In 1995, DTE Energy incorporated in the State of Michigan. Our utility operations consist primarily of Detroit Edison and MichCon. We also have four other segments that are engaged in a variety of energy-related businesses.
Detroit Edison is a Michigan corporation organized in 1903 and is a public utility subject to regulation by the MPSC and the FERC. Detroit Edison is engaged in the generation, purchase, distribution and sale of electricity to approximately 2.1 million customers in southeastern Michigan.
MichCon is a Michigan corporation organized in 1898 and is a public utility subject to regulation by the MPSC. MichCon is engaged in the purchase, storage, transmission, gathering, distribution and sale of natural gas to approximately 1.2 million customers throughout Michigan.
Our other segments are involved in 1) gas pipelines and storage; 2) unconventional gas exploration, development, and production; 3) power and industrial projects and coal transportation and marketing; and 4) energy marketing and trading operations.
Our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, proxy statements, and all amendments to such reports are available free of charge through the Investor Relations page of our website: www.dteenergy.com, as soon as reasonably practicable after they are filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Our previously filed reports and statements are also available at the SEC’s website: www.sec.gov.
Based on the following structure, we set strategic goals, allocate resources, and evaluate performance. See Note 24 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report for financial information by segment for the last three years.
• The Company’s Electric Utility segment consists of Detroit Edison, which is engaged in the generation, purchase, distribution and sale of electricity to approximately 2.1 million residential, commercial and industrial customers in southeastern Michigan.
• The Gas Utility segment consists of MichCon and Citizens. MichCon is engaged in the purchase, storage, transmission, distribution and sale of natural gas to approximately 1.2 million residential, commercial and industrial customers throughout Michigan. Citizens distributes natural gas in Adrian, Michigan to approximately 17,000 customers.
• Gas Storage and Pipelines consists of natural gas pipelines and storage businesses.
• Unconventional Gas Production is engaged in unconventional gas project development and production.
• Power and Industrial Projects is comprised of coke batteries and pulverized coal projects, reduced emission fuel and steel industry fuel-related projects, on-site energy services, power generation and coal transportation and marketing.
• Energy Trading consists of energy marketing and trading operations.
Corporate & Other, includes various holding company activities, holds certain non-utility debt and energy-related investments.
Our Electric Utility segment consists of Detroit Edison. Our generating plants are regulated by numerous federal and state governmental agencies, including, but not limited to, the MPSC, the FERC, the NRC, the EPA and the MDEQ. Electricity is generated from our several fossil plants, a hydroelectric pumped storage plant and a nuclear plant, and is purchased from electricity generators, suppliers and wholesalers. The electricity we produce and purchase is sold to three major classes of customers: residential, commercial and industrial, principally throughout southeastern Michigan.
Weather, economic factors, competition and electricity prices affect sales levels to customers. Our peak load and highest total system sales generally occur during the third quarter of the year, driven by air conditioning and other cooling-related demands. Our operations are not dependent upon a limited number of customers, and the loss of any one or a few customers would not have a material adverse effect on Detroit Edison.
Fuel Supply and Purchased Power
Our power is generated from a variety of fuels and is supplemented with purchased power. We expect to have an adequate supply of fuel and purchased power to meet our obligation to serve customers. Our generating capability is heavily dependent upon the availability of coal. Coal is purchased from various sources in different geographic areas under agreements that vary in both pricing and terms. We expect to obtain the majority of our coal requirements through long-term contracts, with the balance to be obtained through short-term agreements and spot purchases. We have nine long-term and nine short-term contracts for a total purchase of approximately 28 million tons of low-sulfur western coal to be delivered from 2010 through 2012. We also have nine long-term and two short-term contracts for the purchase of approximately 9 million tons of Appalachian coal to be delivered from 2010 through 2012. All of these contracts have fixed prices. We have approximately 87% of our 2010 expected coal requirements under contract. Given the geographic diversity of supply, we believe we can meet our expected generation requirements. We lease a fleet of rail cars and have transportation contracts with companies to provide rail and vessel services for delivery of purchased coal to our generating facilities.
Detroit Edison participates in the energy market through MISO. We offer our generation in the market on a day-ahead and real-time basis and bid for power in the market to serve our load. We are a net purchaser of power that supplements our generation capability to meet customer demand during peak cycles.
Detroit Edison owns generating plants and facilities that are located in the State of Michigan. Substantially all of our property is subject to the lien of a mortgage.
