Abbott Laboratories is an Illinois corporation, incorporated in 1900. Abbott's* principal business is the discovery, development, manufacture, and sale of a broad and diversified line of health care products.
Abbott has four reportable revenue segments: Pharmaceutical Products, Diagnostic Products, Nutritional Products, and Vascular Products.
On February 15, 2010, Abbott completed its acquisition of the Solvay Group's pharmaceuticals business for EUR 4.5 billion (approximately $6.2 billion), in cash, plus additional payments of up to EUR 300 million if certain sales milestones are met. This acquisition will provide Abbott with a large and complementary portfolio of pharmaceutical products and a significant presence in key global emerging markets and will add approximately $500 million to Abbott's research and development spending.
In February 2009, Abbott acquired the outstanding shares of Advanced Medical Optics, Inc. (AMO) for approximately $1.4 billion in cash, net of cash held by AMO.
These products include a broad line of adult and pediatric pharmaceuticals manufactured, marketed, and sold worldwide and are generally sold directly to wholesalers, distributors, government agencies, health care facilities, specialty pharmacies, and independent retailers from Abbott-owned distribution centers and public warehouses. Outside the United States, sales are made either directly to customers or through distributors, depending on the market served. Certain products are co-marketed or co-promoted with other companies.
The principal products included in the Pharmaceutical Products segment are:
• Humira®, for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriasis, and Crohn's disease;
• TriCor®, Trilipix®, Simcor®, and Niaspan®, for the treatment of dyslipidemia;
• Kaletra®, Aluvia™, and Norvir®, protease inhibitors for the treatment of HIV infection;
• Synthroid®, for the treatment of hypothyroidism;
• Lupron®, also marketed as Lucrin®, and Lupron Depot®, used for the palliative treatment of advanced prostate cancer, treatment of endometriosis and central precocious puberty, and for the preoperative treatment of patients with anemia caused by uterine fibroids;
• Depakote®, an agent for the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder and the prevention of migraines;
• the anesthesia products sevoflurane (sold in the United States under the trademark Ultane® and outside of the United States primarily under the trademark Sevorane® and in a few other markets as Ultane®), isoflurane, and enflurane;
• the anti-infective clarithromycin (sold under the trademarks Biaxin®, Klacid®, and Klaricid®), and various forms of the antibiotic erythromycin, sold primarily as PCE® or polymercoated erythromycin, Erythrocin®, and E.E.S.®;
• Zemplar®, for the prevention and treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism associated with chronic kidney disease and Stage 5 treatment; and
• Ogastro (lansoprazole), a proton pump inhibitor that is marketed outside of the United States and used principally for the short-term treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease, duodenal ulcers, gastric ulcers, and erosive esophagitis.
The Pharmaceutical Products segment directs its primary marketing efforts toward securing the prescription, or recommendation, of Abbott's brand of products by physicians. Managed care providers (for example, health maintenance organizations and pharmacy benefit managers) and state and federal governments and agencies (for example, the United States Department of Veterans Affairs and the United States Department of Defense) are also important customers.
Competition in the Pharmaceutical Products segment is generally from other health care and pharmaceutical companies. The search for technological innovations in pharmaceutical products is a significant aspect of competition in this segment. The introduction of new products by competitors and changes in medical practices and procedures can result in product obsolescence in the Pharmaceutical Products segment. Price can also be a factor. In addition, the substitution of generic drugs for the brand prescribed has increased competitive pressures on pharmaceutical products that are off-patent.
These products include a broad line of diagnostic systems and tests manufactured, marketed, and sold worldwide to blood banks, hospitals, commercial laboratories, clinics, physicians' offices, alternate-care testing sites, and plasma protein therapeutic companies. The segment's products are generally marketed and sold directly from Abbott-owned distribution centers and public warehouses and third-party distributors. Outside the United States, sales are made either directly to customers or through distributors, depending on the market served. In January 2009, Abbott acquired Ibis Biosciences, Inc. for $175 million, in cash, to expand Abbott's position in molecular diagnostics for infectious disease. Including a $40 million investment in Ibis in 2008, Abbott has acquired 100 percent of the outstanding shares of Ibis.
The principal products included in the Diagnostic Products segment are:
• immunoassay systems, including ARCHITECT®, AxSYM®, IMx®, Commander®, Abbott PRISM®, TDx®, and TDxFlx®;
• chemistry systems such as ARCHITECT® c4000™, c8000®, and c16000®;
• assays used for screening and/or diagnosis for drugs of abuse, cancer, therapeutic drug monitoring, fertility, physiological diseases, and infectious diseases such as hepatitis and HIV;
• the m2000™, an instrument that automates the extraction, purification, and preparation of DNA and RNA from patient samples and detects and measures infectious agents including HIV, HBV, HCV, HPV, and CT/NG;
• the Vysis® product line of genomic-based tests, including the PathVysion® HER-2 DNA probe kit and the UroVysion® bladder cancer recurrence kit;
• a full line of hematology systems and reagents known as the Cell-Dyn® series; and
• the i-STAT® point-of-care diagnostic systems and tests for blood analysis.
In addition, under a distribution agreement with Celera Group, the Diagnostic Products segment exclusively distributes certain Celera molecular diagnostic products, including the Viroseq™ HIV genotyping system and products used for the detection of mutations in the CFTR gene, which causes cystic fibrosis.
