Inflation Pressures In Core Food Components

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by: EconMatters

Inflation Isn't Moderating, It is Consolidating before the Next Leg Up

Inflation numbers of late have been helped by the drop in fuel costs, the agricultural grains have been brought down in the futures market by the overplanting of corn, but eating out for the weekend where shrimp, steak, other seafood and vegetables are consumed at dinner brings home the idea that restaurant costs are only going up on the whole, and expect menu prices to continue to be raised at your favorite restaurant.

Lean Hogs

Lean hogs are up 26% year-over-year even after a sizable pullback in the futures market, the pork industry really got hit by a killer pig virus, but the trend in other meats for the year indicates that costs for this segment are broader-based than just the disease-specific issues.

Cattle Herds

For example, Live Cattle futures are up 18% year-over-year due to a multi-decade low in cattle herds, it seems it is much harder; and the margins are much lower raising livestock compared with planting corn for farmers, which makes sense when you factor in all the underlying costs from veterinary bills, feed and electricity, to transportation and regulatory-related costs.

Milk Prices

The dairy industry hasn't escaped the inflation pressures; with a strong global demand for dairy and protein, producing cows are a robust asset these days. Milk prices have also been hurt by the drought for farmers on the West Coast to stronger demand for Greek Yogurt for alternative protein sources; we see Class III Milk futures up a robust 40% year-over-year, with no immediate pullback on the charts.

Oil & Fuel Prices

Oil and fuel prices have dropped, but the costs associated with getting it out of the ground are still inflationary from the equipment costs to skilled labor and regulatory-related costs, so it will be interesting to see how the price of oil shakes out many crosscurrents - from stronger demand on an improving economy, geopolitical concerns, robust production output domestically, higher fuel efficiency in developed countries, more cars on the road in china, and global pollution and infrastructure constraints with a price that basically has moved between $80 and $120 for WTI/Brent since the financial crisis.

Normal Trading Range

It is too early to read anything regarding the recent pullback in prices, because just some of the shorts covering caused a $4 a barrel spike in prices off the recent bottom, and the oil market goes on runs both up and down in price that can be anywhere from $10 to $30 and can happen in and out of season, although they usually center around seasonal demand as a rule of thumb.

The Bull & Bear Case for Oil Prices

I can make a case for the last 6 years being the pullback in oil prices, i.e., no real price breakouts. And similarly, I can make an entire other case that oil will pull back even further on production increases globally, higher efficiency standards globally, alternative fuel technologies, and changing driving behaviors.

Oil Supply Chain Inflation Alive & Well

But the costs associated with the industry should continue to rise from an inflation standpoint, because component parts, equipment, labor, medical, regulatory, transportation logistics and other costs in general are rising at a steady clip for the last 5 years, and look to continue rising going forward for the next five years.

Wages Will Never Keep Up With Inflation on Average

For some places in the economy, inflation is red-hot smack in the face of the consumer, in other places, it slowly creeps up on the consumer without them realizing, but regardless of what the official inflation reports that the Fed follows indicates, real inflation pressures in the economy continue to rise every year, and a good steak is going to cost consumers a higher hourly wage rate.

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