Over 30 years of investing in individual stocks. Extensive business experience with small to mid-size companies, including as CEO. Many hundreds of blog posts on financial and economic matters since 2008. Focus on value with catalysts for upside price action. Background as a physician and pharmaceutical inventor and entrepreneur, however focus now is global and involves almost all economic categories.
Fifty-plus years common stock investing experience. Worked forty-two years on the sell side in institutional equity sales positions with Kidder, Peabody, A. G. Edwards and Wells Fargo.
My goal with Kortsessions.com is to provide a rational and a balanced counterpoint to what seems to be a constant barrage of media hype and misinformation on the markets.
I am a private investor with primary focus on equities, bonds and ETFs. I strive to find deep value and generate alpha mainly in the universe of small caps and mid caps. The most important areas of my equity research include US O&G (upstream), aircraft leasing and automotive OEMs. However, I also do not avoid investing in major companies when they offer a sufficient margin of safety, especially if coupled with a solid dividend. I am a former hedge fund and HNWI asset management analyst. I am currently studying Finance and Investments at Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University in Rotterdam, Netherlands.
I usually write about airline, aerospace, transport and industrial stocks as I have followed these industries for many years, developed contacts and an in-depth understanding of their inner workings. I will post detailed analysis and a guide to most developments that occur at all stocks I regularly cover. Currently I cover most major U.S airlines, and aerospace firms. Over time I hope to expand my coverage of quality aerospace, airline, transport and industrial stocks.
One area I focus on is the airline industry. The airline industry is undergoing fundamental change, with only 4 major U.S airlines now, down from 12 just over 10 years ago. This consolidation has rationalized the industry and for the first time in history made it worthy of investing and making a profit in. All major U.S airlines with the exception of Southwest are still not investment grade and still have many hurdles ahead, leaving nice upside for investors willing to get into the industry at this stage.
In general, I love trading value stocks that I believe have significant upside compared to downside long term. I prefer medium cap companies with compelling value, growth, or momentum. I focus on a select list of quality stocks that I have rigorously vetted which I update weekly. I like to create high quality in depth articles on stocks that I am passionate about and hope they will be of help to other investors out there or those looking for ideas to get started.
Addison Schonland is a Partner at AirInsight, a company founded in 2005. He has more than 20 years of management and consulting experience. He specializes in market research, focusing on airlines and commercial aviation.
He has significant experience in working with OEMs on issues such as strategy and marketing issues. He is recognized as an aviation industry expert, regularly providing insight on industry matters via trade press.
The most drastic dislocation of value and intrinsic value, I believe, lies with companies that are heavily beaten up or ignored by the market. They are companies on the precipice of bankruptcy, their balance sheets plagued with opacity or possessing such a small market capitalization that most investors won't even consider them. I believe in a weak form market efficiency and thus think that the disparity with perceived and intrinsic value will eventually disappear after certain well-defined catalysts.
I enjoy the highly journalistic nature of equity research, viewing each prospective idea as the equivalent of entering a crime scene, parsing through the clues dotted around. And the most satisfying part is to be able to synthesize seemingly disparate information and form a conclusion about the case.
I highly believe that we should only take swings when we are confident of a home run. Thus, pieces posted on seekingalpha are my high conviction ideas.
Do drop me a mail at firstname.lastname@example.org if you wish to connect.
I believe that people who are thoughtful and contemplative have a good chance of doing better than the average person at life. If I'm wrong, then I've wasted my time writing and you've wasted your time reading.
I tend to write about the economy or value investing in a Graham-Dodd framework. I write a monthly summary of the state of the economy as well as a quarterly summary of Berkshire Hathaway's earnings as well as various articles on finance or economics that hold a current fascination.
I feel that you should judge my writing on the basis of two factors: how well any firm predictions come true over time as well as the extent to which I'm able to translate topics into easily understood concepts. While understanding the world entails a substantial amount of complexity, I try as hard as possible to write in a straightforward manner that is easily understandable. As Einstein said, if a concept cannot be explained simply, it is probably not well understood.
I graduated in 2010 from Kent State University with a Master of Arts in Economics and from The Ohio State University in 2006 with a Bachelor of Science in Industrial Engineering.
I welcome any feedback or comments either publicly or privately. You can send me a message or email me at email@example.com.
