One of the things I look for when picking stocks is high insider ownership. The logic goes that you want people running the company you own to have their interests aligned with yours. Who is more likely to act in the interests of shareholders, someone with a guaranteed salary and bonus or someone with a large stake in the company and performance-based compensation?
However, few companies do fact have high insider ownership, so finding examples that fit the bill can be difficult. If a CEO gets options that are priced below market and vest immediately, he or she will likely sell them right away and not see any meaningful ownership maintained for the long term.
In the case of media company Dow Jones (DJ), you have very high insider ownership (the Bancroft family controls 64% of the voting rights), so you might think they have shareholders' interests at heart. However, we get news that News Corp (NASDAQ:NWS) has offered $60 per share for DJ, a premium of 67%, and yet reports have surfaced that the Bancrofts may be prepared to vote against the deal.
How on earth can the Bancrofts reject a $60 cash offer when their stock is trading at $36 per share? Isn't that a huge disservice to DJ shareholders? Don't they have a fiduciary responsibility to take the deal? Legally, probably not. They can vote their shares any way they want. Other shareholders should have been well aware that the family has been against a buyout for years, and should have taken that information into account when they made the choice to invest in the company.
Although the Bancrofts have every right to reject the offer, they should do the right thing for their other shareholders. They should take the company private. If you want to keep the company in your family, as it has been for more than 100 years, that's fine and very understandable. However, when you are part of a public market, you do have a responsibility to your fellow shareholders. It might be legal, but is is absolutely unfair to DJ investors if you reject a $60 offer for shares that the market says are only worth $36 each.
The "low-ball offer" defense won't work here. If you want to make financially irrational decisions, then take the firm private and run it any way you want. If you want to open the company up to outside investors, then make sure you treat your shareholders with respect. You own the stock, so it's your choice which road to go down, but it's unfair to try and have your cake and eat it too. People invest in public companies to make money. If you make it impossible for them to do so, then you shouldn't be in the public marketplace in the first place.
Disclosure: Author has no position in above-mentioned companies.