Alliant Techsystems Inc. is a premier aerospace and defense company with approximately 19,000 employees and operations in 22 states, Puerto Rico, and internationally.
ATK was incorporated in Delaware in 1990 when Honeywell Inc. spun off its defense businesses to its stockholders. The spin-off became effective in September 1990, when Honeywell transferred to ATK substantially all of the assets and liabilities of those businesses. Honeywell subsequently distributed to its stockholders in October 1990 all of ATK's outstanding common stock on a pro rata basis. In 1995 we entered the aerospace market with the acquisition of Hercules Aerospace. Since then we have grown to become a leading supplier of aerospace and defense products to the U.S. government, allied nations, and prime contractors. We are also a major supplier of ammunition and related accessories to law enforcement agencies and commercial customers.
We have grown significantly over the past several years as a result of both internal expansion and a series of acquisitions, including:
Thiokol Propulsion in April 2001.
The Sporting Equipment Group of Blount International, Inc. in December 2001.
The ordnance business of The Boeing Company in May 2002.
The assets of Science and Applied Technology, Inc. in October 2002.
Composite Optics, Inc. in January 2003.
Micro Craft and GASL in November 2003.
Mission Research Corporation in March 2004.
The PSI Group in September 2004.
Swales Aerospace in June 2007.
Eagle Industries in March 2009.
We conduct our business through a number of separate legal entities that are listed in Exhibit 21 to this report. These legal entities are grouped into our operating segments which, as of March 31, 2009, were: ATK Armament Systems, ATK Mission Systems, and ATK Space Systems.
Sales, income before interest, income taxes and minority interest, total assets, and other financial data for each segment for the three years ended March 31, 2009 are set forth in Note 15 to the consolidated financial statements, included in Item 8 of this report.
During fiscal 2009, ATK realigned its business operations. As a result of this realignment, ATK combined the Space division of ATK Mission Systems with ATK Launch Systems into a single group now known as ATK Space Systems. Following this realignment, ATK has three segments: ATK Armament Systems, ATK Mission Systems, and ATK Space Systems. The fiscal 2009 realignment is reflected in the information contained in this report and the segment information for prior periods has been restated.
References in this report to a particular fiscal year refer to the year ended March 31 of that calendar year.
ATK Armament Systems
ATK Armament Systems develops and produces military ammunition and gun systems; commercial products; tactical accessories and equipment, and propellant and energetics. It also operates the U.S. Army ammunition plants in Independence, Missouri and Radford, Virginia.
Military Ammunition and Gun Systems
We manufacture a variety of small-caliber training and tactical ammunition rounds at the Lake City Army Ammunition Plant in Independence, Missouri, where production totaled approximately 1.4 billion rounds in fiscal year 2009. The Lake City contract represented approximately 12% of ATK's total fiscal 2009 sales. ATK took over operation of this facility on April 1, 2000 and is responsible for the operation and management, including leasing excess space to third parties in the private sector. ATK has a 10-year production contract to supply the Army's small-caliber ammunition needs that expires April 1, 2010. ATK has reached agreement with the U.S. Army on a four-year supply contract as the primary supplier of small-caliber ammunition to the Department of Defense ("DoD"). Production on the new contract is expected to continue into fiscal 2014. During this same period, ATK will complete government funded projects for modernization of the facility. ATK also has a facilities-use contract for the plant that expires in April 2025. The facilities-use contract expires 11 years after the plant production contract and, if the plant production contract is not renewed, ATK believes the U.S. Army would relieve ATK of all of its obligations under the facilities-use contract. We also conduct small-caliber ammunition research, development, and test activities for the U.S. Army. Current projects include the development of caseless ammunition, and the technology to replace lead in training ammunition with more environmentally friendly materials.
Medium-caliber ammunition products comprise various families of training and tactical ammunition fired from ground and air combat platforms like the Bradley Fighting Vehicle, Light Armored Vehicle, Apache and Blackhawk helicopters, A-10 close-combat support aircraft, and AC-130 gunship aircraft.
