At Valuentum, we think the best opportunities arise from a complete understanding of all investing disciplines in order to identify the most attractive stocks at any given time. Valuentum therefore analyzes each stock across a wide spectrum of philosophies, from deep value through momentum investing. We think companies that are attractive from a number of investment perspectives--whether it be growth, value, momentum, etc.--have the greatest probability of capital appreciation and relative outperformance. The more investors that are interested in the stock for reasons based on their respective investment mandates, the more likely it will move higher.
Brian Nelson is the President of Equity Research at Valuentum Securities, an investment research firm serving individual and institutional investors, as well as financial advisors. Before founding Valuentum, Mr. Nelson worked as a director at Morningstar, where he was responsible for training and methodology development within the firm's equity and credit research department. Prior to that position, he served as a senior industrials securities analyst, covering aerospace, airlines, construction and environmental services companies. Before joining Morningstar in February 2006, Mr. Nelson worked for a small capitalization fund covering a variety of sectors for an aggressive growth investment management firm in Chicago. He holds a Bachelor's degree in finance and a minor in mathematics, magna cum laude, from Benedictine University. Mr. Nelson has an MBA from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business and also holds the Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) designation.
Get to Know Brian:
Brian led the charge in developing Morningstar's issuer credit ratings, developing and rolling-out one of the firm's proprietary credit metrics, the Cash Flow Cushion. http://select.morningstar.com/welcome/credit/pdfs/Morningstar_CashFlowCushion.pdf
Brian is frequently quoted in the media and has been a frequent guest on Nightly Business Report, Bloomberg TV, and the Money Show.
Mr. Nelson is very experienced in valuing equities, developing Morningstar's discounted cash-flow model used to derive the fair value estimates for the company's entire equity coverage universe.
Brian worked on a small cap fund and a micro cap fund that were ranked within the top 10th percentile and top 1st percentile within the Small Cap Lipper Growth Universe, respectively, in 2005.
Mr. Nelson is also a contributor to Seeking Alpha and an opinion leader in the Industrial Goods space.
You can reach Brian at email@example.com.
Please read our Disclaimer that applies to all articles published on Seeking Alpha: http://www.valuentum.com/categories/20110613
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Our mission is to provide investors with the most accurate and independently created research information available, in any format they choose, and teach them how to use it effectively to help meet their financial objectives.
Value Line is a complete, multidimensional investment management solution that enables both new and experienced investors to make timely, better-informed decisions. It provides a wealth of in-depth financial information, intelligently presented both in print and online, plus objective research, insightful commentary, proven price projections, and advanced analytical tools. Through numerous economic cycles, the long-term performance of our subscribers has achieved legendary status.
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BSEE The Cooper Union, school of engineering 1966
Engineering manager Harris corp. 23 years
Software development, Grumman Corp. 10 years
Manage my own IRA accounts in retirement for over 23 years with a CAGR of 10.8%
I write about dividend growth stocks on my website www.dividendgrowthinvestor.com.
I am mostly a buyer of high quality dividend stocks, with solid competitive advantages. My holding period is forever, as long as the dividend is at least maintained. I tend to concentrate my efforts on stocks which grow earnings and dividends, which provides outstanding total returns over time. I only focus my attention to stocks with sustainable dividend payments. I am also a firm believer in diversification accross sectors and geographic locations.
I have been focusing my attention particularly to companies that regularly increase dividends to their shareholders on my website. On my blog I share my thoughts on investing in dividend paying stocks that have consistently increased their payments over time and tips on growing my dividend income. I hope that my blog will serve as an inspiration for my readers and that it would change their financial lives for the better.
Visit my website, Dividend Growth Investor (http://www.dividendgrowthinvestor.com/)
I'm graduate in Economics and Finance and have worked as a business consultant, specialized in company valuation. I have been an investor and trader for a couple of decades and Portfolio Manager on several situations, investing mainly in Commodities, Forex and US Stocks. Since I'm retired now I write about financial markets and manage my family portfolio.
I am an early career scientific researcher who has taken a strong interest in investing, both for achieving my personal financial goals as well as serving as an alternative conduit where critical and logical thinking are rewarded. I write articles to share ideas, refine my own thinking and invite discussion from the astute readership of Seeking Alpha.
