Perrigo Company, established in 1887, is a leading global healthcare supplier that develops, manufactures and distributes over-the-counter (OTC) and generic prescription (Rx) pharmaceuticals, nutritional products, active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) and pharmaceutical and medical diagnostic products. The Company is the world’s largest manufacturer of OTC pharmaceutical products for the store brand market. The Company’s primary markets and locations of manufacturing and logistics operations are the United States (U.S.), Israel, Mexico and the United Kingdom (U.K.). See Note 17 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements for further information.
Perrigo Company operates through several wholly owned subsidiaries. In the U.S., its operations are conducted primarily through L. Perrigo Company, Perrigo Company of South Carolina, Inc., Perrigo New York, Inc., Perrigo Holland, Inc. (formerly J.B. Laboratories, Inc.) and Perrigo Florida, Inc. (formerly Unico Holdings, Inc.). Outside the U.S., its operations are conducted primarily through Perrigo Israel Pharmaceuticals Ltd., Chemagis Ltd., Quimica y Farmacia S.A. de C.V., Laboratorios Diba, S.A., Wrafton Laboratories Limited, Brunel Pharma Limited (formerly Brunel Healthcare Ltd.) and Galpharm Healthcare Ltd. As used herein, references to the “Company” means Perrigo Company, its subsidiaries and all predecessors of Perrigo Company and its subsidiaries.
The Company has three reportable segments aligned primarily by type of product: Consumer Healthcare, Rx Pharmaceuticals and API. Additionally, the Company has an Other category that consists of the Israel Pharmaceutical and Diagnostic Products operating segment, which does not individually meet the quantitative thresholds required to be a separately reportable segment. Due to the planned divestiture of the Israel Consumer Products business noted below, the Israel Pharmaceutical and Diagnostic Products operating segment represents the totality of the Other category.
In March 2009, the Company committed to a plan to sell its Israel Consumer Products business. The financial results of this business, which were previously reported as part of the Company’s Other category, have been recorded as discontinued operations in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 144, “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets.” Accordingly, for all years presented, all consolidated statements of income information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K have been adjusted and the discontinued operations information is excluded unless otherwise noted.
The Consumer Healthcare segment includes the Company’s U.S., U.K. and Mexico operations supporting the sale of OTC pharmaceutical and nutritional products. This reportable segment markets a broad line of products that are comparable in quality and effectiveness to national brand products. Major product categories include analgesic, cough/cold/allergy/sinus, gastrointestinal, smoking cessation, first aid and vitamin and nutritional supplement products. The cost to the retailer of a store brand product is significantly lower than that of a comparable nationally advertised brand-name product. The retailer therefore can price a store brand product below the competing national brand product yet realize a greater profit margin. Generally, the retailers’ dollar profit per unit of store brand product sold is greater than the dollar profit per unit of the comparable national brand product. The consumer benefits by receiving a high quality product at a price below a comparable national brand product.
On November 13, 2008, the Company acquired 100% of the outstanding shares of privately held Unico Holdings, Inc. (Unico) for $51,853 in cash. Based in Lake Worth, Florida, Unico was the leading manufacturer of store brand pediatric electrolytes, enemas and feminine hygiene products for retail customers in the U.S. The acquisition of Unico expands the Company’s OTC product portfolio in the U.S. and is expected to add approximately $50,000 of annual sales. Unico’s results of operations are recorded in the Company’s Consumer Healthcare segment beginning in the Company’s second quarter of fiscal 2009.
On October 6, 2008, the Company acquired 100% of the outstanding shares of privately held Laboratorios Diba, S.A. (Diba) for $24,500 in cash. Based in Guadalajara, Mexico, Diba was a store brand manufacturer of OTC and prescription pharmaceuticals, including antibiotics, hormonals and ophthalmics. The acquisition of Diba expands the Company’s global presence and product portfolio in Mexico and is expected to add approximately $10,000 of annual sales. Diba’s results of operations are recorded in the Company’s Consumer Healthcare segment beginning in the Company’s second quarter of fiscal 2009.
