Hudson City Bancorp, Inc. Hudson City Bancorp is a Delaware corporation organized in 1999 and serves as the holding company of its only subsidiary, Hudson City Savings Bank. The principal asset of Hudson City Bancorp is its investment in Hudson City Savings Bank.
Hudson City Bancorp’s executive offices are located at West 80 Century Road, Paramus, New Jersey 07652 and our telephone number is (201) 967-1900.
Hudson City Savings. Hudson City Savings is a federally chartered stock savings bank subject to supervision and examination by the Office of Thrift Supervision (“OTS”). Hudson City Bancorp, as a savings and loan holding company, is also subject to supervision and examination by the OTS. Our deposits are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”). Hudson City Savings Bank has served its customers since 1868. We conduct our operations out of our corporate offices in Paramus in Bergen County, New Jersey and through 131 branches in the New York metropolitan area. We operate 95 branches located in 17 counties throughout the State of New Jersey. In New York State, we operate 10 branch offices in Westchester County, 9 branch offices in Suffolk County, 1 branch office each in Putnam and Rockland Counties and 6 branch offices in Richmond County (Staten Island). We also operate 9 branch offices in Fairfield County, Connecticut. In addition, we began to open deposit accounts through our internet banking service in December 2008.
In July 2006, we completed the acquisition of Sound Federal Bancorp, Inc. (“Sound Federal”) for approximately $265 million in cash (the “Acquisition”). The Acquisition was accounted for as a purchase. Sound Federal operated 14 branches in the New York counties of Westchester, Putnam and Rockland and in Fairfield County, Connecticut.
We are a community- and consumer-oriented retail savings bank offering traditional deposit products, residential real estate mortgage loans and consumer loans. In addition, we purchase mortgages and mortgage-backed securities and other securities issued by U.S. government-sponsored enterprises (“GSEs”) as well as other investments permitted by applicable laws and regulations. We retain substantially all of the loans we originate in our portfolio. We do not originate or purchase sub-prime loans, negative amortization loans or option adjustable-rate mortgage loans. Historically, we did not originate commercial mortgage loans or multi-family mortgage loans. However, these loan products were offered by Sound Federal and, as a result, we have a small portfolio of these loans.
Our business model and product offerings allow us to serve a broad range of customers with varying demographic characteristics. Our traditional consumer products such as conforming one- to four-family residential mortgages, time deposits, checking and savings accounts appeal to a broad customer base. Our jumbo mortgage lending proficiency and our time deposit and money market products allow us to target higher-income customers successfully.
Our revenues are derived principally from interest on our mortgage loans and mortgage-backed securities and interest and dividends on our investment securities. Our primary sources of funds are customer deposits, borrowings, scheduled amortization and prepayments of mortgage loans and mortgage-backed securities, maturities and calls of investment securities and funds provided by operations.
Through our branch offices, we have operations in 10 of the top 50 counties in the United States ranked by median household income. Operating in high median household income counties fits well with our jumbo mortgage loan and consumer deposit business model. We expect to open 6 additional branches in 2010. We continually evaluate new locations in areas that present the greatest opportunity to promote our deposit and mortgage products. We also purchase first mortgage loans in states located in the Northeast quadrant of the country. We define the Northeast quadrant of the country generally as those states that are east of the Mississippi River and as far south as South Carolina. The wholesale loan purchase program complements our retail loan origination by enabling us to diversify our assets outside of our local market area.
The northern New Jersey market represents the greatest concentration of population, deposits and income in New Jersey. The combination of these counties represents more than half of the entire New Jersey population and more than half of New Jersey households. The northern New Jersey market also represents the greatest concentration of Hudson City Savings retail operations – both lending and deposit gathering – and based on its high level of economic activity, we believe that the northern New Jersey market provides significant opportunities for future growth. The New Jersey shore market represents a strong concentration of population and income, and is a popular resort and retirement market area, which provides healthy opportunities for deposit growth and residential lending. The southwestern New Jersey market consists of communities adjacent to the Philadelphia metropolitan area.
The New York counties of Richmond, Westchester, Suffolk, Rockland and Putnam as well as Fairfield County, Connecticut have similar demographic and economic characteristics to the northern New Jersey market area. Our entry into these counties, which started in 2004, allows us to continue to expand our retail operations and geographic footprint. We entered the Fairfield County market in 2006 with the acquisition of Sound Federal. Deposits in Fairfield County, Connecticut as of December 31, 2006 amounted to $255.4 million in 4 branches and as of December 31, 2009, we have 9 branches and a total of $1.03 billion in deposits. This market also accounted for 28.2% of our 2009 mortgage originations.
In December 2008, we began to open deposit accounts through our internet banking service which allows us to serve customers throughout the United States. As of December 31, 2009, we had $224.3 million of deposits that were opened through our internet banking service.
