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This is Bhavikk Shah. A witty brain who works at Capital Market Firm as an Equity Analyst..He is regularly sought for his fundamental perspective on markets by his friends & followers, so this Blog is made... BHAVIKK an humble in nature, simple by heart, a keen reader, a thinker & a... More
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    Scrip Code: 570001 / TATAMTRDVR

    CMP: Rs. 135.10; Buy at current levels.
    Short term Target: Rs. 151, 6 month Target - Rs. 177;
    STOP LOSS - Rs. 124.30; Market Cap: Rs. 6,510.91 Cr; 52 Week High/Low: Rs. 189.90 / Rs. 79.40

    Total Shares: 48,19,33,115 shares(17.90% of Sh Capital); Promoters : 1,86,00,448 shares -3.86 %; Total Public holding : 46,33,32,667 shares - 96.14 %; Book Value: Rs. 62.74*; Face Value: Rs. 2.00; EPS: Rs. 3.89*; Div: 205 %* ; P/E: 57.71* times; Ind. P/E: 38.45*; EV/EBITDA: 18.27*.

    Total Debt: 2,845.87 Cr; Enterprise Value: Rs. 9,356.77 Cr.

    *Being DVR a class of equity capital, Tata Motors financials are used.

    TATA MOTORS LIMITED: Tata Motors was founded in 1945 and was formerly known as Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company Limited (TELCO) and changed its name to Tata Motors Limited in 2003. The company is leading manufacturer of commercial & passenger vehicles in India and is among the top 3 passenger car manufacturers in India and the world's fourth largest truck manufacturer & world's Second largest bus manufacturer. Through its subsidiaries, the company is engaged in engineering and automotive solutions, construction equipment manufacturing, automotive vehicle components manufacturing and supply chain activities, machine tools & factory automation solutions. The company's Automotive operations include all activities relating to development, design; manufacture, assembly and sale of vehicles including all financing thereof, as well as sale of related parts and accessories. Tata Motors has operations in UK, South Korea, Thailand & Spain. The company has many subsidiaries but the most prominent among these is Jaguar-Land Rover (JLR) (a British car manufacturing company) which it acquired in 2008 at $230 Cr and turned it from a loss making company to a profit making company. JLR contributes 54 % to the company's revenues. The company's product portfolio ranges from the ultra low cost car Nano to the luxurious cars from JLR, from its ground breaking invention of the light commercial vehicle (LCV) the Ace to the international Prima Truck range. TATA MOTORS is compared to Mazda Motor Corporation, Suzuki Motor Corporation and Mitsubishi Corporation.

    Investment Rationale:

