Reuben Gregg Brewer spent about 15 years at world renowned Value Line, the Publisher of The Value Line Investment Survey. During this time he worked in various facets of the company's research efforts, including equities, mutual funds, convertibles, and options. For six years, he directed all of the company's research efforts as Value Line's Executive Director of Research. Today he writes about the things that interest him.
I am an individual investor. My professional background is in the finance area. I have managed my own investments for over 30 years. For most of that time, my focus was on portfolio building using individual stocks. About 5 years ago, I shifted my focus to investing via ETFs. I have found that this has greatly simplified my investment style yet simultaneously increased the scope and diversification of my portfolio.
I firmly believe that the benefits of investing, and the market, should be understandable and available to everyone, including individuals who may have little or no financial background. My hope is to explain concepts simply, taking much of the mystery and accompanying fear out of the process. I look forward to enjoying the journey with everyone who decides to follow me, and hope I can make a difference in someone's life.
In addition to my blog, you can find me at:
For a better mobile experience on Seeking Alpha click the top right menu icon on most browsers and select "request desktop site".
Would you do if your were already wealthy? If you could do whatever you wanted for your career, what would you want to do?
This is what I would do. This is my self-actualiziation. There is nothing like analyzing an inefficient sector of the market and calling out the failures.
Anthony is a private investor and Owner/Author of the blog The Struggling Millennial, which is geared toward today's generation of young adults and their struggle to achieve financial independence. Anthony prides himself on being self-taught and self-made, and regularly encourages individuals to take control of their own lives through the use of simple, straight-forward investment principles that the average person can understand and actively use to evaluate the financial health and performance of their investments.
Anthony is an electrical engineer who works full-time managing multi-million dollar projects for one of the larger construction firms in the Philadelphia area. Anthony believes the most difficult part of our individual journeys toward success and freedom is simply building the courage to get started, but once started, if we maintain our persistence, the sky is the limit.
Retired Pharmacist. Call me Rose. Nose= Knows enough to know I need to keep learning and keeping a great dividend paying nest egg growing upwards.
My 80 stock portfolio is listed here by sector, largest holding by value is listed first.
Consumer Defensive: KO, PM, GIS, MO, TGT, KMB, DEO, PG, PEP, MDLZ, CLX, CL, KHC, HSY, UL.
Consumer Cyclical: MCD, SBUX, GPC, NKE, HAS, MAT, VFC, HOG, HD
Healthcare: JNJ, ABBV, CVS, AMGN, CAH, BDX
Healthcare eREITs : OHI, VTR, HCP, HCN, NHI.
Energy: XOM, CVX, OXY, VLO,
Tech: AAPL, ADP, CSCO
Tech eREIT: DLR
Industrial: BA, UNP, MMM, CMI, CAT, GWW, NSC, LMT.
Industrial eREIT: STAG
Financial: TROW, MA, V, WFC, MET
Other eReits: WPC, O, WPG, XLP, UBA, STWD
REIT Hotel: CLDT
mREIT: ARI (very very small position)
BDCs: MAIN, PNNT, HTGC, ARCC
Telecom: VZ and T
Utility: SO, XEL, WEC, D, MGEE, DNP, CNP, LNT, FE
DNP is a CEF which predominately holds Utilities.
Brad Thomas is a research analyst and he currently writes weekly for Forbes and Seeking Alpha where he maintains research on many publicly-listed REITs. In addition, Thomas is the Senior Analyst at iREIT Forbes and Editor of the Forbes Real Estate Investor, a monthly subscription-based newsletter.
Thomas has also been featured in Forbes Magazine, Kiplinger’s, US News & World Report, Money, NPR, Institutional Investor, GlobeStreet, and Fox Business. He was the #1 contributing analyst on Seeking Alpha in 2014 (as ranked by TipRanks) and he is currently writing a book on the legendary investor Donald Trump. In addition, Thomas is co-authoring a book (The Intelligent REIT Investor) that will e published in August 2016.
Thomas received a Bachelor of Science degree in Business/Economics from Presbyterian College where he played basketball. He resides in South Carolina with his wife and kids.
I focus on investments in the oil & gas sector with an eye for dividend income and long-term capital appreciation. I typically allocate a portion of my own portfolio and devote some of my Seeking Alpha articles to small and medium sized companies offering compelling risk/reward propositions.
