Brandon is a senior in the Gabelli School of Business at Fordham University. He actively invests on his own personal time, utilizing contrarian strategies. He is an incoming S&T analyst at a BB next summer.
Stone Fox Capital Advisors is a registered investment advisor founded in 2010. The firm offers portfolio management with a focus on opportunistic stocks providing secular growth trends at an affordable value. An emphasis is placed on fundamental analysis though charts are used for timing entry and exit points.
Mark Holder graduated from the University of Tulsa with a double major in accounting & finance. He's been interested in the stock market since college and began managing investments for friends and family more than 20 years ago. Mark has his Series 65 and is also a CPA.
Invest with Stone Fox Capital's model portfolios on Covestor.com as he makes real time trades. Covestor also allows followers to duplicate the model portfolio in their own brokerage accounts. You can find the portfolio and more details here:
Follow Mark on twitter: @stonefoxcapital
Ever feel like trading is like rolling dice? In a way, it is, because every mathematical model of the market includes a stochastic aspect. But I believe we can load the dice in our favor through the use of statistics. Understanding both the stock market and each individual stock as a sort of random process with its own characteristics allows us to more accurately predict what it will do in the future. Coupling statistics with fundamental analysis, I have the goal of revealing to you the hidden patterns within stocks so that you may do what you wish with that information.
I'm a 66-year-old investor focused on dividends in a Retirement Income Portfolio.
I've been a member of BetterInvesting.org since 1982 (formerly the National Association of Investment Clubs). For many years as a volunteer I helped lead workshops to teach tools developed by NAIC to educate investors about how to do basic fundamental stock analysis. I continue to have a strong interest in investor education.
Better Investing's "four principles" have been very helpful to me:
1) invest regularly throughout your lifetime;
2) invest in growth companies;
3) reinvest earnings and profits;
4) diversify by industry and size.
Bill Bengen's "4% Rule" inspired my goal to design a retirement portfolio of individual dividend growth stocks as a way to tap only dividend income from the portfolio as long as possible rather than selling assets.
Some things I've gleaned from mentors and colleagues:
- Peter Lynch's conviction that the average person, with some study and discipline, can make good decisions about stocks;
- Louis Rukeyser's ability to ask probing questions about the market;
- From The Intelligent Investor, Benjamin Graham's focus on value;
- From Better Investing columns, Charles Allmon's skill in finding growth stocks that also had the virtues of value and income;
- Brad Thomas' analysis real estate investment trusts;
- Bob Wells' disciplined search for dividend growth;
- From The Single Best Investment, Lowell Miller's focus on quality and safety;
- David Van Knapp's ability to keep the big picture in mind when designing a portfolio;
- David Fish's dedication to monitor consistent dividend growth;
- Factoids' distillation and dissemination of mounds of data;
- Chowder's determination to buy and hold quality businesses;
- BDC Buzz's clarity about the risks business development companies;
- Tom Konrad's commitment to alternative energy investments;
- George Fisher's insights about utility opportunities;
- The Seeking Alpha community--both veterans and young contributors.
To follow me click the "Follow" button! (Easy right?)
Kumquat Research is a college student and fund manager who has been investing for 4 years. He writes mostly about the technology sector and about event-driven and momentum opportunities across various industries and sectors. He is currently studying for degrees in both finance and computer science at the University of Maryland. Some of his interests include technology, programming, drumming, video games (developing and playing) and astronomy. Articles written and comments posted by Kumquat Research are NOT financial or investment advice, and only express his opinion. Do your own due diligence!
Wall Street Breakfast, Seeking Alpha's flagship daily business news summary, is a one-page summary that gives you a rapid overview of the day's key financial news. It's designed for easy readability on the site or by email (including on mobile devices), and is published before 7:00 AM ET every market day.
Wall Street Breakfast readership of over 900,000 includes many from the investment-banking and fund-management industries.
