Dr. Anthony Atala's group at WFIRM and colleagues in Mexico implant four women with vaginas grown from their own cells. The patients suffer from Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome, a genetic abnormality where the vagina and uterus are underdeveloped or absent.
All four women are now sexually active with normal vaginal function.
The surgeries were performed between 2005 and 2008.
Dr. Atala made international headlines a few years ago when his regenerative medicine team successfully implanted bladders in ten pediatric patients that were grown from the patients' own cells.