Our future growth opportunities will be influenced by the growth and stability of the regional economy, other demographic population trends and the competitive environment in the New York metropolitan area (which we define to include New York, New Jersey and Connecticut). The national economy has been in a recessionary cycle for approximately two years with the housing and real estate markets suffering significant losses in value. Housing market conditions in the Northeast quadrant of the United States, where most of our lending activity occurs, deteriorated as evidenced by reduced levels of sales, increasing inventories of houses on the market, declining house prices, increasing home foreclosures and an increase in the length of time houses remain on the market. House price declines slowed during the second half of 2009 with most markets experiencing slight gains in prices during the 2009 fourth quarter as indicated by the S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price Indices. Approximately 73.8% of our mortgage loans are located in the New York metropolitan area. The Office of Federal Housing Enterprises Oversight (“OFHEO”), an independent entity within the Department of Housing and Urban Development, publishes housing market data on a quarterly basis. According to the data published by OFHEO for the third quarter of 2009, the most recent data available, house prices in New Jersey decreased 4.93% from the third quarter of 2008. For New York and Connecticut, house prices decreased 2.81% and 4.60%, respectively. Additionally, according to the OFHEO report, the states of Virginia, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Michigan and Pennsylvania experienced decreases in house prices of 3.67%, 4.14%, 5.43%, 1.46%, 4.16%, 4.21% and 2.33%, respectively for those same periods. These seven states account for 19.4% of our total mortgage portfolio. While the declines in economic and housing conditions in the New York metropolitan area have slowed, we can give no assurance that the economic and housing market conditions will improve further or will not continue to worsen in the near future.
We expect to continue to grow primarily through the origination and purchase of mortgage loans, while purchasing mortgage-backed securities and investment securities as a supplement to our mortgage loans. We believe that we have developed lending products and marketing strategies to address the diverse credit-related needs of the residents in our market areas. We intend to fund our growth primarily with customer deposits, using borrowed funds as a supplemental funding source if deposit growth decreases. We intend to grow customer deposits by continuing to offer desirable products at competitive rates and by opening new branch offices.
We face intense competition both in making loans and attracting deposits in the market areas we serve. New Jersey and the New York metropolitan area have a high concentration of financial institutions, many of which are branches of large money center and regional banks. Some of these competitors have greater resources than we do and may offer services that we do not provide such as trust services or investment services. Customers who seek “one-stop shopping” may be drawn to these institutions.
Our competition for loans comes principally from commercial banks, savings institutions, mortgage banking firms, credit unions, finance companies, insurance companies and brokerage firms. Our most direct competition for deposits comes from commercial banks, savings banks, savings and loan associations and credit unions. We face additional competition for deposits from short-term money market funds and other corporate and government securities funds and from brokerage firms and insurance companies.
Sources of Funds
General. Our primary sources of funds are customer deposits, borrowings, scheduled amortization and prepayments of mortgage loans and mortgage-backed securities,
maturities and calls of investment securities and funds provided by our operations. Retail deposits generated through our branch network and wholesale borrowings have been our primary means of funding our growth initiatives. We intend to fund our future growth primarily with customer deposits, using borrowed funds as a supplemental funding source if deposit growth decreases. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and Capital Resources.”
Deposits. We offer a variety of deposit accounts having a range of interest rates and terms. We currently offer passbook and statement savings accounts, interest-bearing transaction accounts, checking accounts, money market accounts and time deposits. We also offer IRA accounts and qualified retirement plans.
Deposit flows are influenced significantly by general and local economic conditions, changes in prevailing market interest rates, pricing of deposits and competition. In determining our deposit rates, we consider local competition, U.S. Treasury securities offerings and the rates charged on other sources of funds. Our deposits are primarily obtained from market areas surrounding our branch offices. In December 2008, we began to open deposit accounts through the internet for customers throughout the United States. We rely primarily on paying competitive rates, providing strong customer service and maintaining long-standing relationships with customers to attract and retain these deposits. We do not use brokers to obtain deposits. During 2009, we opened 4 new branches. Our most direct competition for deposits comes from commercial banks, savings banks, savings and loan associations and credit unions. There are large money-center and regional financial institutions operating throughout our market area, and we also face strong competition from other community-based financial institutions. In response to the economic recession, we believe that households during 2009 increased their personal savings and customers sought insured bank deposit products as an alternative to investments such as equity securities and bonds. We believe these factors contributed to our deposit growth.
Total deposits increased $6.12 billion, or 33.2%, during 2009 due primarily to a $3.12 billion increase in total time deposits, a $2.34 billion increase in our money market accounts and a $575.5 million increase in our interest-bearing transaction accounts and savings accounts. Total core deposits (defined as non-time deposit accounts) represented approximately 34.6% of total deposits as of December 31, 2009 compared with 29.9% as of December 31, 2008. This increase is due to the growth in our money market accounts as a result of our favorable rates as compared to our competitors. The aggregate balance in our time deposit accounts was $16.07 billion as of December 31, 2009 compared with $12.95 billion as of December 31, 2008. Time deposits with remaining maturities of less than one year amounted to $13.08 billion at December 31, 2009 compared with $12.48 billion at December 31, 2008. These time deposits are scheduled to mature as follows: $6.11 billion with an average cost of 1.86% in the first quarter of 2010, $4.53 billion with an average cost of 1.86% in the second quarter of 2010, $1.51 billion with an average cost of 1.98% in the third quarter of 2010 and $930.4 million with an average cost of 1.84% in the fourth quarter of 2010. The current yields offered on our six month and one year time deposits are 1.35% and 1.55%, respectively. Based on our deposit retention experience and current pricing strategy, we anticipate that a significant portion of these time deposits will remain with us as renewed time deposits or as transfers to other deposit products at the prevailing rate.
As of December 31, 2009, we had 1,387 full-time employees and 165 part-time employees. Employees are not represented by a collective bargaining unit and we consider our relationship with our employees to be good.