Mobile TeleSystems CJSC, or MTS CJSC, our predecessor, was formed in 1993. The founding shareholders included MGTS and three other Russian telecommunications companies, which collectively held 53% of our original share capital, and two German companies, Siemens AG and T-Mobile Deutschland GmbH, an affiliate of Deutsche Telekom AG, which collectively held the remaining 47%. JSFC Sistema, or Sistema, currently owns 52.8% of our share capital (55.7% excluding treasury shares). Our legal name is Mobile TeleSystems OJSC, and we are incorporated under the laws of the Russian Federation. Our head office is located at Vorontsovskaya Street 5, Bldg. 2, Moscow 109147, Russian Federation, and the telephone number of our investor relations department is +7 495 223-2025. We maintain a website at www.mtsgsm.com.
We are the largest provider of mobile cellular communications services in Russia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Armenia and the second largest in Ukraine, in terms of subscribers, employing technology based primarily on GSM. In 2008, we generated net revenues of $10,245 million and had a subscriber base of 91.33 million (64.63 million in Russia, 18.12 million in Ukraine, 5.65 million in Uzbekistan, 0.93 million in Turkmenistan and 2.02 million in Armenia) at December 31, 2008.
In addition to standard voice services, we offer our subscribers value added services, including voice mail, short message service, or SMS, general packet radio service, or GPRS, augmented by enhanced data rates for GSM evolution, or EDGE, high-speed downlink packet access, or HSDPA, and various SMS- and GPRS/EDGE/HSDPA-based information and entertainment services (including multi media message service, or MMS).We also offer our subscribers the ability to roam automatically throughout Europe and in much of the rest of the world, and as of December 31, 2008, we had bilateral roaming agreements with 530 wireless operators in 208 countries.
We have grown rapidly since 1999 through organic growth, as well as acquisitions. Russia is our principal market, both in terms of subscribers and revenues. At December 31, 2008, approximately 71% of our subscriber base was in Russia and approximately 20% was in Ukraine. According to AC&M-Consulting, we had a 34.4% market share of total wireless subscribers in Russia at December 31, 2008. In Ukraine, we had a 32.5% market share at December 31, 2008, according to AC&M-Consulting.
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007 and 2006 approximately 76%, 75% and 73% of our revenues came from operations in Russia; approximately 16%, 20% and 23% of our revenues came from operations in Ukraine; and approximately 8%, 5% and 4% of our revenues came from operations in our other countries, respectively.
Our subscriber base continued to grow in 2009. At April 30, 2009, we had approximately 93.03 million subscribers, including 65.68 million in Russia, 17.82 million in Ukraine, 6.30 million in Uzbekistan, 1.18 million in Turkmenistan and 2.06 million in Armenia.
Overall mobile cellular penetration in Russia was at approximately 129% at December 31, 2008, according to AC&M-Consulting. Mobile cellular penetration in Ukraine was at approximately 121% at December 31, 2008, according to AC&M-Consulting. According to our estimates, mobile cellular penetration in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Armenia was at approximately 44%, 19% and 80% at December 31, 2008, respectively.
As of December 31, 2008, we had licenses to operate in 82 regions of Russia with a population of approximately 144 million people, or approximately 99% of the country's total population, for the entire territory of Ukraine with a population of approximately 46 million people, for the entire territory of Uzbekistan with a population of approximately 27 million people, for the entire territory of Turkmenistan with a population of approximately 6 million people and for the entire territory of Armenia with a population of approximately 3 million people. As of December 31, 2008, we had commercial operations in 81 regions of Russia.
To maintain and increase our market share and brand awareness, we use a combination of print media, radio, television, direct mail and outdoor advertising, focusing on brand and image advertising, as well as promotion of particular tariff plans. Supporting these efforts, we have developed an extensive distribution network comprised of approximately 1,700 MTS mono-brand points-of-sale and approximately 46,350 additional points-of-sale operated by our dealers, as of December 31, 2008. We are in the process of expanding our proprietary distribution network both organically and through acquisitions. In furtherance of this expansion effort, in the first quarter of 2009, we acquired 100% of handset retailer Telefon.Ru, which operates 512 stores in 180 cities in Russia, and 100% of the Eldorado handset retail chain, which operates 383 stores in 153 cities in Russia. Of the stores operated by Eldorado and Telefon.Ru, approximately 380 will be rebranded as MTS mono-brand outlets by the end of 2009, an additional 290 will be rebranded as MTS mono-brand outlets by the end of 2010, and 130 will be closed due to overlapping locations with other points-of-sale by the end of 2009.
MTS Belarus had 4.32 million subscribers and a leading market share of 52% at December 31, 2008, according to AC&M-Consulting. The subscriber base of MTS Belarus grew to 4.41 million at April 30, 2009. Belarus, a country with a population of approximately 10 million, had a mobile cellular penetration rate of 86% at December 31, 2008, according to AC&M-Consulting.