BUSINESS OVERVIEW We are one of the largest diversified financial services companies in the United States and are headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. As described further below and elsewhere in this Report, on December 31, 2008, PNC acquired National City Corporation (“National City”), nearly doubling our assets to a total of $291 billion and expanding our total consolidated deposits to $193 billion.
We were incorporated under the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1983 with the consolidation of Pittsburgh National Corporation and Provident National Corporation. Since 1983, we have diversified our geographical presence, business mix and product capabilities through internal growth, strategic bank and non-bank acquisitions and equity investments, and the formation of various non-banking subsidiaries.
Prior to the National City acquisition, PNC had businesses engaged in retail banking, corporate and institutional banking, asset management, and global investment servicing, providing many of its products and services nationally and others in PNC’s primary geographic markets located in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Washington, DC, Maryland, Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky and Delaware. PNC also provided certain investment servicing internationally.
National City’s primary businesses prior to its acquisition by PNC included commercial and retail banking, mortgage financing and servicing, consumer finance and asset management, operating through an extensive network in Ohio, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin. National City also conducted selected consumer lending businesses and other financial services on a nationwide basis.
ACQUISITION OF NATIONAL CITY CORPORATION
On December 31, 2008, we acquired National City for approximately $6.1 billion. The total consideration included approximately $5.6 billion of PNC common stock, $150 million of preferred stock, and cash paid to warrant holders by National City.
We completed the acquisition primarily by issuing approximately 95 million shares of PNC common stock. In accordance with purchase accounting methodologies, National City Bank’s balance sheet was adjusted to fair value at which time the bank was under-capitalized from a regulatory perspective. However, PNC’s Consolidated Balance Sheet remained well-capitalized and liquid.
Following the closing, PNC received $7.6 billion from the US Department of the Treasury under the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 in exchange for the issuance of preferred stock and a warrant. These proceeds were used to enhance National City Bank’s regulatory capital position to well-capitalized in order to continue serving the credit and deposit needs of existing and new customers. On a consolidated basis, these proceeds resulted in further improvement to our capital and liquidity positions.
National City, based in Cleveland, Ohio, was one of the nation’s largest financial services companies. In connection with obtaining regulatory approvals for the acquisition, PNC has agreed to divest 61 of National City Bank’s branches in Western Pennsylvania with deposits of approximately $3.9 billion as of December 31, 2008. We expect to merge National City Bank into PNC Bank, National Association (“PNC Bank, N.A.”) in the fourth quarter of 2009.
OTHER ACQUISITION AND DIVESTITURE ACTIVITY
On April 4, 2008, we acquired Lancaster, Pennsylvania-based Sterling Financial Corporation for approximately 4.6 million shares of PNC common stock and $224 million in cash. Sterling was a banking and financial services company with approximately $3.2 billion in assets, $2.7 billion in deposits, and 65 branches in south-central Pennsylvania, northern Maryland and northern Delaware.
On March 31, 2008, we sold J.J.B. Hilliard, W.L. Lyons, LLC, a Louisville, Kentucky-based wholly-owned subsidiary of PNC and a full-service brokerage and financial services provider, to Houchens Industries, Inc. We recognized an after-tax gain of $23 million in the first quarter of 2008 in connection with this divestiture.
We include information on significant acquisitions and divestitures in Note 2 Acquisitions and Divestitures in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report and here by reference.
REVIEW OF LINES OF BUSINESS In addition to the following information relating to our lines of business, we incorporate information under the captions Line of Business Highlights, Product Revenue, and Business Segments Review in Item 7 of this Report here by reference. Also, we include financial and other information by business in Note 27 Segment Reporting in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report here by reference.
We have four major businesses engaged in providing banking, asset management and global fund processing products and services: Retail Banking; Corporate & Institutional Banking; BlackRock; and Global Investment Servicing. Assets, revenue
and earnings attributable to foreign activities were not material in the periods presented. The business segment results for 2008 and prior periods do not include the impact of National City, which we acquired on December 31, 2008.
Retail Banking provides deposit, lending, brokerage, trust, investment management, and cash management services to over 6 million consumer and small business customers within our primary geographic markets. Our customers are serviced through 2,589 offices in our branch network as of December 31, 2008 (including National City branches), the call center and the internet. The branch network is located primarily in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Washington, DC, Maryland, Virginia, Delaware, Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, Florida and Wisconsin.
Retail Banking also serves as investment manager and trustee for employee benefit plans and charitable and endowment assets and provides nondiscretionary defined contribution plan services. These services are provided to individuals and corporations primarily within our primary geographic markets.
