic drought and famine. A lot of efforts are being made to alleviate the harsh conditions while planning some projects and directing economic resources for revitalizing the interior economy.
    21 Apr 2013, 08:54 PM Reply Like
  • Finding ways and means to improve the agricultural economies of the interior of West Africa is of prime importance. Most of the food there is imported from more temperate regions closer to the coast.
    21 Apr 2013, 09:15 PM Reply Like
  • Improving transport to the interior from the coast is an ongoing process. Transport is currently hindered by numerous roadblocks put up by West African countries due to security concerns.
    There still are some road and rail links which need to be built between the countries. Much needed supplies can reach the drought stricken interior quicker when those projects are completed.
    21 Apr 2013, 09:53 PM Reply Like
  • West Africa is that side of the continent facing North America and South America. The main sea lanes connecting Europe and South America go by West Africa and the main sea lanes connecting South Africa and South Asia with North America go by West Africa. These geographic facts give impetus to the efforts being made to improve the seaports of West Africa.
    21 Apr 2013, 10:14 PM Reply Like
  • Trading activities are becoming a bit easier to perform in West Africa with better awareness of what policies are needed to be put into action.
    West Africa has some of the highest economic growth rates in the world because of better policies and infrastructure projects.
    21 Apr 2013, 10:43 PM Reply Like
  • The West African economy is improving with the assistance of more modern communications and more distributed power supplies.
    21 Apr 2013, 11:01 PM Reply Like
  • The West African economic improvements are gaining momentum according to the business news.
    The improvements are facilitated by a regional network of chambers of commerce and a regional stock market.
    21 Apr 2013, 11:27 PM Reply Like
  • Cooperation between the West African nations is increasing in such a way that regional monetary integration in some future year becomes a distinct possibility. Integration will encourage trade and communication between the countries.
    21 Apr 2013, 11:46 PM Reply Like
  • West Africa is making progress on improving its economy, trade and health despite the hardships.
    22 Apr 2013, 01:43 AM Reply Like
  • New discoveries of oil and gas along West Africa's coasts are giving the region an added boost to its economic potential.
    22 Apr 2013, 02:14 AM Reply Like
  • West Africa keeps expanding its mining industry. The region is famous for uranium in the Sahara Desert borderlands, bauxite and iron ore in the Guinea Highlands and gold throughout the hilly regions where greenstone belts occur.
    22 Apr 2013, 03:09 AM Reply Like
  • Chad is the Central African country facing West Africa and North Africa by virtue of its landlocked position on the continent. Chad straddles the Sahara Desert, the Sahel, the grassy savanna and the wooded savanna. Chad, along with its neighbors to the east and west, is on the frontier between the Islamic part of Africa and the Animist part of the continent.
    Its economy is currently mired in poverty but will have a positive potential when some international transport corridors are opened for world trade and when some water projects get completed.
    16 Feb 2013, 10:06 PM Reply Like
  • Chad's natural resources haven't yet been thoroughly studied for their potential to enrich the economy. For instance, the northern half of the country is largely unexplored for its minerals. Its extensive underground water resources need to be drilled to benefit the public and nourish its farms. Its abundant solar energy can be harnessed to power its electrical grid.
    16 Feb 2013, 10:46 PM Reply Like
  • Chad is increasingly known for its oil and gas reserves. The reserves are only in the beginning stages of being drilled. Existing oil supplies from southern Chad are piped through Cameroon to a marine terminal in the Gulf of Guinea for export revenue.
    16 Feb 2013, 11:08 PM Reply Like
  • Cameroon is located in the central core of Central and West Africa. The corridor connecting the capital, Yaounde, with the main port city, Douala, has the potential the act as an commercial crossroads for Central and West Africa when Cameroon finishes the road and rail connections with neighboring countries. Cameroon has the distinct advantage of having an ample supply of natural resources and geographic diversity. Improvements in agriculture, forestry, port developments, transportation, trade and other sectors are now underway after a frustrating period of economic stagnation.
    Cameroon has a well developed sense of economic diversity.