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Within the academic field, I have a career total of 87 articles and 5 book chapters, 2,600 total citations and an h-index of 31 (metrics from Google Scholar).
My investment strategy is a hybrid of dividend-growth and capital appreciation. I’m in the process of building a reliable and growing income stream that will eventually replace our current earned income. If my dividend-growth investments are meeting quarterly and yearly goals, I consider long-term (and occasionally speculative) capital-appreciation opportunities.
My stock portfolio currently includes: COP and CVX in Energy; APD in Basic Materials; EMR, ITW, LMT, MMM, NSC, RTN, UNP, and UTX in Industrials; DG, DIS, HAS, JWN, LOW, MCD, SBUX, and TGT in Consumer Discretionary; CVS, GIS, KO, KHC, PEP, PG, and WBA in Consumer Staples; ABT, AMGN, CELG, ESRX, GILD, JNJ, MDT, and SYK in Health Care; MA, TROW, and V in Financials; AAPL, CSCO, IBM, MSFT, QCOM, and SWKS in Technology; T and VZ in Telecom; AVA, D, LNT, SO, WEC, and WTR in Utilities; and CCP, DLR, O, OHI, and VTR in Equity REITs.
I don't benchmark my dividend-growth holdings but do compare their performance against the quarterly and annual goals stated above. I do compare the performance of my capital-appreciation stocks against the performance of the S&P 500. In general, I'm an infrequent seller.
Retired Pharmacist. Call me Rose. Nose= Knows enough to know I need to keep learning and keeping a great dividend paying nest egg growing upwards. I also enjoy total return, but it is not my primary goal, it just happens to follow when buying great quality companies.
My 88 stock portfolio is listed here by sector, largest holding by value is listed first. Updated 10/20/2016.
Consumer Defensive (15): KO, PM, GIS, MO, TGT, KMB, CVS, DEO, PG, PEP, MDLZ, CL, KHC, UL. RAI -
Consumer Cyclical (8): MCD, SBUX, GPC, NKE, HAS, MAT, VFC, HD -
Healthcare (7): JNJ, ABBV, AMGN, CAH, BDX , GILD, PFE-
Energy (4): XOM, CVX, OXY, VLO, -
Tech (2): ADP, CSCO -
Industrial(8): BA, UNP, MMM, CMI, GWW, LMT. -
Financial (8): NRZ, ARI,, LADR, BXMT (mREITs) TROW, MA, V, WFC,
MET , CTO -
BDCs (7): ARCC, MAIN, PNNT, HTGC, NEWT (small), PSEC, GAIN -
REAL ESTATE or
Healthcare eREITs (5) : OHI, VTR, HCN, NHI, CCP, -
Equity Reits (12): WPC, DLR, O, CLDT, STAG, LXP, UBA, SNR (small), APLE, SPG, NSA -STWD (hybrid)
Telecom (2): VZ and T -
Utility (10): SO, D, XEL, MGEE, WEC, DNP, LNT, CNP, EXC, FE -
DNP is a CEF which predominately holds Utilities.
I am an Assistant Professor at the Auckland Business School (New Zealand). I earned a Ph.D. from Cass Business School, City University of London. I apply academic research to my investment strategy.
Hi, my name is Dave. Retired Senior Manager after 35 years in Information Technology. Bachelor of Science in Mathematics, way back when. I'm managing my retirement dividend growth portfolio with an objective of higher than average current dividend yield coupled with annual dividend growth exceeding the long term rate of inflation. The goal is to use dividends to supplement my pension and Social Security income. I maintain a smaller,taxable growth oriented account to generate capital gains over the medium term to periodically refill a safe bank account for additional spending.
It is very hard or impossible to time the broad market consistently — there are no famous investors that got rich by consistently knowing what the broad market would do next. This only makes sense, as there are just too many variables in the broad market. But there are many famous investors who got rich analyzing individual securities, and this is where you should put your focus. You can get an edge in individual securities. Joe Springer was the number 1 ranked stock analyst in the world by tipranks.com, and on most days is still ranked in the top 5%. Joe is a Certified Technical Trainer, and enjoys teaching about the stock market as well as managing portfolios. If you would like to follow Joe on Twitter, his handle is @JoeSpringer.
