Overview. Teradata Corporation (“we,” “us,” “Teradata,” or the “Company”) is a global leader in enterprise data warehousing (“EDW”), including enterprise analytic technologies and services. Our data warehousing solutions are comprised of software, hardware, and related business consulting and support services. Recognized as market leading by both industry analysts and customers, our solutions integrate an organization’s departmental and enterprise-wide data—about customers, financials, operations, and more—into a single enterprise-wide data warehouse. Our enterprise analytical technologies then transform that data into actionable “enterprise intelligence.” This intelligence offers our customers a single view of their business, and the ability to leverage their organization’s data as a strategic corporate asset to gain competitive and operational advantage. Companies today realize that they require better information derived from their data to run their business, and are seeing data volumes and data sources continue to multiply. Using Teradata solutions, they can access more timely and accurate information, obtain better insight about all aspects of their business, and make decisions with greater speed and precision to drive profitable growth. Teradata is designed to enable our customers to maximize business value while minimizing their total costs.
We serve customers across a broad set of industries from around the world—ranging from small departmental and corporate implementations to many of the world’s largest data warehouses. Teradata operates from three main locations in the United States: Johns Creek (Atlanta), Georgia; Dayton, Ohio; and Rancho Bernardo (San Diego), California. In addition, we have sales and services offices located in approximately 40 countries. For the full year ended December 31, 2009, we had net income of $254 million and total revenues of $1.709 billion, of which approximately 57% was derived in the North America and Latin America region (the “Americas”), 25% in the Europe, Middle East and Africa region (“EMEA”), and 18% in the Asia Pacific and Japan region (“APJ”), demonstrating our diversified business model.
History and Development. Teradata was formed in 1979 as a Delaware corporation. Teradata established a relational database management system on a proprietary platform in 1984. In 1990, Teradata partnered with NCR Corporation (“NCR”) to jointly develop next-generation database systems. In 1991, AT&T Corp. (“AT&T”) acquired NCR and, later that year, NCR purchased Teradata.
In 1996, AT&T spun off NCR (including Teradata) to form an independent, publicly-traded company, NCR Corporation. In 1999, NCR consolidated its Teradata data warehousing operations and product offerings into a separate operating division. Since 1999, we have increased our investments and focus to extend the scope of our enterprise data warehousing solutions, including improvements to our leading database software, increasing our enterprise analytic software applications, and providing sophisticated support and consulting services.
The Separation. On August 27, 2007, NCR’s Board of Directors approved the separation of NCR into two independent, publicly-traded companies through the distribution of 100% of its Teradata data warehousing business to shareholders of NCR (the “Separation”).
To effect the Separation, Teradata was formed as a separate Delaware corporation on March 27, 2007, as a wholly-owned subsidiary of NCR. Immediately prior to the Separation, the assets and liabilities of the Teradata data warehousing business of NCR were transferred to Teradata in return for 180.7 million shares of the Company’s common shares. NCR accomplished the Separation through a distribution of one share of Teradata common stock for each share of NCR common stock on September 30, 2007. 100% of the Teradata shares were distributed to NCR shareholders of record as of September 14, 2007.
Our revenues are primarily generated in the multi-billion dollar data warehousing market. This market includes data warehouse database software; applications software; supporting hardware (servers, storage and interconnects); as well as consulting and installation-related (“consulting”) services and maintenance services. We expect that the need for data warehousing will continue to grow as organizations increasingly rely on enterprise analytics to compete on a global basis. This need is further driven by the convergence of the following key market dynamics we have observed:
•high levels of data growth are being driven by globalization, merger and acquisition activities, alignment of information technology (“IT”) and business functions, and increased government regulation;
•mission-critical applications used in business operations are increasingly requiring systems to be available at all times;
•improved data warehousing affordability due to price/performance gains on server and disk hardware as well as software is enabling new types of usage, and the maintenance and analysis of more historical and near real-time data; and
•the adoption by customers of more real time, or “active,” environments for enterprise intelligence is driving more applications, usage and capacity.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS:
Teradata provides data warehousing solutions for customers worldwide that combine software (including the Teradata database software and tools, data mining and analytical applications), hardware and related consulting and support services. These solutions can also include third-party products and services from other leading technology and service partners.
Our solutions enable customers to integrate detailed enterprise-wide data such as customer, financial and operational data into a single data warehouse and provide the analytical capabilities to transform that data into useful information. These solutions allow customers to have a consistent, accurate view of their data and businesses, with more accurate, insightful and timely information when and where they need it to make better and faster decisions. This approach provides customers with better insight, faster access to new analytics and less redundancy within their information technology (“IT”) infrastructure so they can maximize business value while minimizing their total cost of ownership.
Our data warehousing technologies provide a high level of performance, scalability, availability and manageability for strategic and operational analytic requirements. Our IT consultants combine a proven methodology, deep industry expertise and years of hands-on experience to help clients quickly capture business value while minimizing risk. Our customer services professionals provide a single source of support services to allow customers to maximize use and fully leverage the value of their investments in data warehousing.
Through active enterprise intelligence, Teradata is extending the use of traditional enterprise data warehousing (“EDW”) by integrating advanced analytics into enterprise business processes, allowing companies to combine the analysis of current and historical data so operations personnel can make decisions at the point of contact or service and take action as events occur.