Charles Rotblut, CFA is the editor of the AAII Journal, the flagship publication of The American Association of Individual Investors (AAII). Charles provides both insight about individual investor sentiment and market analysis. He is also the author of "Better Good than Lucky: How Savvy Investors Create Fortune with the Risk-Reward Ratio" (W&A Publishing/Trader's Press).
"In a dark place we find ourselves, and a little more knowledge lights our way." -Master Yoda
I work as a Senior Associate in a Top 20 CPA and Business Advisory firm. My area of specialty is enterprise cloud software, though I have an extensive professional background in the retail and hospitality industries as well. I have been investing for over 20 years with the primary goals of a comfortable early retirement and philanthropic endeavors.
Bachar Samawi is Founder of Bachar Samawi Ventures (http://www.samawi.net).
Bachar Samawi has 29-years international experience in finance, trading, new business development, private equity and investment management, spanning multiple sectors including Banking, Energy, Technology, Agro, Industry, Healthcare and Real Estate.
As Chief investment Officer for one of Qatar Holding’s international $5 Billion subsidiary partnerships (Qatar Holding / Qatar Investment Authority is the $250 Billion Qatar Sovereign Wealth Fund), Mr. Samawi was primarily responsible for evaluating and determining investment opportunities (which include Healthcare, Banking, Energy, Agriculture, and other), as well as launching projects with expected private equity requirement in excess of $100 Million per project. To such effect, Mr. Samawi deployed his Wall Street experience to lead meetings and negotiations with all stakeholders, including government officials and ministers, major banks, investors, financiers, international organizations, global corporations, diplomatic missions, and more.
As Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors and Managing Partner for Caltech Developments Limited - Your Global Partner in Energy, Mr. Samawi led strategy & structuring on multi-billion dollar long-term crude oil refining supply negotiations.
Mr. Samawi held senior level positions with multi-Billion dollar institutions in the USA and the Middle East including National Energy Group in the Washington DC area (non-regulated subsidiary of $18 Billion Pacific Gas & Electric), where he built the power trading department, Sanwa-BGK in New York (US Primary Dealership subsidiary of Sanwa Bank, which later merged with Tokai Bank and Mitsubishi Tokyo Financial Group, to become today’s $75 Billion Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group), where he co-founded the Fixed Income OTC Options department, and other international holding companies (diversified in Banking, Industry, Real Estate, Services and Trade).
His responsibilities included launching new businesses, setting up departments generating income in excess of $100 Million annually, negotiating and securing partnerships with Top Five international conglomerates in Energy and Finance, advising Board of Directors on Strategic Ventures, acting as Interim CEO, trouble-shooting and turning around struggling businesses, optimizing financial and real estate portfolios, and more.
Samawi graduated from Yale University with a double major in Computer Science and Economics. He has also completed numerous certifications in Finance and Management & Leadership training and is fluent in English, French and Arabic. Samawi has also authored numerous articles and white papers, and has given speeches throughout the world including France, Germany and the USA.
I'm a professional poker player with an interest in investing. My investing style is build on the principles of Graham and Dodd: trying to buy companies that are on sale and have a margin of safety in case the investment thesis is wrong. I discuss all my picks at my blog @ alphavulture.com
Focusing in Chinese Tech stock;
Ang Shen, Trader/Entrepreneur/Analyst.
Former Quantitative Trading Platform Software Engineer, Founder of a e-commerce company based in London, United Kingdom.
Believes in buffett's quote "I'm a better businessman because I'm a investor, I'm a better investor because I'm a businessman"
I defined myself as a value investor interested mainly in technology stocks but I also consider biotech, energy, basic materials and companies with a moat.
My strategy is to look for undervalued companies at a fire price with attractive risk/reward.
I tend to invest in short term trading opportunities via options but I also invest my money in long term opportunities to generate dividend income and growth.
Watchlist: *Tech: NVDA, AMD, INTC, DAIO, AAPL, FB, NFLX, AMZN, GOOGL, TWTR, BBRY, IBM, TUBE, LTRX, ELON, GRPN, TSLA, MATR, QCOM, SWKS, NXPI, GLUU, DATA, EVOL,
Others: CCJ, POT, DHT, CPLP, STNG, EURN, HLF, SNR, ALXN, GILD, PBR
"Be greedy when others are fearful and be fearful when others are greedy". Warren Buffett
Feel free to reach me at kasteelresearch (at) yahoo.com or via BBM, if you have any questions. Cheers!