    Tata Motors is India's largest automobile company, last quarter JLR reported all-time high monthly volumes with both Land Rover and Jaguar rising 54 % and 9 %, respectively. This was been due to geographical demand fuelled by emerging markets like China, Brazil along with the developed markets of the US. In this fourth quarter, Tata Motors posted 16.7 % YoY growth in revenue in the automotive segment, whereas JLR reported a top-line growth of 65.7 % YoY. This led to an overall 44.3 % YoY growth in the company's consolidated top-line to Rs. 50,900 Cr, EBITDA margin at JLR were at 14.6 %, the consolidated EBITDA margin improved by 30 basis points YoY to 14.1 %. EBITDA grew at Rs. 7,170 Cr. TATA MOTOR was accounted for a tax credit of Rs. 1,820 Cr on account of credit for carry forward of losses from JLR account. Profit After Tax grew by 86.1 % YoY to Rs. 4590 Cr. On Standalone basis, Tata Motors posted 14.4 % YoY growth in its top-line at Rs. 16,390 Cr. Its overall volumes grew by 18.4 % YoY, whereas average realization/vehicle declined by 3.3 % YoY on account inferior product mix skewed towards passenger cars. EBITDA margins on standalone basis improved by 0.60 % YoY to 9.6 % on account of tight control over other expenditure. As a result, EBITDA grew to Rs. 1560 Cr YoY. Profit After Tax on standalone basis grew by 22.8 % YoY at Rs. 780 Cr. The higher than expected standalone profit partially compensated for the disappointment at JLR. JLR reported 51.5 % YoY growth in revenue at ₤414.4 Cr, mainly led by a 48.2 % YoY improvement in volumes. Average realisation/vehicle declined by 2.3 % QoQ on account of inferior product mix skewed towards 'Evoque'. Other expenses increased by ₤9 Cr on account of investment in new capacities. As an result, EBITDA margins declined by 2.40 % QoQ at 14.6 %. JLR PAT stood at ₤42.2 Cr as against ₤44 Cr in Q3FY12. This, in experts view, a big disappointment given that the volumes for the quarter were up by 11 % QoQ and currency impact was minimal. Management expects JLR volumes to be driven by launch of new Evoque in new markets, demand for newly launch Jaguar's Model Year (NYSE:MY) 2012 XF and ramp up operations in China. In Q2 FY12, Evoque was only launch in UK, Europe and US. Evoque has received buoyant response and has an order book of around 20,000 units after catering 8,000 units in Q2 FY12. It is in midst of launching Evoque in China and other developing markets, thus resulting in incremental Evoque volumes in H2 FY12. The company has started to ramp up the distribution network in China to 100 dealers by FY12E and is in advance talks with local partner for production in China. The company has largely resolved issues related to engine constraints with Ford. JLR is setting up a new engine manufacturing facility in UK, which entails an investment of £35.5 Cr. Net Automotive debt to equity stands at 0.3:1. JLR is likely to come up with two new launches i.e. Jaguar XF station wagon in Q3FY13E and new Range Rover platform in Q4FY13E. The company increased its guidance for a capex and R&D spends at JLR to ₤200 Cr as against the earlier guidance of ₤150 Cr. JLR completed an unsecured Revolving Facility totaling ₤71 Cr for 3-5 years thereby strengthening its liquidity position. Management sounded cautiously optimistic regarding volume growth at JLR in Europe and UK.

    Outlook and Valuation:

    The long term investors can buy the TATAMTRDVR in view of attractive valuation. The long term holders of ordinary shares of Tata Motor can switch to TATAMTRDVR. The Tata Motors DVR shares carry 1/10th of voting rights and shareholders are entitled to a 5 % higher dividend than ordinary shares in lieu of surrendering voting rights. Tata Motors DVR trades at a discount of 45.2 %. The average discount for the DVR to Tata Motors ordinary share was 36.7 % since inception. The average discount for the DVR share over the last two years has been 40.5 %. At the Current Market Price of Rs. 135.10, the DVR is trading at a 40 % discount to Tata Motors' ordinary share which is at Rs. 224.55. At the current levels, the probability of the discount narrowing is higher. On Some Of The Parts basis the value of standalone business comes at 9x FY13 adjusted EPS of Rs. 5 to arrive at Rs. 45 and for JLR it comes at 5x EV/EBITDA to arrive at Rs. 183 and the valued of the investment book of the company comes at 0.2x BV for unquoted investments and market value of quoted investments to reach Rs. 9/share and arrived at our target price ofRs. 275. One can BUY TATA MOTOR DVR at all lower levels for better returns. It has outperformed the broader market by 6 % on an annual basis.Globally DVRs trends to trade between 10 % - 15 % discounts to its Equity shares, TTM DVR currently trades at 40 % discount to its Equity shares. One should buy TTM DVR at 40 % - 45 % discount to its EQ SH & Sell when DVR arrives at 10 % - 15 % discount to its EQ SH. TTM DVR can be a good 'BUY' with a target price of Rs.151 for the short term. Expect discount to the Equity shares reduce to at least 30 % over next one year given the attractive valuations and increasing free float. For the shorter term it can be a good BUY, with a price target of Rs. 151.