In 2008, Teradata launched an expanded family of data warehouse offerings, now also providing customers with the ability to use Teradata for point solutions or data marts, in addition to our core EDW technology. Teradata offers data warehousing solutions to many major industries, including banking/financial services, entertainment (including gaming and media), government, insurance and healthcare, manufacturing, retail, telecommunications, transportation and travel. Teradata delivers its solutions primarily through direct sales channels, as well as through alliances with system integrators, other independent software vendors, value-added resellers and distributors. We deliver our solutions to customers on a global basis, and organize our operations in the following three regions which are also our reportable segments: North America and Latin America (“Americas”), Europe, the Middle East and Africa (“EMEA”), and Asia Pacific and Japan (“APJ”).
2009 FINANCIAL OVERVIEW
As more fully discussed in later sections of this MD&A, the following are the financial highlights for 2009:
•Revenue decreased 3% in 2009 from 2008, with declines in product revenue offset somewhat by higher service revenue.
•Gross margin was 54.9% in 2009, up from 53.9% in 2008, largely driven by improvements in our consulting and installation-related services (“consulting”) business.
•Operating income was $338 million in 2009, up from $333 million in 2008. Operating income in 2009 benefited from lower Selling, General and Administrative (“SG&A”) expenses and improved consulting services margins, offset somewhat by the impact of lower product revenue and higher Research and Development (“R&D”) expenses.
•Net income of $254 million in 2009 increased from $250 million in 2008. Net income per common share (diluted) of $1.46 in 2009 compared to $1.39 in 2008. In addition to the items discussed above, net income for 2009 benefited from a lower tax rate of 24% in 2009, compared to 26% in 2008.
Teradata is in a leadership position to help companies manage growing data volumes and complexity to gain business insight and competitive advantage. We have four key initiatives underway to broaden our position in the market and take advantage of this opportunity. These initiatives include continuing to:
•Increase our market coverage through additional sales territories (hiring incremental sales account executives as well as technology and industry consultants),
•Invest to extend Teradata’s core technology and expand our family of compatible data warehouse platforms to address multiple market segments,
•Differentiate Teradata and drive platform demand by delivering services that enable customers to achieve best-in-class analytics, and
•Invest in partners to increase the number of solutions available on Teradata platforms to maximize customer value, and to provide more market coverage.
We believe that demand for our solutions will continue to increase due to the continued increase in data volumes, the scale and complexity of business requirements, and the growing use of new data elements and more near real-time analytics over time. The adoption by customers of more near real-time analysis for enterprise intelligence is driving more applications, usage and capacity.
The United States and other international economies, significant to Teradata’s sales efforts, experienced severe economic recessions in 2009, which had an adverse impact on IT budgets and capital spending trends, and contributed to lengthened sales cycles for acquiring Teradata products and services. While recently there have been some signs of economic recovery, the speed and scope of such recovery, as well as the related impact on our current and potential customers, remains unclear. The size, timing and contracted terms of large customer orders for our products and services can impact, both positively and negatively, our long-term operating results.
As a portion of the Company’s operations and revenue occur outside the United States, and in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, the Company is exposed to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. In 2010, Teradata expects approximately one to two percentage points of benefit from currency translation on its reported revenue and a corresponding currency impact on operating income, based on currency rates as of January 27, 2010.
While macroeconomic challenges and fluctuations in the IT environment do occur, our long-term outlook remains positive. We did not experience significant changes in 2009 due to competitive and/or pricing trends for our EDW or appliance solutions, although there is a risk that pricing pressure for either of these solutions could occur in the future. We continue to be committed to new product development and achieving a responsive yield from our research and development spending and resources, which are intended to drive future demand. We also continue to evaluate opportunities to increase our market coverage and are committed to continuing to increase our number of sales territories, among other things, to drive future revenue growth. Given the length of sales cycles in the data warehouse market, new sales account territories typically take more than two years, on average, to become productive.
Employees. As of December 31, 2009, we had approximately 6,600 employees globally. We believe that our future success will depend, in part, on our ability to continue to attract, hire and retain skilled and experienced personnel.
Properties and Facilities. Our corporate headquarters is located in Dayton, Ohio, and we manage our business through three main locations in the United States: Johns Creek (Atlanta), Georgia; Dayton, Ohio; and Rancho Bernardo (San Diego), California. As of December 31, 2009, we operated 84 facilities throughout the world. We own our Rancho Bernardo complex, which is the headquarters of our research and development operations. All of our other research and development facilities are leased, as well as our offices in Dayton and Johns Creek, technical support centers, training, and other miscellaneous sites. We maintain facilities in approximately 40 countries.
Information. Teradata makes available through its website, free of charge, its Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and Current Reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to such reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after these reports are electronically filed or furnished to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These reports and other information are also available, free of charge, at www.sec.gov. Alternatively, the public may read and copy any materials we file with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. Teradata will furnish, without charge to a security holder upon written request, the Notice of Meeting and Proxy Statement for the 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders. Teradata will furnish the Code of Conduct and any other exhibit at cost (the Code of Conduct is also available through Teradata’s website). Document requests are available by calling or writing to:
Teradata – Shareholder Relations
2835 Miami Village Drive
Dayton, OH 45342