Sign up here to receive the Wall Street Breakfast in your inbox every business day: http://seekingalpha.com/account/email_preferences
Kim Klaiman is a full time options trader and founder of SteadyOptions.com. He trades mostly non-directional strategies, like pre-earnings strangles and iron condors. Likes to trade strategies with negative correlation. He lives in Toronto, Canada. Visit the SteadyOptions.com forum. SteadyOptions offers a combination of a high quality education and actionable trade ideas using variety of Non-Directional option trading strategies for Steady and Consistent Profits. Email: email@example.com Follow me on Twitter: https://twitter.com/SteadyOptions_ SteadyOptions performance: https://steadyoptions.com/performance
Mateo Blumer is an investment advisor and portfolio manager specializing in publicly traded and alternative investments. Previously, Mateo was working directly with senior executives at The Economist Group in London as part of their Management Training Program. Mateo graduated from Claremont McKenna College in California with dual bachelor's degrees in Financial Economics and International Relations.
Mike Phillips is a seven-year employee of Power Financial Group, Inc. He is involved in the support and development of PowerOptions, an award winning Internet site for searching for stock option strategies and PowerOptionsApplied, an Internet site providing an option-trading newsletter.
Mike has been trading stocks and options for ten years and has an MBA degree in Finance from Santa Clara University and Bachelors and Masters of Science Degrees in Electrical Engineering from Texas A&M University and the University of Texas at Arlington, respectively.
He was involved in the development of software and semiconductors for electronic equipment for many years and has been involved as a key contributor in the development of several start-up companies. Mike leverages his Engineering expertise and experience gained from the electronics industry and applies it to the analysis and investment in stocks, options and futures.
James A. Kostohryz has accumulated over twenty years of experience investing and trading virtually every asset class across the globe.
Kostohryz started his investment career as an analyst at one of the US's largest asset management firms covering sectors as diverse as emerging markets, banking, energy, construction, real estate, metals and mining. Later, Kostohryz became Chief Global Strategist and Head of International Investments for a major investment bank. Kostohryz currently manages his own investment firm, specializing in proprietary trading and institutional portfolio management advisory.
Born in Mexico, Kostohryz grew up between south Texas and Colombia, has lived and worked in nine different countries, and has traveled extensively in more than 50 others. Kostohryz actively pursues various intellectual interests and is currently writing a book about the impact of culture on economic development. He is a former NCAA and world-class decathlete and has stayed active in a variety of sports.
Kostohryz graduated with honors from both Stanford University and Harvard Law School.
You can receive custom delivery of all of Mr. Kostohryz's published work on Seeking Alpha, The Street, and other media, as well as exclusive material, by following the link below. It is absolutely free:
You may connect with Mr. Kostohryz via the following social networks:
When connecting, be sure to identify yourself as a Seeking Alpha reader.
Options trader full-time, author, owner of www.kevinmobrien.com, a subscription-based trading service. Born in Chicago, IL. I trade many stocks in the tech, financial, and agricultural sectors. Trade daily with a 5 Technical Indicator Strategy I developed, the Daily Options Trading Strategy (DOTS). Also trade many debit spreads for weekly and earnings-based trades such as Strangles, the Reverse Iron Condor, the Neutral Calendar Spread and also hold long-term call and put options on undervalued stocks and ETF's.
If you are interested in subscribing to the website's Trading Forum, please visit us at www.kevinmobrien.com.
Favorite stocks to trade: CF, GOOG, AAPL, NFLX, BIDU, CMG, PCLN, RIMM, CSCO, IDCC, POT, MOS, MON, SNDK, APA, and many more.
I'm a big Chicago Bears and Blackhawks fan.
Follow us on Twitter here: @theinvestar
Editor of theinvestar.com, LLC. theinvestar.com, LLC is a leading news provider on the potash and uranium mining industries supplying data services, commentary, interviews, investment news, newsletters and quarterly industry publications. If you would like to read other articles by theinvestar.com, or sign up for our newsletter (US$149.00/year). For more please visit our website or message us here on Seeking Alpha.
Sean Farhy is the Head Trader / Senior Equity Analyst for Rhodes Capital Management. Sean Farhy received his undergraduate degree from the University of Delaware and his MBA from Drexel University in 2007 and has been trading stocks and options for almost twenty years. Sean has also helped in launching Rhodes Trading Group, a commodity and For-Ex company. Sean also writes for Longshortblog.com, a subsidiary of Rhodes Capital Management.
Sean has been also been a guest on Canada's Business News Network (BNN).
Marc is the founder and owner of Advanced Investor Technologies, LLC, as well as the publisher and editor at the internationally acclaimed web site www.ChecktheMarkets.com.