I am an engineer, not a qualified investment advisor. While the information and data presented in this article were obtained from company documents and/or sources believed to be reliable, they have not been independently verified. Therefore, I cannot guarantee its accuracy. I advise investors conduct their own research and/or consult a qualified investment advisor. I explicitly disclaim any liability that may arise from investment decisions you make based on this article. Thanks for reading and I wish you much success – Michael Fitzsimmons.
I joined Seeking Alpha as a Senior Editor in June 2012. Currently, I manage the Dividends, Income & Retirement and Expert Insight platforms. D&I focuses on income investment strategies and dividend investment-focused content for investors from the accumulation stage to retirement. The purpose of Expert Insight is to expand and elevate the quality of Seeking Alpha's content by including articles from an industry insider's point of view, designed to help investors make more informed decisions as they consider specific sectors and trends within those sectors for their investing strategies, e.g., utilities or technology. Expert Insight articles offer more of a macro, 30,000-foot-view that goes beyond investment analysis or stock recommendations.
I also curate the Dividends & Income Digest, a bi-weekly publication that takes a look at a question that is compelling and relevant to the community, showcases the responses of DI thought leaders, and serves as a round-up of top DI articles.
I hope to continue to discover new voices and thought leaders through insightful articles and conversations in the comments threads. My goal is to draw a large, diverse audience to Seeking Alpha, and make our community THE go-to place to participate in investing research and exchange lucrative, unique, exciting investing knowledge and ideas. I'm always looking for new ideas and contributors, so please feel free to reach out to me. I'm eager to hear your thoughts and discover how we can work together to make Seeking Alpha the best site for investors on the web.
Chris DeMuth Jr. is the founder of Rangeley Capital LLC. Rangeley is an investment firm that focuses on event driven, value-oriented investment opportunities. Rangeley Capital and his value investing forum, Sifting the World (StW), search the world for misplaced bets. Rangeley exploits them for its investors and then Mr. DeMuth writes about them on StW.
If you are interested in any of my digital utility solutions to add to your investing tool box to improve your investment outcomes, please visit my site
You'll find elegant applications that make it simple for you to track your portfolio in real time, make a watch list to follow in real time, track your dividend income and growth, and other applications. These applications will allow you to set alerts at prices you choose in order to obtain the yield and income that you want. They function as real time trade assistants and will improve your investment performance. You can even mirror the successful FTG Portfolio with "My FTG Mirror Calculator", and subscribers can mirror the premium subscriber portfolio with "MY RODAT Mirror Calculator" if they wish to emulate the out performance we've achieved in capital and income growth.
I am a retired clinical psychologist, and administrator and owner of a rehabilitation clinic we founded 40 years ago. For over 55 years I have managed several portfolios composed of investments accumulated over our professional careers. Since the financial crisis of 2008, I have employed specialized, customized dividend growth strategies aimed at enhancing and growing a dividend income stream.
Since December 24, 2014, I have demonstrated on Seeking Alpha the ongoing construction and portfolio management of the Fill-The-Gap Portfolio aimed at highlighting strategies investors may utilize to close the gap between an average Social Security benefit and the much greater costs faced in retirement.
This portfolio has outperformed all of the broad market indexes by a very wide margin, growing dividend income and total portfolio value consistently while the broader indexes struggle in negative territory all year.
Aside from free articles available to the general public, additional early-access, value-added ideas and deep-dive articles are offered to paid subscribers on my premium SA platform, "Retirement: One Dividend At A Time"
Let me show you how to build and grow your portfolio and dividend income, step by step, towards a comfortable and secure retirement.
Jennifer's areas of expertise include energy trends —their economic and geopolitical implications—and resource sustainability issues. Other interests include shale oil and natural gas, climate change, green and efficient infrastructure, China, India, and the energy-water nexus.
Her work has been published in various academic, policy and business publications such as Far Eastern Economic Review, Economist Intelligence Unit’s Executive Briefing, Journal of Structured Finance, Lloyd's List, D CEO, Energy Trends Insider, Financial Sense, and many others. She has been interviewed for numerous radio broadcasts and news stories, and presented her work at various conferences. From Dec 2010 to April 2013, she was the CEO/President of a global affairs organization focused on cutting edge trends. She organized and moderated panels on global gas, energy security, energy infrastructure finance, and urban development.