My interest in investing really started in 2008 when I retired from a career that started as a scientist, having earned a Ph.D in Materials Science from Northwestern University in 1977 and ended up as a business Unit General Manager for part of Siemens. I have brought my analytical skills to investing and hope to share them with Seeking Alpha readers. I am a part time investor and use income from my investments to support my retirement. I have also recently published a novel, I Am Avhor, a fast paced SciFi novel, available at all fine online retailers. It won't improve your investments but you will enjoy it.
Lawrence is the Managing Director of Fuller Asset Management. He has 20+ years of experience managing investment portfolios and serving the needs of individual clients. He began his career as a Financial Consultant in 1993 with Merrill Lynch. He worked for First Union Brokerage, Morgan Stanley and ING in the same capacity before realizing his long-term goal of complete independence. He graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill with a B.A. in Political Science in 1992.
Just a guy with an interest in the stock market. Trying to find good companies with good yields so I can retire.
I am long:
Energy: CVX COP XOM
Finance: JPM AFL MA V
Retail: TGT VFC
Industrials: BA GE MMM HON CMI
Teleco: T VZ
Consumer goods: MO PM KO PG GIS PEP
Consumer Discretionary: LUV SBUX DIS
Tech: MSFT APPL CSCO QCOM
Health: ABBV JNJ CVS GILD
REITs: O VTR
Anthony is a private investor and Owner/Author of the blog The Struggling Millennial, which is geared toward today's generation of young adults and their struggle to achieve financial independence. Anthony prides himself on being self-taught and self-made, and regularly encourages individuals to take control of their own lives through the use of simple, straight-forward investment principles that the average person can understand and actively use to evaluate the financial health and performance of their investments.
Anthony is an electrical engineer who works full-time managing multi-million dollar projects for one of the larger construction firms in the Philadelphia area. Anthony believes the most difficult part of our individual journeys toward success and freedom is simply building the courage to get started, but once started, if we maintain our persistence, the sky is the limit.
James A. Kostohryz has accumulated over twenty years of experience investing and trading virtually every asset class across the globe.
Kostohryz started his investment career as an analyst at one of the US's largest asset management firms covering sectors as diverse as emerging markets, banking, energy, construction, real estate, metals and mining. Later, Kostohryz became Chief Global Strategist and Head of International Investments for a major investment bank. Kostohryz currently manages his own investment firm, specializing in proprietary trading and institutional portfolio management advisory.
Born in Mexico, Kostohryz grew up between south Texas and Colombia, has lived and worked in nine different countries, and has traveled extensively in more than 50 others. Kostohryz actively pursues various intellectual interests and is currently writing a book about the impact of culture on economic development. He is a former NCAA and world-class decathlete and has stayed active in a variety of sports.
Kostohryz graduated with honors from both Stanford University and Harvard Law School.
You can receive custom delivery of all of Mr. Kostohryz's published work on Seeking Alpha, The Street, and other media, as well as exclusive material, by following the link below. It is absolutely free:
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Husband, father of three, grandfather of three and long time investor. Bought my first stock at 16 years old, it was called Unishops and it went bankrupt. I kept on investing and now have a decent size portfolio. Best investing book I ever read was "The Future for Investors" by Jeremy Siegel. I believe in companies that pay dividends, have strong cash flow and have some type of moat.
Chris Ciovacco is the founder and CEO of Ciovacco Capital Management (CCM), an independent money management firm serving individual investors nationwide. The thoroughly researched and backtested CCM Market Model answers these important questions: (1) How much should we allocate to risk assets?, (2) How much should we allocate to conservative assets?, (3) What are the most attractive risk assets?, and (4) What are the most attractive conservative assets?
Chris is an expert in identifying the best ETFs from a wide variety of asset classes, including stocks, bonds, commodities, and precious metals. The CCM Market Model compares over 130 different ETFs to identify the most attractive risk-reward opportunities.
Chris graduated summa cum laude from The Georgia Institute of Technology with a co-operative degree in Industrial and Systems Engineering. Prior to founding Ciovacco Capital Management in 1999, Mr. Ciovacco worked as a Financial Advisor for Morgan Stanley in Atlanta for five years earning a strong reputation for his independent research and high integrity. While at Georgia Tech, he gained valuable experience working as a co-op for IBM (1985-1990). During his time with Morgan Stanley, Chris received extensive training which included extended stays in NYC at the World Trade Center.