    18 Feb 2013, 04:51 AM Reply Like
  • The new international road and rail connections and the port improvements are of prime importance for Cameroon's economic growth going forward. Cameroon's infrastructure has been focused almost entirely on internal connectivity until very recent times.
    Trade improvements are being made in conjunction with the infrastructure improvements.
    18 Feb 2013, 05:20 AM Reply Like
  • Work continues on developing Cameroon's oil and minerals potential. More manufacturing can result from those efforts. More manufacturing is needed in order to lessen the country's dependence on its primary trade of raw materials.
    18 Feb 2013, 06:13 AM Reply Like
  • Tourism and conservation make up an important segment of Cameroon's economic potential. There are many wildlife preserves and parks. The country has quite a variety of cultural differences especially in its northern reaches.
    18 Feb 2013, 06:25 AM Reply Like
  • With its central coastal position in Central and West Africa in an area of productive agriculture, and with a variety of projects and economic efforts which make sense, Cameroon stands a good chance to diversify its economy in this era of the African Renaissance.
    26 Feb 2013, 02:06 PM Reply Like
  • Equatorial Guinea has the highest gross domestic product per capita in Sub- Saharan Africa because of its profitable oil revenues. The country is split between islands strategically located in the Gulf of Guinea and between mainland Rio Muni centrally located in the core area of Central and West Africa.
    The United States works with the country on a list of concerns.
    18 Feb 2013, 05:27 PM Reply Like
  • Equatorial Guinea has been able to develop its business abilities with the oil boom.
    18 Feb 2013, 05:33 PM Reply Like
  • Sao Tome and Principe has been able to reform its economy in recent years. The island country expects to attract additional business with some offshore oil drilling and other economic developments.
    18 Feb 2013, 06:27 PM Reply Like
  • One of links given, MacauHub, is from Macau, the former Portuguese colony off the southern coast of China. Macau partly serves as a Chinese commercial gateway to the Portuguese speaking countries including Sao Tome and Principe. In previous centuries it served as Portugal's commercial gateway to China.
    19 Feb 2013, 01:55 PM Reply Like
  • The island nations of Sao Tome and Principe and Equatorial Guinea lie in the Gulf of Guinea, the region of Sub- Saharan Africa's most prolific offshore oil production. The Gulf of Guinea extends from the coasts of Cote d'Ivoire to Nigeria to Gabon. Piracy in the gulf waters is a cause for concern.
    26 Feb 2013, 02:40 PM Reply Like
  • Gabon is one of the forested, tropical countries facing the Atlantic Ocean. Gabon is rich in natural resources, both onshore and offshore. The country has steadily improved its economic performance over the last couple of decades. It is now at a point where some of the wealth derived from natural resource extraction is being targeted toward a nascent manufacturing sector and infrastructure improvements.
    26 Feb 2013, 05:40 PM Reply Like
  • Gabon has some mineral wealth to trade. The country has been noted for its sources of manganese and iron ore in particular.
    26 Feb 2013, 05:58 PM Reply Like
  • Gabon has just begun to hit the jackpot with its oil discoveries. Gabon happens to be fortunately situated between the top two oil producers of Sub- Saharan Africa: Nigeria and Angola.
    26 Feb 2013, 06:16 PM Reply Like
  • Gabon doesn't have good ground connections to neighboring countries for international trading purposes. It is concentrating on improving its domestic infrastructures for internal trading and communication radiating outward from the port capital of Libreville.
    There is a good chance that the Tripoli- Cape Town Highway will be routed through Gabon in order to strengthen ground connections between Cameroon and Congo, and by extension, North Africa with South Africa.
    26 Feb 2013, 06:32 PM Reply Like
  • Gabon is working on developing a manufacturing sector around Libreville and its port. Libreville has easy ocean trade connections from its port to the population centers of Nigeria, Brazil and South Africa.
    26 Feb 2013, 06:51 PM Reply Like
  • The Central African Republic has two major concerns about participating in the African Renaissance. The first one is settling the civil wars to the benefit of the population. The second one is opening up a second trade corridor to the ocean which will serve as an alternative to the existing Ubangi River- Congo River navigable corridor. The country will be better able to improve its economy when another trade corridor becomes efficient for the transport of goods.