I have an MA in economics from the University of Oklahoma, the football program voted best of all time by College Football News and ESPN. I write a blog on investing at rdmckinney.blogspot.com. Laissez Faire Books has contracted to publish my book on investing, Financial Bull Riding, in December.
I have been researching and investing in stocks and options in my own accounts since 2006. I finished my MBA in 2007 and then worked as the Finance Manager at a start up for 7 years. I'm currently self-employed as an online marketing consultant, but investing is my true passion.
I've found that my skill lies in taking the time to read 10-K and 10-Q reports carefully and being able to then create realistic future projections. As a value investor I tend to look at cash flow as much as if not more than earnings and revenues.
My investment horizon is typically at least 5-10 years, and ideally I place my money into investments which I could see myself holding through retirement. That said, I do also enjoy allocating a small portion of my account to short term options plays.
In our free time, my wife and I love to travel the world. We've each been to over 45 countries and relish the opportunity to see how people live all around the world.
Singular Research aims to be the most trusted supplier of independent, trusted, single-source research on small-to-micro cap companies to the small-to-medium sized Hedge Fund manager. We will provide quarterly updates for 40 to 70 companies and make recommendations. How do we strive to achieve our Mission / Goal?
◾Find under or overvalued securities: Our goal is to provide initiation reports and quarterly updates for approximately 40 micro to small cap companies. In most cases, our analysts research companies that are not covered by any other firms.
◾We provide Honest Advice: Our Independent analysts have no financial interest in the stocks we cover. Analysts are compensated based on the accuracy of their research calls not through trading commissions or potential deal flow.
◾Track Record: Our picks were up 299.3% since inception in 2004, versus a 116.4% gain percent for the Russell 2000 over the same period.
A mechanical engineer by training. Work has been a little in design engineering, a lot in manufacturing engineering. Spent some time working on coal power plant operation, nuclear plant construction, bread plants, and auto plants. What can I say, it hasn't been easy doing engineering work in the US the last 30 years.
Not a great bio for an investor, but after firing three investment advisors, I decided to take matters into my own hands and have taken a number of classes and read books, but most of all learned by investing. My background makes me interested in investment ideas around manufacturing companies and growth areas like new energy companies, things I understand.
Taylor Dart is a top contributor on Seeking Alpha in both the long ideas and basic materials section of the website. He has over 10 years of experience in active investing and currently holds a top #100 ranking on TipRanks.com for investment performance out of over 5,200 financial bloggers. Taylor has over 10 years of active investing in individual stocks with a compound annual growth rate of 15 percent per year. His main focus is on undervalued growth stocks outperforming the market and their peers. In addition he use extensive technical analysis to capture maximum upside price action, as his belief is that timing is everything. Taylor scans upwards of 1200 stocks nightly on the U.S. and Canadian markets to identify the best fundamental opportunities with the most timely technical setups. He is a huge proponent of trend following and the "Turtles" who enjoyed compound annual growth rates of over 80 percent per year.
"If there is a sudden range expansion in a market that has been trading narrowly, human nature is to try and fade that price move. When you get a range expansion, the market is sending you a very loud, clear signal that the market is getting ready to move in the direction of that expansion.” - Paul Tudor Jones
"While a fundamental analyst may be able to properly evaluate the economics underlying a stock, I do not believe they can predict how the masses will process this same information. Ultimately, it is the dollar-weighted collective opinion of all market participants that determines whether a stock goes up or down. This consensus is revealed by analyzing price."
Mark Abraham , Quantitative Capital Management, L.P.
"Profit targets imply a trader can predict the future. Profit targets are profit-limiting. Trend followers stay in the moment of now, avoid prognostication, and let markets run as far as they go. "
Thomas Vician, Jr.