His areas of expertise include technical analysis and market model development. CCM’s popular weekly technical analysis videos on YouTube have been viewed over 700,000 times. Chris’ years of experience and research led to the creation of the thoroughly backtested CCM Market Model, which serves as the foundation for the management of separate accounts for individuals and businesses.
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Simply Safe Dividends helps conservative dividend investors increase current income, make better investment decisions, and avoid risk. Brian Bollinger, CPA, runs Simply Safe Dividends and previously worked as an equity research analyst at a multibillion-dollar investment firm.
Mr. Berger is the creator and developer of the YDP screening tool, a chart system and its analysis for screening and monitoring dividend income equity investments. The recipient of Seeking Alpha's Outstanding Performance Award, he also has been Seeking Alpha's #3 ranked Author for Income Investing Strategy & #4 for Utilities.
20 years of sitting in the board room gives me unique insights into Oil & Gas investments and corporate deal making in general. Additionally, he offers a Premium Research subscription service for boosting income while reducing market risk using covered option writing on a dividend income equity portfolio.
Residing in Brazil gives me a local's inside view on the pulse of its economy, politics, investment climate and breaking news. A view of my front yard is available here.
A former Chief Operating Officer, Director, Vice President and General Manger of Oil and Gas for Southern Pacific's Oil and Gas Operations, Business owner, geologist, and cribbage player, I've been an investor for over 48 years (started young at 13) and learned my lessons the way that makes them stick, by hard knocks and both big and little mistakes. Hopefully I can share some of those lessons with others.
I am an American expatriate that decided to retire at age 57 in 2009 and now live in Brazil. As an early retiree I invest for income and manage portfolio risk by screening for strong and reliable historic data along with favorable fundamental and technical current trends.
I spend 6 months/year living at home in Brazil and 6 months/year traveling the world. I have structured my financial positions so that I live virtually tax free with much of my income exempt from US tax since I live ex patriot and a lot of my US derived income over the annual ex-patriate exemptions is held in my tax free ROTH and tax deferred IRA/SIMPLE plans. This enables my tax savings to pay for my 6 months of annual traveling :) .
My investing is for income and appreciation with a balance of low to moderate short term risk and low long term risk. To accomplish this I use quality dividend payors with a long track record of steady or increasing dividends along with slowly appreciating equity prices. I target a 6 to 9 % yield and almost exclusively require a minimum history of 5 years of steady/increasing dividends and no decreases in dividend ever or at least past 10 years. I diversify through sector, country and currency unit the stocks are traded in, and security type (equity, royalty trust, REIT, mlp, etf, and ADRs).
I use covered call writing to enhance my portfolio yield with no added risk. In fact, it lowers the risk substantially. Once I identify a stock I want to own and an entry price for it, I write cash covered puts at or below that entry price (with a minimum of 1%/month time premium. Thus i obtain at least a 12% annualized yield before compounding just from the option premium.
Likewise, I use the sale of cash covered puts to generate income and and generally get an entry point at 5 to 10% below my acceptable entry level price if/when the put stock does get presented. Thus my strategy provides a 12% pre compound yield on cash and entry into stock purchases at a 5 to 10% discount from "retail".
Because I only select stocks that I am willing to hold long term for their reliable dividend yields of > 6%, I am not concerned much with market volatility or short/midterm risk. Indeed, market volatility is my friend since it increases the premiums paid on the options I sell. I also selectively sell covered calls on positions I hold long so as to add to my yield that way while not taking on any additional risk.
This strategy has kept me happily living off my portfolio income and traveling 1/2 the year while my portfolio has been slowly increasing in value even after my harvesting income for living expenses. Of course my income will incrementally increase when social security kicks in for me in a few more years and I may then slightly mofidy my goals and strategies.
Readers can get an e-mail once a day from Seeking Alpha that lists all newly published articles of ALL the authors they follow in a single e-mail. To get these updates:
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I'm an investor in his early thirties who knows how to have a good time and not live life too seriously. I'm an avid value investor, along with dollar cost averaging my retirement, though I occasionally jump off the beaten path and "gamble" on less certain assets.