    SOTP valuation (FY2013E)

    BUSINESS SUBSIDIARYValue per Share(Rs.)
    Core Business (9x FY13E Stand.EPS)45
    JLR (5.0x FY13E EV/EBITDA)183.00
    Tata Daewoo2.00
    Tata Motor Finance3.00
    Tata Technologies4.00
    TML Drivelines4.00
    Value of Other Subsidiaries14.00
    Value Post Discount (20 % Holding discount)11.00
    Value of Investments (0.2 x BV of Investments)9.00


    SALES (Rs. Crs)1,22,127.901,65,654.501,89,786.002,07,532.00
    NET PROFIT (Rs. Crs)9,042.5012,522.4013,811.7014,699.00
    EPS (Rs.)28.4037.5041.1044.10
    PE (x)9.707.306.706.30
    P/BV (x)4.602.802.802.70
    EV/EBITDA (x)6.204.304.203.70
    ROE (%)66.1047.9041.8043.80
    ROCE (%)22.1023.5021.4022.50

    I would buy TATA MOTOR LTD DVR with a price target of Rs. 151 for Medium to Long term and Rs. 177 for the Short term players. As I always say, I am a long term believer in markets & I do respect the markets and will keep a strict stop loss of 8 % or Rs. 124.30 on every purchase.


    Disclosure: I am long TTM.

    Jun 03 6:07 AM | Link | Comment!


    It all started with "BARTER TRADE SYSTEM": Long time ago the first trade was conducted via Barter. All goods were directly exchanged for all other goods. But this method had its own problems. If you want to swap your chicken for a loaf of bread, but baker happened to want firewood, you had a task to find someone with firewood who wanted to have chicken.

    Then came the medium of gold exchange, under which everyone agreed to accept gold in return for whatever they were selling. This transition allowed the swapping of chickens for gold and then gold for anything else. The thing with gold was that it was indestructible and could be stored for the future. As gold also become the "Store Of Value" - if you had lots of chickens you could swap all of chickens for gold, spend only part of the gold on bread and keep a few gold for a rainy day.

    Gold as a mode of money, created its own set of problems - Governments in financial troubles, would call back their gold coins, then melt it down and reform the same metal into more coins with lower gold content in it or mixing any other metal in it. For government, it generated a nice new stock of gold for conversion into coins. This is what called "Debasement of Currency".

    But debasement of currency became a huge problem and led to the development of certificates of gold deposits. Debasement & the larger monetary transaction required that the coins to be counted weighed and checked for its purity & authenticity. In addition to which there was constant problem of security, so this led to the development of the Gold Depository Banks whereby a group of merchants come together and formed Merchant Banks that would hold their gold securely at a central location. The quality of coin was checked, the depositor was issued with paper certificate of deposit. The certificate of deposit represented his holding of gold within the banks & the holder of this certificate was entitled to present the certificate back to the bank, who would on demand, exchange it for the same amount of gold coin originally deposited.

    These banks soon realized that the owners of the gold rarely come back to collect it. As a result gold was lying idle with them most of the time. So, these bankers come up with a money making scheme of their own. These banker's started issuing their own certificates of gold deposit and would lend those certificates to merchants. These merchants would use these new certificates to buy goods, which they would then sell on at a profit provided everything went well, the merchant could borrow the certificate, buy & sell the goods to make profit and repay the bank before anyone realized that the gold had left the vault which of course it never had.

    Now, what this did was there were always more certificates of deposits in circulation than the gold in the vaults of banks. This in turn led to crisis situation during which individuals with these certificates landed up at the bank asking for their gold back. The trouble was that the bank did not have enough gold to make good against all the certificates it had issued. As this news spread, more people landed up leading to bank running, this soon led to a situation whereby a central bank was created which would fight financial instability. In return for the backing of the central bank, the commercial banks gave up their rights to issue their own gold depository certificates. From now on there would only be one type of depository certificates and these would be printed by the government, and be distributed through the central bank to the commercial banks. In addition, gold reserves of the commercial banks would be collected together at the central bank.

    This created the concept of Currency Notes issued by the government. But what this also did was that it gave the government a monopoly on printing money. And unlike the kings of the earlier age, who had to call their gold coin back to debase them, now government could simply print more and more paper money as & when they deemed fit. And this right as we know has more or less been responsible for the current financial crisis.

    IMPACT OF THE EVOLUTION OF MONEY: Let's say US government prints $1 trillion and keeps it in its vaults, so then what would be the impact of this printing of money will be on the Inflation? The answer would be ZERO impact? Correct, simply because all the printed money is in the vault and does not enter into the economic systems…It is when the money enters the economic system which leads to a situation wherein more money chase the same or even fewer goods leading to price rise. At same time it is important how fast does money changes hands, meaning how fast people receive and then go out and spend this money. The faster they spend this money, more velocity money has and that in turn leads to a faster increase in prices & thus an increase in inflation.