"We can’t always take advantage of a particular period. But in an uncertain world, perhaps the investment philosophy that makes the most sense, if you study the implications carefully, is trend following. Trend following consists of buying high and selling low. For 19 years we have consistently bought high and sold low. If trends were not the underlying nature of markets, our type of trading would have very quickly put us out of business. It wouldn’t take 19 years or even 19 months of buying high and selling low ALL of the time to bankrupt you. But trends are an integral, underlying reality in life. How can someone buy high and sell low and be successful for two decades unless the underlying nature of markets is to trend? On the other hand, I’ve seen year-after-year, brilliant men buying low and selling high for a while successfully and then going broke because they thought they understood why a certain investment instrument had to perform in accordance with their personal logic. "
John W. Henry
I am Howard Klein, Publisher and Publisher of THE HOUSE EDGE casino investment site on SA.
For 30 years I held senior vp and exec VP positions in major casino hotel operations among them Caesars, Ballys, Trump Taj Mahal and have done extensive consulting assignments for many others in the US, including the native American property Mohegan Sun, in Connecticut.
I have also done special projects for Caesars Palace in Las Vegas. I was the founder and publisher of Gaming Business Magazine, first ever publication covering the gaming industry and have written extensively about the industry. My two books are presently sold as
Kindle ebooks on the Amazon site:
MASTERING THE ART OF CASINO MANAGEMENT and
THE GREAT AMERICAN CASINO BAZAAR.
I have appeared on industry seminar panels and on national radio and television discussing
various aspects of industry growth.
I am a graduate of NYU's Stern School of Business and did work toward a Master's degree in economics
at the Columbia School of General Studies.
MY INVESTMENT STRATEGY:
Due to the necessities of my casino consulting business which encompasses many top gaming companies, I have placed my own gaming portfolio into a blind trust over ten years ago. At that time I instructed my money manager(who is a former industry colleague herself as well as a corporate lawyer and money manager) to follow my gaming investment strategy along these lines.
1. I am a value investor first. Knowing the industry in depth I am able to plumb opportunities and problems others cannot see. Mostly I like to identify price ranges over given periods where I believe the market is asleep and I can buy in at the lowest possible risk.
2. I am a strong believer in management quality. Knowing so many top people in the industry allows me to evaluate which ones I believe have the "right stuff" to move a stock and which are populated by corporate drones.
3. I have instructed my manager never to trade on sugar high spikes in earnings or news per se but use the "string theory" I have developed which in brief, follows a skein of news and earnings releases over set periods of time for each stock and then move in or out.
4. I have instructed her to keep the portfolio diverse with holdings in four basic areas: Casino stocks in Las Vegas, Macau and the regionals, gaming tech stocks with real moats not just cute apps.
Overall I have done immensely well and share my views with SA readers and more specifically with strong recommendations and gaming stock strategy analysis based on my network of industry contacts for subscribers to my SA Premium Site: THE HOUSE EDGE.
Founder of "The Contrarian", a premium research service, featuring the "Bet The Farm" Portfolio. Actively investing since 1995, I have soared like an eagle, and been unmercifully humbled by the markets. Achieved positive returns in 2008, and turned an account with $60,310 on 1/1/2009 into an account with $3,177,937 on 11/30/2009. My best years have been 1995-2003, 2008-2012, and 2016-????. My worst years were 2013-2015. I believe inflation is coming, and we are at an inflection point in the markets.
Twenty year career as an investment analyst, investor, portfolio manager, consultant, and writer. Founder of Koldus Contrarian Investments, Ltd, which was incorporated in the spring of 2009. Dyed in the wool contrarian investor, who has learned, the hard way, that a good contrarian is only contrarian 20% of the time, but being right at key inflection points is the key to meaningful wealth creation in the markets. I believe we are near a meaningful inflection point, perhaps the biggest one yet, for the third time in the past 15 years.
Historically, I have had huge wins and impressive losses based on a concentrated, contrarian strategy. Trying to keep the good while filtering out the bad.
Seeking to run an all weather portfolio with minimal volatility and index overlays to capture my strategic and tactical recommendations along with a concentrated best ideas portfolio, which is my bread and butter, but the volatility only makes it suitable for a small piece of an investor's overall portfolio. The following are a couple of my favorite investment quotes.
"Life and investing are long ballgames." Julian Robertson
"A diamond is a chunk of coal that is made good under pressure."
"Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world." Albert Einstein
I’ve been on top of the world, and the world has been on top of me. I have learned to enjoy the perspective from each view, and use opportunities to persistently acquire knowledge, and enjoy the company of those around me, especially loved ones, family, and friends.