I had 2 rewarding careers, but I am now retired: Automobile Business and Investment Advisor I retired on 3/4/2013 as the Business Development Manager for the Penske Motor Group in Southern California. Previously held Series 7 and worked at Morgan Stanley as VP (Retired 2001) I started with the firm when they were still Dean Witter- before they merged with Morgan Stanley, in Newport Beach, California. I have 13 large stock positions, that I have accumulated over the years in a taxable trust account and a 401K rollover account with about 12 positions, including ETF's, ETN's. I started investing in my early twenties and rarely sell a position, but do sell covered calls and cash-secured puts when the premiums are attractive. Over the years I have had only a few positions called away and like to only invest in companies that are "best of breed" and that I am willing to hold through all the noise and market fluctuations. Retired and living in Las Vegas and spending my children's inheritance and learning how to play draw poker with my fun money. I did a "Bucket List" in 2008, putting 44,000 miles on my Prius and traveling to 5 countries. I did my 2nd " Bucket List 2.0 " on 9/14/15, with travel to 5 different European countries and Russia. Finished this portion of my list and am planning the next leg...to southeast Asia in the Fall of 2016, spending a month in Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand and Singapore. When I retired in 2013, I put enough cash into my taxable trust account, to cover expenses for 5 years, when I will turn 65 and be able to join Medicare and will start taking withdrawals from my IRA rollover accounts. By doing this, I have minimal income now and qualify for the lowest Obamacare insurance. My monthly premium is $57 (2016) and I have a yearly out of pocket of $500. I am grateful to the SA article that suggested this strategy to me. I use Seeking Alpha articles and comments to get new ideas or to look at companies through a different set of glasses. I never make investment decisions based on one person's advice or one article, in this or any forum. I tend to invest in companies that I use and like their services. Sometimes, these turn into home runs and sometimes they don't. I starting using Netflix and Priceline back in 2004...I wish I had purchased more than 500 shares of each. I still use their services and own the stocks: although they have both split 6-1 and 7-1 since 2004 and don't put off any income.
My hobby is investing in stocks and options. I manage DivGro, a portfolio of dividend growth stocks created in January 2013. The primary goal of DivGro is to generate a reliable and growing dividend income stream. I use options to boost dividend income, primarily covered calls but also uncovered puts. My blog hosts a live and public spreadsheet with full details of DivGro so that readers can follow my investment journey. I write articles about dividend growth investing, options trading, investment decisions, stock selection, portfolio management, and passive income generation. I generate active income as an effects artist at a well-known animation studio in the Bay Area.
Friedrich is the name given to our algorithm for analyzing companies that trade on the global stock markets. In creating Friedrich we concentrated on analyzing each company’s Main Street operations through various established ratios, along with our own unique ratios that we developed over the last 30 years. What we came up with is a final "Main Street" price per share based on Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), which is a framework of accounting standards, rules and procedures defined by the professional accounting industry, which has been adopted by nearly all publicly traded U.S. companies. We feel that our Main Street price result is what each company would need to trade at in order to be attractive to a businessperson on Main Street looking to buy at a bargain.
Since the only constant in the universe is change, the results for each company fluctuate by varying degrees. No company is an island unto itself, but each operates in a world of constant change and at times in areas where Chaos is the norm. By analyzing a company’s Main Street operations over time, Friedrich is able to give the potential investor a decade long analysis (opinion) as well as offering a Trailing Twelve Month (TTM) analysis (opinion), as well. Thus our readers will not only get as close to a real time view of operations on Main Street as is possible, but then can measure the consistency of the company’s operations over time to determine if s/he should invest or not.
Through our Friedrich algorithm we can analyze ten years of Balance Sheet, Income Statement and Cash Flow Statement data for each company all at once and generate one final result in seconds. Friedrich was designed to be ultra-conservative and thus will cut zero slack to any company under analysis and will do so with zero emotion. Companies must be exceptional in order to get an attractive Main Street valuation and the ideal investments according to our backtesting are the ones that have been consistent over time.
By being so ultra conservative Friedrich is designed to identify bargains that Wall Street investors may have overlooked. Companies shares may trade on the stock market but the companies themselves operate on Main Street, so Friedrich is designed to generate a Main Street price per share first and only then does he go to Wall Street and see the price for which Benjamin Graham’s “Mr. Market” is offering the shares.
Retired, late 50's
Hold CFP designation. Passed CFP exam Nov 2000
Author of "IRA: A Quck Reference Guide". Available on Amazon as an e-book.