On September 16, 2008, the Company acquired J.B. Laboratories, Inc. (JBL), a privately held contract manufacturer of OTC and nutrition products for leading healthcare suppliers, for $43,605, including debt assumed. The acquisition of JBL provides additional FDA-compliant production capacity to help service current and future customer needs and is expected to add approximately $70,000 of annual sales. JBL’s results of operations are recorded in the Company’s Consumer Healthcare segment beginning in the Company’s second quarter of fiscal 2009.
On June 18, 2008, the Company’s U.K. subsidiary acquired the assets and related liabilities of Brunel Healthcare Ltd. (Brunel), a producer of OTC healthcare products, from NeutraHealth plc in exchange for the Company’s net assets of its vitamins, minerals and supplements (VMS) business – Perrigo U.K. Limited. Brunel’s results of operations are recorded in the Company’s Consumer Healthcare segment beginning in the Company’s first quarter of fiscal 2009.
In January 2008, the Company acquired 100% of the outstanding shares of privately held Galpharm Healthcare Ltd. (Galpharm) for $83,312. Galpharm was a leading supplier of OTC store brand pharmaceutical products sold by supermarkets, drug stores and pharmacies in the U.K. The acquisition of Galpharm expanded the Company’s global presence and complements its existing U.K. business. Galpharm’s results of operations are recorded in the Company’s Consumer Healthcare segment beginning in the Company’s third quarter of fiscal 2008.
In March 2007, the Company acquired the stock of Qualis, Inc., a privately owned manufacturer of store brand pediculicide products, for $12,401. The assets acquired consisted of the intangible assets attributable to the products acquired, which included primarily store brand OTC product formulations that compare to Rid® and Nix® brand products. The acquired assets expanded the Company’s OTC product portfolio in the U.S. The transaction closed on July 3, 2007. Accordingly, the acquired assets and operating results related to these products are recorded in the Company’s Consumer Healthcare segment beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2008.
Consumer Healthcare Business
The Company is dedicated to being the leader in developing and marketing key new store brand products and has a research and development staff that management believes is one of the most experienced in the industry at developing products comparable to national brand products. This staff also responds to changes in existing national brand products by reformulating existing Company products. In the OTC pharmaceutical market, certain new products are the result of changes in product status from “prescription only” (Rx) to OTC (non-prescription). These “Rx to OTC switches” require approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), a process initiated by the drug innovator, through either its Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) process or its New Drug Application (NDA) process. As part of its strategy, the Company relies on both internal development and strategic product development agreements with outside sources.
The Company is committed to consistently providing its customers with high quality products that adhere to “Current Good Manufacturing Practices” (cGMP) regulations promulgated by the FDA and the health ministries of countries where the Company has commercial and operational presence. Substantially all products are developed using ingredients and formulas comparable to those of national brand products. In most instances, packaging is designed to increase visibility of store brand products and to invite comparisons to national brand products in order to communicate store brand value to the consumer.
The Company seeks to establish customer loyalty through superior customer service by providing a comprehensive assortment of high quality, value priced products; timely processing, shipment and delivery of orders; assistance in managing customer inventories and support in managing and building the customer’s store brand business. The Company also seeks to establish customer loyalty by providing marketing support that is directed at developing customized marketing programs for the customers’ store brand products. The primary objective of this store brand management approach is to enable customers to increase sales of their own store brand products by communicating store brand quality and value to the consumer. The Company’s sales and marketing personnel assist customers in the development and introduction of new store brand products and the promotion of customers’ ongoing store brand products by performing consumer research, providing market information and establishing individualized promotions and marketing programs.
The Company currently markets over 1,300 store brand products, with over 11,000 SKUs, to over 900 customers. The Company considers every different combination of size, flavor and form (e.g., tablet, liquid, softgel, etc.) of a given item as a separate “product”. The Company also currently manufactures and markets certain products under its Good Sense® brand name.