    SAFEGUARD FROM THE FINANCIAL CRISIS : When markets are erratic & at times unpredictable, then the wise thing to do is to step up exposure to an asset that would infuse a semblance of stability and strength to the portfolio. And the cleanest, simplest & most efficient way to do is to invest in GOLD ETF. Not to mention the fact that the rampant way in which countries are debasing their currencies, one cannot help feel that at the end of the day, bullion will be more valuable than billions.

    BUY GOLD ETF: There are new alternatives to invest in GOLD, It is GOLD ETF - known as GOLD Exchange traded Funds which are listed on NSE. ETF just like any other mutual funds collects money and invest into the market. GOLD ETF's collects funds and invests in GOLD. They buy gold physically - so the units are backed by 0.995 finesse gold. When you invest in GOLD ETF you are allotted a unit same as in mutual fund, here 1 unit of GOLD ETF can be 1 gm or 1/2 gm of gold depending on the funds - So Gold ETF are affordable. GOLD ETF trades like normal equity share on exchanges whose prices are in tandem with domestic gold price. If you dint have Demat account you still can invest in GOLD FUNDS like SBI GOLD FUND, Quantum Gold Saving Fund. You can also invest in these ETF in a Systematic Investment way (SIP) with as low as Rs. 500. JUST call your broker to buy GOLD ETF's (List of listed ETF are mentioned below) or just visit your nearest bank and ask for GOLD FUND (if you don't have trading account)

    Listed GOLD ETF


    Before the great depression most of the world used gold as a currency. Of course that did mean every time someone purchased something they paid for it in gold. Governments maintained a certain amount of gold in their vaults & paper currency was issued against the value of that gold. (In INDIA, the minimum reserve worth Rs.200 cr should be maintained at any point of time, out of these reserves Gold reserves should be worth Rs.115 cr @ Rs.94/10 grams & Forex reserve of Rs 85 cr at current market price. If actual reserve are more than minimum reserve RBI may prints new currency notes & issues them to deficit banks in form of loans against gold, foreign exchange, promissory notes & treasury notes) So every time you pay paper money you effectively using gold. This system was "Gold Standard". Citizens also had freedom to exchange these currency notes for gold, as and when they deemed fit.

    Government ensured that no more notes are printed. The reason was simple if they had to print more money they needed more gold in their vaults, because every paper currency note out there was essentially gold. And if citizens got slightest hint that the government is printing currency, they would all land up at the bank to exchange their paper currency for gold. So even if government were tempted to print money they would think twice before doing it.

    Now, during the time of great depression, growth was a problem, unemployment was at its peak. Firms were shutting down. One way to create growth was the government printing notes & giving it to people in various ways to spend. Once the citizen got some money in their hands, they would go out and spend it. This ensures that they buy goods & services. And one man's spending is other man's income and so the cycle would continue and this would create some growth. And that's what government did; they moved out of Gold Standard and went into FIAT Currency i.e. a currency that does not have anything backing it but basically the fiat of government. This gave them the free way to print any amount of money they want to.

    In fact, in the year 1933, US government confiscated all the gold that its citizens had through Executive Order 6102 signed by the then President Mr. Franklin D Roosevelt, forbidding the hording of gold coins, gold bullion & gold certificates by US citizens. They were off course compensated for their gold at the rate of $20.67 per troy ounce (1 troy ounce=31.1grams). So because of this the government across the world had freedom to print currency whenever the economy was in trouble. And as per basics of economics, an increase in supply leads to decrease in purchasing power. That's why economists who follow the Austrian school of economics, say that all paper currencies over a period of time go back to their intrinsic value i.e. zero.

    So that is why when ever there is a hint of major financial crisis, people figure out that almost any solution that the governments might come up with will ultimately ends up to printing more & more money (which US is doing to solve its financial problem, and Europe cant due to its structure). This means decreasing purchasing power. Smart money in this situation always moves to gold. As it is now, people end up treating gold as nothing but what it was always used as i.e. CURRENCY. One should always have at least 25 % of its portfolio in Gold in order to hedge inflation .