Author of "Retirement Investing for INCOME ONLY: How to invest for relaible income in Retirement ONLY from Dividends"
Self-directed, began in mid 90s in drips. Then employer 401k. Rolled to self in 2010, invested in all div stocks.
Buy and hold (so far), I am a dividend-lover that has always aspired to live off my divs.
My Roth includes some hedges that began as experiments: 2 TIPS funds out of sheer curiosity , 2 govt bond funds (med and LT), and one bond index ETF. I have always been 90%+ stocks (or stock funds in 401k) , currently 98% equities. I let the workplace 401k handle international exposure and otherwise diversify within each portfolio, and across entire holdings.
Each stock owned in only one acct; multiple portfolios taxable and retirement; position sizes and start/add dates vary widely, not all positions receive new money:
In college in the early 1980's, my great aunt, who had no children, sat me down and told me to hand her the New York Times sitting on the coffee table. Then she pulled out a pencil-written piece of paper covered in letters and numbers, in fractions those days, mind you, and taught me about her stock portfolio. I learned what those funny letter combinations meant, like T, JNJ, GM, MCD and AUD (now ADP) and once I got the swing of it, those fractions weren't so hard either. Every Sunday, she looked up her stocks in the New York Times, added a column to her sheet of paper and, after long hand division, wrote down the value of each of her 30 or so blue chip dividend payers, including preferreds, built over a period of decades, starting in the 1920's, just before the 1929 crash. My great uncle died when she was in her 30's, yet because of that dividend paying portfolio, she never worked and died in her 90's with a closet full of furs and a box full of old passports with stamps from all over the world. I determined an independent income stream was for me. In the late 1990's my career in real estate took off but rather than do the stereotypical realtor thing of buying flashy new cars every year, I invested my commission checks in rental units and stock. I still own every rental property I ever bought, buying them cash flow positive at 20% down and riding whatever the market threw at me. They're mostly in the LA area, so it's been a wild ride. What mattered to me was positive cash flow, and rising rental income, not Mr. Market's current price opinion. With stocks, I've taken some risks and had a few blow ups, (anybody remember PSINet or Washington Mutual?) but the bulk of my investments have been and continue to be blue chip dividend payers, with a strong preference for those which raise their dividends yearly. At age 47, I retired with a comfortable and growing independent income stream from my rentals and my stock portfolio and took off for a beachside life in Mexico, greatly reducing my cost of living, especially in housing, food and medical care. I maintain 3 portfolios of my own, my main taxable account which provides current income (though I have so far reinvested all dividends and think I can do it for at least another 2 years because of cash on hand), my IRA with dividend income growing about 12% a year and another 9 years before I turn 59, and a small Roth IRA, where I do my more speculative investing, which amounts to about 1% of my total portfolio. My goal is to goose my returns with my speculative Roth IRA, while keeping the solid blue chip dividend aristocrats in my regular IRA and taxable account as the core of my holdings. I also help manage several family members' portfolios, including for my nieces and nephew, trying now to be the uncle example that my great aunt was for me. I use the S&P 500 as my benchmark and over the last 5 years that I have actively tracked my returns, I have beat the index each year, except for a tie in 2013. I beat the S&P in 2014 by almost 5 percentage points. I am a long term, hope-to-never-sell investor, not a trader, and follow a fundamental, Buffett-like approach with a dose of macroeconomics. For instance, I'm overweight Pharma, Medical equipment and Healthcare REITs because of the 'graying of America.' I own very small positions in two bond funds (about 1% of my portfolio) and stock in about 35 individual companies. I do not invest in stock mutual funds and have no plans to do so. It doesn't make much sense to me to pay for someone else to manage my money when I am beating the vast majority of professional money managers and have a passion for finance and investing. I keep my bonds to a minimum because I know that risk and volatility are not the same thing. Over time, stocks nicely outperform bonds and in 20 years I am confident that my stocks will have grown much more than my bonds. So, from this perspective, bonds are riskier than stocks. I very much appreciate the Seeking Alpha forum and am glad there are so many folks that have the patience to comb through annual reports and SEC filings, because it saves me from that minutia. I am very impatient with the rude, sarcastic and sometimes downright mean comments that some add to the threads, preferring to focus on the educational, mutually supportive nature of the majority of contributors.