As flagged, the EU Commission has fined international banks €1.71B for the manipulation of inter-bank interest rates, including.
The banks fined are Citigroup (C) [€70M], Deutsche Bank (DB) [€726M], Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS) [€391M], JPMorgan (JPM) [€79.9M] and Societe Generale (SCGLF) [€446M].
UBS (UBS), Barclays (BCS) and Citigroup helped expose the cartels and so received immunity for their violations. UBS avoided a fine of €2.5B and Barclays €690M, while Citigroup's was €55M lower as a result.
The EU has opened proceedings against HSBC (HSBC) and Credit Agricole (CRARF), as well as against JPMorgan (JPM), for Euribor infractions. JPM's fine is for Tibor violations. (PR)