He holds an MS in Clinical Psychology from California Polytechnic State University, and is a former senior vice-president of Investments for two major brokerage firms. Besides his role as an investment publisher and analyst, he serves as a marketing consultant to the investment publishing and investment media industries.
In his role as a financial editor, he specializes in unique investment strategies, wealth preservation, understanding the investment markets ,value stocks, precious metals and energy stocks, emerging growth companies, ETFs, tax issues as well as "the psychology of investing". Besides his loved ones, he sees his personal "calling" as someone who helps others succeed and achieve financial security.He's been a motivational speaker and personal development specialist for over 35 years.
In addition, he's been interviewed on such popular media sites as The Money Show and The Oxford Club. Marc is a published author who has written hundreds of articles for a wide variety of investment newsletters and web sites. He has a special passion for helping "make the complex more simple", and is a big advocate of the K.I.S.S. (Keep It Successfully Simple) approach to investing and living life.
Long/Short Equity Portfolio Manager at Emerald Waves Investments, LLC. Former Director of Research at Biondo Investment Advisors, and investment professional at Federated Investors and Sands Capital Management. Also previously worked in investment banking at Merrill Lynch and First Union Securities. Graduated from Duke University and Darden Graduate School of Business Administration, University of Virginia, and is a CFA Charterholder.
After being an active investor on and off for almost 20 years, I left my position as a senior management and information-technology consultant in 2004 and built a career trading equities and options. I began focusing on market-neutral options strategies for generating monthly income in 2006 and currently trade a portfolio comprising long-vol, short-vol, and vol-neutral options spreads. I spent four years as Chief Analyst and Trading Strategist for the Calendar Options newsletter, which was sponsored by Condor Options (www.condoroptions.com). In addition, I publish The Volatility Trader blog and am a Seeking Alpha contributor. I hold a bachelor’s degree in mathematics from the University of Pennsylvania, and currently am serving as treasurer and vice president of a small non-profit organization.
Dr. Ahanotu is a graduate of Stanford University with over twenty years of experience doing analytic modeling, executing pricing strategies through price optimization, and implementing, developing, and selling enterprise software. He adds to this industry experience another five overlapping years of research in knowledge management and organizational learning. Duru Ahanotu, Ph.D. founded Ahan Analytics, LLC to deliver sustainable, data-driven approaches for improving business performance. He recognizes the unique challenges companies face in leveraging their data to increase revenues, become more efficient, and drive profitability.
Before launching Ahan Analytics, LLC, Dr. Ahanotu was last a Sales Consultant in the Advertiser and Publisher Solutions (APS) group within Microsoft Advertising. In this capacity, he provided product knowledge, functional expertise, and technical support to APS account executives who sold APS’s suite of media monetization products. He led product demonstrations and increased the productivity of the sales team by training and certifying employees on the use and demonstration of the software. Dr. Ahanotu took on this role after Microsoft acquired his former employer Rapt, Inc. Rapt provided software solutions for maximizing revenue and yield for online media publishers.
With Rapt, Dr. Ahanotu last served as an Engagement Manager for a software implementation for a $100 million on-line publisher with a rapidly growing business. With his project team, Dr. Ahanotu created and coordinated novel approaches to inventory forecasting, structuring of product hierarchies, and ETL across software systems for order management, advertising delivery, and Rapt’s software. He also generated a step-by-step methodology for interpreting and using the results of price optimization.
As a Solutions Architect, Dr. Ahanotu served as the lead Solutions Consultant on client engagements and provided technical assistance and guidance to Solutions Consultants on other projects. Dr. Ahanotu designed and implemented price optimization solutions, demonstrating expertise in mathematical modeling, pricing, data analysis, SQL, and relational data models. He led discussions with customers and internal teams to improve implementation processes and product design.
Dr. Ahanotu held oversight responsibility for the analytic modeling for two projects using Price Director, Rapt’s price optimization software. Each project supported pricing decisions in Fortune 50 businesses: one business was a leading online media publisher, and the other was a rapidly growing technology company in a low margin business. Dr. Ahanotu helped the latter client integrate Price Director into pricing workflow. As part of this first-ever client implementation of Price Director, he worked closely with Product Management, Analytic Development, and Software Engineering to ensure that early-stage product functionality met client needs.