She has a master's degree from London School of Economics, and bachelor's in finance/marketing. She is principal of Concept Elemental, a strategic communications consultancy focusing on knowledge work, and includes over fifteen years of financial services industry work. She works with a top University, "translating" cutting edge research as well.
Please note that I do not read comments posted here, nor respond to messages here. I don't have the time. If you want my attention, you must seek it directly at my blog.
Aswath Damodaran is the Kerschner Family Chair Professor of Finance at the Stern School of Business at New York University. He teaches the corporate finance and equity valuation courses in the MBA program. He received his MBA and Ph.D from the University of California at Los Angeles. His research interests lie in valuation, portfolio management and applied corporate finance.
He has written three books on equity valuation (Damodaran on Valuation, Investment Valuation, The Dark Side of Valuation) and two on corporate finance (Corporate Finance: Theory and Practice, Applied Corporate Finance: A User’s Manual). He has co-edited a book on investment management with Peter Bernstein (Investment Management) and has a book on investment philosophies (Investment Philosophies). His newest book on portfolio management is titled Investment Fables and was released in 2004. His latest book is on the relationship between risk and value, and takes a big picture view of how businesses should deal with risk, and was published in 2007.
He was a visiting lecturer at the University of California, Berkeley, from 1984 to 1986, where he received the Earl Cheit Outstanding Teaching Award in 1985. He has been at NYU since 1986, received the Stern School of Business Excellence in Teaching Award (awarded by the graduating class) in 1988, 1991, 1992, 1999, 2001, 2007, 2008 and 2009, and was the youngest winner of the University-wide Distinguished Teaching Award (in 1990). He was profiled in Business Week as one of the top twelve business school professors in the United States in 1994.
Editors' Note: Seeking Alpha monitors Dr. Damodaran blog and posts relevant articles on his behalf.
David Stockman is the ultimate Washington insider turned iconoclast. He began his career in Washington as a young man and quickly rose through the ranks of the Republican Party to become the Director of the Office of Management and Budget under President Ronald Reagan. After leaving the White House, Stockman had a 20-year career on Wall Street.
At the podium, Stockman’s expertise and experience cannot be matched, and he has a reputation for zesty financial straight talk. Defying right- and left-wing boxes, his latest book catalogues both the corrupters and defenders of sound money, fiscal rectitude, and free markets. Stockman discusses the forces that have left the public sector teetering on the edge of political dysfunction and fiscal collapse and have caused America’s financial system to morph into an unstable, bubble-prone gambling arena that undermines capitalist prosperity and showers speculators with vast windfall gains.
Stockman’s career in Washington began in 1970, when he served as a special assistant to U.S. Representative, John Anderson of Illinois. From 1972 to 1975, he was executive director of the U.S. House of Representatives Republican Conference. Stockman was elected as a Michigan Congressman in 1976 and held the position until his resignation in January 1981.
He then became Director of the Office of Management and Budget under President Ronald Reagan, serving from 1981 until August 1985. Stockman was the youngest cabinet member in the 20th century. Although only in his early 30s, Stockman became well known to the public during this time concerning the role of the federal government in American society.
After resigning from his position as Director of the OMB, Stockman wrote a best-selling book, The Triumph of Politics: Why the Reagan Revolution Failed (1986). The book was Stockman’s frontline report of the miscalculations, manipulations, and political intrigues that led to the failure of the Reagan Revolution. A major publishing event and New York Times bestseller in its day, The Triumph of Politics is still startlingly relevant to the conduct of Washington politics today.
After leaving government, Stockman joined Wall Street investment bank Salomon Bros. He later became one of the original partners at New York-based private equity firm, The Blackstone Group. Stockman left Blackstone in 1999 to start his own private equity fund based in Greenwich, Connecticut.
In his newest New York Times best-seller, The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America (2013), Stockman lays out how the U.S. has devolved from a free market economy into one fatally deformed by Washington’s endless fiscal largesse, K-street lobbies and Fed sponsored bailouts and printing press money.
Stockman was born in Ft. Hood, Texas. He received his B.A. from Michigan State University and pursued graduate studies at Harvard Divinity School.
He lives in Greenwich, Connecticut, with his wife Jennifer Blei Stockman. They have two daughters, Rachel and Victoria.