The Diagnostic Products segment's products are subject to competition in technological innovation, price, convenience of use, service, instrument warranty provisions, product performance, long-term supply contracts, and product potential for overall cost-effectiveness and productivity gains. Some products in this segment can be subject to rapid product obsolescence or regulatory changes. Although Abbott has benefited from technological advantages of certain of its current products, these advantages may be reduced or eliminated as competitors introduce new products.
These products include a broad line of pediatric and adult nutritional products manufactured, marketed, and sold worldwide. These products are generally marketed and sold to institutions, wholesalers, retailers, health care facilities, government agencies, and third-party distributors from Abbott-owned distribution centers or third-party distributors. Outside the United States, sales are made either directly to customers or through distributors, depending on the market served.
Principal products in the Nutritional Products segment include:
• various forms of prepared infant formula and follow-on formula, including Similac®Advance®, SimilacAdvance EarlyShield®, Similac®, Similac® with Iron, Similac Sensitive®, Similac Sensitive® RS, Similac Go&Grow®, Similac® NeoSure®, Similac® Organic, Similac® Special Care®, Isomil® Advance®, Isomil®, Isomil Go&Grow™, Alimentum®, Gain™, and Grow™;
• adult and other pediatric nutritional products, including Ensure®, Ensure Plus®, Ensure® High Protein, Glucerna®, ProSure™, PediaSure®, PediaSure® NutriPals®, EleCare®, Juven®, Abound®, and Pedialyte®;
• nutritional products used in enteral feeding in health care institutions, including Jevity®, Glucerna® 1.2 Cal, Glucerna® 1.5 Cal, Osmolite®, Oxepa®, and Nepro®; and
• ZonePerfect® bars and the EAS family of nutritional brands, including Myoplex® and AdvantEdge®.
Primary marketing efforts for nutritional products are directed toward securing the recommendation of Abbott's brand of products by physicians or other health care professionals. In addition, certain nutritional products sold as Gain™, Grow™, PediaSure®, PediaSure® NutriPals®, Pedialyte®, Ensure®, ZonePerfect®, EAS®/Myoplex®, and Glucerna® are also promoted directly to the public by consumer marketing efforts in select markets.
Competition for nutritional products in the segment is generally from other diversified consumer and health care manufacturers. Competitive factors include consumer advertising, formulation, packaging, scientific innovation, intellectual property, price, and availability of product forms. A significant aspect of competition is the search for ingredient innovations. The introduction of new products by competitors, changes in medical practices and procedures, and regulatory changes can result in product obsolescence. In addition, private label and local manufacturers' products may increase competitive pressure.
These products include a broad line of coronary, endovascular, and vessel closure devices for the treatment of vascular disease manufactured, marketed and sold worldwide. The segment's products are generally marketed and sold directly to hospitals from Abbott-owned distribution centers and public warehouses. Outside the United States, sales are made either directly to customers or through distributors, depending on the market served. On October 30, 2009, Abbott acquired Evalve, Inc. for $320 million, in cash, plus an additional payment of $90 million to be made upon completion of certain regulatory milestones. Abbott acquired Evalve to obtain a presence in the growing area of percutaneous treatment for structural heart disease. Including a previous investment in Evalve, Abbott has acquired 100 percent of the outstanding shares of Evalve.
The principal products included in the Vascular Products segment are:
• Xience Prime™ and Xience V®, drug-eluting stent systems developed on the Multi-Link Vision® platform;
• Multi-Link 8™, Multi-Link Vision® and Multi-Link Mini Vision®, coronary metallic stents;
• Voyager® balloon dilatation products;
• Hi-Torque Balance Middleweight™ and Asahi coronary guidewires;
• StarClose® and Perclose® vessel closure devices;
• Acculink®/Accunet® and Xact®/Emboshield NAV6™, carotid stent systems; and
• MitraClip™, a percutaneous valve repair system.
The Vascular Products segment's products are subject to competition in technological innovation, price, convenience of use, service, product performance, long-term supply contracts, and product potential for overall cost-effectiveness and productivity gains. Some products in this segment can be subject to rapid product obsolescence or regulatory changes. Although Abbott has benefited from technological advantages of certain of its current products, these advantages may be reduced or eliminated as competitors introduce new products.
The principal products in Abbott's other businesses include blood glucose monitoring meters, test strips, data management software and accessories for people with diabetes, including the FreeStyle® product line, and medical devices for the eye, including cataract surgery, lasik surgery, contact lens, and dry eye products. These products are mostly marketed worldwide and generally sold directly to wholesalers, government agencies, health care facilities, mail order pharmacies, and independent retailers from Abbott-owned distribution centers and public warehouses. Some of these products are marketed and distributed through distributors. Blood glucose monitoring meters, contact lens care products, and dry eye products are also marketed and sold over-the-counter to consumers. These products are subject to competition in technological innovation, price, convenience of use, service, and product performance, and these products can be subject to rapid product obsolescence or regulatory changes. In October 2009, Abbott acquired 100 percent of Visiogen, Inc. for $400 million in cash, providing Abbott with a next-generation accommodating intraocular lens (IOL) technology to address presbyopia for cataract patients
Abbott employed approximately 73,000 persons as of December 31, 2009.