We develop and manufacture a family of medium-caliber chain-gun systems that provides armament solutions for U.S. and allied combat vehicles, helicopters, and naval vessels. Our gun systems are used on the Bradley Fighting Vehicle, Light Armored Vehicle, Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle, and Apache helicopter. We have supplied more than 15,000 medium-caliber gun systems to the U.S. military and 20 allied nations, including Poland, Finland, Denmark, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Norway, and the Czech Republic. New products include the lightweight 25mm chain gun.
We develop and supply ammunition to law enforcement agencies and sport shooting enthusiasts under several different brands, including Federal Premium®, Fusion®, CCI®, Speer®, Blazer® and Estate Cartridge®. Our sport shooting products are distributed through mass merchants and specialty sporting equipment stores and distributors. Law enforcement products are sold to agencies such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, and the Department of Homeland Security.
Our accessory portfolio includes products and equipment for sport shooting enthusiasts who reload their own ammunition; gun care products; targets and traps; rifle scopes and mounts; and binoculars. Our accessories are marketed under a number of different brands, including RCBS®, Outers®, Champion®, Shooter's Ridge®, Weaver®, Redfield®, Simmons®, and Nitrex®, and are distributed through mass merchants and specialty sporting equipment stores and distributors.
Tactical Accessories and Equipment
We develop and manufacture high-quality, individual operational nylon gear and equipment for military, homeland security, and law enforcement agencies. We manufacture more than 5,000 products which include tactical assault vests, load-bearing equipment, weapon transporting gear, holsters, personal gear carriers, and other high-quality accessories.
Propellant and Energetics
We develop and manufacture solid extruded propellant for more than 25 types of military ammunition and rocket systems. Major production programs include propellant for medium-caliber and tank ammunition, artillery charge systems, and air and ground launched rockets. We also produce commercial gun powder for sporting ammunition manufacturers and hunters and sport shooters who reload their own ammunition.
We are also the only North American supplier of military-specification nitrocellulose used in all small, medium, and large-caliber propellant, and rocket motors. We are the only supplier of TNT to the U.S. DoD. This product is used primarily as explosive material for bombs and artillery projectiles. ATK currently has a five-year facilities-use contract to operate the Radford Army ammunition plant. This contract expires on April 1, 2010.
ATK Mission Systems
ATK Mission Systems operates in two areas: Weapon Systems and Aerospace Systems.
We develop and produce advanced missile systems, precision-guided munitions, force protection systems, soldier weapon systems, barrier systems, and large-caliber direct fires for the U.S. government and its allies. We are also a subcontractor to prime contractors, supplying tactical and hypersonic propulsion systems, warheads, fuzes, and missile defense divert and control systems.
As a prime contractor, we are developing low-cost, innovative advanced weapon systems that will provide precision and effectiveness for combat forces, artillery batteries, naval gun systems, tanks, and tactical aircraft. Major programs include the Precision Guidance Kit and Advanced Anti-Radiation Guided Missile. We also produce 120mm ammunition for main battle tanks and 105mm ammunition for mobile gun systems.
Our force protection weapon systems are designed to protect military forces from ground and air threats. Key programs include the Spider combat barrier systems; anti-tank barrier systems; and the Individual High Explosive Air Burst Weapons System.
As a subcontractor, our work in missile defense primarily includes production of the third-stage motor and the divert and attitude control system for the Standard Missile-3, the interceptor component of the U.S. Navy Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System.
We produce rocket motors for tactical weapons fired by aircraft, ships, ground platforms, and combat troops. Major programs include propulsion for the only two U.S. air-to-air missiles in production; the Sidewinder and the Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile; propulsion for the Army's surface-to-surface, Non-Line of Sight—Precision Attack Missile; the Hellfire and Maverick air-to-surface missiles; and the Evolved Sea Sparrow surface-to-air missile. We also manufacture warheads for air-to-air and air-to-surface missiles.