I founded Seeking Alpha, and lead it for its first 10 years until I passed the CEO role to Eli Hoffmann. I started Seeking Alpha after working for five years as a technology research analyst for Morgan Stanley in New York. Seeking Alpha is now the dominant crowdsourced equity research platform.
I wrote the ETF Investment Guide (http://seekingalpha.com/article/15136-etf-investing-guide-one-page-summary-of-the-entire-guide), and I blog about startup best practices at http://davidjaxon.wordpress.com .
I have a B.A from Oxford University and an MSc from The London School of Economics, and am married with five children.
Richard Zeits is an Oil & Gas industry analyst and consultant. His background includes fourteen years as Energy industry-focused investment banker, portfolio manager and senior investment analyst with bulge bracket firms in New York. Zeits Energy Analytics use elaborate proprietary analytics and data bases to provide in-depth industry research, market intelligence, and forecasting.
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: ... Income Replacement!
Escape velocity is the speed that an object needs to be traveling to break free of the planet's gravitational pull and leave it without further propulsion.
This portfolio is looking for the point where the income being generated can allow the holder of this portfolio to escape the gravitational pull of the market and economic forces of worrying about share prices.
The objective is to generate enough income from assets that the only selling of shares will become an option, not a necessity to survive. Therefore, with enough income being generated, it minimizes the fear of meaningful market corrections as dividends are based on the number of shares owned, not the share price.
I am the author of Guiding Mast Investments monthly newsletter, focused on timely dividend paying stocks. In addition, my services include a review of individual portfolios along with education of portfolio management techniques.
I have been a Registered Investment Advisor, financial author, and entrepreneur. I bring a variety of expertise to my clients, from personal investment planning and management to stock market analysis skills. I am the creator of the investment newsletter Power Investing with DRIPs focused on timely selections of dividend paying stocks. I have also published two books through McGraw Hill, All About DRIPs and DSPs, and The StreetSmart Guide to Overlooked Stocks.
My work experience covers a variety of fields.Prior to being a RIA, I spent 15 years as a corporate manager at Georgia-Pacific Corp before venturing out on my own, operating several businesses from manufacturing to export marketing management. President Ronald Reagan appointed me to the National Advisory Council overseeing the Small Business Administration from 1988 to 1991.
Now comes the obligatory disclaimers: The opinions and any recommendations expressed in this commentary are those of the author . None of the information or opinions expressed in this article constitutes a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security or other instrument. Nothing in this commentary constitutes investment advice and any recommendations that may be contained herein have not been based upon a consideration of the investment objectives, financial situation or particular needs of any specific recipient. Any purchase or sale activity in any securities or other instrument should be based upon your own analysis and conclusions. Past performance is not indicative of future results. The information contained in this report does not purport to be a complete description of the securities market, or developments referred to in this material. The information has been obtained from sources considered to be reliable, but we do not guarantee that the foregoing material is accurate or complete. Any information is not a complete summary or statement of all available data necessary for making an investment decision and does not constitute a recommendation. Expressions of opinion are as of this date and subject to change without notice. Either Mr. Fisher or his employer, if any, may hold or control long or short positions in the securities or instruments mentioned.
Back in the deep forests of the southern Adirondacks after a six month, 9000 miles bicycle tour. When was the last time YOU went on a six month vacation that cost you about $100 a week. Most of that was for food; and I STILL MANAGED to trim down to 175lbs.Healthy and happy here, ready to get back to the market and writing for SA.
Now you know how I can live on an income most of you call pocket change. Put me in the bottom 1% of Seeking Alpha readers and most certainly contributors. Nothing like hanging out with loggers to cut expenses.
What a great way to avoid the carping on Wall Street. If I read another article about how the market is in a bubble, I shall pull out my hair...which is difficult because I have a shaved head.
Seriously though, I am a tried, true, and original Investment Biker. I've already toured in Europe, Asia, North and South America (see my website below) so I have about 200,000 cycling miles under my belt. It's been a while since I've done a long tour so starting this spring of 2015 I'm hittin' the road with my 28 speed Fuji Touring bike and riding for as long as I want. (Sorry about the Jap bike for all you Harley guys). Think about it...since I usually 'wild camp' in the forests for nothing, my only real expenses are food and some routine maintenance. I cover those expenses by using the monthly options cycle to generate income from calls, puts, or spreads of various sorts. So while you Seeking Alpha trendies are sitting in front of your screens all day, I'll be out riding in the Sierra, the Cascades, the Rockies, the Appalachians, the Catskills, the Adirondacks, the Green and White Mountains...and thats just this summer!