Our core strategy is to acquire and retain customers who maintain their primary checking and transaction relationships with PNC. We also seek revenue growth by deepening our share of our customers’ financial assets and needs, including savings and liquidity deposits, loans and investable assets. A key element of our strategy is to continue to optimize our physical distribution network by opening and upgrading stand-alone and in-store branches in attractive sites while consolidating or selling branches with less opportunity for growth.
CORPORATE & INSTITUTIONAL BANKING
Corporate & Institutional Banking provides lending, treasury management, and capital markets-related products and services to mid-sized corporations, government entities, and selectively to large corporations. Lending products include secured and unsecured loans, letters of credit and equipment leases. Treasury management services include cash and investment management, receivables management, disbursement services, funds transfer services, information reporting, and global trade services. Capital markets-related products and services include foreign exchange, derivatives, loan syndications, mergers and acquisitions advisory and related services to middle-market companies, securities underwriting, and securities sales and trading. Corporate & Institutional Banking also provides commercial loan servicing, and real estate advisory and technology solutions for the commercial real estate finance industry. Corporate & Institutional Banking provides products and services generally within our primary geographic markets with certain products and services offered nationally.
Corporate & Institutional Banking is focused on becoming a premier provider of financial services in each of the markets it serves. The value proposition to its customers is driven by providing a broad range of competitive and high quality products and services by a team fully committed to delivering the comprehensive resources of PNC to help each client succeed. Corporate & Institutional Banking’s primary goals are to achieve market share growth and enhanced returns by means of expansion and retention of customer relationships and prudent risk and expense management.
BlackRock is one of the largest publicly-traded investment management firms in the United States with $1.3 trillion of assets under management at December 31, 2008. BlackRock manages assets on behalf of institutional and individual investors worldwide through a variety of fixed income, cash management, equity and balanced and alternative investment separate accounts and funds. In addition, BlackRock provides risk management, investment system outsourcing and financial advisory services globally to institutional investors.
At December 31, 2008, our equity ownership interest in BlackRock was approximately 33%. Our investment in BlackRock is a strategic asset of PNC and a key component of our diversified earnings stream. The ability of BlackRock to grow assets under management is the key driver of increases in its revenue, earnings and, ultimately, shareholder value. BlackRock’s strategies for growth in assets under management include a focus on achieving client investment performance objectives in a manner consistent with their risk preferences and delivering excellent client service. The business dedicates significant resources to attracting and retaining talented professionals and to the ongoing enhancement of its investment technology and operating capabilities to deliver on this strategy.
GLOBAL INVESTMENT SERVICING
Global Investment Servicing (formerly PFPC) is a leading provider of processing, technology and business intelligence services to asset managers, broker-dealers, and financial advisors worldwide. Securities services include custody, securities lending, and accounting and administration for funds registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940 and alternative investments. Investor services include transfer agency, subaccounting, banking transaction services, and distribution. Financial advisor services include managed accounts and information management. This business segment serviced $2.0 trillion in total assets and 72 million shareholder accounts as of December 31, 2008, both domestically and internationally. International locations include Ireland, Poland and Luxembourg.
Global Investment Servicing focuses technological resources on driving efficiency through streamlining operations and developing flexible systems architecture and client-focused servicing solutions. Global Investment Servicing’s mission is to help enable its clients to expand their capabilities, maintain a technical edge, and maximize returns on their internal resources by growing revenue and staying ahead of competitors. During the past year, Global Investment Servicing expanded its capabilities to serve its clients in the full service subaccounting arena, integrated its recent acquisitions of Albridge Solutions and Coates Analytics, and opened a new servicing unit in Wroclaw, Poland.
BUSINESS SEGMENT CHANGES IN 2009
In addition to our existing business segments, PNC will have three additional business segments beginning in the first quarter of 2009: Residential Mortgage Banking; PNC Asset Management Group; and Distressed Assets Portfolio. These new business segments reflect the impact of our December 31, 2008 acquisition of National City and are more fully described in Note 28 Subsequent Event included in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements included under Item 8 of this Report.
SUBSIDIARIES Our corporate legal structure at December 31, 2008 consisted of three domestic subsidiary banks, including their subsidiaries, and approximately 79 active non-bank subsidiaries. PNC Bank, N.A., headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and National City Bank, headquartered in Cleveland, Ohio, are our principal bank subsidiaries. Our other bank subsidiary is PNC Bank, Delaware. Our non-bank subsidiary, Global Investment Servicing, has obtained a banking license in Ireland and a branch in Luxembourg, which allow Global Investment Servicing to provide depositary services as part of its business.