Archer Daniels Midland Company (the Company) was incorporated in Delaware in 1923, successor to the Daniels Linseed Co. founded in 1902. The Company is one of the world’s largest processors of oilseeds, corn, wheat, cocoa, and other feedstuffs and is a leading manufacturer of vegetable oil and protein meal, corn sweeteners, flour, biodiesel, ethanol, and other value-added food and feed ingredients. The Company also has an extensive grain elevator and transportation network to procure, store, clean, and transport agricultural commodities, such as oilseeds, corn, wheat, milo, oats, and barley.
During the past five years, the Company has experienced significant growth, spending approximately $6.7 billion for construction of new plants, maintenance and expansions of existing plants, and the acquisitions of plants and transportation equipment. The Company is constructing two dry corn milling plants which will increase the Company’s annual ethanol production capacity by 550 million gallons to 1.7 billion gallons. In addition, the Company is currently constructing a polyhydroxy alkanoate (PHA) bio-based, biodegradable plastics production facility, a propylene/ethylene glycol production facility, a cocoa processing facility, and a coal cogeneration facility. Construction of these plants is expected to be completed during the next eighteen months. The Company has approved expenditures of approximately $1.6 billion to complete the facilities under construction and other approved capital projects through calendar year 2010. There have been no significant dispositions during the last five years.
The Company’s operations are classified into three reportable business segments: Oilseeds Processing, Corn Processing, and Agricultural Services. Each of these segments is organized based upon the nature of products and services offered. The Company’s remaining operations are aggregated and classified as Other. Financial information with respect to the Company’s reportable business segments is set forth in “Note 15 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” included in Item 8 herein, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.”
The Company is engaged in processing oilseeds such as soybeans, cottonseed, sunflower seeds, canola, rapeseed, peanuts, and flaxseed into vegetable oils and protein meals in North America, Europe, South America and Asia principally for the food and feed industries. Crude vegetable oil is sold “as is” or is further processed by refining, bleaching, and deodorizing into salad oils. Salad oils can be further processed by hydrogenating and/or interesterifying into margarine, shortening, and other food products. Partially refined oil is sold for use in paints and other industrial products. Refined oil can be further processed for use in the production of biodiesel. Oilseed meals are primary ingredients used in the manufacture of commercial livestock and poultry feeds. Cottonseed flour is produced and sold primarily to the pharmaceutical industry. Cotton cellulose pulp is manufactured and sold to the chemical, paper, and filter markets. Lecithin, an emulsifier produced in the vegetable oil refining process, is marketed as a food and animal feed ingredient.
The Company produces a wide range of edible soy protein products including soy flour, soy grits, soy protein concentrates and soy isolates that are used in processed meats, baked foods, nutritional products, snacks, and dairy and meat analogs.
From co-products of oilseeds, the Company produces natural source vitamin E, tocopherol antioxidants and phytosterols which are marketed to the dietary supplement and food industry. The Company produces soy isoflavones, a dietary supplement, from a co-product of edible soy processing.
In South America, the Company also utilizes a network of grain elevators, port facilities and transportation assets to buy, store, clean, and transport agricultural commodities and is a supplier of fertilizer products.
Golden Peanut Company LLC, a joint venture between the Company and Alimenta (U.S.A.), Inc., is a major supplier of peanuts to both the domestic and export markets. The Company has a 50% ownership interest in this joint venture.
Stratas Foods, LLC, a joint venture between the Company and ACH Jupiter, LLC, a subsidiary of Associated British Foods, procures, packages and sells edible oils in North America. The Company has a 50% ownership interest in this joint venture.
The Company has a 16.1% ownership interest in Wilmar International Limited (Wilmar), a Singapore publicly listed company. Wilmar is a leading agribusiness group in Asia, the largest global processor and merchandiser of palm and lauric oils, and a major oil palm plantation owner. In China, Wilmar is a leading consumer edible oils producer, oilseeds crusher, edible oils refiner, and specialty fats and oleochemicals manufacturer. In India, Wilmar is one of the largest edible oils refiners and a leading producer of consumer edible oils.
The Company is engaged in wet milling and dry milling corn operations primarily in the United States. Products produced for use in the food and beverage industry include syrup, starch, glucose, dextrose, and sweeteners. Dextrose is also produced for use by the Company as a feedstock for its bioproducts operations. Corn gluten feed and meal as well as distillers grains are produced for use as animal feed ingredients. Corn germ, a by-product of the wet milling process, is further processed as an oilseed into vegetable oil and protein meal.