    27 Feb 2013, 12:38 PM Reply Like
  • The second corridor, the Douala- Bangui Corridor, involves improving the roads crossing the forested plateaus connecting the Central African Republic with the Cameroon port of Douala. The highways in the C.A.R. are scheduled to be completed after the political situation becomes more peaceful. Part of the corridor involves a railway being built between Belabo and Bertoua in eastern Cameroon. From Belabo an existing railway serves traffic coming into Douala. From Bertoua a road segment of the Douala- Bangui Corridor connects the border town of Garoua Boulai where the highway improvement project is being implemented.
    27 Feb 2013, 12:55 PM Reply Like
  • The economy of the Central African Republic will become better integrated with its neighbors in the CEMAC group of countries with the opening of a second trade corridor. The economic prospects for the country will improve as its inherent untapped wealth becomes more accessible for trading purposes.
    27 Feb 2013, 01:20 PM Reply Like
  • Late word on the civil war ravaging the Central African Republic.
    23 Mar 2013, 11:45 PM Reply Like
  • The Congo Basin is the forested heartland of Africa, half of it being rainforest and the other half of it being wooded savanna. There is mostly subsistence agricultural activity located here and there within the basin. The basin is not well connected with transport corridors to other areas of the continent at this time. Attempts are being made to develop the region economically while working to preserve the forest resources.
    1 Mar 2013, 06:34 PM Reply Like
  • Wide swaths of the Congo Basin have been damaged by several civil wars for many years. The wars have sometimes spread across international boundaries resulting in a severe refugee crisis. A recent international effort has been made toward peace.
    1 Mar 2013, 06:56 PM Reply Like
  • The Congo Basin has the most ample unused sources of fresh water and hydroelectric power in Africa. If the region can capitalize on its water resources when peace can be maintained then it will have better prospects for economic development.
    3 Mar 2013, 04:07 PM Reply Like
  • The Republic of the Congo has been making economic strides recently despite the problems affecting the Congo Basin. Most of the economic progress is occurring in the southern part of the country on the trade axis linking the main deepwater port of Pointe Noire with the capital of Brazzaville.
    Most of the country is forested, partly marshy, with a small agricultural area located inland from Pointe Noire on the way to Brazzaville.
    1 Mar 2013, 08:21 PM Reply Like
  • Port development in Congo has progressed to where it is approaching capacity on existing properties. New ports will have to be started on other stretches of the Atlantic Ocean coastline and Congo River banks.
    The most important public works project underway is the highway being constructed between Pointe Noire and Brazzaville. The next most important project will be a bridge crossing over the Congo River connecting Brazzaville with Kinshasa, the very large city which is the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The bridge will enable Brazzaville to more easily obtain food transported from Bas- Congo, the agricultural region west of Kinshasa. The DR Congo will use the bridge to transport ores and products to the port at Pointe Noire.
    1 Mar 2013, 09:38 PM Reply Like
  • The infrastructure projects will help Congo trade its extensive supply of natural resources for profit in addition to securing supplies for the inland port city of Brazzaville.
    Congo is one of largest oil producers in Sub- Saharan Africa. Most of the oil is found off the coast.
    1 Mar 2013, 10:17 PM Reply Like
  • Cabinda is a coastal exclave squeezed between the two Congolese nations adjacent to Congo's Atlantic oilfields. It is currently administered by Angola but has some aspirations for autonomy or independence. The province accounts for much of Angola's oil reserves.
    2 Mar 2013, 02:31 PM Reply Like
  • For those willing to invest in Ivory Coast (logistics) via the Paris stock exchange =>




    or somewhat related,

    (which also has a Pink Sheet listing)
    6 Mar 2013, 01:57 PM Reply Like
  • Ivory Coast just received some good news. It will have a stronger strategic trading link with Central and West Africa's largest market, Nigeria, with the construction of a new highway between the two countries. This project should help the logistics industry in Ivory Coast a great deal.