    Disclosure: I have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours.

    Tags: economy
    May 15 12:28 AM | Link | Comment!

    Scrip Code: 532538 / ULTRACEMCO

    CMP: Rs. 1368.70; Buy at current levels.
    Medium to Long term Target: Rs. 1,566;
    STOP LOSS - Rs. 1260.00; Market Cap: Rs. 37,508.08 Cr; 52 Week High/Low: Rs. 1544.70 / Rs. 914.00

    Total Shares: 27,40,65,301 shares; Promoters : 17,36,05,057 shares -63.35 %; Total Public holding : 10,04,60,244 shares - 36.65 %; Book Value: Rs. 478.25; Face Value: Rs. 10.00; EPS: Rs. 89.25; Div: 60 % ; P/E: 20.10 times; Ind. P/E: 15.33; EV/EBITDA: 14.96.

    Total Debt: 4,144.60 Cr; Enterprise Value: Rs. 41,652.68 Cr.

    ULTRATECH CEMENT LIMITED: ULTRACEMCO was incorporated in 2000 and is based in Mumbai, India. It was formerly known as Ultra Tech Cemco Limited and changed its name to ULTRATECH CEMENT Ltd on October 2004. It's a subsidiary of Grasim Industries Ltd from Aditya Birla Group. The Company is engaged in the business of cement and cement related products. It manufactures and markets Ordinary Portland Cement, Portland Blast Furnace Slag Cement and Portland Pozzalana Cement. The Company also manufactures ready mix concrete (RMC). UltraTech Cement is an exporter of cement clinker. The Company has an annual capacity of 23.1 million tons. The Company has 11 integrated plants, one white cement plant, one clinkerisation plant in the United Arab Emirates, 15 grinding units - 11 in India, two in the United Arab Emirates, one in Bahrain and Bangladesh each and five terminals - four in India and one in Sri Lanka. In the 2011, its wholly owned subsidiary, UltraTech Cement Middle East Investments Limited (UCMEIL) acquired ETA Star Cement together with its operations in the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Bangladesh and acquired management control. On July 1, 2010, Samruddhi Cement Limited (Samruddhi) amalgamated with the Company. The Company's subsidiaries include Dakshin Cement Limited, UltraTech Cement Lanka (Pvt.) Ltd. and UltraTech Cement Middle East Investments Limited. The company is compared to Ambuja Cements Ltd, ACC Limited and Rain Commodities Limited domestically.

    Investment Rationale:

    ULTRA TECH CEMENTS limited is in the process of setting up 4.8 MT plant at Raipur, Chhattisgarh and 4.4 MT plant at Malkhed, Karnataka along with a captive power plant of 75 MW and waste heat recovery plant of 45 MW. These new capacities are likely to get operational by Q1FY14. This will increase company's capacity by nearly 9.2 MT, taking it to a total capacity of 59 MT. Revenue growth of the company during Q4FY12 was boosted by improvement in cement prices as well as volume growth on a sequential basis. Costs remained high during the quarter but higher cement prices led to margin improvement on sequential and yearly basis. Revenues improved by 19 % for Q4FY12 and 37.5 % for the full year FY12 led by improvement in cement realizations and cement dispatches over last year. Operating margin for Q4FY12 and FY12 also witnessed an improvement due to higher prices. Margins stood at 23.7 % and 22 % for Q4FY12 and FY12 respectively as compared to 22.7 % seen during Q4FY11 and 19.2 % for full year FY11. Net profit performance was boosted by healthy revenue growth; lower than expected interest outgo and higher other income. UltraTech (UTCEM) delivered 40 % YoY and QoQ PAT growth to Rs. 860 Cr. EBITDA per MT stood at Rs. 1,018. White cement, wall care putty and RMC revenues, cement realizations for the company stood at Rs. 4,624 per tonne during Q4FY12 and Rs. 4,460 per tonne during FY12 as against Rs. 4,330 per tonne and Rs. 3,746 per tonne during Q4FY11 and FY11 respectively. Combined grey cement and clinker sales volume stood at 11.54MT during Q4FY12 as against 10.37 MT during Q4FY11. Export cement volumes stood at 0.18MT approx. $55 per tonne and clinker export volumes stood at approximately 0.27MT approx. $45 per tonne. The full year volumes stood at 40.73 MT as against 35.26MT in FY11, registering an improvement of 15.5 % over last year. Volumes are expected to further improve to 44MT for FY13 due to improvement in demand going forward. Domestic cement volumes are expected to be nearly 44 MT for FY13 for the company. White cement volumes are also likely to remain robust going forward and thus revenues of Rs. 20,700 Cr for FY13 is expected also it is expected that the industry cement demand to grow to 8 % and 10 % respectively during FY13 - FY14 vs. 4.5 % and 6.5 % during FY11 - FY12 period led by continued retail demand as well as by pre - general election (in 2014) led infrastructure demand from the end of FY13E. However, industry's utilization is expected to remain under 80 % until FY14E. It is expected that the pending CCI's investigation report to remain an overhang on the stock in near term.