By fermentation of dextrose, the Company produces alcohol, amino acids, and other specialty food and animal feed ingredients. Ethyl alcohol is produced to beverage grade or for industrial use as ethanol. In gasoline, ethanol increases octane and is used as an extender and oxygenate. Amino acids, such as lysine and threonine, are vital compounds used in swine feeds to produce leaner animals and in poultry feeds to enhance the speed and efficiency of poultry production. The Company also produces, by fermentation, astaxanthin, a product used in aquaculture to enhance flesh coloration. The Company produces citric and lactic acids, lactates, sorbitol and xanthan gum which are used in various food and industrial products.
Almidones Mexicanos S.A., in which the Company has a 50% interest, operates a wet corn milling plant in Mexico.
Eaststarch C.V. (Netherlands), in which the Company has a 50% interest, owns interests in companies that operate wet corn milling plants in Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, and Turkey.
The Company has a 50% interest in Telles, LLC (Telles), a joint venture between the Company and Metabolix to market and sell PHA, which will be produced in a facility being constructed in phases by the Company. The first phase is expected to be completed during the fourth quarter of calendar year 2009.
Red Star Yeast Company, LLC produces and sells fresh and dry yeast in the United States and Canada. The Company has a 40% ownership interest in this joint venture.
The Agricultural Services segment utilizes the Company’s extensive grain elevator and transportation network in the United States to buy, store, clean, and transport agricultural commodities, such as oilseeds, corn, wheat, milo, oats, rice, and barley, and resells these commodities primarily as animal feed ingredients and as raw materials for the agricultural processing industry. Agricultural Services’ grain sourcing and transportation network also provides reliable and efficient services to the Company’s agricultural processing operations. Agricultural Services’ transportation network capabilities include ground, river, rail, and ocean services which provide the flexibility to transport agricultural commodities efficiently to the end consumer or the Company’s agricultural processing operations.
The Company processes and distributes edible beans in the United States for use as a food ingredient. The Company produces and distributes formula feeds and animal health and nutrition products to the livestock, dairy, poultry, and pet food industries. The Company is a supplier of fertilizer to farmers and the farm supply industry.
A.C. Toepfer International (Toepfer), in which the Company has an 80% interest, is a global merchandiser of agricultural commodities and processed products. Toepfer has 40 sales offices worldwide and operates inland, river, and export facilities in Argentina, Romania, Ukraine, and the United States.
The Company has a 45% interest in Kalama Export Company, a grain export elevator in Washington.
The Company is engaged in milling wheat, corn, and milo into flour in the United States, Canada, the Caribbean, and the United Kingdom. Wheat flour is sold primarily to commercial bakeries, food manufacturing companies, food service companies, and retailers. Bulgur, a gelatinized wheat food, is sold to both the export and the domestic food markets. Corn meal and flour is sold primarily to the cereal, snack, and bakery mix markets. The Company produces bakery products and mixes, wheat starch, and gluten which are sold to the baking industry. The Company also mills milo to produce industrial flour used in the manufacturing of wallboard for the building industry.
Gruma S.A.B. de C.V. (Gruma), in which the Company has a 23% interest, is the world’s largest producer and marketer of corn flour and tortillas with operations in the United States, Mexico, Central America, South America, and Europe. Additionally, the Company has a 20% share, through a joint venture with Gruma, in six U.S. corn flour mills and one in Italy. The Company also has a 40% share, through a joint venture with Gruma, in nine Mexican wheat flour mills.
The Company processes cocoa beans and produces cocoa liquor, cocoa butter, cocoa powder, chocolate, and various compounds in North America, South America, Europe, Asia, and Africa for the food processing industry.
On July 31, 2008, the Company sold its interest in International Malting Company (IMC), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, which operated malting barley plants in the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and Canada.
The Company has entered into Brazilian joint ventures for the purposes of growing sugarcane and the production of sugar and ethanol from sugarcane.
Hickory Point Bank and Trust Company, fsb, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, furnishes public banking and trust services, as well as cash management, transfer agency, and securities safekeeping services, for the Company.
ADM Investor Services, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, is a registered futures commission merchant and a clearing member of all principal commodities exchanges. ADM Investor Services International, Ltd., ADMIS Hong Kong Limited, and ADM Investor Services Taiwan are wholly owned subsidiaries of the Company offering broker services in Europe and Asia. ADM Derivatives, Inc. offers foreign exchange services to institutional and retail clients.
AgriServe Inc. (ASI), in which the Company has a 53% interest, sells crop insurance to American farmers under the USDA Crop Insurance Program. ASI provides insurance coverage in over 30 states, predominantly in the Midwestern United States.
Agrinational Insurance Company, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, provides insurance coverage for certain property, casualty, marine, and other miscellaneous risks of the Company and participates in certain third-party reinsurance arrangements.
The Company is a limited partner in various private equity funds which invest primarily in emerging markets.
Number of Employees
The number of persons employed by the Company was approximately 28,200 at June 30, 2009.