    6 Mar 2013, 02:33 PM Reply Like
  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo is the huge nation sprawling across about sixty percent of the Congo Basin. The country is composed of several regions with their own languages and customs. Communication and trade is not easy between the regions due to a lack of roads and railways which will need to be built in order to transverse the difficult tropical terrain. That is partly why the DR Congo has had a turbulent history since its independence in 1960. If peace can hold in its interior regions, the country will have a better chance to spread prosperity from its commercial centers.
    6 Mar 2013, 05:55 PM Reply Like
  • Economic life in the DR Congo is centered around its large capital city of Kinshasa, its river ports and trade zones, and the trade corridors connecting Kinshasa with the ports of Matadi and Boma downstream from the capital city. The main mining districts around Lubumbashi in Katanga Province serve as an economic magnet for the southern part of the country. The Congo River and its tributaries operate as trading channels to the interior of the country to the smaller economic centers deep in the Congo Basin. Kisangani at the head of navigation on the Congo River is the hub of the interior part of the country.
    6 Mar 2013, 06:49 PM Reply Like
  • Investment flows to the DR Congo are probably being channeled toward the existing areas of economic activity, Kinshasa and its environs, the western agricultural provinces and the mines of Katanga in particular. The interior sections of the country can benefit later from the investment efforts when they are better connected with the rest of the country.
    6 Mar 2013, 07:13 PM Reply Like
  • Kinshasa is showing evidence of an economic revival. The city, serving as the main economic and transport hub of DR Congo, is one of the largest in all of Africa. It is an inland river port city with access to the ocean by road and rail.
    The city's economy will be reinforced by several upcoming public works projects. An upgrading of the river docks on the Congo Riverfront both in the central city and outlying trading zones will help Kinshasa's trade with DR Congo's interior regions. The Brazzaville- Kinshasa Bridge to be built connecting Kinshasa's transportation arteries with the roads and rails of the Republic of Congo across the river will enable Kinshasa to access the deepwater port at Pointe Noire. The construction of the railroad connecting Kinshasa with Ilebo where the rail line coming up from Katanga dead ends will enable Kinshasa to access the Indian Ocean ports by extension. The construction of the deepwater port of Banana at the mouth of the Congo River will improve Kinshasa's access to the Atlantic Ocean if the roads and rails between the city and port will be upgraded concurrent to the port construction.
    6 Mar 2013, 08:41 PM Reply Like
  • Future news about DR Congo's projects will help answer whether of not the country's economic progress will radiate outward from Kinshasa and the maritime ports.
    6 Mar 2013, 09:32 PM Reply Like
  • Some of the projects involve the improvement of agriculture in and around Kinshasa and the neighboring provinces of Bas- Congo and Bandundu. This fertile side of western DR Congo is waiting to be developed into additional farms and plantations. The region has the potential to feed much of Africa given its central trading position between many countries.
    6 Mar 2013, 10:04 PM Reply Like
  • Other efforts concentrate on maintaining the health of the people and the environment in the country's tropical setting.
    6 Mar 2013, 10:26 PM Reply Like
  • Some other efforts will be made to open up the interior of the country with transport linkages. Kisangani, the economic hub of the interior, has the potential to be a major transshipment point for the Congo River traffic wanting to cross over to the east side of Africa. In order for that to happen, however, peace has to prevail throughout eastern DR Congo so that roads and railroads can be built between Kisangani and the eastern countries.
    6 Mar 2013, 11:14 PM Reply Like
  • DR Congo aims to tap into its bountiful hydropower by expanding the Inga Dams complex located downstream from Kinshasa. A powerline from Inga serves to supply electricity to the mines in Katanga. Electricity sales from the project to foreign countries will earn some revenue for DR Congo.
    6 Mar 2013, 11:34 PM Reply Like
  • Some of DR Congo's oil can be found offshore down below the Inga Dams. The other oil is found in the eastern part of the country where the fighting has occurred.