Dr. Ahanotu contributed several new methodologies for implementing Price Director analytics and conceptual frameworks for training clients on these analytics. He is a contributor on a related Rapt patent: “Method and System for Producing Optimized Prices for Products for Sale.” Dr. Ahanotu presented a white paper on the pricing of New Product Introductions at the 2006 INFORMS Annual Meeting. The Professional Pricing Society published this paper in The Journal of Professional Pricing (Vol. 16, No. 1, First Quarter 2007) as “Pricing New Products: Turning Portfolio Uncertainty Into Profits.”
Prior to Rapt, Dr. Ahanotu was a consultant with Integral, Inc, a small strategic management consulting firm. During his three-year tenure, he consulted on product development and technology strategy focused on high tech and pharmaceutical companies. Prior to Integral, he developed mathematical programming algorithms for managing and optimizing “Y2K” projects as an independent contractor. Prior to this work, he implemented expert systems for diagnosing and troubleshooting automotive and semiconductor manufacturing equipment as a Business Solutions Project Manager and Consultant for Expert Edge, Inc.
Dr. Ahanotu earned a Master’s and Ph.D. in Engineering-Economic Systems (1999), a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering, and Honors in Values, Technology, Science, and Society (1991) - all at Stanford University.
Nigam Arora is an engineer and nuclear physicist by background, has founded two Inc. 500 fastest growing companies, has been involved in over 50 ventures, is the developer of Theory ZYX of Successful Change Management, is the author of the book on Theory ZYX, as well as the developer of the ZYX Change Method to profit from change in trading and investing.
Theory ZYX of Successful Change
Nigam Arora is the original developer of Theory ZYX. He is also the author of the book Theory ZYX – A Definitive Guide to Reach the Next Level.
The United States Patent and Trademark Office has awarded Nigam Arora 26 patent claims on Theory ZYX.
Necessity is the mother of invention. Upon concluding that no rigorous analytical methodology existed to help him successfully create and manage change in one of his ventures, he rolled up his sleeves and plunged into action. Thus, Theory ZYX of Successful Change Management was born.
Most change management experts primarily come from the background of academia and psychology. Nigam has added a new dimension to the state-of-the-art change management based on his extensive change experience in business, operations, and technology.
Theory ZYX has been applied to strategy development,merger integration, vision development, accelerating innovation, cost reduction, increasing revenues and culture change.
The ZYX Change Method of Investing and Trading
Upon requests to adapt Theory ZYX of Change to help manage investments, Nigam developed the ZYX Method for Profiting from Change in Investing and Trading taking advantage of his over two decades of experience in developing technical, quantitative, and fundamental models as well as implementing gray boxes* to execute the models in a variety of market conditions.
Since 2007, Nigam has been illustrating the power of the ZYX Change Method by providing concise actionable calls on this site. The Arora Report blog focuses on providing clear signals and being concise about the trigger event which is one of the six screens of the ZYX Change Method.
Conceiving and executing change for the better has been a way of life for Nigam Arora.His passion for innovations in business and technology led to his founding of two of the fastest growing (Inc. 500) companies and over 50 other ventures. Action Systems, Inc., a company he founded, was ranked the 29th fastest growing Inc. 500 company. This company grew by capturing over 60% of the market share in the startup of Radiation Monitoring Systems to nuclear power plants and diversifying into a variety of energy projects.
He also founded Action Systems Technologies, Inc. that was ranked the 103rd fastest growing Inc. 500 company. The company grew by providing innovative technology services to Department of Defense, Department of Energy, Aerospace, Automotive, Defense, Distribution, Electronics, Energy, Food, Healthcare Information Technology, Logistics, Manufacturing and Mining industries.
He was the CEO of KnowledgeAZ, Inc., which developed software for eCommerce, logistics, supply chain and asset management.
He was the CEO of Utility Frontier, Inc., which was a Business-to-Business Exchange for 369 municipalities.
Other companies he founded included a provider of printed circuit boards to the computer and electronics industries, a manufacturer of computer networking hardware, a manufacturer of instruments for the energy industry, a solar power producer, a software developer for warehousing and material tracking, a software developer for plant maintenance, a change management consulting firm, and a provider of semiconductor testing services to automotive and defense industries.
Early Years in USA
Nigam graduated with a M.S. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Kansas in less than one year .with a GPA of 3.94/4.00 Then he studied Marketing and Finance in an MBA program at Indiana University.