    Outlook and Valuation:

    Cement sales in India grew by 4.5 % and 6.5 % YoY during FY11 - FY12 period and expected the same to improve to by 8 % and 10 % respectively during FY13 - FY14 vs. 4.5 % and 6.5 % during FY11 - FY12 period led by continued retail demand as well as by pre - general election (in 2014) led infrastructure demand from the end of FY13E. However, industry's utilization is expected to remain under 80 % until FY14E. Demand in the southern region has buoyed over the last five months- which in turn has helped Ultra Tech Cement's volume and realisation growth. However, with more than 60 MT of new capacities expected to get commissioned during FY12 - 14E period; it is believed that the industry utilisation to hover below 80 % until FY14E. Cement manufacturers have shown maturity in passing on the incremental cost pressure through supply discipline which is expected to continue over the next few quarters until demand recovers. An estimate EBITDA per MT of Rs. 898 and Rs. 944 during FY13 - 14E is expected. The on-going cement cartelization inquiry by Competition Commission of India (NYSE:CCI) against about 40 cement companies including Ultra Tech Cements is expected to be completed by this month and CCI is expected to come out with its findings during April - May 2012 and if found guilty of cartelization, cement companies could be fined up to 50 % of their FY12E profits which for Ultra Tech Cements could be around Rs. 1200 to 1300 Crs which would be around 6.5 % to 7 % of its total sales. Ultra Tech Cements is expected to deliver strong EBITDA per MT performance similar to that posted during the current quarter & thereafter the seasonal weakness (monsoon driven weak demand and cement prices) would weigh on the stock performance for the subsequent two quarters. While, it is seen that profitability of Ultra Tech Cements to improve going forward, the current valuation multiples already discounts the same. The clarity on the CCI investigation report should be a major trigger for the stock. In line with the multiples ascribed to its peers ACC and Ambuja Cements, Ultra Tech Cements valuation comes at 9.5 x its FY13 - FY14E EBITDA thereby implying a target price of Rs. 1,566 per share. This price implies a replacement cost of US$ 165 per MT. EBITDA/tonne of Rs. 991 for FY13 translating into EBITDA margins of 22.5 % for FY13 is expected. At current price of Rs. 1368.70, the stock is trading at 15.95 x P/E and 8 x EV/EBITDA on FY13 estimates and one should ACCUMULATE the stock and should use declines in the stock to buy with a long term view with the key risk of the out come from CCI imposing fine on cement companies on alleged cartelization. One can buy Ultra Tech Cement Limited with a target price of Rs. 1,566.00 for Medium to Long term investment.

    SALES (Rs. Crs)13,316.3018,313.2020,077.5022,693.70
    NET PROFIT (Rs. Crs)1,406.002,446.802,350.302,489.30
    EPS (Rs.)51.3089.3085.8090.80
    PE (NYSE:X)28.6016.4017.1016.10
    ROE (%)19.9020.8016.9015.50
    ROCE (%)13.7014.9012.6011.80

    I would buy UltraTech Cements LTD with a price target of Rs. 1,566 for Medium to Long term. As I always say, I am a long term believer in markets & I do respect the markets and will keep a strict stop loss of 8 % or Rs. 1259.20 on every purchase.


    Disclosure: I have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours.

    Tags: CCI, X, long-ideas
    May 14 1:10 AM | Link | Comment!
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