We develop and produce precision fuzes to detonate military munitions, including conventional and precision-guided air-delivered bombs; artillery rounds; medium-caliber ammunition and mortar projectiles; and training hand grenades.
Our STAR™ orbit insertion motors place satellites into orbit, serve as upper stages for launch vehicles, and provide earth escape velocity for spacecraft. Our STAR™ retro/separation motors separate payloads from launch vehicles and decelerate spacecraft as they descend to land on planetary surfaces. We are also developing the Attitude Control Motor for the launch abort system for National Aeronautics and Space Administration's ("NASA") Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle.
We are a prime contractor on a variety of electronic warfare and aircraft integration programs. We also supply products to other prime contractors, including precision-engineered, low-observable structural components, high-temperature engine components, and high-performance radomes and apertures.
Our lightweight, high-strength composite structures fly on aircraft, both commercial and military, and space launch vehicles. Commercial aircraft structures include fan containment cases for the General Electric GEnx aircraft engine, aft fan cases for the Rolls Royce Trent XWB engine, and stringers and frames for a new commercial aircraft program. Military aircraft structures include components for the F-22 Raptor, an extensive range of external skins and components for the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, and various antennae and radomes for multiple aircraft types. Space launch structures fly on commercial rockets used to deploy satellites and on military rockets used for ballistic missile defense, prompt global strike, strategic nuclear deterrence, and satellite launch and deployment. We also provide specialized composite tubes to the United States Enrichment Corporation for use as part of its American Centrifuge Program.
Electronic warfare products include the AN/AAR-47 Missile Warning System, designed to protect aircraft against surface-to-air and air-to-air missiles and laser-guided and laser-aided threats.
We are integrating sensor, display, and radar systems on military and commercial aircraft used by the Air National Guard and the Department of Homeland Security. The aircraft perform a variety of missions, including border surveillance, drug enforcement, intelligence gathering, and search and rescue.
ATK Space Systems
ATK Space Systems operates in two primary businesses: Launch Systems and Spacecraft Systems. The Launch Systems division produces solid rocket motor systems for human and cargo launch vehicles, conventional and strategic missiles, and missile defense interceptors, as well as ordnance decoys and illuminating flares. The Spacecraft Systems division produces small satellites and satellite subsystems and components for large satellites, as well as a variety of other spacecraft.
We are the nation's largest provider of solid rocket motors for human space flight, and cargo-carrying launch vehicles. We are the sole manufacturer of the Reusable Solid Rocket Motor ("RSRM") used to launch the NASA's Space Shuttle. In addition, we manufacture the booster separation systems that thrust the motors away from the Shuttle orbiter and the main liquid fuel tank. A set of two RSRMs provides propulsion, in tandem with a liquid propulsion system, for the Space Shuttle. The RSRM uses a metal case and nozzle components that are recovered from the ocean after each flight. The metal cases and nozzle components are then cleaned, refurbished, and manufactured for reuse. The RSRM program represented 9% of ATK's total fiscal 2009 sales.
In 2006, we were selected by NASA to design, develop, and manufacture the first-stage of the next-generation Ares I Crew Launch Vehicle, which will support future missions to the International Space Station, as well as lunar and Mars missions using the Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle. As the prime contractor for the first-stage, we are responsible for the entire first stage, which includes a new five-segment motor derived from the Space Shuttle's four-segment RSRM. We are also responsible for thrust vector control, stage separation motors, forward and aft interface structures, avionics, ordnance, and parachute recovery systems. The first test flight is scheduled for early fall 2009.
We are also on a team selected by NASA to build the launch abort system for the Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle, the primary payload for the Ares I vehicle. We are designing, developing, and manufacturing the main separation motor that is located on top of the Orion spacecraft that is designed to pull the crew capsule safely away from the launch vehicle should problems develop during the launch phase. ATK's Mission Systems group is also participating in this effort.