At heart, I am a market historian with an unrivaled passion for the capital markets. I have had a long history and specialization with concentrated positions and options trading. Made money in 2008 with a net long portfolio, deploying capital in some of the market's darkest hours into long positions including purchases of American Express, Atlas Energy, Crosstex, First Industrial Real Estate, General Growth Properties, Genworth, Macquarie Infrastructure, Ruth Chris Steakhouse, and Vornado near their lows. Shorting, hedging, and option strategies also helped me in 2007 and 2009, and these are skills that I have developed ever since I started trading heavily in 1996.I enjoy reading, accumulating knowledge, and putting this knowledge to work in the active capital markets, learning lessons along the way.To this day, I continue to learn, and some of these learning lessons have been excruciatingly difficult ones, especially over the past several years, as I made mistakes allocating capital, including a sizable portion of my own capital (I always invest alongside my clients), to commodity related stocks. While all commodity related stocks have struggled since April of 2011, coal companies, which attracted me due to their extremely cheap valuations, and out-of-favor status (I am a strong believer in behavioral finance alongside fundamentals and technicals) have been the worst investing mistake of my career. The focus on the commodity arena has been the biggest mistake of my investment career thus far, yet in its aftermath, I see tremendous opportunity, even larger in scope than the fortuitous 2008/2009 environment.The capital that I accumulated and the confidence gained in navigating the treacherous investment waters of 2008 gave me the confidence to launch my own investment firm in the spring of 2009, right before the ultimate lows in the stock market. At the time I was working as a senior analyst at one of the largest RIA's in the country, and I felt strongly that the market environment was the best time since 1974/1975 to start an investment firm.
Prior to starting my firm, I was a senior analyst for three different firms over approximately 10 years (Charles Schwab, Redwood, Oxford), moving up in responsibility and scope at each stop along my journey. Since I was a paperboy, I have always had an interest in the investment markets. I love researching and finding opportunities. I am a Chartered Financial Analyst, CFA, as well as a Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst, CAIA. After starting in the teaching program at Ball State University, I switched to a career in finance when I turned a small student loan into a substantial amount of capital. I graduated summa cum laude with a degree in finance from Ball State.
Full disclosure, I am not currently a registered investment advisor, though I did serve in this capacity from 2009-2014, while owning Koldus Contrarian Investments, Ltd. Additionally, I held various securities licenses from 2000-2014, without a single complaint filed, and I continue to hold industry designations. At the end of 2014, I voluntarily let my state registration expire, as I transitioned the business to a different structure. Prior to this, I had passed, and held, various securities exams and licenses, including the Series 7, Series 63, and Series 65 exams, in addition to others, alongside my CFA and CAIA designations. Unfortunately, I did not file the proper paperwork to withdraw my state registration, and I did not disclose a personal arrangement, and subsequent civil case, between myself and a former close personal friend and client, that was initiated in 2011. I was unaware that I was required to disclose these items, and my securities attorney, at the time, did not advise me to do so. Previously, I had managed a portfolio for this gentleman, and we had taken an investment of approximately $7 million in 2009, and grown it to over $25 million at the beginning of 2012. After a difficult year of performance, an employee of the firm I owned, and friend, resigned in early 2013, and took the aforementioned client to a competing firm. As a result of not filing the proper paperwork, I agreed to a settlement, with a potential $2500 fine in the future, depending on if I choose to reapply to be a non-exempt advisor.
An avid follower of financial markets, Jeevan has had extensive experience working in a diverse range of industries including asset management and corporate finance as well as leading numerous student organizations within Boston University. Additionally, he has also represented Boston University at a wide range of trading competitions, reaching the top 10 out of 400 teams globally at the 2014 CME Trading Competition. While his primary interests lie within the financial realm, Jeevan also closely follows the development of political and socioeconomic factors impacting emerging market economies. During his free time, Jeevan can be found reading, exploring Boston or pursuing culinary excellence.
Daniel is currently the manager of Avaring Capital Advisors, LLC, a registered investment advisor that oversees one hedge fund. His primary focus is on finding businesses that are trading at a significant discount to their intrinsic value by employing a combination of Benjamin Graham's investment philosophy and a contrarian approach to the market and the securities therein.