All i need to keep an eye on the markets are a small Grundig AM/FM/Shortwave radio (go to hell you Sirius guys!) and a Netbook for trading and fun when I can get internet access...which last time I looked was everywhere.
Enjoy the bull market which started in Summer of 2009 and should run for a few more years. Ignore these 'stuck in a rut guys' and Obamanazis. Between lower energy prices from natural gas frackomania, lower medical costs and longer lifespans from bioengineering marvels just coming down the pike, and the eventual collapse of slave labor kleptocracies like China (and Chicago), the outlook for stocks and capitalism is as strong as its ever been.
When not cycling I am a self employed stock trader and military/political analyst. Live in the US now, lived throughout Asia (Korea, Japan, Russia, Pakistan, India, SE asia) in the 1990s and early 2000s. Statistics and forecasting, using market based socioeconomic data, are my specialty. Sometimes I am an adjunct college professor, teaching statistics, some finance courses, and earth/environmental science classes online.
I'll try to submit SA articles from time to time but I enjoy READING the wisdom of many of you writers (thanks to many of you!). Maybe I can visit some of you along the way.
I have been handing the family portfolios since 1991. Being an expert poker player has helped me maintain a clear, concise and unemotional approach to the dynamic world of investing. Investing in stocks, ETF's and mutual funds for over 22 years has given me the experience to refine my approach to the point where my downside risk is generally lower than the norm. I am also a professional musician.
Weather-Eye Advisors is a Registered Investment Adviser providing individualized portfolio management at mutual fund costs. Our strategy follows money flows, monetary policy, and central bank actions. We service accounts large and small. We specialize in all-weather adaptive portfolio strategies. These portfolios are based on a combination of passive investing and active allocation changes. We use passive investments to lower fees, and active allocation strategies to minimize loses in down markets. These active allocation changes help to maximize the return for a given level of market movement. Call us at 248-266-2566 for more information or Skype us at Cretcher for a complimentary Skype consultation. We focus on ETFs, bonds, and preferred stocks. To minimize transaction costs we utilize Scottrade's low cost platform as custodian. Minimum account size is $5000. We service US and international clients. David Cretcher is the author of the Quick Guide to Risk-Managed Investing,. David also spends time as an international investment consultant in Sao Paulo, Brazil. He has an A.B. in Economics from Miami University, and an M.B.A. from The Ohio State University. Between degrees, he served as US Coast Guard officer.
Brad Zigler's stints as a contributing editor for the Corporate Communications Broadcast Network, the Journal of Indexes, and CRB Trader set the stage for his role as managing editor of Hard Assets Investor and later as alternative investments editor of Registered Rep. magazine, the most highly subscribed publication for financial advisors.
Brad's feature articles have appeared in Registered Rep., Mutual Funds, Financial Planning, Financial Advisor, Futures and Ticker magazines, TheStreet.Com and MarketWatch Web sites, and in journals published by Institutional Investor. After heading up marketing, research and education at the Pacific Exchange's (now NYSE Arca's) option marketplace and Barclays Global Investors, Brad became a financial correspondent for the European Press Network, and a Public Broadcasting System/National Public Radio affiliate. He continues his work as a financial research and communications consultant for a number of private and public organizations.
Brian Gilmartin, is a portfolio manager at Trinity Asset Management, a firm he founded in May, 1995, catering to individual investors and institutions that werent getting the attention and service deserved, from larger firms. Brian started in the business as a fixed-income / credit analyst, with a Chicago broker-dealer, and then worked at Stein Roe & Farnham in Chicago, from 1992 - 1995, before striking out on his own and managing equity and balanced accounts for clients. Brian has a BSBA (Finance) from Xavier University, Cincinnati, Ohio, (1982) and an MBA (Finance) from Loyola University, Chicago, January, 1985. The CFA was awarded in 1994. Brian has been fortunate enough to write for the TheStreet.com from 2000 to 2012, and then the WallStreet AllStars from August 2011, to Spring, 2012. Brian also wrote for Minyanville.com, and has been quoted in numerous publications including the Wall Street Journal.
My investment work is strictly non-professional. I seek to maximize value by developing data-rich, bottom-up models that forecast future company performance based on prior history. I focus on companies in the energy sector that deliver value to investors through regular distributions.