    6 Mar 2013, 11:46 PM Reply Like
  • Mining is big business in the eastern third of DR Congo. The eastern regions have been mined since independence despite the civil wars. Orientale is known for its gold. Kivu is famous for the conflict metals defined as coltan, tungsten, tin and gold. Maniema has gold, diamonds, coltan and tin. Kasai is famous for the diamonds found along its rivers. Katanga is world famous for copper, cobalt and uranium.
    7 Mar 2013, 01:14 AM Reply Like
  • Katanga and Kasai are the two mineral rich provinces of DR Congo which used to be independent countries for a short time.
    The provinces, made up of plateaus rising above the jungle floor of the Congo Basin, have the bulk of accessible resources of the inland part of DR Congo.
    Kasai is known for its diamonds of the Kasai craton.
    Katanga is known for its copper and cobalt from the Lufilian Arc. There are deposits of lead, zinc, uranium, iron and more copper located elsewhere in the province.
    The provinces are tied together with railroads connecting southward into Zambia and westward into Angola. Trade between them and Kinshasa has to be routed through the river port of Ilebo in northern Kasai at the end of the Congo Railway. More trade from three directions will help to improve the economy of the capital, Lubumbashi, and the surrounding countryside.
    Efforts are being made to diversify Katanga's mining- based economy with more agriculture since much of province is fertile.
    10 Mar 2013, 10:27 PM Reply Like
  • Zambia is the landlocked country uniquely situated between Central Africa, Southern Africa and East Africa. Zambia is centrally located on the trade corridors crossing the southern half of the continent.
    Central Zambia's role as an inland business center will be strengthened as the trade corridors get improved and expanded.
    Roads are being paved across the country.
    The existing railroads will be brought up to date soon. New rail links will be built in the coming years. Some of the new railways will directly connect with the neighboring countries of Botswana, Namibia, Angola and Malawi. The new railways will be built to close some existing gaps: from the end of the rail line in Chindola westward through Lumwana and Mwinilunga to Angola, from the end of the end of the rail line in Mulobezi westward to the Caprivi Strip of Namibia, from Simonga on the Mulobezi rail line westward to cross the Zambezi River into Botswana with the new Kazungula Bridge, from Serenje on the TAZARA rail line eastward to Chipata on the border with Malawi.
    18 Mar 2013, 02:17 AM Reply Like
  • The trading hub of Central Zambia, the capital city of Lusaka, will increase its prosperity with the improvement of the corridors to the coastal countries.
    The economy of Zambia is expected to grow in the years to come as trade expands along the corridors.
    The country will be more attractive to investors as the mining- centered economy grows and diversifies.
    18 Mar 2013, 02:58 AM Reply Like
  • Much of Zambia is fertile with many farms and ranches supporting the economy.
    18 Mar 2013, 03:10 AM Reply Like
  • Zambia is rich in hydropower potential with several rivers cascading down the plateaus. The power is needed to support the economy especially the energy- intensive mining sector.
    18 Mar 2013, 03:26 AM Reply Like
  • Zambia is primarily known for its mining sector centered in the Copperbelt. Copper and cobalt account for most of the mining output in this area. In fact, the copper industry dominates the national economy.
    There are efforts underway to increase Zambia's production of other metals and minerals.
    18 Mar 2013, 03:43 AM Reply Like
  • Zambia is also famous for its plethora of national parks and wildlife preserves. The country has a wide variety of flora and fauna living in diverse landscapes. It is hoped that the new economic developments will not adversely effect the tourism industry or mar the natural features.
    18 Mar 2013, 03:55 AM Reply Like
  • Angola is in the process of recovering from a long, ideological civil war. The political situation has been settled for many years. The economic outlook for the country is improving as the land mines get cleared and as the food distribution networks become more efficient.
    Angola is on the rebound in large part because its varied geography of oil fields, mineral wealth, forests, agricultural bounty, seaports, trade routes and cities give it a strong basis of economic support.
    1 Apr 2013, 02:37 PM Reply Like
  • Angola's economy is on a strong upswing mostly because of its oil wealth but also because the national infrastructures are being reconstructed.
