After an early career in the UK Department of Trade & Industry, Chris was a market regulator initially at the Association of Futures Brokers and Dealers, and then at the International Petroleum Exchange, latterly as a Director. At the IPE he developed successful new trading mechanisms such as Exchange of Futures for Swaps; Volatility Trades and Settlement Trades. Between 1998 to 2000 he founded and developed a 'Dot Com' and his generic NewClear transaction confirmation concept is now widely in use in global markets. Chris gave evidence in summer 2008 to the UK Parliament's Treasury Select Committee in respect of oil market regulation, and in 2009 to the Economy, Energy & Tourism committee of the Scottish parliament re energy financing. He has also made many presentations internationally both to defence and intelligence events, and to commercial/industry events. In recent years he has been working mainly in Scotland with Nordic Enterprise Trust (NET) – with seed funding from Innovation Norway - to develop new partnership-based enterprise models and related financial products and services. In early 2011 he was appointed as a Senior Research Fellow at University Colleg London's Institute for Security and Resilience Studies (ISRS). His work at ISRS is focused upon a new generation of networked markets – which will in Chris's view necessarily be dis-intermediated; open and decentralised......and therefore resilient.