Professionally, I'm an engineer with experience in statistical process analysis.
I work as an independent consultant with financial (and other) companies to provide advice, presentations, briefings, etc in the areas of my expertise – international capital markets, asset allocation decisions, world macro-economic developments and their effect on the financial markets.
Until July 2012 I spent eight years as Head of the multi-billion dollar investment portfolio at the Bank of Israel, with a two year spell as Head of the Central Bank's representative office in New York. I have an in-depth knowledge of capital markets, portfolio management and investments in international financial markets across a range of asset classes. Previously, I worked at HM Treasury (UK Ministry of Finance) as a European policy expert and economics advisor, before being seconded to the European Commission in Brussels.
I have an MSc in Economics and am a CFA charter holder.
Elliott Gue knows energy. Since earning his bachelor’s and master’s degrees from the University of London, Elliott has dedicated himself to learning the ins and outs of this dynamic sector, scouring trade magazines, attending industry conferences, touring facilities and meeting with management teams.
For seven years, Elliott Gue shared his expertise and stock-picking abilities with individual investors through a highly regarded, energy-focused research publication. Elliott Gue’s knowledge of the sector and prescient investment calls prompted the official program of the 2008 G-8 Summit in Tokyo to call him “the world’s leading energy strategist.”
He has also appeared on CNBC and Bloomberg TV and has been quoted in a number of major publications, including Barron’s, Forbes and the Washington Post.
In October 2012, Elliott Gue launched the Energy & Income Advisor (www.EnergyandIncomeAdvisor.com), a semimonthly online newsletter that’s dedicated to uncovering the most profitable opportunities in the energy sector, from growth stocks to high-yielding utilities, royalty trusts and master limited partnerships.
The masthead may have changed, but subscribers can expect the same in-depth analysis and rational assessments of investment opportunities in the energy sector.
Husband, father of three, grandfather of three and long time investor. Bought my first stock at 16 years old, it was called Unishops and it went bankrupt. I kept on investing and now have a decent size portfolio. Best investing book I ever read was "The Future for Investors" by Jeremy Siegel. I believe in companies that pay dividends, have strong cash flow and have some type of moat.
Charles (Chuck) C. Carnevale is the creator of F.A.S.T. Graphs™. Chuck is also co-founder of an investment management firm. He has been working in the securities industry since 1970: he has been a partner with a private NYSE member firm, the President of a NASD firm, Vice President and Regional Marketing Director for a major AMEX listed company, and an Associate Vice President and Investment Consulting Services Coordinator for a major NYSE member firm. Prior to forming his own investment firm, he was a partner in a 30-year-old established registered investment advisory in Tampa, Florida. Chuck holds a Bachelor of Science in Economics and Finance from the University of Tampa. Chuck is a sought-after public speaker who is very passionate about spreading the critical message of prudence in money management. Chuck is a Veteran of the Vietnam War and was awarded both the Bronze Star and the Vietnam Honor Medal.
Steven Bavaria writes about finance, economics and politics, drawing on his forty-five years experience in international banking, credit, investment, human resources/training, journalism and public service. Now retired from his "day job" on Wall Street, Bavaria lives mostly off his investments. His focus is largely on income-oriented stocks, bonds and mutual funds, as well as closed-end funds, ETFs and other IRA-suitable investments. His book "Too Greedy for Adam Smith: CEO Pay and the Demise of Capitalism" was just published and is available on Amazon and at independent retailers.
Bavaria began his career at the Bank of Boston, where he handled international credit workouts that included managing a fleet of ships, chasing a Vatican-owned bank in Switzerland, and leading the turnaround of troubled branches in Australia and Panama. He also ran the bank's human resources department, which is where he saw personally the beginnings of many of today's executive compensation excesses.
More recently he worked at Standard & Poor's, where he introduced ratings to the leveraged loan market. In between Bank of Boston and S&P he was Assoc. Commissioner of the Massachusetts Dept. of Mental Health, worked briefly for Citibank, and was a reporter for IDD Magazine. He also did a short stint at a smaller rating agency where he had to leave in a hurry after writing an article called "From Banker to Bookmaker" that was deemed a bit too candid in describing the conflicted role of major commercial and investment banks.
Bavaria graduated from Georgetown University and New England School of Law.