    The country has set up a sovereign wealth fund in order to sustain its economic and financial momentum.
    1 Apr 2013, 03:12 PM Reply Like
  • Construction throughout Angola is booming from the capital port city of Luanda radiating outward through the countryside.
    The business news is full of stories about the national reconstruction progress.
    1 Apr 2013, 03:53 PM Reply Like
  • Angola's ports are being improved and developed in keeping with the economic advancements.
    Angola is taking steps to lower its shipping costs for overseas traders.
    1 Apr 2013, 05:38 PM Reply Like
  • Angola's existing railways from the port cities of Luanda, Lobito and Namibe into the inland areas are mostly rehabilitated by now.
    New rail links connecting Angola with Zambia and Namibia will be constructed over the next several years and will enable increased trade in that part of Africa.
    The rail improvements are spreading the economic improvements into the interior plateaus especially to Huambo in the Lobito Corridor.
    1 Apr 2013, 06:33 PM Reply Like
  • Angola is using its oil revenues to pave the roads all across the country. This is in addition to improving the rail and port transport infrastructures.
    1 Apr 2013, 07:00 PM Reply Like
  • The new trade infrastructures will enable Angola to be an interesting investment destination.
    1 Apr 2013, 07:33 PM Reply Like
  • The source of Angola's trading wealth is oil and gas found offshore and partly a little inland. Angola is the second most productive oil producer in Sub- Saharan Africa after Nigeria.
    1 Apr 2013, 07:59 PM Reply Like
  • Angola's hydroelectric development is supporting important sectors of the economy such as agriculture and mining.
    1 Apr 2013, 08:42 PM Reply Like
  • Angola's central plateaus have wide expanses of fertile land and a temperate climate. Most of Angola's agriculture is centered in the plateau provinces. Production should increase with better farming methods and more paved roads to markets.
    1 Apr 2013, 09:21 PM Reply Like
  • Angola has a vast store of potential mineral wealth which has yet to be economically dealt with.
    The central plateaus consist of a geologic craton shared with neighboring diamond rich Kasai in the DR Congo. Angola therefore is known for its diamond mining industry.
    1 Apr 2013, 09:46 PM Reply Like
  • Since Angola has a wide variety of landscapes and natural wealth, the potential for a thriving tourist industry can be imagined in several years. Government efforts at conservation are underway.
    1 Apr 2013, 10:01 PM Reply Like
  • Given its central coastal location, its variety of natural resources and environments and its developing infrastructures, many American traders consider Angola to be the Central African country with the most favorable economic potential.
    1 Apr 2013, 10:24 PM Reply Like
  • There is an industrial development boom going on at the Port of Soyo. Liquefied natural gas, petrochemicals and related industries will increase the commercial importance of this Congo River port located opposite of DR Congo's Port of Banana near the ocean. The port city is isolated from Angola's rail network. But Soyo's seaport, road and airport are expected to handle the increased business.
    I find that the Google Translate program is easiest to use for translating documents.
    29 Apr 2013, 02:29 PM Reply Like
  • Namibia is considered to be a Southern African country because almost all of its trade is with the countries located in the southern reaches of Africa. But Namibia behaves like a country of West and Central Africa in a couple of ways.
    Namibia has a coast which faces west toward the American continents. The country's main seaport of Walvis Bay aims to become the premier entrepot for trade going in an east- west direction serving the southern countries. Walvis Bay is working on developing a trade corridor connecting it through the Caprivi Strip and Central Zambia to Katanga. Copper from Katanga and Zambia's Copperbelt will then be shipped by rail to Walvis Bay.
    The offshore oil fields of Gabon, Congo and Angola continue southward off of Namibia. Namibia is beginning to tap into the same offshore geologic structures shared with its northern neighbors.
    The Benguela Current flows northward in the multinational region of these offshore oil fields. This current is rich in sea organisms allowing for a healthy fishing industry. An effort has been taken to conserve this vital resource.
    1 Apr 2013, 11:33 PM Reply Like
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