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Eileen Gu
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Providing industry information, market research, indepth analysis and data from China research and Intelligence. China Research and Intelligence publishes market research reports, industry analytical reports, company reports and industry databases. CRI also provides outsourcing and custom... More
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  • CRI: Increasing Degree Of Dependence On Foreign Trade In China Paper Industry, 2014

    Related report: Research Report on China Paper Industry, 2014-2018

    According to statistics of paper industry in 2013, output volume of paper products exhibited overall decline in China. Output volume of wrapping paper declined by 0.78% while that of white paperboard decreased by 2.16%. Output volume of uncoated writing and printing paper declined by 1.71% while that of newsprint decreased by 5.26%. Output volume of art paper and liner board declined by 1.44% and 2.36% respectively while that of corrugated mediums decreased by 0.25%. However, output volume of household paper, "the last piece of cake" in paper industry, increased by 1.92% while that of special paper strikingly increased by 4.55%.

    Output volume of paper pulp also declined in China in 2013. According to statistics, the volume declined by 2.75% YOY in China in 2013 while that of wood pulp increased by 8.89%, which indicated the profound impact of domestic paper pulp products on spot market of paper pulp and the transfer of production capacity from paper pulp to wood pulp industry. Output volume of wood pulp increased from 2.38 million tons in 2004 to 8.82 million tons by 270% in China. Degree of dependence on foreign trade is high in Chinese paper pulp industry. Import volume of paper pulp increased to 16.85 million tons by 2.31% in 2013 while that of waste paper declined to 29.24 million tons. According to statistics from the China Paper Association, import volume of paper pulp (with waste paper converted and dissolving pulp excluded) accounted for 42.46% of total consumption of paper pulp in China. Domestic paper pulp market depends heavily on international market.

    Domestic trading volume of paper pulp declined as the market exhibited downward trend in 2014. Output volume of paper pulp decreased again in the first quarter while the import volume increased, representing high dependency degree of the paper pulp market on foreign trade. Exchange rate of CNY to USD declined in 2014. Increase in cost of import for domestic market may influent import of paper pulp in China.

    In 2013, decrease in output volume of paper and paper pulp epitomized the dilemma of paper industry in China while paper manufacturers sought for changes. Excess capacity may deteriorate as the elimination of outdated production capacity lags behind increasing production capacity of paper in China. However, export volumes of various paper products increase geometrically in China, which stimulate the paper industry.

    Related report: Research Report on China Paper Industry, 2014-2018

    Jun 24 2:25 AM | Link | Comment!
  • CRI: Intensified Monopoly Of International Giants Of Semiconductor Chips

    Related report: Research Report on China Integrated Circuit (IC) Industry, 2014-2018

    Semiconductor chip industry is the basis of modern high technology. Global leading countries and regions invest a large amount of money in the industry in recent years, leading to intensified monopoly of leading enterprises. As a pursuer, China is faced with severe challenges in the industry.

    According to statistics, in 1995, amount of investment from 25 global leading enterprises of semiconductor chips accounted for 64% of global investment in production of semiconductor chips, while the proportion increased to 89% in 2011. Proportion of amount of investment from top 7 enterprises of semiconductor chips, such as Samsung, Intel and Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd., to global annual investment in production increased rapidly from 24% in 1995 to 84% in 2012. In 2013, global market size of semiconductors reached USD 320 billion with 54% of chips imported by China while market share of domestic chips was merely 10%. About 77% of cell phones are manufactured in China with less than 3% of the chips produced domestically.

    After 30 years of competition, enterprises of semiconductor chips are narrowed down from 30 to 3, including Applied Materials, Lam Research and Tokyo Electron Limited. Annual sales values of all the 3 enterprises exceed USD 5 billion.

    Related report: Research Report on China Integrated Circuit (IC) Industry, 2014-2018

    Jun 24 1:42 AM | Link | Comment!
  • Research Report On Photovoltaic (PV) Industry In China, 2014-2018

    Research Report on Photovoltaic (PV) Industry in China, 2014-2018

    The photovoltaic industry develops rapidly in China in recent years. China became the world's largest producer of photovoltaic products in 2007 with the export value of USD 2,838 million. In 2013, the export value of photovoltaic products exceeded USD 10 billion. The export of photovoltaic products from China is hindered by anti-dumping measures taken by developed countries and some emerging markets.