He developed an imaging system on a NASA funded project for the Center for Research, Inc.
Nigam led the development of one of the first automated computerized plant wide Radiation Monitoring and Control Systems for commercial nuclear power plants. He was also the first to discover and develop methods of accurately measuring certain nuclear isotopes in power plants. He was in charge of Engineering at NMC.
Early Years in India
Nigam Arora received a B.S. in Electronics Engineering from Punjab Engineering College with High Honors when he had just turned 20. He developed the first digital Phase Meter in India. He was selected in a program of the Indian Air Force under which he learned about electronics aboard fighter aircraft. He also worked on research at Central Scientific Instruments Organization.
Jon Slotnick is a stock analyst and trader who currently provides stock analysis and alerts to several financial websites. He has also worked as a freelance copywriter for TD Ameritrade's active trader initiatives, and written a series of financial literacy DVDs for New York Times bestselling author Julie Stav. He has a Masters Degree in Journalism from UC Berkeley.
David Fessler is the energy and infrastructure expert for The Oxford Club, one of the world’s most exclusive and prestigious networks of private investors. A prolific writer, David writes “Hot Stacked”, a focused overview of the energy and infrastructure markets appearing monthly in the Communiqué.
David has appeared on the FOX News Channel. He was one of the first journalists to break the story on the commercial real estate crash.
He’s also the managing editor of “Peak Energy Strategist”, the Oxford Club’s premium energy research service. In addition, he’s a daily contributor to Investment U, the Club’s free investment education division with more than 450,000 active subscribers. His articles are syndicated widely. Seeking Alpha has listed Dave in the group of the top 100 fastest growing authors by readership.
Before retiring at the age of 47, David served as Vice-President for Strategic Business at LTX Corporation. He was also Vice-President of Operations, Sales & Marketing for Quality Telecommunications, Inc.
His success as an investor spans over 35 years in the technology and energy sector. He has owned and operated two successful businesses.
He’s a degreed Electrical Engineer, and is a renowned specialist in the semiconductor, telecommunications, energy and infrastructure sectors.
David, his wife Anne, and their two sons, Jared and Noah live in a 200-year old stone farmhouse in northeastern Pennsylvania. An avid cyclist, David also enjoys fly-fishing with his sons, gardening with Anne, and woodworking.
Disclaimer: The Oxford Club and Investment U are entirely distinct and separate companies from Stansberry & Associates Investment Research. Their only common thread is a shared parent company, Agora Inc. Agora Inc. was named in the suit by the SEC and was exonerated by the court, and thus dropped from the case. Stansberry & Associates was found civilly liable for a matter that dealt with one writer’s report on a company. The action was not a criminal matter. The case is still on appeal, and no final decision has been made.
Brett earned his first contrarian investing profits in 2004 when he purchased an obscure investment (at the time): sugar futures. His friends on Wall Street stopped laughing soon enough when sugar rocketed to multi decade highs, illustrating that it indeed pays to be contrary.
Brett quickly learned that the key to maximizing profits while minimizing losses is to invest against the crowd. He has since scoured the universe of stocks, commodities and options, searching for popular and tradable market misconceptions.
Brett has been featured in The Economist, Forbes, The Globe and Mail, Chicago Tribune and Seeking Alpha. He is a graduate of Cornell University, with a degree in operations research and industrial engineering.
In addition to his love of investing, Brett is an experienced technology entrepreneur. He co-founded two successful high-growth software companies, Chrometa, maker of the world’s most advanced timekeeping software, and LeadDyno, an online marketing tool for small businesses.
Kapitall is the online finance platform for the next generation, where investing is as easy as drag, drop and trade. With an intuitive and playful user experience, Kapitall offers tools that make it easy to build virtual and real brokerage portfolios, share ideas and research stocks and funds.
Andy Zaky is a Hedge Fund Manager at Bullish Cross Asset Management, and editor of the Bullish Cross financial newsletter. His main area of knowledge is in global macro economics, fundamental analysis and technical analysis. Andy has about 14 years of investment experience, a strong background in accounting and financial statement analysis, technical analysis, broad market analysis, macro economics and law. Andy both focuses on long term investments and trading short term calls and puts on the major index-pegged ETFs (QQQQ, SPY and DIA). Andy has a J.D. from the UCLA School of Law.