Richard is the managing principal of QVM Group LLC, a fee-based investment advisor based in Connecticut, with clients across the country. . QVM manages portfolios uniquely designed for each client on a flat fee basis through the client’s own accounts at Schwab; and provides investment coaching to "do-it-yourself" investors on an hourly fee basis. The investment approach is based on value, asset allocation, expense control, risk management, customizing portfolios to each client's specific circumstances, and regular communication about strategy and absolute and benchmark performance. Richard's extensive experience includes serving having served as a Board Director of Phoenix Investment Counsel, a U.S. pension and mutual funds manager, now Virtus Investment Partners (New York Stock Exchange: VRTS http://www.virtus.com); as Managing Director of Phoenix American Investment in London; and as a Board Director Aberdeen Asset Management PLC in Aberdeen Scotland (London Stock Exchange: ADN http://www.aberdeen-asset.com). He has been a Trustee of a $500 million pension fund, and was a charter investor and member of the Board of Directors of several internet companies, including Lending Tree (NASDAQ: TREE http://www.lendingtree.com) prior to its IPO. He is a 1970 graduate of Dartmouth College. QVM Group LLC is a Registered Investment Advisor. Visit the QVM Group website. (http://www.qvmgroup.com). Follow him on Twitter: @QVMinvest
Shark Traders is a prop firm providing online access and leverage for trading on NYSE, NASDAQ and AMEX to traders from all over the world. We work with few clearing firms and serve hundreds of traders helping their business grow.
I spent many years working in various analytic jobs and trading on Wall Street. For nine of those years, I traded junk bonds for a large bank. I have an MBA from the University of Chicago, with a concentration in accounting and finance. Currently I co-manage a precious metals and mining stock investment fund in Denver. My goal is to help people understand and analyze what is really going on in our financial system and economy.
I am an investment adviser and owner of True Vine Investments, a Registered Investment Adviser in the United States.
Individual stocks are my preferred investment vehicle.
The Lord Jesus Christ is the center of my life and investing. He has radically transformed both. The unique approach to investing that He has given me is detailed on my company website, where I also write an investing blog called The True Vine Letter.
I previously worked for JPMorgan Asset Management for 10 years. I spent the last several years there as Vice President and Onboarding Manager for the Global Liquidity Business. I have a Finance degree from Susquehanna University (1999) and I hold the Chartered Financial Consultant Designation (ChFC).
I am the author of The Truth On Investing: From The Darkness Of The Crowd To The Light
Principal En-lightener - Purveyor of Darkness.
And Now - The Gift...
Stupid is as stupid does - Forrest Gump;
You can't fix stupid, no pill for it, it's fo'ever - Ron White ;
There are idiots, look around - Larry Summers ;
To avoid the pernicious global plague of stupidity, drink the Kool-Aid and become one of the innoculati. The Kool-Aid is available at [VIRUS REMOVED BY ECHELON UNDER ORDER OF PATRIOT ACT II ... transmission terminated]
“When you are inspired by some great purpose, some extraordinary project, all your thoughts break their bonds: Your mind transcends limitations, your consciousness expands in every direction, and you find yourself in a new, great and wonderful world. Dormant forces, faculties and talents become alive, and you discover yourself to be a greater person by far than you ever dreamed yourself to be.” (Author - Patanjali)
“Tentative efforts lead to tentative outcomes. Therefore, give yourself fully to your endeavors. Decide to construct your character through excellent actions and determine to pay the price of a worthy goal. The trials you encounter will introduce you to your strengths. Remain steadfast...and one day you will build something that endures: something worthy of your potential.” (Author - Epictetus)
"Hope sees the invisible, feels the intangible, and achieves the impossible." (Author - Unknown)
"When I stand before God at the end of my life, I would hope that I would not have a single bit of talent left, and could say, 'I used everything you gave me." (Author - Erma Bombeck)
Timothy Taylor is the managing editor of the Journal of Economic Perspectives, based at Macalester College in St. Paul, Minnesota, which can be read free on-line courtesy of the American Economic Association, author of The Instant Economist: Everything You Need to Know About How the Economy Works, published January 2012 by Penguin Books, author of Principles of Economics: Economics and the Economy, a introductory college textbook available from Textbook Media, Inc. (third edition published in 2014), and lecturer for several courses from The Teaching Company including Unexpected Economics, Economics: An Introduction, America and the New Global Economy.