The five-segment reusable solid rocket motor we are developing for the Ares I Crew Launch Vehicle will also serve as the first-stage propulsion system for the NASA Ares V Cargo Launch Vehicle, the primary heavy lift launch vehicle supporting future missions beyond low earth orbit, to the Moon and beyond. Development activities to support application of the five-segment motor to the Ares V are expected to begin in the 2010 timeframe.
We manufacture a variety of rocket motor systems for launch vehicles that place payloads into orbit for commercial and government customers. These include motors supporting Boeing Delta launch vehicles; Orion® motors for Orbital Science Corporation Pegasus®, Taurus®, and Minotaur launch vehicles; and CASTOR® motors for Japan's H-IIA rocket and the Orbital Taurus rocket.
Our Launch Systems division provides most of the solid rocket motors for conventional and strategic missiles. We are refurbishing all three rocket motor stages for the U.S. Air Force silo-based Minuteman III Intercontinental Ballistic Missile under a contract from Northrop Grumman. Full-rate production is scheduled to end in fiscal 2010. We also manufacture rocket motor systems for all three stages of the U.S. Navy submarine-launched Trident II (D5) missile under a contract from Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company. We also recently won a contract to develop the first and third stage rocket motor systems for the Air Force Prompt Global Strike System. The Company does not expect additional revenue from the Kinetic Energy Interceptor program, due to the program's termination in the initial 2010 DoD budget.
In addition to conventional and strategic missiles, we are a leading provider of propulsion technology for missile defense interceptor missiles. Under a contract from Orbital Sciences Corporation, we supply Orion® rocket motor systems for all three stages of the Ground-based Midcourse Defense system, which is designed to intercept and destroy long-range ballistic missiles during their midcourse phase of flight.
We supply responsive spacecraft, components, sub-systems, and technical services to government customers (both classified and unclassified) as well as the large satellite prime contractors for military, civil, and commercial applications.
We design and produce solar arrays and solar panel substrates that generate power during the life of spacecraft. Major products include the Puma Solar Array for Global Positioning System satellites; and the Ultraflex solar array successfully demonstrated on the Mars Phoenix mission and to be utilized on NASA's Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV), which will carry astronauts to the International Space Station, as well as to other outposts for space exploration.
We supply instrument support structures that perform with precision in cryogenic temperatures for civil, military, and classified customers. The structures provide spacecraft telescopes and imaging systems like the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) and Operational Land Imager (OLI) on the Landsat Data Continuity Mission, the stability required for astronomical observations.
Our titanium propellant tanks for satellites, space launch vehicles, and space exploration vehicles are a critical weight saving component for the majority of domestic and some international satellite missions that have been launched.
Major composite products include advanced lightweight, high-performance radio frequency antenna reflectors and antennas that enable spacecraft communications. We also produce composite bus structures, towers, and subsystems that house flight systems for satellites. The bus structures are integrated with our thermal control systems and are provided as a complete product to commercial and classified customers. The thermal control systems are also manufactured as stand-alone or customer integrated products enabling a wide variety of missions.
Our sales come primarily from contracts with agencies of the U.S. Government and its prime contractors and subcontractors. As the various U.S. Government customers, including the U.S. Army, NASA, the U.S. Air Force, and the U.S. Navy, make independent purchasing decisions, we do not generally regard the U.S. Government as one customer. Instead, we view each agency as a separate customer.
Sales to foreign governments must be approved by the U.S. DoD and the U.S. State Department or U.S. Commerce Department. Our products are sold directly to U.S. allies as well as through the U.S. Government. Approximately 51% of these sales were in ATK Armament Systems, 37% were in ATK Mission Systems, and 12% were in ATK Space Systems.
Our major law enforcement customers include large metropolitan police departments, the Department of Homeland Security, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the U.S. Secret Service. Major customers of our commercial products business include retailers such as Wal-Mart, Cabela's, and Gander Mountain, as well as large wholesale distributors.