I am a former analyst, now full-time investor. I may take long or short positions in companies that I write about, although my focus is on uncovering what I believe to be questionable companies and transactions. I will always provide disclosure whenever I publish a blog post.
I will never attempt to provide false or misleading information. All facts that I present on this site are true to the best of my knowledge. All opinions presented are my own and accurately reflect my actual opinion on the issues that I write about.
Philstockworld.com is the fastest growing stock and option newsletter on the Web. "High Finance for Real People - Fun and Profits" is our motto and our Basic and Premium Chat Sessions offer readers a chance to speak to Phil live during the trading day as well as authors like Optrader, Sabrient, Income Trader and Trend Trader - who send out Alerts during the market sessions and discuss trade ideas live with Members.
We even have a new low-cost "Trend Watcher" Membership that lets readers view our chat sessions without directly participating a great solution for people who want to test-drive the site and profit from our experience! Trend Watchers get to view all of our Chat Archives, weekly Webinars - as well as the amazing PSW Wiki, which gives you Phil's recent opinions and trade ideas as well as technical and fundamental analysis of hundreds of stocks that we follow.
Philip R. Davis is a founder of Phil's Stock World (www.philstockworld.com), a stock and options trading site that teaches the art of options trading to newcomers and devises advanced strategies for expert traders. Mr. Davis is a serial entrepreneur, having founded software company Accu-Title, a real estate title insurance software solution, and is also the President of the Delphi Consulting Corp., an M&A consulting firm that helps large and small companies obtain funding and close deals. He was also the founder of Accu-Search, a property data corporation that was sold to DataTrace in 2004 and Personality Plus, a precursor to eHarmony.com. Phil was a former editor of a UMass/Amherst humor magazine and it shows in his writing -- which is filled with colorful commentary along with very specific ideas on stock option purchases (Phil rarely holds actual stocks).
Visit: Phil's Stock World (www.philstockworld.com)
Brad McFadden manages a proprietary global macro fund.
He invests by trading the primary direction of asset classes and also looks for extreme deep value situations, providing "liquidity" to panic buyers and sellers.
He publishes his investing approach through DailyTradingReport.com, along with actionable advice expressed through various portfolios. Each portfolio has its own risk profile and trading theme. Brad publishes his investing results, updated daily, with a complete performance history.
It is this accountability that he credits as being able to attract a loyal following of many thousands of people.
Through DailyTradingReport.com Brad also runs an Investor Mentor program. This provides a mentoring service for those looking to "take the next step" in their investment education.
DailyForex is a one-stop-shop for all Forex traders whether they are new to the market or have years of experience. We offer in-depth objective reviews of Forex brokers, money managers, signal providers, Forex courses, and general market products. We also cover the market news and analysis and offer traders a place to communicate using our forums, groups, and blogs.
Condor Options is a New York-based research and trading firm focusing on market neutral trading strategies. Condor Options publishes an educational newsletter teaching iron condors and volatility-based options trading, with a focus on risk management and quantitative analysis.
Jared Woodard is the principal of Condor Options, with over a decade of experience trading options, equities, and futures. Jared has been quoted in various media outlets including The Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg, The Chicago Sun-Times, and Stocks, Futures, and Options Magazine.
Dr. Price writes about stocks, options, and the financial markets every weekday on Real Money Pro, a subscription site at The Street, and here, with Arrow Loop Partners at Seeking Alpha.
Paul has been a speaker at the International Traders Expo in New York City and the Options and Forex Expo in Las Vegas. He also gives investment seminars for subscribers of The Street's multiple subscription sites.
Dr. Price is also a featured contributor for Guru Focus.com, and here on Seeking Alpha.
Trace Mayer is an entrepreneur, investor, journalist, monetary scientist and ardent defender of the freedom of speech. Trace Mayer holds degrees in Accounting and law. He has studied Austrian economics focusing on Murray Rothbard and Ludwig von Mises.
He was among the first popular bloggers to publicly recommend blockchain technology, Bitcoin, in its infancy with a market cap under $2m and well before its massive rise over $11B in November 2013 and hosts the extremely popular Bitcoin Knowledge podcast.
Blockchain technology holds the most disruptive potential for actually being able to execute such massive creative destruction as capital burrows down the liquidity pyramid into safer and more liquid assets like gold and Bitcoin.