    After nearly 10 years of rapid development, Chinese photovoltaic industry entered into a difficult period as overseas photovoltaic market shrank in 2011. Chinese government issued a series of policies to support the photovoltaic industry. In 2011, the National Energy Administration raised the expected production of photovoltaic electric power during the Twelfth Five-Year (2011-2015) for twice. Meanwhile, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China issued documents to support development of BIPV technology. On February 1, 2012, the Ministry of Finance of China published the Circular on the Implementation of "Golden Sun" Demonstration Project to promote large-scale application of photovoltaic power generation and industrial development. The State Council of China issued the Suggestions on Promoting the Healthy Development of Photovoltaic Industry and a series of supportive policies in 2013. Photovoltaic power generation developed rapidly in China in recent years. The output volume of photovoltaic cell modules was 26 GW in China in 2013, accounting for over 60% of the global number. The export volume was 16 GW while the export value was USD 12.7 billion. As domestic market grew rapidly, new installation volume exceeded 12 GW while the total volume exceeded 20 GW. The proportion of sales volume of cell modules in domestic market increased from 15% in 2010 to 43%.

    By the end of 2013, the installed capacity of power generation in grid-connected operation reached 19.42 GW, including 16.32 GW in photovoltaic power stations and 3.1 GW of distributed PV. Total annual power generating capacity was 9 billion kWh. New photovoltaic power generation capacity was 12.92 GW, including 12.12 GW in photovoltaic power stations and 0.8 GW of distributed PV. In early 2013, State Grid started to provide qualified photovoltaic power generation projects (run by individuals or organizations) with free grid connection services. Photovoltaic power generation project with the capacity below 6 MW can apply for grid connection in local power grid companies. The companies will complete the installation for free within 45 days and purchase the surplus electric power of photovoltaic power generation projects with the price of 1 CNY/kWh, which is over twice of that of thermal power.

    According to available data, 22 regions, mainly in Southwest China, completed the grid connection of over 700 large-scale photovoltaic power generation projects by the end of 2013. Gansu, Qinghai and Xinjiang were the top 3 regions with the installed capacity of 4.32 GW, 3.1 GW and 2.57 GW respectively. The total capacity of the 3 regions accounted for over 60% of the total number in photovoltaic power stations.

    In China, distributed PV is mainly concentrated in eastern areas with large consumption of electric power. The grid-connected capacity in East China and North China was 1.45 GW and 0.49 GW, which accounted for 60% of national distributed PV. Zhejiang, Guangdong and Hebei were the top 3 regions with the grid-connected capacity of 160 MW, 110 MW and 70 MW respectively. The total capacity of the 3 regions accounted for over 40% of the total number of distributed PV.

    Average cost of photovoltaic power generation exceeded 4 CNY/kWh in China in 2006. The number in some enterprises decreased to 1 CNY/kWh in 2013. Once grid parity of photovoltaic power generation is realized, Chinese photovoltaic industry will transform from government subsidies to market-driven industry and embrace great opportunities for development.

    The number of photovoltaic enterprises increased from dozens in early 21st century to hundreds and decreased to 50 or so in global financial crisis in 2008. The amount of investment increased in the industry as Chinese economy recovered and global demand increased. By the end of 2013, the number of photovoltaic enterprises exceeded 100 in China.

    However, not all photovoltaic enterprises can gain further development though Chinese government reinforced the support for industrial development and boosted promising prospect. Many problems exist in Chinese photovoltaic industry. Key technologies, such as materials and equipment, and basic development lack further improvement compared with international advanced level. Financial and policy support lays particular stress on application while R&D is neglected. Moreover, related policies such as grid-connected power generation lack specific operation methods.

    Through this Research Report on Photovoltaic (PV) Industry in China, 2014-2018, the readers can acquire the following information:
    -Policy and Economic Environment in China Photovoltaic Industry
    -Major Photovoltaic Manufacturers and the Operation Status in China
    -Development Status of Photovoltaic Power Stations and Distributed PV in China
    -Supply and Demand in China Photovoltaic Industry
    -Import and Export of PV
    -Forecast on Development of China Photovoltaic Industry

    The following enterprises and people are recommended to purchase this Research Report on Photovoltaic (PV) Industry in China, 2014-2018:
    -Enterprises Related to Industry Chain of PV

    -Investors/Research Institutes Concerned About China Photovoltaic Industry

    Jun 23 10:38 PM | Link | Comment!
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