US interest rates may be set to rise next month at the Federal Reserve's policy meeting, but the outlook for tighter monetary policy isn't weighing on real estate investment trusts (REITs). Highly prized for relatively rich yields, REITs are said to be among the more interest rate-sensitive slices of the capital markets - not quite as vulnerable as bonds, but considerably more so than stocks. But that theory looks a bit wobbly these days, in the wake of a modest rally in securitized real estate securities.
Indeed, last week's top performer among the major asset classes: US REITs, based on the Vanguard REIT Index ETF (NYSEARCA:VNQ). Although there's a possibility that the Fed will begin raising rates in September for the first time since 2006, VNQ climbed 1.3% last week - the best performer among a set of ETF proxies that represent the major asset classes.
Granted, the latest leg up may be a reflection of renewed worries about the global macro outlook - worries that have been exacerbated by China's currency devaluation last week. Then again, the current rally in US REITs predates last week's turmoil. VNQ has been trending higher since its recent trough at the end of June. So far in the third quarter, the fund is up 6.9% through Friday's close (August 14).
From a momentum perspective, there's still reason to wonder if this is a rally that will endure. Although the upside trend looks firmer, the strength still looks shaky by way of exponential moving averages (EMAs). The 50-day EMA, for instance, remains well below its 100- and 200-day counterparts. Deciding if the current REIT rally will last may depend on whether the bullish momentum continues in the days and weeks ahead and delivers a change in the trend via rising EMAs - the 50-day EMA increases above the 100-day EMA, for instance.
From a fundamental perspective, is there any basis for expecting that REITs can do well in a period of rising rates? Yes, according to Kevin DiSano, chief portfolio strategist at IndexIQ. He recently told Investment News that "there's a prevailing thinking that REITs don't do well in a rising-rate environment, but that's not a given." Much depends on how the economy fares. If rates are rising because growth is picking up generally, higher rates may not be a headwind for REITs.
In the same article, Michael Black of Michael Phillips Black Wealth Management advised:
"Initially, with any discussion of rising rates, REITs should come down with the rest of the market because they get lumped into the fixed-income category, but that's when you have to start thinking of the business structure of a REIT." A strengthening economy allows many REITs to raise rents, making properties more valuable, he said. "So, I see it as a buying opportunity."
For the moment, the crowd seems inclined to agree.
As for the rest of the field, negative momentum continues to weigh on most ETF proxies for the major asset classes. The main exception: US equities. The Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF (NYSEARCA:VTI), for instance, continues to post a bullish pattern for its 50-, 100-, and 200-day EMAs. But the upside trend looks a bit tired at the moment, based on the daily closing prices in recent sessions. If the weakness persists and translates into the 50-day EMA falling below its 100-day counterpart, it may be time to reconsider the outlook for US stocks on a tactical basis.
In the meantime, a bearish trend, in no uncertain terms, continues to weigh on emerging market stocks (NYSEARCA:VWO).
Ditto for emerging market bonds (NYSEARCA:EMLC)...
... and for commodities (broadly defined) via the iPath Dow Jones-UBS Commodity Index Total Return ETN (NYSEARCA:DJP)...
The trend in foreign stocks looks slightly more encouraging in comparison, although the case for optimism is hanging on a thread in terms of EMAs by way of the Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets ETF (NYSEARCA:VEA):
Key question for this week and beyond: Will US REITs and US equities continue to defy momentum's gravity that's harassing so many other corners of the major asset classes?