Our Gas Utility segment consists of MichCon and Citizens.
Revenue is generated by providing the following major classes of service: gas sales, end user transportation, intermediate transportation, and gas storage.
Natural Gas Supply
Our gas distribution system has a planned maximum daily send-out capacity of 2.6 Bcf, with approximately 67% of the volume coming from underground storage for 2009. Peak-use requirements are met through utilization of our storage facilities, pipeline transportation capacity, and purchased gas supplies. Because of our geographic diversity of supply and our pipeline transportation and storage capacity, we are able to reliably meet our supply requirements. We believe natural gas supply and pipeline capacity will be sufficiently available to meet market demands in the foreseeable future.
Energy Assistance Program
Energy assistance programs, funded by the federal government and the State of Michigan, remain critical to MichCon’s ability to control its uncollectible accounts receivable and collections expenses. MichCon’s uncollectible accounts receivable expense is directly affected by the level of government-funded assistance its qualifying customers receive. We work continuously with the State of Michigan and others to determine whether the share of funding allocated to our customers is representative of the number of low-income individuals in our service territory.
GAS STORAGE AND PIPELINES
Gas Storage and Pipelines owns partnership interests in two interstate transmission pipelines and two natural gas storage fields. The pipeline and storage assets are primarily supported by long-term, fixed-price revenue contracts. We have a partnership interest in Vector Pipeline (Vector), an interstate transmission pipeline, which connects Michigan to Chicago and Ontario. We also hold partnership interests in Millennium Pipeline Company which indirectly connects southern New York State to Upper Midwest/Canadian supply, while providing transportation service into the New York City markets. We have storage assets in Michigan capable of storing up to 90 Bcf in natural gas storage fields located in Southeast Michigan. The Washington 10 and 28 storage facilities are high deliverability storage fields having bi-directional interconnections with Vector Pipeline and MichCon providing our customers access to the Chicago, Michigan, other Midwest and Ontario markets.
UNCONVENTIONAL GAS PRODUCTION
Our Unconventional Gas Production business is engaged in natural gas exploration, development and production primarily within the Barnett shale in north Texas.
In 2009, we added proved reserves of 67 Bcfe resulting in year-end total proved reserves of 234 Bcfe. The Barnett shale wells yielded 5 Bcfe of production in 2009. Barnett shale leasehold acres increased to 69,272 gross acres (63,367 net of interest of others) excluding impairments. Due to economic conditions and low natural gas prices during the year, we chose to do minimal lease acquisitions and reduce the number of new wells. We drilled a total of 11 wells in the Barnett shale acreage in 2009.
POWER AND INDUSTRIAL PROJECTS
Power and Industrial Projects is comprised primarily of projects that deliver energy products and services to industrial, commercial and institutional customers; provide coal transportation and marketing; and sell electricity from biomass-fired energy projects. This business segment provides services using project assets usually located on or near the customers’ premises in the steel, automotive, pulp and paper, airport and other industries.
Products and services include pulverized coal and petroleum coke supply, metallurgical coke supply, power generation, steam production, chilled water production, wastewater treatment, compressed air supply and reduced emission fuel. We own and operate one gas-fired peaking electric generating plant, two biomass-fired electric generating plants and own one coal-fired power plant. Two additional biomass-fired electric generating plants are currently under development pending certain regulatory approvals with expected in-service dates of August 2010 and March 2013. Production tax credits related to two of the coke battery facilities expired on December 31, 2009.
Energy Trading focuses on physical and financial power and gas marketing and trading, structured transactions, enhancement of returns from DTE Energy’s asset portfolio, optimization of contracted natural gas pipeline transportation and storage, and power transmission and generating capacity positions. Our customer base is predominantly utilities, local distribution companies, pipelines, and other marketing and trading companies. We enter into derivative financial instruments as part of our marketing and hedging activities. Most of the derivative financial instruments are accounted for under the mark-to-market method, which results in the recognition in earnings of unrealized gains and losses from changes in the fair value of the derivatives. We utilize forwards, futures, swaps and option contracts to mitigate risk associated with our marketing and trading activity as well as for proprietary trading within defined risk guidelines. Energy Trading also provides commodity risk management services to the other businesses within DTE Energy.
We had 10,244 employees as of December 31, 2009, of which 5,186 were represented by unions. The majority of our union employees are under contracts that expire in June and October 2010 and August 2012.