A Surprise From Rotational Analysis

by: Cam Hui, CFA

One of my tools in my market analysis toolbox is leadership analysis. In particular, I found that in bull phases it pays to buy the market leaders (see "Momentum + Bull market = Chocolate + Peanut butter"). I was playing around with Relative Rotation Graphs, or RRG, the other day, and what I found was a surprise.

RRG charts are a way of visually depicting sector rotation. Here is how they are described at Stockcharts:

Relative Rotation Graphs ("RRG charts") show you a security's relative strength and momentum relative to a collection of other securities. RRG charts were developed by Julius de Kempenaer and have been available on Bloomberg terminals since 2011. RRG charts differ from most other financial charts in that the horizontal axis does not represent time. An RRG chart is a scatter plot with Julius' Relative Strength Ratio indicator as the horizontal axis and his Relative Strength Momentum indicator as the vertical axis.

Note: Both "Relative Rotation Graph™" and "RRG™" are registered trademarks of RRG Research.

Here's an example of an RRG chart:

The example chart above shows an idealized view of sector rotation. Sectors move from the lower left lagging quadrant in a clockwise fashion to improving, leading, weakening and back to lagging again.

Country and regional relative strength
The standard approach to RRG analysis is to measure the relative strength of individual sectors against the market index, such as SPX. In my instance, I looked at the returns of different countries and regions against the MSCI All-Country World Index (NASDAQ:ACWI). The country and regional returns are US-listed ETFs, which trade in USD, and therefore all currency effects are included in this analysis.

When I looked at this chart, the surprise to me is how market leadership is evolving. The leader was South Korea, followed by Russia (!) as a fast-improving country. The US market (in yellow) remains in the leadership quadrant, but it is weakening.

Russian (oil) and South Korean (capital goods) stocks are classic bellwethers of late-cycle markets, which confirms my past views that we are entering into a phase where deep and late-cyclical stocks are outperformers (see "How to energize returns even as momentum fades" and "Profiting from a late cycle market").

Here is an RRG chart that mixes Russia and South Korea with US energy, mining and industrial stock ETFs, which illustrates how closely correlated these groups are, with the exception of the faltering mining stocks. Like in the previous chart, the performance of these ETFs are measured against ACWI.

Confirmation from Europe
I further found confirmation of my analysis by looking at the behavior of European sectors. As the chart below shows, basic materials, energy and industrial sectors are all in the top-left improving quadrant and are poised into move into the top-right leadership quadrant.

In conclusion, the ascendancy effect seen in late-cycle sectors and countries are global. Investors should therefore start moving into these sectors for better returns in the first half of 2016.

Disclaimer: The opinions and any recommendations expressed in this blog are solely those of the author. None of the information or opinions expressed in this blog constitutes a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security or other instrument. Nothing in this article constitutes investment advice and any recommendations that may be contained herein have not been based upon a consideration of the investment objectives, financial situation or particular needs of any specific recipient. Any purchase or sale activity in any securities or other instrument should be based upon your own analysis and conclusions. Past performance is not indicative of future results. Mr. Hui may hold or control long or short positions in the securities or instruments mentioned.